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"""Loading unittests."""
import os
import re
import sys
import traceback
import types
import functools
import warnings
from fnmatch import fnmatch, fnmatchcase
from . import case, suite, util
__unittest = True
# what about .pyc (etc)
# we would need to avoid loading the same tests multiple times
# from '.py', *and* '.pyc'
VALID_MODULE_NAME = re.compile(r'[_a-z]\w*\.py$', re.IGNORECASE)
class _FailedTest(case.TestCase):
_testMethodName = None
def __init__(self, method_name, exception):
self._exception = exception
super(_FailedTest, self).__init__(method_name)
def __getattr__(self, name):
if name != self._testMethodName:
return super(_FailedTest, self).__getattr__(name)
def testFailure():
raise self._exception
return testFailure
def _make_failed_import_test(name, suiteClass):
message = 'Failed to import test module: %s\n%s' % (
name, traceback.format_exc())
return _make_failed_test(name, ImportError(message), suiteClass, message)
def _make_failed_load_tests(name, exception, suiteClass):
message = 'Failed to call load_tests:\n%s' % (traceback.format_exc(),)
return _make_failed_test(
name, exception, suiteClass, message)
def _make_failed_test(methodname, exception, suiteClass, message):
test = _FailedTest(methodname, exception)
return suiteClass((test,)), message
def _make_skipped_test(methodname, exception, suiteClass):
def testSkipped(self):
attrs = {methodname: testSkipped}
TestClass = type("ModuleSkipped", (case.TestCase,), attrs)
return suiteClass((TestClass(methodname),))
def _jython_aware_splitext(path):
if path.lower().endswith('$py.class'):
return path[:-9]
return os.path.splitext(path)[0]
class TestLoader(object):
This class is responsible for loading tests according to various criteria
and returning them wrapped in a TestSuite
testMethodPrefix = 'test'
sortTestMethodsUsing = staticmethod(util.three_way_cmp)
testNamePatterns = None
suiteClass = suite.TestSuite
_top_level_dir = None
def __init__(self):
super(TestLoader, self).__init__()
self.errors = []
# Tracks packages which we have called into via load_tests, to
# avoid infinite re-entrancy.
self._loading_packages = set()
def loadTestsFromTestCase(self, testCaseClass):
"""Return a suite of all test cases contained in testCaseClass"""
if issubclass(testCaseClass, suite.TestSuite):
raise TypeError("Test cases should not be derived from "
"TestSuite. Maybe you meant to derive from "
testCaseNames = self.getTestCaseNames(testCaseClass)
if not testCaseNames and hasattr(testCaseClass, 'runTest'):
testCaseNames = ['runTest']
loaded_suite = self.suiteClass(map(testCaseClass, testCaseNames))
return loaded_suite
def loadTestsFromModule(self, module, *, pattern=None):
"""Return a suite of all test cases contained in the given module"""
tests = []
for name in dir(module):
obj = getattr(module, name)
if isinstance(obj, type) and issubclass(obj, case.TestCase):
load_tests = getattr(module, 'load_tests', None)
tests = self.suiteClass(tests)
if load_tests is not None:
return load_tests(self, tests, pattern)
except Exception as e:
error_case, error_message = _make_failed_load_tests(
module.__name__, e, self.suiteClass)
return error_case
return tests
def loadTestsFromName(self, name, module=None):
"""Return a suite of all test cases given a string specifier.
The name may resolve either to a module, a test case class, a
test method within a test case class, or a callable object which
returns a TestCase or TestSuite instance.
The method optionally resolves the names relative to a given module.
parts = name.split('.')
error_case, error_message = None, None
if module is None:
parts_copy = parts[:]
while parts_copy:
module_name = '.'.join(parts_copy)
module = __import__(module_name)
except ImportError:
next_attribute = parts_copy.pop()
# Last error so we can give it to the user if needed.
error_case, error_message = _make_failed_import_test(
next_attribute, self.suiteClass)
if not parts_copy:
# Even the top level import failed: report that error.
return error_case
parts = parts[1:]
obj = module
for part in parts:
parent, obj = obj, getattr(obj, part)
except AttributeError as e:
# We can't traverse some part of the name.
if (getattr(obj, '__path__', None) is not None
and error_case is not None):
# This is a package (no __path__ per importlib docs), and we
# encountered an error importing something. We cannot tell
# the difference between package.WrongNameTestClass and
# package.wrong_module_name so we just report the
# ImportError - it is more informative.
return error_case
# Otherwise, we signal that an AttributeError has occurred.
error_case, error_message = _make_failed_test(
part, e, self.suiteClass,
'Failed to access attribute:\n%s' % (
return error_case
if isinstance(obj, types.ModuleType):
return self.loadTestsFromModule(obj)
elif isinstance(obj, type) and issubclass(obj, case.TestCase):
return self.loadTestsFromTestCase(obj)
elif (isinstance(obj, types.FunctionType) and
isinstance(parent, type) and
issubclass(parent, case.TestCase)):
name = parts[-1]
inst = parent(name)
# static methods follow a different path
if not isinstance(getattr(inst, name), types.FunctionType):
return self.suiteClass([inst])
elif isinstance(obj, suite.TestSuite):
return obj
if callable(obj):
test = obj()
if isinstance(test, suite.TestSuite):
return test
elif isinstance(test, case.TestCase):
return self.suiteClass([test])
raise TypeError("calling %s returned %s, not a test" %
(obj, test))
raise TypeError("don't know how to make test from: %s" % obj)
def loadTestsFromNames(self, names, module=None):
"""Return a suite of all test cases found using the given sequence
of string specifiers. See 'loadTestsFromName()'.
suites = [self.loadTestsFromName(name, module) for name in names]
return self.suiteClass(suites)
def getTestCaseNames(self, testCaseClass):
"""Return a sorted sequence of method names found within testCaseClass
def shouldIncludeMethod(attrname):
if not attrname.startswith(self.testMethodPrefix):
return False
testFunc = getattr(testCaseClass, attrname)
if not callable(testFunc):
return False
fullName = f'%s.%s.%s' % (
testCaseClass.__module__, testCaseClass.__qualname__, attrname
return self.testNamePatterns is None or \
any(fnmatchcase(fullName, pattern) for pattern in self.testNamePatterns)
testFnNames = list(filter(shouldIncludeMethod, dir(testCaseClass)))
if self.sortTestMethodsUsing:
return testFnNames
def discover(self, start_dir, pattern='test*.py', top_level_dir=None):
"""Find and return all test modules from the specified start
directory, recursing into subdirectories to find them and return all
tests found within them. Only test files that match the pattern will
be loaded. (Using shell style pattern matching.)
All test modules must be importable from the top level of the project.
If the start directory is not the top level directory then the top
level directory must be specified separately.
If a test package name (directory with '') matches the
pattern then the package will be checked for a 'load_tests' function. If
this exists then it will be called with (loader, tests, pattern) unless
the package has already had load_tests called from the same discovery
invocation, in which case the package module object is not scanned for
tests - this ensures that when a package uses discover to further
discover child tests that infinite recursion does not happen.
If load_tests exists then discovery does *not* recurse into the package,
load_tests is responsible for loading all tests in the package.
The pattern is deliberately not stored as a loader attribute so that
packages can continue discovery themselves. top_level_dir is stored so
load_tests does not need to pass this argument in to
Paths are sorted before being imported to ensure reproducible execution
order even on filesystems with non-alphabetical ordering like ext3/4.
set_implicit_top = False
if top_level_dir is None and self._top_level_dir is not None:
# make top_level_dir optional if called from load_tests in a package
top_level_dir = self._top_level_dir
elif top_level_dir is None:
set_implicit_top = True
top_level_dir = start_dir
top_level_dir = os.path.abspath(top_level_dir)
if not top_level_dir in sys.path:
# all test modules must be importable from the top level directory
# should we *unconditionally* put the start directory in first
# in sys.path to minimise likelihood of conflicts between installed
# modules and development versions?
sys.path.insert(0, top_level_dir)
self._top_level_dir = top_level_dir
is_not_importable = False
is_namespace = False
tests = []
if os.path.isdir(os.path.abspath(start_dir)):
start_dir = os.path.abspath(start_dir)
if start_dir != top_level_dir:
is_not_importable = not os.path.isfile(os.path.join(start_dir, ''))
# support for discovery from dotted module names
except ImportError:
is_not_importable = True
the_module = sys.modules[start_dir]
top_part = start_dir.split('.')[0]
start_dir = os.path.abspath(
except AttributeError:
# look for namespace packages
spec = the_module.__spec__
except AttributeError:
spec = None
if spec and spec.loader is None:
if spec.submodule_search_locations is not None:
is_namespace = True
for path in the_module.__path__:
if (not set_implicit_top and
not path.startswith(top_level_dir)):
self._top_level_dir = \
.replace(".", os.path.sep))[0])
elif the_module.__name__ in sys.builtin_module_names:
# builtin module
raise TypeError('Can not use builtin modules '
'as dotted module names') from None
raise TypeError(
'don\'t know how to discover from {!r}'
.format(the_module)) from None
if set_implicit_top:
if not is_namespace:
self._top_level_dir = \
if is_not_importable:
raise ImportError('Start directory is not importable: %r' % start_dir)
if not is_namespace:
tests = list(self._find_tests(start_dir, pattern))
return self.suiteClass(tests)
def _get_directory_containing_module(self, module_name):
module = sys.modules[module_name]
full_path = os.path.abspath(module.__file__)
if os.path.basename(full_path).lower().startswith(''):
return os.path.dirname(os.path.dirname(full_path))
# here we have been given a module rather than a package - so
# all we can do is search the *same* directory the module is in
# should an exception be raised instead
return os.path.dirname(full_path)
def _get_name_from_path(self, path):
if path == self._top_level_dir:
return '.'
path = _jython_aware_splitext(os.path.normpath(path))
_relpath = os.path.relpath(path, self._top_level_dir)
assert not os.path.isabs(_relpath), "Path must be within the project"
assert not _relpath.startswith('..'), "Path must be within the project"
name = _relpath.replace(os.path.sep, '.')
return name
def _get_module_from_name(self, name):
return sys.modules[name]
def _match_path(self, path, full_path, pattern):
# override this method to use alternative matching strategy
return fnmatch(path, pattern)
def _find_tests(self, start_dir, pattern, namespace=False):
"""Used by discovery. Yields test suites it loads."""
# Handle the __init__ in this package
name = self._get_name_from_path(start_dir)
# name is '.' when start_dir == top_level_dir (and top_level_dir is by
# definition not a package).
if name != '.' and name not in self._loading_packages:
# name is in self._loading_packages while we have called into
# loadTestsFromModule with name.
tests, should_recurse = self._find_test_path(
start_dir, pattern, namespace)
if tests is not None:
yield tests
if not should_recurse:
# Either an error occurred, or load_tests was used by the
# package.
# Handle the contents.
paths = sorted(os.listdir(start_dir))
for path in paths:
full_path = os.path.join(start_dir, path)
tests, should_recurse = self._find_test_path(
full_path, pattern, namespace)
if tests is not None:
yield tests
if should_recurse:
# we found a package that didn't use load_tests.
name = self._get_name_from_path(full_path)
yield from self._find_tests(full_path, pattern, namespace)
def _find_test_path(self, full_path, pattern, namespace=False):
"""Used by discovery.
Loads tests from a single file, or a directories' when
passed the directory.
Returns a tuple (None_or_tests_from_file, should_recurse).
basename = os.path.basename(full_path)
if os.path.isfile(full_path):
if not VALID_MODULE_NAME.match(basename):
# valid Python identifiers only
return None, False
if not self._match_path(basename, full_path, pattern):
return None, False
# if the test file matches, load it
name = self._get_name_from_path(full_path)
module = self._get_module_from_name(name)
except case.SkipTest as e:
return _make_skipped_test(name, e, self.suiteClass), False
error_case, error_message = \
_make_failed_import_test(name, self.suiteClass)
return error_case, False
mod_file = os.path.abspath(
getattr(module, '__file__', full_path))
realpath = _jython_aware_splitext(
fullpath_noext = _jython_aware_splitext(
if realpath.lower() != fullpath_noext.lower():
module_dir = os.path.dirname(realpath)
mod_name = _jython_aware_splitext(
expected_dir = os.path.dirname(full_path)
msg = ("%r module incorrectly imported from %r. Expected "
"%r. Is this module globally installed?")
raise ImportError(
msg % (mod_name, module_dir, expected_dir))
return self.loadTestsFromModule(module, pattern=pattern), False
elif os.path.isdir(full_path):
if (not namespace and
not os.path.isfile(os.path.join(full_path, ''))):
return None, False
load_tests = None
tests = None
name = self._get_name_from_path(full_path)
package = self._get_module_from_name(name)
except case.SkipTest as e:
return _make_skipped_test(name, e, self.suiteClass), False
error_case, error_message = \
_make_failed_import_test(name, self.suiteClass)
return error_case, False
load_tests = getattr(package, 'load_tests', None)
# Mark this package as being in load_tests (possibly ;))
tests = self.loadTestsFromModule(package, pattern=pattern)
if load_tests is not None:
# loadTestsFromModule(package) has loaded tests for us.
return tests, False
return tests, True
return None, False
defaultTestLoader = TestLoader()
# These functions are considered obsolete for long time.
# They will be removed in Python 3.13.
def _makeLoader(prefix, sortUsing, suiteClass=None, testNamePatterns=None):
loader = TestLoader()
loader.sortTestMethodsUsing = sortUsing
loader.testMethodPrefix = prefix
loader.testNamePatterns = testNamePatterns
if suiteClass:
loader.suiteClass = suiteClass
return loader
def getTestCaseNames(testCaseClass, prefix, sortUsing=util.three_way_cmp, testNamePatterns=None):
import warnings
"unittest.getTestCaseNames() is deprecated and will be removed in Python 3.13. "
"Please use unittest.TestLoader.getTestCaseNames() instead.",
DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2
return _makeLoader(prefix, sortUsing, testNamePatterns=testNamePatterns).getTestCaseNames(testCaseClass)
def makeSuite(testCaseClass, prefix='test', sortUsing=util.three_way_cmp,
import warnings
"unittest.makeSuite() is deprecated and will be removed in Python 3.13. "
"Please use unittest.TestLoader.loadTestsFromTestCase() instead.",
DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2
return _makeLoader(prefix, sortUsing, suiteClass).loadTestsFromTestCase(
def findTestCases(module, prefix='test', sortUsing=util.three_way_cmp,
import warnings
"unittest.findTestCases() is deprecated and will be removed in Python 3.13. "
"Please use unittest.TestLoader.loadTestsFromModule() instead.",
DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2
return _makeLoader(prefix, sortUsing, suiteClass).loadTestsFromModule(\