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# Grammar for 2to3. This grammar supports Python 2.x and 3.x.
# NOTE WELL: You should also follow all the steps listed at
# https://devguide.python.org/grammar/
# Start symbols for the grammar:
# file_input is a module or sequence of commands read from an input file;
# single_input is a single interactive statement;
# eval_input is the input for the eval() and input() functions.
# NB: compound_stmt in single_input is followed by extra NEWLINE!
file_input: (NEWLINE | stmt)* ENDMARKER
single_input: NEWLINE | simple_stmt | compound_stmt NEWLINE
eval_input: testlist NEWLINE* ENDMARKER
decorator: '@' dotted_name [ '(' [arglist] ')' ] NEWLINE
decorators: decorator+
decorated: decorators (classdef | funcdef | async_funcdef)
async_funcdef: ASYNC funcdef
funcdef: 'def' NAME parameters ['->' test] ':' suite
parameters: '(' [typedargslist] ')'
typedargslist: ((tfpdef ['=' test] ',')*
('*' [tname] (',' tname ['=' test])* [',' ['**' tname [',']]] | '**' tname [','])
| tfpdef ['=' test] (',' tfpdef ['=' test])* [','])
tname: NAME [':' test]
tfpdef: tname | '(' tfplist ')'
tfplist: tfpdef (',' tfpdef)* [',']
varargslist: ((vfpdef ['=' test] ',')*
('*' [vname] (',' vname ['=' test])* [',' ['**' vname [',']]] | '**' vname [','])
| vfpdef ['=' test] (',' vfpdef ['=' test])* [','])
vname: NAME
vfpdef: vname | '(' vfplist ')'
vfplist: vfpdef (',' vfpdef)* [',']
stmt: simple_stmt | compound_stmt
simple_stmt: small_stmt (';' small_stmt)* [';'] NEWLINE
small_stmt: (expr_stmt | print_stmt | del_stmt | pass_stmt | flow_stmt |
import_stmt | global_stmt | exec_stmt | assert_stmt)
expr_stmt: testlist_star_expr (annassign | augassign (yield_expr|testlist) |
('=' (yield_expr|testlist_star_expr))*)
annassign: ':' test ['=' test]
testlist_star_expr: (test|star_expr) (',' (test|star_expr))* [',']
augassign: ('+=' | '-=' | '*=' | '@=' | '/=' | '%=' | '&=' | '|=' | '^=' |
'<<=' | '>>=' | '**=' | '//=')
# For normal and annotated assignments, additional restrictions enforced by the interpreter
print_stmt: 'print' ( [ test (',' test)* [','] ] |
'>>' test [ (',' test)+ [','] ] )
del_stmt: 'del' exprlist
pass_stmt: 'pass'
flow_stmt: break_stmt | continue_stmt | return_stmt | raise_stmt | yield_stmt
break_stmt: 'break'
continue_stmt: 'continue'
return_stmt: 'return' [testlist]
yield_stmt: yield_expr
raise_stmt: 'raise' [test ['from' test | ',' test [',' test]]]
import_stmt: import_name | import_from
import_name: 'import' dotted_as_names
import_from: ('from' ('.'* dotted_name | '.'+)
'import' ('*' | '(' import_as_names ')' | import_as_names))
import_as_name: NAME ['as' NAME]
dotted_as_name: dotted_name ['as' NAME]
import_as_names: import_as_name (',' import_as_name)* [',']
dotted_as_names: dotted_as_name (',' dotted_as_name)*
dotted_name: NAME ('.' NAME)*
global_stmt: ('global' | 'nonlocal') NAME (',' NAME)*
exec_stmt: 'exec' expr ['in' test [',' test]]
assert_stmt: 'assert' test [',' test]
compound_stmt: if_stmt | while_stmt | for_stmt | try_stmt | with_stmt | funcdef | classdef | decorated | async_stmt
async_stmt: ASYNC (funcdef | with_stmt | for_stmt)
if_stmt: 'if' test ':' suite ('elif' test ':' suite)* ['else' ':' suite]
while_stmt: 'while' test ':' suite ['else' ':' suite]
for_stmt: 'for' exprlist 'in' testlist ':' suite ['else' ':' suite]
try_stmt: ('try' ':' suite
((except_clause ':' suite)+
['else' ':' suite]
['finally' ':' suite] |
'finally' ':' suite))
with_stmt: 'with' with_item (',' with_item)* ':' suite
with_item: test ['as' expr]
with_var: 'as' expr
# NB compile.c makes sure that the default except clause is last
except_clause: 'except' [test [(',' | 'as') test]]
suite: simple_stmt | NEWLINE INDENT stmt+ DEDENT
# Backward compatibility cruft to support:
# [ x for x in lambda: True, lambda: False if x() ]
# even while also allowing:
# lambda x: 5 if x else 2
# (But not a mix of the two)
testlist_safe: old_test [(',' old_test)+ [',']]
old_test: or_test | old_lambdef
old_lambdef: 'lambda' [varargslist] ':' old_test
test: or_test ['if' or_test 'else' test] | lambdef
or_test: and_test ('or' and_test)*
and_test: not_test ('and' not_test)*
not_test: 'not' not_test | comparison
comparison: expr (comp_op expr)*
comp_op: '<'|'>'|'=='|'>='|'<='|'<>'|'!='|'in'|'not' 'in'|'is'|'is' 'not'
star_expr: '*' expr
expr: xor_expr ('|' xor_expr)*
xor_expr: and_expr ('^' and_expr)*
and_expr: shift_expr ('&' shift_expr)*
shift_expr: arith_expr (('<<'|'>>') arith_expr)*
arith_expr: term (('+'|'-') term)*
term: factor (('*'|'@'|'/'|'%'|'//') factor)*
factor: ('+'|'-'|'~') factor | power
power: [AWAIT] atom trailer* ['**' factor]
atom: ('(' [yield_expr|testlist_gexp] ')' |
'[' [listmaker] ']' |
'{' [dictsetmaker] '}' |
'`' testlist1 '`' |
NAME | NUMBER | STRING+ | '.' '.' '.')
listmaker: (test|star_expr) ( comp_for | (',' (test|star_expr))* [','] )
testlist_gexp: (test|star_expr) ( comp_for | (',' (test|star_expr))* [','] )
lambdef: 'lambda' [varargslist] ':' test
trailer: '(' [arglist] ')' | '[' subscriptlist ']' | '.' NAME
subscriptlist: subscript (',' subscript)* [',']
subscript: test | [test] ':' [test] [sliceop]
sliceop: ':' [test]
exprlist: (expr|star_expr) (',' (expr|star_expr))* [',']
testlist: test (',' test)* [',']
dictsetmaker: ( ((test ':' test | '**' expr)
(comp_for | (',' (test ':' test | '**' expr))* [','])) |
((test | star_expr)
(comp_for | (',' (test | star_expr))* [','])) )
classdef: 'class' NAME ['(' [arglist] ')'] ':' suite
arglist: argument (',' argument)* [',']
# "test '=' test" is really "keyword '=' test", but we have no such token.
# These need to be in a single rule to avoid grammar that is ambiguous
# to our LL(1) parser. Even though 'test' includes '*expr' in star_expr,
# we explicitly match '*' here, too, to give it proper precedence.
# Illegal combinations and orderings are blocked in ast.c:
# multiple (test comp_for) arguments are blocked; keyword unpackings
# that precede iterable unpackings are blocked; etc.
argument: ( test [comp_for] |
test '=' test |
'**' expr |
star_expr )
comp_iter: comp_for | comp_if
comp_for: [ASYNC] 'for' exprlist 'in' testlist_safe [comp_iter]
comp_if: 'if' old_test [comp_iter]
testlist1: test (',' test)*
# not used in grammar, but may appear in "node" passed from Parser to Compiler
encoding_decl: NAME
yield_expr: 'yield' [yield_arg]
yield_arg: 'from' test | testlist