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Welcome to Pygments

This is the source of Pygments. It is a generic syntax highlighter written in Python that supports over 500 languages and text formats, for use in code hosting, forums, wikis or other applications that need to prettify source code.


... works as usual, use pip install Pygments to get published versions, or pip install -e . to install from a checkout in editable mode.


... can be found online at or created with Sphinx by

tox -e doc

By default, the documentation does not include the demo page, as it requires having Docker installed for building Pyodide. To build the documentation with the demo page, use

tox -e web-doc

The initial build might take some time, but subsequent ones should be instant because of Docker caching.

To view the generated documentation, serve it using Python's http.server module (this step is required for the demo to work)

python3 -m http.server --directory doc/_build/html


... takes place on GitHub, where the Git repository, tickets and pull requests can be viewed.

Continuous testing runs on GitHub workflows:

Please read our Contributing instructions.

Security considerations

Pygments provides no guarantees on execution time, which needs to be taken into consideration when using Pygments to process arbitrary user inputs. For example, if you have a web service which uses Pygments for highlighting, there may be inputs which will cause the Pygments process to run "forever" and/or use significant amounts of memory. This can subsequently be used to perform a remote denial-of-service attack on the server if the processes are not terminated quickly.

Unfortunately, it's practically impossible to harden Pygments itself against those issues: Some regular expressions can result in "catastrophic backtracking", but other bugs like incorrect matchers can also cause similar problems, and there is no way to find them in an automated fashion (short of solving the halting problem.) Pygments has extensive unit tests, automated randomized testing, and is also tested by OSS-Fuzz, but we will never be able to eliminate all bugs in this area.

Our recommendations are:

  • Ensure that the Pygments process is terminated after a reasonably short timeout. In general Pygments should take seconds at most for reasonably-sized input.
  • Limit the number of concurrent Pygments processes to avoid oversubscription of resources.

The Pygments authors will treat any bug resulting in long processing times with high priority -- it's one of those things that will be fixed in a patch release. When reporting a bug where you suspect super-linear execution times, please make sure to attach an input to reproduce it.

The authors

Pygments is maintained by Georg Brandl, e-mail address, Matthäus Chajdas and Jean Abou-Samra.

Many lexers and fixes have been contributed by Armin Ronacher, the rest of the Pocoo team and Tim Hatch.

The code is distributed under the BSD 2-clause license. Contributors making pull requests must agree that they are able and willing to put their contributions under that license.