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=============================
Relationship with other tools
=============================
Pip Compared To easy_install
----------------------------
pip is meant to improve on easy_install. Some of the improvements:
* All packages are downloaded before installation. Partially-completed
installation doesn't occur as a result.
* Care is taken to present useful output on the console.
* The reasons for actions are kept track of. For instance, if a package is
being installed, pip keeps track of why that package was required.
* Error messages should be useful.
* The code is relatively concise and cohesive, making it easier to use
programmatically.
* Packages don't have to be installed as egg archives, they can be installed
flat (while keeping the egg metadata).
* Native support for other version control systems (Git, Mercurial and Bazaar)
* Uninstallation of packages.
* Simple to define fixed sets of requirements and reliably reproduce a
set of packages.
pip doesn't do everything that easy_install does. Specifically:
* It cannot install from eggs. It only installs from source. (In the
future it would be good if it could install binaries from Windows ``.exe``
or ``.msi`` -- binary install on other platforms is not a priority.)
* It is incompatible with some packages that extensively customize distutils
or setuptools in their ``setup.py`` files.
pip is complementary with `virtualenv
<http://pypi.python.org/pypi/virtualenv>`__, and it is encouraged that you use
virtualenv to isolate your installation.
Using pip with virtualenv
-------------------------
pip is most nutritious when used with `virtualenv
<http://pypi.python.org/pypi/virtualenv>`__. One of the reasons pip
doesn't install "multi-version" eggs is that virtualenv removes much of the need
for it. Because pip is installed by virtualenv, just use
``path/to/my/environment/bin/pip`` to install things into that
specific environment.
To tell pip to only run if there is a virtualenv currently activated,
and to bail if not, use::
export PIP_REQUIRE_VIRTUALENV=true
Using pip with buildout
-----------------------
If you are using `zc.buildout
<http://pypi.python.org/pypi/zc.buildout>`_ you should look at
`gp.recipe.pip <http://pypi.python.org/pypi/gp.recipe.pip>`_ as an
option to use pip and virtualenv in your buildouts.
Using pip with the "user scheme"
--------------------------------
With Python 2.6 came the `"user scheme" for installation
<http://docs.python.org/install/index.html#alternate-installation-the-user-scheme>`_, which means that all
Python distributions support an alternative install location that is specific to a user.
The default location for each OS is explained in the python documentation
for the `site.USER_BASE <http://docs.python.org/library/site.html#site.USER_BASE>`_ variable.
This mode of installation can be turned on by
specifying the ``--user`` option to ``pip install``.
Moreover, the "user scheme" can be customized by setting the
``PYTHONUSERBASE`` environment variable, which updates the value of ``site.USER_BASE``.
To install "somepackage" into an environment with site.USER_BASE customized to '/myappenv', do the following::
export PYTHONUSERBASE=/myappenv
pip install --user somepackage
Command line completion
-----------------------
pip comes with support for command line completion in bash and zsh and
allows you tab complete commands and options. To enable it you simply
need copy the required shell script to the your shell startup file
(e.g. ``.profile`` or ``.zprofile``) by running the special ``completion``
command, e.g. for bash::
$ pip completion --bash >> ~/.profile
And for zsh::
$ pip completion --zsh >> ~/.zprofile
Alternatively, you can use the result of the ``completion`` command
directly with the eval function of you shell, e.g. by adding::
eval "`pip completion --bash`"
to your startup file.
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