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import os
import sys
import logging
import click
import pkg_resources
from uuid import uuid4
from flask import Response, redirect
from flask_compress import Compress
from flask_cors import CORS
from pymacaron_core.swagger.apipool import ApiPool
from pymacaron.log import set_level
from pymacaron.crash import set_error_reporter, generate_crash_handler_decorator
from pymacaron.exceptions import format_error
from pymacaron.config import get_config
log = logging.getLogger(__name__)
# API: class to define then run a micro service api
class API(object):
def __init__(self, app, host='localhost', port=80, debug=False, log_level=logging.DEBUG, formats=None, timeout=20, error_reporter=None, default_user_id=None, error_callback=format_error, error_decorator=None):
"""Take the flask app, and optionally the http port to listen on, and
whether flask's debug mode is one or not, which callback to call when
catching exceptions, and the api's log level"""
assert app = app
self.port = port = host
self.debug = debug
self.formats = formats
self.timeout = timeout
self.error_callback = error_callback
self.error_decorator = error_decorator
if default_user_id:
self.default_user_id = default_user_id
if error_reporter:
set_error_reporter(error_reporter)"Initialized API (%s:%s) (Flask debug:%s)" % (host, port, debug))
def load_clients(self, path=None, apis=[]):
"""Generate client libraries for the given apis, without starting an
api server"""
if not path:
raise Exception("Missing path to api swagger files")
if type(apis) is not list:
raise Exception("'apis' should be a list of api names")
if len(apis) == 0:
raise Exception("'apis' is an empty list - Expected at least one api name")
for api_name in apis:
api_path = os.path.join(path, '%s.yaml' % api_name)
if not os.path.isfile(api_path):
raise Exception("Cannot find swagger specification at %s" % api_path)"Loading api %s from %s" % (api_name, api_path))
return self
def load_apis(self, path, ignore=[], include_crash_api=False):
"""Load all swagger files found at the given path, except those whose
names are in the 'ignore' list"""
if not path:
raise Exception("Missing path to api swagger files")
if type(ignore) is not list:
raise Exception("'ignore' should be a list of api names")
# Always ignore pym-config.yaml
# Find all swagger apis under 'path'
apis = {}
log.debug("Searching path %s" % path)
for root, dirs, files in os.walk(path):
for f in files:
if f.endswith('.yaml'):
api_name = f.replace('.yaml', '')
if api_name in ignore:"Ignoring api %s" % api_name)
apis[api_name] = os.path.join(path, f)
log.debug("Found api %s in %s" % (api_name, f))
# And add pymacaron's default ping and crash apis
for name in ['ping', 'crash']:
yaml_path = pkg_resources.resource_filename(__name__, 'pymacaron/%s.yaml' % name)
if not os.path.isfile(yaml_path):
yaml_path = os.path.join(os.path.dirname(sys.modules[__name__].__file__), '%s.yaml' % name)
apis[name] = yaml_path
if not include_crash_api:
del apis['crash']
# Save found apis
self.path_apis = path
self.apis = apis
return self
def publish_apis(self, path='doc'):
"""Publish all loaded apis on under the uri /<path>/<api-name>, by
redirecting to
assert path
if not self.apis:
raise Exception("You must call .load_apis() before .publish_apis()")
# Infer the live host url from pym-config.yaml
proto = 'http'
if hasattr(get_config(), 'aws_cert_arn'):
proto = 'https'
live_host = "%s://%s" % (proto, get_config().live_host)
# Allow cross-origin calls
CORS(, resources={r"/%s/*" % path: {"origins": "*"}})
# Add routes to serve api specs and redirect to petstore ui for each one
for api_name, api_path in self.apis.items():
api_filename = os.path.basename(api_path)"Publishing api %s at /%s/%s" % (api_name, path, api_name))
def redirect_to_petstore(live_host, api_filename):
def f():
url = '' % (live_host, path, api_filename)"Redirecting to %s" % url)
return redirect(url, code=302)
return f
def serve_api_spec(api_path):
def f():
with open(api_path, 'r') as f:
spec ="Serving %s" % api_path)
return Response(spec, mimetype='text/plain')
return f'/%s/%s' % (path, api_name), str(uuid4()), redirect_to_petstore(live_host, api_filename))'/%s/%s' % (path, api_filename), str(uuid4()), serve_api_spec(api_path))
return self
def start(self, serve=[]):
"""Load all apis, either as local apis served by the flask app, or as
remote apis to be called from whithin the app's endpoints, then start
the app server"""
# Check arguments
if type(serve) is str:
serve = [serve]
elif type(serve) is list:
raise Exception("'serve' should be an api name or a list of api names")
if len(serve) == 0:
raise Exception("You must specify at least one api to serve")
for api_name in serve:
if api_name not in self.apis:
raise Exception("Can't find %s.yaml (swagger file) in the api directory %s" % (api_name, self.path_apis))
app =
app.secret_key = os.urandom(24)
# Initialize JWT config
conf = get_config()
if hasattr(conf, 'jwt_secret'):"Set JWT parameters to issuer=%s audience=%s secret=%s***" % (
# Always serve the ping api
# Let's compress returned data when possible
compress = Compress()
# All apis that are not served locally are not persistent
not_persistent = []
for api_name in self.apis.keys():
if api_name in serve:
# Now load those apis into the ApiPool
for api_name, api_path in self.apis.items():
host = None
port = None
if api_name in serve:
# We are serving this api locally: override the host:port specified in the swagger spec
host =
port = self.port
do_persist = True if api_name not in not_persistent else False
local = True if api_name in serve else False"Loading api %s from %s (persist: %s)" % (api_name, api_path, do_persist))
# Now spawn flask routes for all endpoints
for api_name in self.apis.keys():
if api_name in serve:"Spawning api %s" % api_name)
api = getattr(ApiPool, api_name)
# Spawn api and wrap every endpoint in a crash handler that
# catches replies and reports errors
api.spawn_api(app, decorator=generate_crash_handler_decorator(self.error_decorator))
log.debug("Argv is [%s]" % ' '.join(sys.argv))
if 'celery' in sys.argv[0].lower():
# This code is loading in a celery server - Don't start the actual flask app."Running in a Celery worker - Not starting the Flask app")
if os.path.basename(sys.argv[0]) == 'gunicorn':
# Gunicorn takes care of spawning workers"Running in Gunicorn - Not starting the Flask app")
# Debug mode is the default when not running via gunicorn
app.debug = self.debug'', port=self.port)
# Generic code to start server, from command line or via gunicorn
def letsgo(name, callback=None):
assert callback
with_async = False
@click.option('--port', help="Set server listening port (default: 80)", default=80)
@click.option('--debug/--no-debug', default=True)
def main(port, debug):
# Start celeryd and redis?
if with_async:
from pymacaron_async import start_celery
start_celery(port, debug)
# Proceed to start the API server
callback(port, debug)
if name == "__main__":
if hasattr(get_config(), 'with_async') and get_config().with_async:
with_async = True
if os.path.basename(sys.argv[0]) == 'gunicorn':