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"""Pseudo terminal utilities."""
# Bugs: No signal handling. Doesn't set slave termios and window size.
# Only tested on Linux.
# See: W. Richard Stevens. 1992. Advanced Programming in the
# UNIX Environment. Chapter 19.
# Author: Steen Lumholt -- with additions by Guido.
from select import select
import os
import tty
__all__ = ["openpty","fork","spawn"]
STDIN_FILENO = 0
STDOUT_FILENO = 1
STDERR_FILENO = 2
CHILD = 0
def openpty():
"""openpty() -> (master_fd, slave_fd)
Open a pty master/slave pair, using os.openpty() if possible."""
try:
return os.openpty()
except (AttributeError, OSError):
pass
master_fd, slave_name = _open_terminal()
slave_fd = slave_open(slave_name)
return master_fd, slave_fd
def master_open():
"""master_open() -> (master_fd, slave_name)
Open a pty master and return the fd, and the filename of the slave end.
Deprecated, use openpty() instead."""
try:
master_fd, slave_fd = os.openpty()
except (AttributeError, OSError):
pass
else:
slave_name = os.ttyname(slave_fd)
os.close(slave_fd)
return master_fd, slave_name
return _open_terminal()
def _open_terminal():
"""Open pty master and return (master_fd, tty_name)."""
for x in 'pqrstuvwxyzPQRST':
for y in '0123456789abcdef':
pty_name = '/dev/pty' + x + y
try:
fd = os.open(pty_name, os.O_RDWR)
except OSError:
continue
return (fd, '/dev/tty' + x + y)
raise OSError('out of pty devices')
def slave_open(tty_name):
"""slave_open(tty_name) -> slave_fd
Open the pty slave and acquire the controlling terminal, returning
opened filedescriptor.
Deprecated, use openpty() instead."""
result = os.open(tty_name, os.O_RDWR)
try:
from fcntl import ioctl, I_PUSH
except ImportError:
return result
try:
ioctl(result, I_PUSH, "ptem")
ioctl(result, I_PUSH, "ldterm")
except OSError:
pass
return result
def fork():
"""fork() -> (pid, master_fd)
Fork and make the child a session leader with a controlling terminal."""
try:
pid, fd = os.forkpty()
except (AttributeError, OSError):
pass
else:
if pid == CHILD:
try:
os.setsid()
except OSError:
# os.forkpty() already set us session leader
pass
return pid, fd
master_fd, slave_fd = openpty()
pid = os.fork()
if pid == CHILD:
# Establish a new session.
os.setsid()
os.close(master_fd)
# Slave becomes stdin/stdout/stderr of child.
os.dup2(slave_fd, STDIN_FILENO)
os.dup2(slave_fd, STDOUT_FILENO)
os.dup2(slave_fd, STDERR_FILENO)
if (slave_fd > STDERR_FILENO):
os.close (slave_fd)
# Explicitly open the tty to make it become a controlling tty.
tmp_fd = os.open(os.ttyname(STDOUT_FILENO), os.O_RDWR)
os.close(tmp_fd)
else:
os.close(slave_fd)
# Parent and child process.
return pid, master_fd
def _writen(fd, data):
"""Write all the data to a descriptor."""
while data:
n = os.write(fd, data)
data = data[n:]
def _read(fd):
"""Default read function."""
return os.read(fd, 1024)
def _copy(master_fd, master_read=_read, stdin_read=_read):
"""Parent copy loop.
Copies
pty master -> standard output (master_read)
standard input -> pty master (stdin_read)"""
fds = [master_fd, STDIN_FILENO]
while True:
rfds, wfds, xfds = select(fds, [], [])
if master_fd in rfds:
data = master_read(master_fd)
if not data: # Reached EOF.
fds.remove(master_fd)
else:
os.write(STDOUT_FILENO, data)
if STDIN_FILENO in rfds:
data = stdin_read(STDIN_FILENO)
if not data:
fds.remove(STDIN_FILENO)
else:
_writen(master_fd, data)
def spawn(argv, master_read=_read, stdin_read=_read):
"""Create a spawned process."""
if type(argv) == type(''):
argv = (argv,)
pid, master_fd = fork()
if pid == CHILD:
os.execlp(argv[0], *argv)
try:
mode = tty.tcgetattr(STDIN_FILENO)
tty.setraw(STDIN_FILENO)
restore = 1
except tty.error: # This is the same as termios.error
restore = 0
try:
_copy(master_fd, master_read, stdin_read)
except OSError:
if restore:
tty.tcsetattr(STDIN_FILENO, tty.TCSAFLUSH, mode)
os.close(master_fd)
return os.waitpid(pid, 0)[1]