The Pyr0-Piezo Z-Axis Sensor
What's this for?
This is a Z-axis sensor for 3D printers.
This design incorporates two different enhancements:
An Ultra-Sensitive Z-Axis sensor utilizing the mechanical force of the nozzle touching the bed, giving a direct measurement with no offsets or referential assumptions to consider
(Optional) An FFC Cable chain (Flat Flexible Cable) that can carry the entire print-head's signals and current in a clean and organized way
Why is this better than X sensor?
Vs. Inductive / capacitative sensors: No Offset, more accurate, doesn't require special surface
Vs. Mechanical touch (BL-Touch, servo mounted endstops): No Offset, more accurate
Vs. removable pressure sensor: More accurate, no need for attaching a device only for levelling
Vs. Optical rangefinder / Time of Flight: Much more accurate, doesnt require specific surface
Vs. Mechanical endstops: All the things
Vs PrecisionPiezoUK version: No potentiometer calibration required, better false-signal filtering
- Self-calibrating (no more fiddling with tiny potentiometers!)
- Ultra-precise z-height measurements
- Zero offset (The nozzle itself is the sensor!)
- Compatible with ALL surface types
- No plugging in removable sensors for leveling
- FFC Cable chain for a clean connection between print head and controller
- Onboard switchable DC buck converter for 12v or 5v fan operation
- LED Feedback on all PWM components
- Standalone version available for drop-in installation
Credit must be given to precisionpiezo.co.uk for getting me started on this project and giving me a place to start. I did build a version of the FFC cable chain based on their electrical designs but found the calibration of the circuit to be very fiddly, as the range of value on the potentiometers that was acceptable was very narrow.
I've since started from scratch using my own BOM and designs, while including an onboard microcontroller to handle auto-calibration. Given that every 3D printer is different, I wanted this sensor to be as easy and stable as other sensors available on the market, but with the increased performance of a piezo sensor.
This is a complete redesign from the ground up, but was based on principles and methodologies developed by PrecisionPiezoUK
Original FFC Cable Chain designs can be found on my Thingiverse:
Please refer to LICENSE.md for license information