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# tests common to dict and UserDict
import unittest
import collections
import sys
class BasicTestMappingProtocol(unittest.TestCase):
# This base class can be used to check that an object conforms to the
# mapping protocol
# Functions that can be useful to override to adapt to dictionary
# semantics
type2test = None # which class is being tested (overwrite in subclasses)
def _reference(self):
"""Return a dictionary of values which are invariant by storage
in the object under test."""
return {"1": "2", "key1":"value1", "key2":(1,2,3)}
def _empty_mapping(self):
"""Return an empty mapping object"""
return self.type2test()
def _full_mapping(self, data):
"""Return a mapping object with the value contained in data
dictionary"""
x = self._empty_mapping()
for key, value in data.items():
x[key] = value
return x
def __init__(self, *args, **kw):
unittest.TestCase.__init__(self, *args, **kw)
self.reference = self._reference().copy()
# A (key, value) pair not in the mapping
key, value = self.reference.popitem()
self.other = {key:value}
# A (key, value) pair in the mapping
key, value = self.reference.popitem()
self.inmapping = {key:value}
self.reference[key] = value
def test_read(self):
# Test for read only operations on mapping
p = self._empty_mapping()
p1 = dict(p) #workaround for singleton objects
d = self._full_mapping(self.reference)
if d is p:
p = p1
#Indexing
for key, value in self.reference.items():
self.assertEqual(d[key], value)
knownkey = list(self.other.keys())[0]
self.assertRaises(KeyError, lambda:d[knownkey])
#len
self.assertEqual(len(p), 0)
self.assertEqual(len(d), len(self.reference))
#__contains__
for k in self.reference:
self.assertIn(k, d)
for k in self.other:
self.assertNotIn(k, d)
#cmp
self.assertEqual(p, p)
self.assertEqual(d, d)
self.assertNotEqual(p, d)
self.assertNotEqual(d, p)
#bool
if p: self.fail("Empty mapping must compare to False")
if not d: self.fail("Full mapping must compare to True")
# keys(), items(), iterkeys() ...
def check_iterandlist(iter, lst, ref):
self.assertTrue(hasattr(iter, '__next__'))
self.assertTrue(hasattr(iter, '__iter__'))
x = list(iter)
self.assertTrue(set(x)==set(lst)==set(ref))
check_iterandlist(iter(d.keys()), list(d.keys()),
self.reference.keys())
check_iterandlist(iter(d), list(d.keys()), self.reference.keys())
check_iterandlist(iter(d.values()), list(d.values()),
self.reference.values())
check_iterandlist(iter(d.items()), list(d.items()),
self.reference.items())
#get
key, value = next(iter(d.items()))
knownkey, knownvalue = next(iter(self.other.items()))
self.assertEqual(d.get(key, knownvalue), value)
self.assertEqual(d.get(knownkey, knownvalue), knownvalue)
self.assertNotIn(knownkey, d)
def test_write(self):
# Test for write operations on mapping
p = self._empty_mapping()
#Indexing
for key, value in self.reference.items():
p[key] = value
self.assertEqual(p[key], value)
for key in self.reference.keys():
del p[key]
self.assertRaises(KeyError, lambda:p[key])
p = self._empty_mapping()
#update
p.update(self.reference)
self.assertEqual(dict(p), self.reference)
items = list(p.items())
p = self._empty_mapping()
p.update(items)
self.assertEqual(dict(p), self.reference)
d = self._full_mapping(self.reference)
#setdefault
key, value = next(iter(d.items()))
knownkey, knownvalue = next(iter(self.other.items()))
self.assertEqual(d.setdefault(key, knownvalue), value)
self.assertEqual(d[key], value)
self.assertEqual(d.setdefault(knownkey, knownvalue), knownvalue)
self.assertEqual(d[knownkey], knownvalue)
#pop
self.assertEqual(d.pop(knownkey), knownvalue)
self.assertNotIn(knownkey, d)
self.assertRaises(KeyError, d.pop, knownkey)
default = 909
d[knownkey] = knownvalue
self.assertEqual(d.pop(knownkey, default), knownvalue)
self.assertNotIn(knownkey, d)
self.assertEqual(d.pop(knownkey, default), default)
#popitem
key, value = d.popitem()
self.assertNotIn(key, d)
self.assertEqual(value, self.reference[key])
p=self._empty_mapping()
self.assertRaises(KeyError, p.popitem)
def test_constructor(self):
self.assertEqual(self._empty_mapping(), self._empty_mapping())
def test_bool(self):
self.assertTrue(not self._empty_mapping())
self.assertTrue(self.reference)
self.assertTrue(bool(self._empty_mapping()) is False)
self.assertTrue(bool(self.reference) is True)
def test_keys(self):
d = self._empty_mapping()
self.assertEqual(list(d.keys()), [])
d = self.reference
self.assertIn(list(self.inmapping.keys())[0], d.keys())
self.assertNotIn(list(self.other.keys())[0], d.keys())
self.assertRaises(TypeError, d.keys, None)
def test_values(self):
d = self._empty_mapping()
self.assertEqual(list(d.values()), [])
self.assertRaises(TypeError, d.values, None)
def test_items(self):
d = self._empty_mapping()
self.assertEqual(list(d.items()), [])
self.assertRaises(TypeError, d.items, None)
def test_len(self):
d = self._empty_mapping()
self.assertEqual(len(d), 0)
def test_getitem(self):
d = self.reference
self.assertEqual(d[list(self.inmapping.keys())[0]],
list(self.inmapping.values())[0])
self.assertRaises(TypeError, d.__getitem__)
def test_update(self):
# mapping argument
d = self._empty_mapping()
d.update(self.other)
self.assertEqual(list(d.items()), list(self.other.items()))
# No argument
d = self._empty_mapping()
d.update()
self.assertEqual(d, self._empty_mapping())
# item sequence
d = self._empty_mapping()
d.update(self.other.items())
self.assertEqual(list(d.items()), list(self.other.items()))
# Iterator
d = self._empty_mapping()
d.update(self.other.items())
self.assertEqual(list(d.items()), list(self.other.items()))
# FIXME: Doesn't work with UserDict
# self.assertRaises((TypeError, AttributeError), d.update, None)
self.assertRaises((TypeError, AttributeError), d.update, 42)
outerself = self
class SimpleUserDict:
def __init__(self):
self.d = outerself.reference
def keys(self):
return self.d.keys()
def __getitem__(self, i):
return self.d[i]
d.clear()
d.update(SimpleUserDict())
i1 = sorted(d.items())
i2 = sorted(self.reference.items())
self.assertEqual(i1, i2)
class Exc(Exception): pass
d = self._empty_mapping()
class FailingUserDict:
def keys(self):
raise Exc
self.assertRaises(Exc, d.update, FailingUserDict())
d.clear()
class FailingUserDict:
def keys(self):
class BogonIter:
def __init__(self):
self.i = 1
def __iter__(self):
return self
def __next__(self):
if self.i:
self.i = 0
return 'a'
raise Exc
return BogonIter()
def __getitem__(self, key):
return key
self.assertRaises(Exc, d.update, FailingUserDict())
class FailingUserDict:
def keys(self):
class BogonIter:
def __init__(self):
self.i = ord('a')
def __iter__(self):
return self
def __next__(self):
if self.i <= ord('z'):
rtn = chr(self.i)
self.i += 1
return rtn
raise StopIteration
return BogonIter()
def __getitem__(self, key):
raise Exc
self.assertRaises(Exc, d.update, FailingUserDict())
d = self._empty_mapping()
class badseq(object):
def __iter__(self):
return self
def __next__(self):
raise Exc()
self.assertRaises(Exc, d.update, badseq())
self.assertRaises(ValueError, d.update, [(1, 2, 3)])
# no test_fromkeys or test_copy as both os.environ and selves don't support it
def test_get(self):
d = self._empty_mapping()
self.assertTrue(d.get(list(self.other.keys())[0]) is None)
self.assertEqual(d.get(list(self.other.keys())[0], 3), 3)
d = self.reference
self.assertTrue(d.get(list(self.other.keys())[0]) is None)
self.assertEqual(d.get(list(self.other.keys())[0], 3), 3)
self.assertEqual(d.get(list(self.inmapping.keys())[0]),
list(self.inmapping.values())[0])
self.assertEqual(d.get(list(self.inmapping.keys())[0], 3),
list(self.inmapping.values())[0])
self.assertRaises(TypeError, d.get)
self.assertRaises(TypeError, d.get, None, None, None)
def test_setdefault(self):
d = self._empty_mapping()
self.assertRaises(TypeError, d.setdefault)
def test_popitem(self):
d = self._empty_mapping()
self.assertRaises(KeyError, d.popitem)
self.assertRaises(TypeError, d.popitem, 42)
def test_pop(self):
d = self._empty_mapping()
k, v = list(self.inmapping.items())[0]
d[k] = v
self.assertRaises(KeyError, d.pop, list(self.other.keys())[0])
self.assertEqual(d.pop(k), v)
self.assertEqual(len(d), 0)
self.assertRaises(KeyError, d.pop, k)
class TestMappingProtocol(BasicTestMappingProtocol):
def test_constructor(self):
BasicTestMappingProtocol.test_constructor(self)
self.assertTrue(self._empty_mapping() is not self._empty_mapping())
self.assertEqual(self.type2test(x=1, y=2), {"x": 1, "y": 2})
def test_bool(self):
BasicTestMappingProtocol.test_bool(self)
self.assertTrue(not self._empty_mapping())
self.assertTrue(self._full_mapping({"x": "y"}))
self.assertTrue(bool(self._empty_mapping()) is False)
self.assertTrue(bool(self._full_mapping({"x": "y"})) is True)
def test_keys(self):
BasicTestMappingProtocol.test_keys(self)
d = self._empty_mapping()
self.assertEqual(list(d.keys()), [])
d = self._full_mapping({'a': 1, 'b': 2})
k = d.keys()
self.assertIn('a', k)
self.assertIn('b', k)
self.assertNotIn('c', k)
def test_values(self):
BasicTestMappingProtocol.test_values(self)
d = self._full_mapping({1:2})
self.assertEqual(list(d.values()), [2])
def test_items(self):
BasicTestMappingProtocol.test_items(self)
d = self._full_mapping({1:2})
self.assertEqual(list(d.items()), [(1, 2)])
def test_contains(self):
d = self._empty_mapping()
self.assertNotIn('a', d)
self.assertTrue(not ('a' in d))
self.assertTrue('a' not in d)
d = self._full_mapping({'a': 1, 'b': 2})
self.assertIn('a', d)
self.assertIn('b', d)
self.assertNotIn('c', d)
self.assertRaises(TypeError, d.__contains__)
def test_len(self):
BasicTestMappingProtocol.test_len(self)
d = self._full_mapping({'a': 1, 'b': 2})
self.assertEqual(len(d), 2)
def test_getitem(self):
BasicTestMappingProtocol.test_getitem(self)
d = self._full_mapping({'a': 1, 'b': 2})
self.assertEqual(d['a'], 1)
self.assertEqual(d['b'], 2)
d['c'] = 3
d['a'] = 4
self.assertEqual(d['c'], 3)
self.assertEqual(d['a'], 4)
del d['b']
self.assertEqual(d, {'a': 4, 'c': 3})
self.assertRaises(TypeError, d.__getitem__)
def test_clear(self):
d = self._full_mapping({1:1, 2:2, 3:3})
d.clear()
self.assertEqual(d, {})
self.assertRaises(TypeError, d.clear, None)
def test_update(self):
BasicTestMappingProtocol.test_update(self)
# mapping argument
d = self._empty_mapping()
d.update({1:100})
d.update({2:20})
d.update({1:1, 2:2, 3:3})
self.assertEqual(d, {1:1, 2:2, 3:3})
# no argument
d.update()
self.assertEqual(d, {1:1, 2:2, 3:3})
# keyword arguments
d = self._empty_mapping()
d.update(x=100)
d.update(y=20)
d.update(x=1, y=2, z=3)
self.assertEqual(d, {"x":1, "y":2, "z":3})
# item sequence
d = self._empty_mapping()
d.update([("x", 100), ("y", 20)])
self.assertEqual(d, {"x":100, "y":20})
# Both item sequence and keyword arguments
d = self._empty_mapping()
d.update([("x", 100), ("y", 20)], x=1, y=2)
self.assertEqual(d, {"x":1, "y":2})
# iterator
d = self._full_mapping({1:3, 2:4})
d.update(self._full_mapping({1:2, 3:4, 5:6}).items())
self.assertEqual(d, {1:2, 2:4, 3:4, 5:6})
class SimpleUserDict:
def __init__(self):
self.d = {1:1, 2:2, 3:3}
def keys(self):
return self.d.keys()
def __getitem__(self, i):
return self.d[i]
d.clear()
d.update(SimpleUserDict())
self.assertEqual(d, {1:1, 2:2, 3:3})
def test_fromkeys(self):
self.assertEqual(self.type2test.fromkeys('abc'), {'a':None, 'b':None, 'c':None})
d = self._empty_mapping()
self.assertTrue(not(d.fromkeys('abc') is d))
self.assertEqual(d.fromkeys('abc'), {'a':None, 'b':None, 'c':None})
self.assertEqual(d.fromkeys((4,5),0), {4:0, 5:0})
self.assertEqual(d.fromkeys([]), {})
def g():
yield 1
self.assertEqual(d.fromkeys(g()), {1:None})
self.assertRaises(TypeError, {}.fromkeys, 3)
class dictlike(self.type2test): pass
self.assertEqual(dictlike.fromkeys('a'), {'a':None})
self.assertEqual(dictlike().fromkeys('a'), {'a':None})
self.assertTrue(dictlike.fromkeys('a').__class__ is dictlike)
self.assertTrue(dictlike().fromkeys('a').__class__ is dictlike)
self.assertTrue(type(dictlike.fromkeys('a')) is dictlike)
class mydict(self.type2test):
def __new__(cls):
return collections.UserDict()
ud = mydict.fromkeys('ab')
self.assertEqual(ud, {'a':None, 'b':None})
self.assertIsInstance(ud, collections.UserDict)
self.assertRaises(TypeError, dict.fromkeys)
class Exc(Exception): pass
class baddict1(self.type2test):
def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
raise Exc()
self.assertRaises(Exc, baddict1.fromkeys, [1])
class BadSeq(object):
def __iter__(self):
return self
def __next__(self):
raise Exc()
self.assertRaises(Exc, self.type2test.fromkeys, BadSeq())
class baddict2(self.type2test):
def __setitem__(self, key, value):
raise Exc()
self.assertRaises(Exc, baddict2.fromkeys, [1])
def test_copy(self):
d = self._full_mapping({1:1, 2:2, 3:3})
self.assertEqual(d.copy(), {1:1, 2:2, 3:3})
d = self._empty_mapping()
self.assertEqual(d.copy(), d)
self.assertIsInstance(d.copy(), d.__class__)
self.assertRaises(TypeError, d.copy, None)
def test_get(self):
BasicTestMappingProtocol.test_get(self)
d = self._empty_mapping()
self.assertTrue(d.get('c') is None)
self.assertEqual(d.get('c', 3), 3)
d = self._full_mapping({'a' : 1, 'b' : 2})
self.assertTrue(d.get('c') is None)
self.assertEqual(d.get('c', 3), 3)
self.assertEqual(d.get('a'), 1)
self.assertEqual(d.get('a', 3), 1)
def test_setdefault(self):
BasicTestMappingProtocol.test_setdefault(self)
d = self._empty_mapping()
self.assertTrue(d.setdefault('key0') is None)
d.setdefault('key0', [])
self.assertTrue(d.setdefault('key0') is None)
d.setdefault('key', []).append(3)
self.assertEqual(d['key'][0], 3)
d.setdefault('key', []).append(4)
self.assertEqual(len(d['key']), 2)
def test_popitem(self):
BasicTestMappingProtocol.test_popitem(self)
for copymode in -1, +1:
# -1: b has same structure as a
# +1: b is a.copy()
for log2size in range(12):
size = 2**log2size
a = self._empty_mapping()
b = self._empty_mapping()
for i in range(size):
a[repr(i)] = i
if copymode < 0:
b[repr(i)] = i
if copymode > 0:
b = a.copy()
for i in range(size):
ka, va = ta = a.popitem()
self.assertEqual(va, int(ka))
kb, vb = tb = b.popitem()
self.assertEqual(vb, int(kb))
self.assertTrue(not(copymode < 0 and ta != tb))
self.assertTrue(not a)
self.assertTrue(not b)
def test_pop(self):
BasicTestMappingProtocol.test_pop(self)
# Tests for pop with specified key
d = self._empty_mapping()
k, v = 'abc', 'def'
self.assertEqual(d.pop(k, v), v)
d[k] = v
self.assertEqual(d.pop(k, 1), v)
class TestHashMappingProtocol(TestMappingProtocol):
def test_getitem(self):
TestMappingProtocol.test_getitem(self)
class Exc(Exception): pass
class BadEq(object):
def __eq__(self, other):
raise Exc()
def __hash__(self):
return 24
d = self._empty_mapping()
d[BadEq()] = 42
self.assertRaises(KeyError, d.__getitem__, 23)
class BadHash(object):
fail = False
def __hash__(self):
if self.fail:
raise Exc()
else:
return 42
d = self._empty_mapping()
x = BadHash()
d[x] = 42
x.fail = True
self.assertRaises(Exc, d.__getitem__, x)
def test_fromkeys(self):
TestMappingProtocol.test_fromkeys(self)
class mydict(self.type2test):
def __new__(cls):
return collections.UserDict()
ud = mydict.fromkeys('ab')
self.assertEqual(ud, {'a':None, 'b':None})
self.assertIsInstance(ud, collections.UserDict)
def test_pop(self):
TestMappingProtocol.test_pop(self)
class Exc(Exception): pass
class BadHash(object):
fail = False
def __hash__(self):
if self.fail:
raise Exc()
else:
return 42
d = self._empty_mapping()
x = BadHash()
d[x] = 42
x.fail = True
self.assertRaises(Exc, d.pop, x)
def test_mutatingiteration(self):
d = self._empty_mapping()
d[1] = 1
try:
count = 0
for i in d:
d[i+1] = 1
if count >= 1:
self.fail("changing dict size during iteration doesn't raise Error")
count += 1
except RuntimeError:
pass
def test_repr(self):
d = self._empty_mapping()
self.assertEqual(repr(d), '{}')
d[1] = 2
self.assertEqual(repr(d), '{1: 2}')
d = self._empty_mapping()
d[1] = d
self.assertEqual(repr(d), '{1: {...}}')
class Exc(Exception): pass
class BadRepr(object):
def __repr__(self):
raise Exc()
d = self._full_mapping({1: BadRepr()})
self.assertRaises(Exc, repr, d)
def test_repr_deep(self):
d = self._empty_mapping()
for i in range(sys.getrecursionlimit() + 100):
d0 = d
d = self._empty_mapping()
d[1] = d0
self.assertRaises(RecursionError, repr, d)
def test_eq(self):
self.assertEqual(self._empty_mapping(), self._empty_mapping())
self.assertEqual(self._full_mapping({1: 2}),
self._full_mapping({1: 2}))
class Exc(Exception): pass
class BadCmp(object):
def __eq__(self, other):
raise Exc()
def __hash__(self):
return 1
d1 = self._full_mapping({BadCmp(): 1})
d2 = self._full_mapping({1: 1})
self.assertRaises(Exc, lambda: BadCmp()==1)
self.assertRaises(Exc, lambda: d1==d2)
def test_setdefault(self):
TestMappingProtocol.test_setdefault(self)
class Exc(Exception): pass
class BadHash(object):
fail = False
def __hash__(self):
if self.fail:
raise Exc()
else:
return 42
d = self._empty_mapping()
x = BadHash()
d[x] = 42
x.fail = True
self.assertRaises(Exc, d.setdefault, x, [])
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