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Changes in Version 1.4.0
This release is primarily a bugfix release with a couple
of minor features and removed deprecated items.
* Accept column_validation_classes when creating or altering
column families with SystemManager
* Ignore UNREACHABLE nodes when waiting for schema version
Bug Fixes
* Remove accidental print statement in SystemManager
* Raise TypeError when unexpected types are used for
comparator or validator types when creating or altering
a Column Family
* Fix packing of column values using column-specific validators
during batch inserts when the column name is changed by packing
* Always return timestamps from inserts
* Fix NameError when timestamps are used where a DateType is
* Fix NameError in python 2.4 when unpacking DateType objects
* Upgrade to fix broken setuptools link
Removed Deprecated Items
The following items have been removed:
* pycassa.connect()
* pycassa.connect_thread_local()
* ConnectionPool.status()
* ConnectionPool.recreate()
Changes in Version 1.3.0
This release adds full compatibility with Cassandra 1.0 and removes support
for schema manipulation in Cassandra 0.7.
In this release, schema manipulation should work with Cassandra 0.8 and 1.0,
but not 0.7. The data API should continue to work with all three versions.
Bug Fixes
* Don’t ignore columns parameter in ColumnFamilyMap.insert()
* Handle empty instance fields in ColumnFamilyMap.insert()
* Use the same default for timeout in pycassa.connect() as ConnectionPool
* Fix typo which caused a different exception to be thrown when an
AllServersUnavailable exception was raised
* IPython 0.11 compatibility in pycassaShell
* Correct dependency declaration in
* Add UUIDType to supported types
The filter_empty parameter was added to get_range() with a default of True;
this allows empty rows to be kept if desired
Changes in Version 1.2.1
This is strictly a bug-fix release addressing a few issues created in 1.2.0.
Bug Fixes
* Correctly check for Counters in ColumnFamily when setting
* Pass kwargs in ColumnFamilyMap to ColumnFamily
* Avoid potential UnboundLocal in ConnectionPool.execute() when get() fails
* Fix ez_setup dependency/bundling so that package installations using
easy_install or pip don’t fail without ez_setup installed
Changes in Version 1.2.0
This should be a fairly smooth upgrade from pycassa 1.1. The
primary changes that may introduce minor incompatibilities are
the changes to ColumnFamilyMap and the automatic skipping of
"ghost ranges" in .ColumnFamily.get_range().
* Add ConnectionPool.fill()
* Add FloatType, DoubleType, DateType, and BooleanType support.
* Add CompositeType support for static composites. See "Composite Types"
for more details.
* Add timestamp, ttl to ColumnFamilyMap.insert() params
* Support variable-length integers with IntegerType. This allows more
space-efficient small integers as well as integers that exceed the size
of a long.
* Make ColumnFamilyMap a subclass of ColumnFamily instead of using one
as a component. This allows all of the normal adjustments normally done
to a ColumnFamily to be done to a ColumnFamilyMap instead. See "Class
Mapping with Column Family Map" for examples of using the new version.
* Expose the following ConnectionPool attributes, allowing them to be
altered after creation: max_overflow, pool_timeout, recycle,
max_retries, and logging_name. Previously, these were all supplied as
constructor arguments. Now, the preferred way to set them is to alter
the attributes after creation. (However, they may still be set in the
constructor by using keyword arguments.)
* Automatically skip "ghost ranges" in ColumnFamily.get_range().
Rows without any columns will not be returned by the generator,
and these rows will not count towards the supplied row_count.
Bug Fixes
* Add connections to ConnectionPool more readily when prefill is False.
Before this change, if the ConnectionPool was created with prefill=False,
connections would only be added to the pool when there was concurrent
demand for connections. After this change, if prefill=False and
pool_size=N, the first N operations will each result in a new connection
being added to the pool.
* Close connection and adjust the ConnectionPool‘s connection count after a
TApplicationException. This exception generally indicates programmer error,
so it’s not extremely common.
* Handle typed keys that evaluate to False
* ConnectionPool.recreate()
* ConnectionPool.status()
* Better failure messages for ConnectionPool failures
* More efficient packing and unpacking
* More efficient multi-column inserts in ColumnFamily.insert() and
* Prefer Python 2.7’s collections.OrderedDict over the bundled version when
Changes in Version 1.1.1
* Add max_count and column_reversed params to get_count()
* Add max_count and column_reversed params to multiget_count()
Bug Fixes
* Don’t retry operations after a TApplicationException. This exception is
reserved for programmatic errors (such as a bad API parameters), so
retries are not needed.
* If the read_consistency_level kwarg was used in a ColumnFamily
constructor, it would be ignored, resulting in a default read
consistency level of ONE. This did not affect the read consistency
level if it was specified in any other way, including per-method or by
setting the read_consistency_level attribute.
Changes in Version 1.1.0
This release adds compatibility with Cassandra 0.8, including support for
counters and key_validation_class. This release is backwards-compatible with
Cassandra 0.7, and can support running against a mixed cluster of both
Cassandra 0.7 and 0.8.
Changes related to Cassandra 0.8
* Addition of COUNTER_COLUMN_TYPE to system_manager.
* Several new column family attributes, including key_validation_class,
replicate_on_write, merge_shards_chance, row_cache_provider, and key_alias.
* The new ColumnFamily.add() and ColumnFamily.remove_counter() methods.
* Support for counters in pycassa.batch and ColumnFamily.batch_insert().
* Autopacking of keys based on key_validation_class.
Other Features
* ColumnFamily.multiget() now has a buffer_size parameter
* ColumnFamily.multiget_count() now returns rows in the order that the
keys were passed in, similar to how multiget() behaves. It also uses
the dict_class attribute for the containing class instead of always
using a dict.
* Autpacking behavior is now more transparent and configurable, allowing
the user to get functionality similar to the CLI’s assume command, whereby
items are packed and unpacked as though they were a certain data type,
even if Cassandra does not use a matching comparator type or validation
class. This behavior can be controlled through the following attributes:
- ColumnFamily.column_name_class
- ColumnFamily.super_column_name_class
- ColumnFamily.key_validation_class
- ColumnFamily.default_validation_class
- ColumnFamily.column_validators
* A ColumnFamily may reload its schema to handle changes in validation
classes with ColumnFamily.load_schema().
Bug Fixes
There were several related issues with overlow in ConnectionPool:
* Connection failures when a ConnectionPool was in a state of overflow
would not result in adjustment of the overflow counter, eventually
leading the ConnectionPool to refuse to create new connections.
* Settings of -1 for ConnectionPool.overflow erroneously caused overflow
to be disabled.
* If overflow was enabled in conjunction with prefill being disabled,
the effective overflow limit was raised to max_overflow + pool_size.
* Overflow is now disabled by default in ConnectionPool.
* ColumnFamilyMap now sets the underlying ColumnFamily‘s
autopack_names and autopack_values attributes to False upon construction.
* Documentation and tests will no longer be included in the
packaged tarballs.
Removed Deprecated Items
The following deprecated items have been removed:
* ColumnFamilyMap.get_count()
* The instance parameter from ColumnFamilyMap.get_indexed_slices()
* The Int64 Column type.
* SystemManager.get_keyspace_description()
Athough not technically deprecated, most ColumnFamily constructor
arguments should instead be set by setting the corresponding
attribute on the ColumnFamily after construction. However, all
previous constructor arguments will continue to be supported if
passed as keyword arguments.
Changes in Version 1.0.8
* Pack IndexExpression values in get_indexed_slices() that are supplied
through the IndexClause instead of just the instance parameter.
* Column names and values which use Cassandra’s IntegerType are unpacked
as though they are in a BigInteger-like format. This is (backwards)
compatible with the format that pycassa uses to pack IntegerType data.
This fixes an incompatibility with the format that cassandra-cli and
other clients use to pack IntegerType data.
* Restore Python 2.5 compatibility that was broken through out of order
keyword arguments in ConnectionWrapper.
* Pack column_start and column_finish arguments in ColumnFamily *get*()
methods when the super_column parameter is used.
* Issue a DeprecationWarning when a method, parameter, or class that has
been deprecated is used. Most of these have been deprecated for several
releases, but no warnings were issued until now.
* Deprecations are now split into separate sections for each release in the changelog.
Deprecated in Version 1.0.8
* The instance parameter of ColumnFamilyMap.get_indexed_slices()
Changes in Version 1.0.7
* Catch KeyError in pycassa.columnfamily.ColumnFamily.multiget() empty row
removal. If the same non-existent key was passed multiple times, a
KeyError was raised when trying to remove it from the OrderedDictionary
after the first removal. The KeyError is caught and ignored now.
* Handle connection failures during retries. When a connection fails, it
tries to create a new connection to replace itself. Exceptions during
this process were not properly handled; they are now handled and count
towards the retry count for the current operation.
* Close connection when a MaximumRetryException is raised. Normally a
connection is closed when an operation it is performing fails, but this
was not happening for the final failure that triggers the
Changes in Version 1.0.6
* Add EOFError to the list of exceptions that cause a connection swap and
* Improved autopacking efficiency for AsciiType, UTF8Type, and BytesType
* Preserve sub-second timestamp precision in datetime arguments for
insertion or slice bounds where a TimeUUID is expected. Previously,
precision below a second was lost.
* In a MaximumRetryException‘s message, include details about the last
Exception that caused the MaximumRetryException to be raised
* pycassa.pool.ConnectionPool.status() now always reports a non-negative
overflow; 0 is now used when there is not currently any overflow
* Created pycassa.types.Long as a replacement for pycassa.types.Int64.
Long uses big-endian encoding, which is compatible with Cassandra’s LongType,
while Int64 used little-endian encoding.
Deprecated in Version 1.0.6
* pycassa.types.Int64 has been deprecated in favor of pycassa.types.Long
Changes in Version 1.0.5
* Assume port 9160 if only a hostname is given
* Remove super_column param from pycassa.columnfamily.ColumnFamily.get_indexed_slices()
* Enable failover on functions that previously lacked it
* Increase base backoff time to 0.01 seconds
* Add a timeout parameter to pycassa.system_manager.SystemManger
* Return timestamp on single-column inserts
Changes in Version 1.0.4
* Fixed threadlocal issues that broke multithreading
* Fix bug in pycassa.columnfamily.ColumnFamily.remove() when a super_column
argument is supplied
* Fix minor PoolLogger logging bugs
* Added pycassa.system_manager.SystemManager.describe_partitioner()
* Added pycassa.system_manager.SystemManager.describe_snitch()
* Added pycassa.system_manager.SystemManager.get_keyspace_properties()
* Moved pycassa.system_manager.SystemManager.describe_keyspace() and
pycassa.system_manager.SystemManager.describe_column_family() to
pycassaShell describe_keyspace() and describe_column_family()
Deprecated in Version 1.0.4
* Renamed pycassa.system_manager.SystemManager.get_keyspace_description()
to pycassa.system_manager.SystemManager.get_keyspace_column_families()
and deprecated the previous name
Changes in Version 1.0.3
* Fixed supercolumn slice bug in get()
* pycassaShell now runs scripts with execfile to allow for multiline statements
* 2.4 compatability fixes
Changes in Version 1.0.2
* Failover handles a greater set of potential failures
* pycassaShell now loads/reloads pycassa.columnfamily.ColumnFamily instances when the underlying column family is created or updated
* Added an option to pycassaShell to run a script after startup
* Added pycassa.system_manager.SystemManager.list_keyspaces()
Changes in Version 1.0.1
* Allow pycassaShell to be run without specifying a keyspace
* Added pycassa.system_manager.SystemManager.describe_schema_versions()
Changes in Version 1.0.0
* Created the SystemManager class to allow for keyspace, column family, and
index creation, modification, and deletion. These operations are no longer
provided by a Connection class.
* Updated pycassaShell to use the SystemManager class
* Improved retry behavior, including exponential backoff and proper resetting
of the retry attempt counter
* Condensed connection pooling classes into only pycassa.pool.ConnectionPool
to provide a simpler API
* Changed pycassa.connection.connect() to return a connection pool
* Use more performant Thrift API methods for insert() and get() where possible
* Bundled OrderedDict and set it as the default dictionary class for column families
* Provide better TypeError feedback when columns are the wrong type
* Use Thrift API 19.4.0
Deprecated in Version 1.0.0
* ColumnFamilyMap.get_count() has been deprecated. Use
ColumnFamily.get_count() instead.
Changes in Version 0.5.4
* Allow for more backward and forward compatibility
* Mark a server as being down more quickly in Connection
Changes in Version 0.5.3
* Added PooledColumnFamily, which makes it easy to use connection pooling
automatically with a ColumnFamily.
Changes in Version 0.5.2
* Support for adding/updating/dropping Keyspaces and CFs in pycassa.connection.Connection
* get_range() optimization and more configurable batch size
* batch get_indexed_slices() similar to get_range()
* Reorganized pycassa logging
* More efficient packing of data types
* Fix error condition that results in infinite recursion
* Limit pooling retries to only appropriate exceptions
* Use Thrift API 19.3.0
Changes in Version 0.5.1
* Automatically detect if a column family is a standard column family or a super column family
* multiget_count() support
* Allow preservation of key order in multiget() if an ordered dictionary is used
* Convert timestamps to v1 UUIDs where appropriate
* pycassaShell documentation
* Use Thrift API 17.1.0
Changes in Version 0.5.0
* Connection Pooling support: pycassa.pool
* Started moving logging to pycassa.logger
* Use Thrift API 14.0.0
Changes in Version 0.4.3
* Autopack on CF’s default_validation_class
* Use Thrift API 13.0.0
Changes in Version 0.4.2
* Added batch mutations interface: pycassa.batch
* Made bundled thrift-gen code a subpackage of pycassa
* Don’t attempt to reencode already encoded UTF8 strings
Changes in Version 0.4.1
* Added batch_insert()
* Redifined insert() in terms of batch_insert()
* Fixed UTF8 autopacking
* Convert datetime slice args to uuids when appropriate
* Changed how thrift-gen code is bundled
* Assert that the major version of the thrift API is the same on the client
and on the server
* Use Thrift API 12.0.0
Changes in Version 0.4.0
* Added pycassaShell, a simple interactive shell
* Converted the test config from xml to yaml
* fixed overflow error on get_count()
* Only insert columns which exist in the model object
* Make ColumnFamilyMap not ignore the ColumnFamily’s dict_class
* Specify keyspace as argument to connect()
* Add support for framed transport and default to using it
* Added autopacking for column names and values
* Added support for secondary indexes with get_indexed_slices() and
* Added truncate()
* Use Thrift API 11.0.0
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