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"""Unit tests for the bytes and bytearray types.
XXX This is a mess. Common tests should be unified with string_tests.py (and
the latter should be modernized).
"""
import array
import os
import re
import sys
import copy
import functools
import pickle
import tempfile
import unittest
import test.support
import test.string_tests
import test.list_tests
from test.support import bigaddrspacetest, MAX_Py_ssize_t
if sys.flags.bytes_warning:
def check_bytes_warnings(func):
@functools.wraps(func)
def wrapper(*args, **kw):
with test.support.check_warnings(('', BytesWarning)):
return func(*args, **kw)
return wrapper
else:
# no-op
def check_bytes_warnings(func):
return func
class Indexable:
def __init__(self, value=0):
self.value = value
def __index__(self):
return self.value
class BaseBytesTest:
def test_basics(self):
b = self.type2test()
self.assertEqual(type(b), self.type2test)
self.assertEqual(b.__class__, self.type2test)
def test_copy(self):
a = self.type2test(b"abcd")
for copy_method in (copy.copy, copy.deepcopy):
b = copy_method(a)
self.assertEqual(a, b)
self.assertEqual(type(a), type(b))
def test_empty_sequence(self):
b = self.type2test()
self.assertEqual(len(b), 0)
self.assertRaises(IndexError, lambda: b[0])
self.assertRaises(IndexError, lambda: b[1])
self.assertRaises(IndexError, lambda: b[sys.maxsize])
self.assertRaises(IndexError, lambda: b[sys.maxsize+1])
self.assertRaises(IndexError, lambda: b[10**100])
self.assertRaises(IndexError, lambda: b[-1])
self.assertRaises(IndexError, lambda: b[-2])
self.assertRaises(IndexError, lambda: b[-sys.maxsize])
self.assertRaises(IndexError, lambda: b[-sys.maxsize-1])
self.assertRaises(IndexError, lambda: b[-sys.maxsize-2])
self.assertRaises(IndexError, lambda: b[-10**100])
def test_from_iterable(self):
b = self.type2test(range(256))
self.assertEqual(len(b), 256)
self.assertEqual(list(b), list(range(256)))
# Non-sequence iterable.
b = self.type2test({42})
self.assertEqual(b, b"*")
b = self.type2test({43, 45})
self.assertIn(tuple(b), {(43, 45), (45, 43)})
# Iterator that has a __length_hint__.
b = self.type2test(iter(range(256)))
self.assertEqual(len(b), 256)
self.assertEqual(list(b), list(range(256)))
# Iterator that doesn't have a __length_hint__.
b = self.type2test(i for i in range(256) if i % 2)
self.assertEqual(len(b), 128)
self.assertEqual(list(b), list(range(256))[1::2])
# Sequence without __iter__.
class S:
def __getitem__(self, i):
return (1, 2, 3)[i]
b = self.type2test(S())
self.assertEqual(b, b"\x01\x02\x03")
def test_from_tuple(self):
# There is a special case for tuples.
b = self.type2test(tuple(range(256)))
self.assertEqual(len(b), 256)
self.assertEqual(list(b), list(range(256)))
b = self.type2test((1, 2, 3))
self.assertEqual(b, b"\x01\x02\x03")
def test_from_list(self):
# There is a special case for lists.
b = self.type2test(list(range(256)))
self.assertEqual(len(b), 256)
self.assertEqual(list(b), list(range(256)))
b = self.type2test([1, 2, 3])
self.assertEqual(b, b"\x01\x02\x03")
def test_from_mutating_list(self):
# Issue #34973: Crash in bytes constructor with mutating list.
class X:
def __index__(self):
a.clear()
return 42
a = [X(), X()]
self.assertEqual(bytes(a), b'*')
class Y:
def __index__(self):
if len(a) < 1000:
a.append(self)
return 42
a = [Y()]
self.assertEqual(bytes(a), b'*' * 1000) # should not crash
def test_from_index(self):
b = self.type2test([Indexable(), Indexable(1), Indexable(254),
Indexable(255)])
self.assertEqual(list(b), [0, 1, 254, 255])
self.assertRaises(ValueError, self.type2test, [Indexable(-1)])
self.assertRaises(ValueError, self.type2test, [Indexable(256)])
def test_from_buffer(self):
a = self.type2test(array.array('B', [1, 2, 3]))
self.assertEqual(a, b"\x01\x02\x03")
a = self.type2test(b"\x01\x02\x03")
self.assertEqual(a, b"\x01\x02\x03")
# Issues #29159 and #34974.
# Fallback when __index__ raises a TypeError
class B(bytes):
def __index__(self):
raise TypeError
self.assertEqual(self.type2test(B(b"foobar")), b"foobar")
def test_from_ssize(self):
self.assertEqual(self.type2test(0), b'')
self.assertEqual(self.type2test(1), b'\x00')
self.assertEqual(self.type2test(5), b'\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00')
self.assertRaises(ValueError, self.type2test, -1)
self.assertEqual(self.type2test('0', 'ascii'), b'0')
self.assertEqual(self.type2test(b'0'), b'0')
self.assertRaises(OverflowError, self.type2test, sys.maxsize + 1)
def test_constructor_type_errors(self):
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test, 0.0)
class C:
pass
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test, ["0"])
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test, [0.0])
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test, [None])
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test, [C()])
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test, encoding='ascii')
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test, errors='ignore')
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test, 0, 'ascii')
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test, b'', 'ascii')
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test, 0, errors='ignore')
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test, b'', errors='ignore')
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test, '')
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test, '', errors='ignore')
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test, '', b'ascii')
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test, '', 'ascii', b'ignore')
def test_constructor_value_errors(self):
self.assertRaises(ValueError, self.type2test, [-1])
self.assertRaises(ValueError, self.type2test, [-sys.maxsize])
self.assertRaises(ValueError, self.type2test, [-sys.maxsize-1])
self.assertRaises(ValueError, self.type2test, [-sys.maxsize-2])
self.assertRaises(ValueError, self.type2test, [-10**100])
self.assertRaises(ValueError, self.type2test, [256])
self.assertRaises(ValueError, self.type2test, [257])
self.assertRaises(ValueError, self.type2test, [sys.maxsize])
self.assertRaises(ValueError, self.type2test, [sys.maxsize+1])
self.assertRaises(ValueError, self.type2test, [10**100])
@bigaddrspacetest
def test_constructor_overflow(self):
size = MAX_Py_ssize_t
self.assertRaises((OverflowError, MemoryError), self.type2test, size)
try:
# Should either pass or raise an error (e.g. on debug builds with
# additional malloc() overhead), but shouldn't crash.
bytearray(size - 4)
except (OverflowError, MemoryError):
pass
def test_constructor_exceptions(self):
# Issue #34974: bytes and bytearray constructors replace unexpected
# exceptions.
class BadInt:
def __index__(self):
1/0
self.assertRaises(ZeroDivisionError, self.type2test, BadInt())
self.assertRaises(ZeroDivisionError, self.type2test, [BadInt()])
class BadIterable:
def __iter__(self):
1/0
self.assertRaises(ZeroDivisionError, self.type2test, BadIterable())
def test_compare(self):
b1 = self.type2test([1, 2, 3])
b2 = self.type2test([1, 2, 3])
b3 = self.type2test([1, 3])
self.assertEqual(b1, b2)
self.assertTrue(b2 != b3)
self.assertTrue(b1 <= b2)
self.assertTrue(b1 <= b3)
self.assertTrue(b1 < b3)
self.assertTrue(b1 >= b2)
self.assertTrue(b3 >= b2)
self.assertTrue(b3 > b2)
self.assertFalse(b1 != b2)
self.assertFalse(b2 == b3)
self.assertFalse(b1 > b2)
self.assertFalse(b1 > b3)
self.assertFalse(b1 >= b3)
self.assertFalse(b1 < b2)
self.assertFalse(b3 < b2)
self.assertFalse(b3 <= b2)
@check_bytes_warnings
def test_compare_to_str(self):
# Byte comparisons with unicode should always fail!
# Test this for all expected byte orders and Unicode character
# sizes.
self.assertEqual(self.type2test(b"\0a\0b\0c") == "abc", False)
self.assertEqual(self.type2test(b"\0\0\0a\0\0\0b\0\0\0c") == "abc",
False)
self.assertEqual(self.type2test(b"a\0b\0c\0") == "abc", False)
self.assertEqual(self.type2test(b"a\0\0\0b\0\0\0c\0\0\0") == "abc",
False)
self.assertEqual(self.type2test() == str(), False)
self.assertEqual(self.type2test() != str(), True)
def test_reversed(self):
input = list(map(ord, "Hello"))
b = self.type2test(input)
output = list(reversed(b))
input.reverse()
self.assertEqual(output, input)
def test_getslice(self):
def by(s):
return self.type2test(map(ord, s))
b = by("Hello, world")
self.assertEqual(b[:5], by("Hello"))
self.assertEqual(b[1:5], by("ello"))
self.assertEqual(b[5:7], by(", "))
self.assertEqual(b[7:], by("world"))
self.assertEqual(b[7:12], by("world"))
self.assertEqual(b[7:100], by("world"))
self.assertEqual(b[:-7], by("Hello"))
self.assertEqual(b[-11:-7], by("ello"))
self.assertEqual(b[-7:-5], by(", "))
self.assertEqual(b[-5:], by("world"))
self.assertEqual(b[-5:12], by("world"))
self.assertEqual(b[-5:100], by("world"))
self.assertEqual(b[-100:5], by("Hello"))
def test_extended_getslice(self):
# Test extended slicing by comparing with list slicing.
L = list(range(255))
b = self.type2test(L)
indices = (0, None, 1, 3, 19, 100, sys.maxsize, -1, -2, -31, -100)
for start in indices:
for stop in indices:
# Skip step 0 (invalid)
for step in indices[1:]:
self.assertEqual(b[start:stop:step], self.type2test(L[start:stop:step]))
def test_encoding(self):
sample = "Hello world\n\u1234\u5678\u9abc"
for enc in ("utf-8", "utf-16"):
b = self.type2test(sample, enc)
self.assertEqual(b, self.type2test(sample.encode(enc)))
self.assertRaises(UnicodeEncodeError, self.type2test, sample, "latin-1")
b = self.type2test(sample, "latin-1", "ignore")
self.assertEqual(b, self.type2test(sample[:-3], "utf-8"))
def test_decode(self):
sample = "Hello world\n\u1234\u5678\u9abc"
for enc in ("utf-8", "utf-16"):
b = self.type2test(sample, enc)
self.assertEqual(b.decode(enc), sample)
sample = "Hello world\n\x80\x81\xfe\xff"
b = self.type2test(sample, "latin-1")
self.assertRaises(UnicodeDecodeError, b.decode, "utf-8")
self.assertEqual(b.decode("utf-8", "ignore"), "Hello world\n")
self.assertEqual(b.decode(errors="ignore", encoding="utf-8"),
"Hello world\n")
# Default encoding is utf-8
self.assertEqual(self.type2test(b'\xe2\x98\x83').decode(), '\u2603')
def test_from_int(self):
b = self.type2test(0)
self.assertEqual(b, self.type2test())
b = self.type2test(10)
self.assertEqual(b, self.type2test([0]*10))
b = self.type2test(10000)
self.assertEqual(b, self.type2test([0]*10000))
def test_concat(self):
b1 = self.type2test(b"abc")
b2 = self.type2test(b"def")
self.assertEqual(b1 + b2, b"abcdef")
self.assertEqual(b1 + bytes(b"def"), b"abcdef")
self.assertEqual(bytes(b"def") + b1, b"defabc")
self.assertRaises(TypeError, lambda: b1 + "def")
self.assertRaises(TypeError, lambda: "abc" + b2)
def test_repeat(self):
for b in b"abc", self.type2test(b"abc"):
self.assertEqual(b * 3, b"abcabcabc")
self.assertEqual(b * 0, b"")
self.assertEqual(b * -1, b"")
self.assertRaises(TypeError, lambda: b * 3.14)
self.assertRaises(TypeError, lambda: 3.14 * b)
# XXX Shouldn't bytes and bytearray agree on what to raise?
with self.assertRaises((OverflowError, MemoryError)):
c = b * sys.maxsize
with self.assertRaises((OverflowError, MemoryError)):
b *= sys.maxsize
def test_repeat_1char(self):
self.assertEqual(self.type2test(b'x')*100, self.type2test([ord('x')]*100))
def test_contains(self):
b = self.type2test(b"abc")
self.assertIn(ord('a'), b)
self.assertIn(int(ord('a')), b)
self.assertNotIn(200, b)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, lambda: 300 in b)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, lambda: -1 in b)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, lambda: sys.maxsize+1 in b)
self.assertRaises(TypeError, lambda: None in b)
self.assertRaises(TypeError, lambda: float(ord('a')) in b)
self.assertRaises(TypeError, lambda: "a" in b)
for f in bytes, bytearray:
self.assertIn(f(b""), b)
self.assertIn(f(b"a"), b)
self.assertIn(f(b"b"), b)
self.assertIn(f(b"c"), b)
self.assertIn(f(b"ab"), b)
self.assertIn(f(b"bc"), b)
self.assertIn(f(b"abc"), b)
self.assertNotIn(f(b"ac"), b)
self.assertNotIn(f(b"d"), b)
self.assertNotIn(f(b"dab"), b)
self.assertNotIn(f(b"abd"), b)
def test_fromhex(self):
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test.fromhex)
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test.fromhex, 1)
self.assertEqual(self.type2test.fromhex(''), self.type2test())
b = bytearray([0x1a, 0x2b, 0x30])
self.assertEqual(self.type2test.fromhex('1a2B30'), b)
self.assertEqual(self.type2test.fromhex(' 1A 2B 30 '), b)
# check that ASCII whitespace is ignored
self.assertEqual(self.type2test.fromhex(' 1A\n2B\t30\v'), b)
for c in "\x09\x0A\x0B\x0C\x0D\x20":
self.assertEqual(self.type2test.fromhex(c), self.type2test())
for c in "\x1C\x1D\x1E\x1F\x85\xa0\u2000\u2002\u2028":
self.assertRaises(ValueError, self.type2test.fromhex, c)
self.assertEqual(self.type2test.fromhex('0000'), b'\0\0')
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test.fromhex, b'1B')
self.assertRaises(ValueError, self.type2test.fromhex, 'a')
self.assertRaises(ValueError, self.type2test.fromhex, 'rt')
self.assertRaises(ValueError, self.type2test.fromhex, '1a b cd')
self.assertRaises(ValueError, self.type2test.fromhex, '\x00')
self.assertRaises(ValueError, self.type2test.fromhex, '12 \x00 34')
for data, pos in (
# invalid first hexadecimal character
('12 x4 56', 3),
# invalid second hexadecimal character
('12 3x 56', 4),
# two invalid hexadecimal characters
('12 xy 56', 3),
# test non-ASCII string
('12 3\xff 56', 4),
):
with self.assertRaises(ValueError) as cm:
self.type2test.fromhex(data)
self.assertIn('at position %s' % pos, str(cm.exception))
def test_hex(self):
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test.hex)
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test.hex, 1)
self.assertEqual(self.type2test(b"").hex(), "")
self.assertEqual(bytearray([0x1a, 0x2b, 0x30]).hex(), '1a2b30')
self.assertEqual(self.type2test(b"\x1a\x2b\x30").hex(), '1a2b30')
self.assertEqual(memoryview(b"\x1a\x2b\x30").hex(), '1a2b30')
def test_join(self):
self.assertEqual(self.type2test(b"").join([]), b"")
self.assertEqual(self.type2test(b"").join([b""]), b"")
for lst in [[b"abc"], [b"a", b"bc"], [b"ab", b"c"], [b"a", b"b", b"c"]]:
lst = list(map(self.type2test, lst))
self.assertEqual(self.type2test(b"").join(lst), b"abc")
self.assertEqual(self.type2test(b"").join(tuple(lst)), b"abc")
self.assertEqual(self.type2test(b"").join(iter(lst)), b"abc")
dot_join = self.type2test(b".:").join
self.assertEqual(dot_join([b"ab", b"cd"]), b"ab.:cd")
self.assertEqual(dot_join([memoryview(b"ab"), b"cd"]), b"ab.:cd")
self.assertEqual(dot_join([b"ab", memoryview(b"cd")]), b"ab.:cd")
self.assertEqual(dot_join([bytearray(b"ab"), b"cd"]), b"ab.:cd")
self.assertEqual(dot_join([b"ab", bytearray(b"cd")]), b"ab.:cd")
# Stress it with many items
seq = [b"abc"] * 1000
expected = b"abc" + b".:abc" * 999
self.assertEqual(dot_join(seq), expected)
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test(b" ").join, None)
# Error handling and cleanup when some item in the middle of the
# sequence has the wrong type.
with self.assertRaises(TypeError):
dot_join([bytearray(b"ab"), "cd", b"ef"])
with self.assertRaises(TypeError):
dot_join([memoryview(b"ab"), "cd", b"ef"])
def test_count(self):
b = self.type2test(b'mississippi')
i = 105
p = 112
w = 119
self.assertEqual(b.count(b'i'), 4)
self.assertEqual(b.count(b'ss'), 2)
self.assertEqual(b.count(b'w'), 0)
self.assertEqual(b.count(i), 4)
self.assertEqual(b.count(w), 0)
self.assertEqual(b.count(b'i', 6), 2)
self.assertEqual(b.count(b'p', 6), 2)
self.assertEqual(b.count(b'i', 1, 3), 1)
self.assertEqual(b.count(b'p', 7, 9), 1)
self.assertEqual(b.count(i, 6), 2)
self.assertEqual(b.count(p, 6), 2)
self.assertEqual(b.count(i, 1, 3), 1)
self.assertEqual(b.count(p, 7, 9), 1)
def test_startswith(self):
b = self.type2test(b'hello')
self.assertFalse(self.type2test().startswith(b"anything"))
self.assertTrue(b.startswith(b"hello"))
self.assertTrue(b.startswith(b"hel"))
self.assertTrue(b.startswith(b"h"))
self.assertFalse(b.startswith(b"hellow"))
self.assertFalse(b.startswith(b"ha"))
with self.assertRaises(TypeError) as cm:
b.startswith([b'h'])
exc = str(cm.exception)
self.assertIn('bytes', exc)
self.assertIn('tuple', exc)
def test_endswith(self):
b = self.type2test(b'hello')
self.assertFalse(bytearray().endswith(b"anything"))
self.assertTrue(b.endswith(b"hello"))
self.assertTrue(b.endswith(b"llo"))
self.assertTrue(b.endswith(b"o"))
self.assertFalse(b.endswith(b"whello"))
self.assertFalse(b.endswith(b"no"))
with self.assertRaises(TypeError) as cm:
b.endswith([b'o'])
exc = str(cm.exception)
self.assertIn('bytes', exc)
self.assertIn('tuple', exc)
def test_find(self):
b = self.type2test(b'mississippi')
i = 105
w = 119
self.assertEqual(b.find(b'ss'), 2)
self.assertEqual(b.find(b'w'), -1)
self.assertEqual(b.find(b'mississippian'), -1)
self.assertEqual(b.find(i), 1)
self.assertEqual(b.find(w), -1)
self.assertEqual(b.find(b'ss', 3), 5)
self.assertEqual(b.find(b'ss', 1, 7), 2)
self.assertEqual(b.find(b'ss', 1, 3), -1)
self.assertEqual(b.find(i, 6), 7)
self.assertEqual(b.find(i, 1, 3), 1)
self.assertEqual(b.find(w, 1, 3), -1)
for index in (-1, 256, sys.maxsize + 1):
self.assertRaisesRegex(
ValueError, r'byte must be in range\(0, 256\)',
b.find, index)
def test_rfind(self):
b = self.type2test(b'mississippi')
i = 105
w = 119
self.assertEqual(b.rfind(b'ss'), 5)
self.assertEqual(b.rfind(b'w'), -1)
self.assertEqual(b.rfind(b'mississippian'), -1)
self.assertEqual(b.rfind(i), 10)
self.assertEqual(b.rfind(w), -1)
self.assertEqual(b.rfind(b'ss', 3), 5)
self.assertEqual(b.rfind(b'ss', 0, 6), 2)
self.assertEqual(b.rfind(i, 1, 3), 1)
self.assertEqual(b.rfind(i, 3, 9), 7)
self.assertEqual(b.rfind(w, 1, 3), -1)
def test_index(self):
b = self.type2test(b'mississippi')
i = 105
w = 119
self.assertEqual(b.index(b'ss'), 2)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, b.index, b'w')
self.assertRaises(ValueError, b.index, b'mississippian')
self.assertEqual(b.index(i), 1)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, b.index, w)
self.assertEqual(b.index(b'ss', 3), 5)
self.assertEqual(b.index(b'ss', 1, 7), 2)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, b.index, b'ss', 1, 3)
self.assertEqual(b.index(i, 6), 7)
self.assertEqual(b.index(i, 1, 3), 1)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, b.index, w, 1, 3)
def test_rindex(self):
b = self.type2test(b'mississippi')
i = 105
w = 119
self.assertEqual(b.rindex(b'ss'), 5)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, b.rindex, b'w')
self.assertRaises(ValueError, b.rindex, b'mississippian')
self.assertEqual(b.rindex(i), 10)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, b.rindex, w)
self.assertEqual(b.rindex(b'ss', 3), 5)
self.assertEqual(b.rindex(b'ss', 0, 6), 2)
self.assertEqual(b.rindex(i, 1, 3), 1)
self.assertEqual(b.rindex(i, 3, 9), 7)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, b.rindex, w, 1, 3)
def test_mod(self):
b = self.type2test(b'hello, %b!')
orig = b
b = b % b'world'
self.assertEqual(b, b'hello, world!')
self.assertEqual(orig, b'hello, %b!')
self.assertFalse(b is orig)
b = self.type2test(b'%s / 100 = %d%%')
a = b % (b'seventy-nine', 79)
self.assertEqual(a, b'seventy-nine / 100 = 79%')
self.assertIs(type(a), self.type2test)
# issue 29714
b = self.type2test(b'hello,\x00%b!')
b = b % b'world'
self.assertEqual(b, b'hello,\x00world!')
self.assertIs(type(b), self.type2test)
def test_imod(self):
b = self.type2test(b'hello, %b!')
orig = b
b %= b'world'
self.assertEqual(b, b'hello, world!')
self.assertEqual(orig, b'hello, %b!')
self.assertFalse(b is orig)
b = self.type2test(b'%s / 100 = %d%%')
b %= (b'seventy-nine', 79)
self.assertEqual(b, b'seventy-nine / 100 = 79%')
self.assertIs(type(b), self.type2test)
# issue 29714
b = self.type2test(b'hello,\x00%b!')
b %= b'world'
self.assertEqual(b, b'hello,\x00world!')
self.assertIs(type(b), self.type2test)
def test_rmod(self):
with self.assertRaises(TypeError):
object() % self.type2test(b'abc')
self.assertIs(self.type2test(b'abc').__rmod__('%r'), NotImplemented)
def test_replace(self):
b = self.type2test(b'mississippi')
self.assertEqual(b.replace(b'i', b'a'), b'massassappa')
self.assertEqual(b.replace(b'ss', b'x'), b'mixixippi')
def test_replace_int_error(self):
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test(b'a b').replace, 32, b'')
def test_split_string_error(self):
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test(b'a b').split, ' ')
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test(b'a b').rsplit, ' ')
def test_split_int_error(self):
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test(b'a b').split, 32)
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test(b'a b').rsplit, 32)
def test_split_unicodewhitespace(self):
for b in (b'a\x1Cb', b'a\x1Db', b'a\x1Eb', b'a\x1Fb'):
b = self.type2test(b)
self.assertEqual(b.split(), [b])
b = self.type2test(b"\x09\x0A\x0B\x0C\x0D\x1C\x1D\x1E\x1F")
self.assertEqual(b.split(), [b'\x1c\x1d\x1e\x1f'])
def test_rsplit_unicodewhitespace(self):
b = self.type2test(b"\x09\x0A\x0B\x0C\x0D\x1C\x1D\x1E\x1F")
self.assertEqual(b.rsplit(), [b'\x1c\x1d\x1e\x1f'])
def test_partition(self):
b = self.type2test(b'mississippi')
self.assertEqual(b.partition(b'ss'), (b'mi', b'ss', b'issippi'))
self.assertEqual(b.partition(b'w'), (b'mississippi', b'', b''))
def test_rpartition(self):
b = self.type2test(b'mississippi')
self.assertEqual(b.rpartition(b'ss'), (b'missi', b'ss', b'ippi'))
self.assertEqual(b.rpartition(b'i'), (b'mississipp', b'i', b''))
self.assertEqual(b.rpartition(b'w'), (b'', b'', b'mississippi'))
def test_partition_string_error(self):
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test(b'a b').partition, ' ')
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test(b'a b').rpartition, ' ')
def test_partition_int_error(self):
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test(b'a b').partition, 32)
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test(b'a b').rpartition, 32)
def test_pickling(self):
for proto in range(pickle.HIGHEST_PROTOCOL + 1):
for b in b"", b"a", b"abc", b"\xffab\x80", b"\0\0\377\0\0":
b = self.type2test(b)
ps = pickle.dumps(b, proto)
q = pickle.loads(ps)
self.assertEqual(b, q)
def test_iterator_pickling(self):
for proto in range(pickle.HIGHEST_PROTOCOL + 1):
for b in b"", b"a", b"abc", b"\xffab\x80", b"\0\0\377\0\0":
it = itorg = iter(self.type2test(b))
data = list(self.type2test(b))
d = pickle.dumps(it, proto)
it = pickle.loads(d)
self.assertEqual(type(itorg), type(it))
self.assertEqual(list(it), data)
it = pickle.loads(d)
if not b:
continue
next(it)
d = pickle.dumps(it, proto)
it = pickle.loads(d)
self.assertEqual(list(it), data[1:])
def test_strip_bytearray(self):
self.assertEqual(self.type2test(b'abc').strip(memoryview(b'ac')), b'b')
self.assertEqual(self.type2test(b'abc').lstrip(memoryview(b'ac')), b'bc')
self.assertEqual(self.type2test(b'abc').rstrip(memoryview(b'ac')), b'ab')
def test_strip_string_error(self):
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test(b'abc').strip, 'ac')
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test(b'abc').lstrip, 'ac')
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test(b'abc').rstrip, 'ac')
def test_strip_int_error(self):
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test(b' abc ').strip, 32)
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test(b' abc ').lstrip, 32)
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test(b' abc ').rstrip, 32)
def test_center(self):
# Fill character can be either bytes or bytearray (issue 12380)
b = self.type2test(b'abc')
for fill_type in (bytes, bytearray):
self.assertEqual(b.center(7, fill_type(b'-')),
self.type2test(b'--abc--'))
def test_ljust(self):
# Fill character can be either bytes or bytearray (issue 12380)
b = self.type2test(b'abc')
for fill_type in (bytes, bytearray):
self.assertEqual(b.ljust(7, fill_type(b'-')),
self.type2test(b'abc----'))
def test_rjust(self):
# Fill character can be either bytes or bytearray (issue 12380)
b = self.type2test(b'abc')
for fill_type in (bytes, bytearray):
self.assertEqual(b.rjust(7, fill_type(b'-')),
self.type2test(b'----abc'))
def test_xjust_int_error(self):
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test(b'abc').center, 7, 32)
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test(b'abc').ljust, 7, 32)
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test(b'abc').rjust, 7, 32)
def test_ord(self):
b = self.type2test(b'\0A\x7f\x80\xff')
self.assertEqual([ord(b[i:i+1]) for i in range(len(b))],
[0, 65, 127, 128, 255])
def test_maketrans(self):
transtable = b'\000\001\002\003\004\005\006\007\010\011\012\013\014\015\016\017\020\021\022\023\024\025\026\027\030\031\032\033\034\035\036\037 !"#$%&\'()*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\\]^_`xyzdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~\177\200\201\202\203\204\205\206\207\210\211\212\213\214\215\216\217\220\221\222\223\224\225\226\227\230\231\232\233\234\235\236\237\240\241\242\243\244\245\246\247\250\251\252\253\254\255\256\257\260\261\262\263\264\265\266\267\270\271\272\273\274\275\276\277\300\301\302\303\304\305\306\307\310\311\312\313\314\315\316\317\320\321\322\323\324\325\326\327\330\331\332\333\334\335\336\337\340\341\342\343\344\345\346\347\350\351\352\353\354\355\356\357\360\361\362\363\364\365\366\367\370\371\372\373\374\375\376\377'
self.assertEqual(self.type2test.maketrans(b'abc', b'xyz'), transtable)
transtable = b'\000\001\002\003\004\005\006\007\010\011\012\013\014\015\016\017\020\021\022\023\024\025\026\027\030\031\032\033\034\035\036\037 !"#$%&\'()*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~\177\200\201\202\203\204\205\206\207\210\211\212\213\214\215\216\217\220\221\222\223\224\225\226\227\230\231\232\233\234\235\236\237\240\241\242\243\244\245\246\247\250\251\252\253\254\255\256\257\260\261\262\263\264\265\266\267\270\271\272\273\274\275\276\277\300\301\302\303\304\305\306\307\310\311\312\313\314\315\316\317\320\321\322\323\324\325\326\327\330\331\332\333\334\335\336\337\340\341\342\343\344\345\346\347\350\351\352\353\354\355\356\357\360\361\362\363\364\365\366\367\370\371\372\373\374xyz'
self.assertEqual(self.type2test.maketrans(b'\375\376\377', b'xyz'), transtable)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, self.type2test.maketrans, b'abc', b'xyzq')
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test.maketrans, 'abc', 'def')
def test_none_arguments(self):
# issue 11828
b = self.type2test(b'hello')
l = self.type2test(b'l')
h = self.type2test(b'h')
x = self.type2test(b'x')
o = self.type2test(b'o')
self.assertEqual(2, b.find(l, None))
self.assertEqual(3, b.find(l, -2, None))
self.assertEqual(2, b.find(l, None, -2))
self.assertEqual(0, b.find(h, None, None))
self.assertEqual(3, b.rfind(l, None))
self.assertEqual(3, b.rfind(l, -2, None))
self.assertEqual(2, b.rfind(l, None, -2))
self.assertEqual(0, b.rfind(h, None, None))
self.assertEqual(2, b.index(l, None))
self.assertEqual(3, b.index(l, -2, None))
self.assertEqual(2, b.index(l, None, -2))
self.assertEqual(0, b.index(h, None, None))
self.assertEqual(3, b.rindex(l, None))
self.assertEqual(3, b.rindex(l, -2, None))
self.assertEqual(2, b.rindex(l, None, -2))
self.assertEqual(0, b.rindex(h, None, None))
self.assertEqual(2, b.count(l, None))
self.assertEqual(1, b.count(l, -2, None))
self.assertEqual(1, b.count(l, None, -2))
self.assertEqual(0, b.count(x, None, None))
self.assertEqual(True, b.endswith(o, None))
self.assertEqual(True, b.endswith(o, -2, None))
self.assertEqual(True, b.endswith(l, None, -2))
self.assertEqual(False, b.endswith(x, None, None))
self.assertEqual(True, b.startswith(h, None))
self.assertEqual(True, b.startswith(l, -2, None))
self.assertEqual(True, b.startswith(h, None, -2))
self.assertEqual(False, b.startswith(x, None, None))
def test_integer_arguments_out_of_byte_range(self):
b = self.type2test(b'hello')
for method in (b.count, b.find, b.index, b.rfind, b.rindex):
self.assertRaises(ValueError, method, -1)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, method, 256)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, method, 9999)
def test_find_etc_raise_correct_error_messages(self):
# issue 11828
b = self.type2test(b'hello')
x = self.type2test(b'x')
self.assertRaisesRegex(TypeError, r'\bfind\b', b.find,
x, None, None, None)
self.assertRaisesRegex(TypeError, r'\brfind\b', b.rfind,
x, None, None, None)
self.assertRaisesRegex(TypeError, r'\bindex\b', b.index,
x, None, None, None)
self.assertRaisesRegex(TypeError, r'\brindex\b', b.rindex,
x, None, None, None)
self.assertRaisesRegex(TypeError, r'\bcount\b', b.count,
x, None, None, None)
self.assertRaisesRegex(TypeError, r'\bstartswith\b', b.startswith,
x, None, None, None)
self.assertRaisesRegex(TypeError, r'\bendswith\b', b.endswith,
x, None, None, None)
def test_free_after_iterating(self):
test.support.check_free_after_iterating(self, iter, self.type2test)
test.support.check_free_after_iterating(self, reversed, self.type2test)
def test_translate(self):
b = self.type2test(b'hello')
rosetta = bytearray(range(256))
rosetta[ord('o')] = ord('e')
self.assertRaises(TypeError, b.translate)
self.assertRaises(TypeError, b.translate, None, None)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, b.translate, bytes(range(255)))
c = b.translate(rosetta, b'hello')
self.assertEqual(b, b'hello')
self.assertIsInstance(c, self.type2test)
c = b.translate(rosetta)
d = b.translate(rosetta, b'')
self.assertEqual(c, d)
self.assertEqual(c, b'helle')
c = b.translate(rosetta, b'l')
self.assertEqual(c, b'hee')
c = b.translate(None, b'e')
self.assertEqual(c, b'hllo')
# test delete as a keyword argument
c = b.translate(rosetta, delete=b'')
self.assertEqual(c, b'helle')
c = b.translate(rosetta, delete=b'l')
self.assertEqual(c, b'hee')
c = b.translate(None, delete=b'e')
self.assertEqual(c, b'hllo')
class BytesTest(BaseBytesTest, unittest.TestCase):
type2test = bytes
def test_getitem_error(self):
b = b'python'
msg = "byte indices must be integers or slices"
with self.assertRaisesRegex(TypeError, msg):
b['a']
def test_buffer_is_readonly(self):
fd = os.open(__file__, os.O_RDONLY)
with open(fd, "rb", buffering=0) as f:
self.assertRaises(TypeError, f.readinto, b"")
def test_custom(self):
class A:
def __bytes__(self):
return b'abc'
self.assertEqual(bytes(A()), b'abc')
class A: pass
self.assertRaises(TypeError, bytes, A())
class A:
def __bytes__(self):
return None
self.assertRaises(TypeError, bytes, A())
class A:
def __bytes__(self):
return b'a'
def __index__(self):
return 42
self.assertEqual(bytes(A()), b'a')
# Issue #25766
class A(str):
def __bytes__(self):
return b'abc'
self.assertEqual(bytes(A('\u20ac')), b'abc')
self.assertEqual(bytes(A('\u20ac'), 'iso8859-15'), b'\xa4')
# Issue #24731
class A:
def __bytes__(self):
return OtherBytesSubclass(b'abc')
self.assertEqual(bytes(A()), b'abc')
self.assertIs(type(bytes(A())), OtherBytesSubclass)
self.assertEqual(BytesSubclass(A()), b'abc')
self.assertIs(type(BytesSubclass(A())), BytesSubclass)
# Test PyBytes_FromFormat()
def test_from_format(self):
ctypes = test.support.import_module('ctypes')
_testcapi = test.support.import_module('_testcapi')
from ctypes import pythonapi, py_object
from ctypes import (
c_int, c_uint,
c_long, c_ulong,
c_size_t, c_ssize_t,
c_char_p)
PyBytes_FromFormat = pythonapi.PyBytes_FromFormat
PyBytes_FromFormat.restype = py_object
# basic tests
self.assertEqual(PyBytes_FromFormat(b'format'),
b'format')
self.assertEqual(PyBytes_FromFormat(b'Hello %s !', b'world'),
b'Hello world !')
# test formatters
self.assertEqual(PyBytes_FromFormat(b'c=%c', c_int(0)),
b'c=\0')
self.assertEqual(PyBytes_FromFormat(b'c=%c', c_int(ord('@'))),
b'c=@')
self.assertEqual(PyBytes_FromFormat(b'c=%c', c_int(255)),
b'c=\xff')
self.assertEqual(PyBytes_FromFormat(b'd=%d ld=%ld zd=%zd',
c_int(1), c_long(2),
c_size_t(3)),
b'd=1 ld=2 zd=3')
self.assertEqual(PyBytes_FromFormat(b'd=%d ld=%ld zd=%zd',
c_int(-1), c_long(-2),
c_size_t(-3)),
b'd=-1 ld=-2 zd=-3')
self.assertEqual(PyBytes_FromFormat(b'u=%u lu=%lu zu=%zu',
c_uint(123), c_ulong(456),
c_size_t(789)),
b'u=123 lu=456 zu=789')
self.assertEqual(PyBytes_FromFormat(b'i=%i', c_int(123)),
b'i=123')
self.assertEqual(PyBytes_FromFormat(b'i=%i', c_int(-123)),
b'i=-123')
self.assertEqual(PyBytes_FromFormat(b'x=%x', c_int(0xabc)),
b'x=abc')
sizeof_ptr = ctypes.sizeof(c_char_p)
if os.name == 'nt':
# Windows (MSCRT)
ptr_format = '0x%0{}X'.format(2 * sizeof_ptr)
def ptr_formatter(ptr):
return (ptr_format % ptr)
else:
# UNIX (glibc)
def ptr_formatter(ptr):
return '%#x' % ptr
ptr = 0xabcdef
self.assertEqual(PyBytes_FromFormat(b'ptr=%p', c_char_p(ptr)),
('ptr=' + ptr_formatter(ptr)).encode('ascii'))
self.assertEqual(PyBytes_FromFormat(b's=%s', c_char_p(b'cstr')),
b's=cstr')
# test minimum and maximum integer values
size_max = c_size_t(-1).value
for formatstr, ctypes_type, value, py_formatter in (
(b'%d', c_int, _testcapi.INT_MIN, str),
(b'%d', c_int, _testcapi.INT_MAX, str),
(b'%ld', c_long, _testcapi.LONG_MIN, str),
(b'%ld', c_long, _testcapi.LONG_MAX, str),
(b'%lu', c_ulong, _testcapi.ULONG_MAX, str),
(b'%zd', c_ssize_t, _testcapi.PY_SSIZE_T_MIN, str),
(b'%zd', c_ssize_t, _testcapi.PY_SSIZE_T_MAX, str),
(b'%zu', c_size_t, size_max, str),
(b'%p', c_char_p, size_max, ptr_formatter),
):
self.assertEqual(PyBytes_FromFormat(formatstr, ctypes_type(value)),
py_formatter(value).encode('ascii')),
# width and precision (width is currently ignored)
self.assertEqual(PyBytes_FromFormat(b'%5s', b'a'),
b'a')
self.assertEqual(PyBytes_FromFormat(b'%.3s', b'abcdef'),
b'abc')
# '%%' formatter
self.assertEqual(PyBytes_FromFormat(b'%%'),
b'%')
self.assertEqual(PyBytes_FromFormat(b'[%%]'),
b'[%]')
self.assertEqual(PyBytes_FromFormat(b'%%%c', c_int(ord('_'))),
b'%_')
self.assertEqual(PyBytes_FromFormat(b'%%s'),
b'%s')
# Invalid formats and partial formatting
self.assertEqual(PyBytes_FromFormat(b'%'), b'%')
self.assertEqual(PyBytes_FromFormat(b'x=%i y=%', c_int(2), c_int(3)),
b'x=2 y=%')
# Issue #19969: %c must raise OverflowError for values
# not in the range [0; 255]
self.assertRaises(OverflowError,
PyBytes_FromFormat, b'%c', c_int(-1))
self.assertRaises(OverflowError,
PyBytes_FromFormat, b'%c', c_int(256))
# Issue #33817: empty strings
self.assertEqual(PyBytes_FromFormat(b''),
b'')
self.assertEqual(PyBytes_FromFormat(b'%s', b''),
b'')
def test_bytes_blocking(self):
class IterationBlocked(list):
__bytes__ = None
i = [0, 1, 2, 3]
self.assertEqual(bytes(i), b'\x00\x01\x02\x03')
self.assertRaises(TypeError, bytes, IterationBlocked(i))
# At least in CPython, because bytes.__new__ and the C API
# PyBytes_FromObject have different fallback rules, integer
# fallback is handled specially, so test separately.
class IntBlocked(int):
__bytes__ = None
self.assertEqual(bytes(3), b'\0\0\0')
self.assertRaises(TypeError, bytes, IntBlocked(3))
# While there is no separately-defined rule for handling bytes
# subclasses differently from other buffer-interface classes,
# an implementation may well special-case them (as CPython 2.x
# str did), so test them separately.
class BytesSubclassBlocked(bytes):
__bytes__ = None
self.assertEqual(bytes(b'ab'), b'ab')
self.assertRaises(TypeError, bytes, BytesSubclassBlocked(b'ab'))
class BufferBlocked(bytearray):
__bytes__ = None
ba, bb = bytearray(b'ab'), BufferBlocked(b'ab')
self.assertEqual(bytes(ba), b'ab')
self.assertRaises(TypeError, bytes, bb)
class ByteArrayTest(BaseBytesTest, unittest.TestCase):
type2test = bytearray
def test_getitem_error(self):
b = bytearray(b'python')
msg = "bytearray indices must be integers or slices"
with self.assertRaisesRegex(TypeError, msg):
b['a']
def test_setitem_error(self):
b = bytearray(b'python')
msg = "bytearray indices must be integers or slices"
with self.assertRaisesRegex(TypeError, msg):
b['a'] = "python"
def test_nohash(self):
self.assertRaises(TypeError, hash, bytearray())
def test_bytearray_api(self):
short_sample = b"Hello world\n"
sample = short_sample + b"\0"*(20 - len(short_sample))
tfn = tempfile.mktemp()
try:
# Prepare
with open(tfn, "wb") as f:
f.write(short_sample)
# Test readinto
with open(tfn, "rb") as f:
b = bytearray(20)
n = f.readinto(b)
self.assertEqual(n, len(short_sample))
self.assertEqual(list(b), list(sample))
# Test writing in binary mode
with open(tfn, "wb") as f:
f.write(b)
with open(tfn, "rb") as f:
self.assertEqual(f.read(), sample)
# Text mode is ambiguous; don't test
finally:
try:
os.remove(tfn)
except OSError:
pass
def test_reverse(self):
b = bytearray(b'hello')
self.assertEqual(b.reverse(), None)
self.assertEqual(b, b'olleh')
b = bytearray(b'hello1') # test even number of items
b.reverse()
self.assertEqual(b, b'1olleh')
b = bytearray()
b.reverse()
self.assertFalse(b)
def test_clear(self):
b = bytearray(b'python')
b.clear()
self.assertEqual(b, b'')
b = bytearray(b'')
b.clear()
self.assertEqual(b, b'')
b = bytearray(b'')
b.append(ord('r'))
b.clear()
b.append(ord('p'))
self.assertEqual(b, b'p')
def test_copy(self):
b = bytearray(b'abc')
bb = b.copy()
self.assertEqual(bb, b'abc')
b = bytearray(b'')
bb = b.copy()
self.assertEqual(bb, b'')
# test that it's indeed a copy and not a reference
b = bytearray(b'abc')
bb = b.copy()
self.assertEqual(b, bb)
self.assertIsNot(b, bb)
bb.append(ord('d'))
self.assertEqual(bb, b'abcd')
self.assertEqual(b, b'abc')
def test_regexps(self):
def by(s):
return bytearray(map(ord, s))
b = by("Hello, world")
self.assertEqual(re.findall(br"\w+", b), [by("Hello"), by("world")])
def test_setitem(self):
b = bytearray([1, 2, 3])
b[1] = 100
self.assertEqual(b, bytearray([1, 100, 3]))
b[-1] = 200
self.assertEqual(b, bytearray([1, 100, 200]))
b[0] = Indexable(10)
self.assertEqual(b, bytearray([10, 100, 200]))
try:
b[3] = 0
self.fail("Didn't raise IndexError")
except IndexError:
pass
try:
b[-10] = 0
self.fail("Didn't raise IndexError")
except IndexError:
pass
try:
b[0] = 256
self.fail("Didn't raise ValueError")
except ValueError:
pass
try:
b[0] = Indexable(-1)
self.fail("Didn't raise ValueError")
except ValueError:
pass
try:
b[0] = None
self.fail("Didn't raise TypeError")
except TypeError:
pass
def test_delitem(self):
b = bytearray(range(10))
del b[0]
self.assertEqual(b, bytearray(range(1, 10)))
del b[-1]
self.assertEqual(b, bytearray(range(1, 9)))
del b[4]
self.assertEqual(b, bytearray([1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8]))
def test_setslice(self):
b = bytearray(range(10))
self.assertEqual(list(b), list(range(10)))
b[0:5] = bytearray([1, 1, 1, 1, 1])
self.assertEqual(b, bytearray([1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9]))
del b[0:-5]
self.assertEqual(b, bytearray([5, 6, 7, 8, 9]))
b[0:0] = bytearray([0, 1, 2, 3, 4])
self.assertEqual(b, bytearray(range(10)))
b[-7:-3] = bytearray([100, 101])
self.assertEqual(b, bytearray([0, 1, 2, 100, 101, 7, 8, 9]))
b[3:5] = [3, 4, 5, 6]
self.assertEqual(b, bytearray(range(10)))
b[3:0] = [42, 42, 42]
self.assertEqual(b, bytearray([0, 1, 2, 42, 42, 42, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9]))
b[3:] = b'foo'
self.assertEqual(b, bytearray([0, 1, 2, 102, 111, 111]))
b[:3] = memoryview(b'foo')
self.assertEqual(b, bytearray([102, 111, 111, 102, 111, 111]))
b[3:4] = []
self.assertEqual(b, bytearray([102, 111, 111, 111, 111]))
for elem in [5, -5, 0, int(10e20), 'str', 2.3,
['a', 'b'], [b'a', b'b'], [[]]]:
with self.assertRaises(TypeError):
b[3:4] = elem
for elem in [[254, 255, 256], [-256, 9000]]:
with self.assertRaises(ValueError):
b[3:4] = elem
def test_setslice_extend(self):
# Exercise the resizing logic (see issue #19087)
b = bytearray(range(100))
self.assertEqual(list(b), list(range(100)))
del b[:10]
self.assertEqual(list(b), list(range(10, 100)))
b.extend(range(100, 110))
self.assertEqual(list(b), list(range(10, 110)))
def test_fifo_overrun(self):
# Test for issue #23985, a buffer overrun when implementing a FIFO
# Build Python in pydebug mode for best results.
b = bytearray(10)
b.pop() # Defeat expanding buffer off-by-one quirk
del b[:1] # Advance start pointer without reallocating
b += bytes(2) # Append exactly the number of deleted bytes
del b # Free memory buffer, allowing pydebug verification
def test_del_expand(self):
# Reducing the size should not expand the buffer (issue #23985)
b = bytearray(10)
size = sys.getsizeof(b)
del b[:1]
self.assertLessEqual(sys.getsizeof(b), size)
def test_extended_set_del_slice(self):
indices = (0, None, 1, 3, 19, 300, 1<<333, sys.maxsize,
-1, -2, -31, -300)
for start in indices:
for stop in indices:
# Skip invalid step 0
for step in indices[1:]:
L = list(range(255))
b = bytearray(L)
# Make sure we have a slice of exactly the right length,
# but with different data.
data = L[start:stop:step]
data.reverse()
L[start:stop:step] = data
b[start:stop:step] = data
self.assertEqual(b, bytearray(L))
del L[start:stop:step]
del b[start:stop:step]
self.assertEqual(b, bytearray(L))
def test_setslice_trap(self):
# This test verifies that we correctly handle assigning self
# to a slice of self (the old Lambert Meertens trap).
b = bytearray(range(256))
b[8:] = b
self.assertEqual(b, bytearray(list(range(8)) + list(range(256))))
def test_iconcat(self):
b = bytearray(b"abc")
b1 = b
b += b"def"
self.assertEqual(b, b"abcdef")
self.assertEqual(b, b1)
self.assertIs(b, b1)
b += b"xyz"
self.assertEqual(b, b"abcdefxyz")
try:
b += ""
except TypeError:
pass
else:
self.fail("bytes += unicode didn't raise TypeError")
def test_irepeat(self):
b = bytearray(b"abc")
b1 = b
b *= 3
self.assertEqual(b, b"abcabcabc")
self.assertEqual(b, b1)
self.assertIs(b, b1)
def test_irepeat_1char(self):
b = bytearray(b"x")
b1 = b
b *= 100
self.assertEqual(b, b"x"*100)
self.assertEqual(b, b1)
self.assertIs(b, b1)
def test_alloc(self):
b = bytearray()
alloc = b.__alloc__()
self.assertGreaterEqual(alloc, 0)
seq = [alloc]
for i in range(100):
b += b"x"
alloc = b.__alloc__()
self.assertGreater(alloc, len(b)) # including trailing null byte
if alloc not in seq:
seq.append(alloc)
def test_init_alloc(self):
b = bytearray()
def g():
for i in range(1, 100):
yield i
a = list(b)
self.assertEqual(a, list(range(1, len(a)+1)))
self.assertEqual(len(b), len(a))
self.assertLessEqual(len(b), i)
alloc = b.__alloc__()
self.assertGreater(alloc, len(b)) # including trailing null byte
b.__init__(g())
self.assertEqual(list(b), list(range(1, 100)))
self.assertEqual(len(b), 99)
alloc = b.__alloc__()
self.assertGreater(alloc, len(b))
def test_extend(self):
orig = b'hello'
a = bytearray(orig)
a.extend(a)
self.assertEqual(a, orig + orig)
self.assertEqual(a[5:], orig)
a = bytearray(b'')
# Test iterators that don't have a __length_hint__
a.extend(map(int, orig * 25))
a.extend(int(x) for x in orig * 25)
self.assertEqual(a, orig * 50)
self.assertEqual(a[-5:], orig)
a = bytearray(b'')
a.extend(iter(map(int, orig * 50)))
self.assertEqual(a, orig * 50)
self.assertEqual(a[-5:], orig)
a = bytearray(b'')
a.extend(list(map(int, orig * 50)))
self.assertEqual(a, orig * 50)
self.assertEqual(a[-5:], orig)
a = bytearray(b'')
self.assertRaises(ValueError, a.extend, [0, 1, 2, 256])
self.assertRaises(ValueError, a.extend, [0, 1, 2, -1])
self.assertEqual(len(a), 0)
a = bytearray(b'')
a.extend([Indexable(ord('a'))])
self.assertEqual(a, b'a')
def test_remove(self):
b = bytearray(b'hello')
b.remove(ord('l'))
self.assertEqual(b, b'helo')
b.remove(ord('l'))
self.assertEqual(b, b'heo')
self.assertRaises(ValueError, lambda: b.remove(ord('l')))
self.assertRaises(ValueError, lambda: b.remove(400))
self.assertRaises(TypeError, lambda: b.remove('e'))
# remove first and last
b.remove(ord('o'))
b.remove(ord('h'))
self.assertEqual(b, b'e')
self.assertRaises(TypeError, lambda: b.remove(b'e'))
b.remove(Indexable(ord('e')))
self.assertEqual(b, b'')
# test values outside of the ascii range: (0, 127)
c = bytearray([126, 127, 128, 129])
c.remove(127)
self.assertEqual(c, bytes([126, 128, 129]))
c.remove(129)
self.assertEqual(c, bytes([126, 128]))
def test_pop(self):
b = bytearray(b'world')
self.assertEqual(b.pop(), ord('d'))
self.assertEqual(b.pop(0), ord('w'))
self.assertEqual(b.pop(-2), ord('r'))
self.assertRaises(IndexError, lambda: b.pop(10))
self.assertRaises(IndexError, lambda: bytearray().pop())
# test for issue #6846
self.assertEqual(bytearray(b'\xff').pop(), 0xff)
def test_nosort(self):
self.assertRaises(AttributeError, lambda: bytearray().sort())
def test_append(self):
b = bytearray(b'hell')
b.append(ord('o'))
self.assertEqual(b, b'hello')
self.assertEqual(b.append(100), None)
b = bytearray()
b.append(ord('A'))
self.assertEqual(len(b), 1)
self.assertRaises(TypeError, lambda: b.append(b'o'))
b = bytearray()
b.append(Indexable(ord('A')))
self.assertEqual(b, b'A')
def test_insert(self):
b = bytearray(b'msssspp')
b.insert(1, ord('i'))
b.insert(4, ord('i'))
b.insert(-2, ord('i'))
b.insert(1000, ord('i'))
self.assertEqual(b, b'mississippi')
self.assertRaises(TypeError, lambda: b.insert(0, b'1'))
b = bytearray()
b.insert(0, Indexable(ord('A')))
self.assertEqual(b, b'A')
def test_copied(self):
# Issue 4348. Make sure that operations that don't mutate the array
# copy the bytes.
b = bytearray(b'abc')
self.assertIsNot(b, b.replace(b'abc', b'cde', 0))
t = bytearray([i for i in range(256)])
x = bytearray(b'')
self.assertIsNot(x, x.translate(t))
def test_partition_bytearray_doesnt_share_nullstring(self):
a, b, c = bytearray(b"x").partition(b"y")
self.assertEqual(b, b"")
self.assertEqual(c, b"")
self.assertIsNot(b, c)
b += b"!"
self.assertEqual(c, b"")
a, b, c = bytearray(b"x").partition(b"y")
self.assertEqual(b, b"")
self.assertEqual(c, b"")
# Same for rpartition
b, c, a = bytearray(b"x").rpartition(b"y")
self.assertEqual(b, b"")
self.assertEqual(c, b"")
self.assertIsNot(b, c)
b += b"!"
self.assertEqual(c, b"")
c, b, a = bytearray(b"x").rpartition(b"y")
self.assertEqual(b, b"")
self.assertEqual(c, b"")
def test_resize_forbidden(self):
# #4509: can't resize a bytearray when there are buffer exports, even
# if it wouldn't reallocate the underlying buffer.
# Furthermore, no destructive changes to the buffer may be applied
# before raising the error.
b = bytearray(range(10))
v = memoryview(b)
def resize(n):
b[1:-1] = range(n + 1, 2*n - 1)
resize(10)
orig = b[:]
self.assertRaises(BufferError, resize, 11)
self.assertEqual(b, orig)
self.assertRaises(BufferError, resize, 9)
self.assertEqual(b, orig)
self.assertRaises(BufferError, resize, 0)
self.assertEqual(b, orig)
# Other operations implying resize
self.assertRaises(BufferError, b.pop, 0)
self.assertEqual(b, orig)
self.assertRaises(BufferError, b.remove, b[1])
self.assertEqual(b, orig)
def delitem():
del b[1]
self.assertRaises(BufferError, delitem)
self.assertEqual(b, orig)
# deleting a non-contiguous slice
def delslice():
b[1:-1:2] = b""
self.assertRaises(BufferError, delslice)
self.assertEqual(b, orig)
@test.support.cpython_only
def test_obsolete_write_lock(self):
from _testcapi import getbuffer_with_null_view
self.assertRaises(BufferError, getbuffer_with_null_view, bytearray())
def test_iterator_pickling2(self):
orig = bytearray(b'abc')
data = list(b'qwerty')
for proto in range(pickle.HIGHEST_PROTOCOL + 1):
# initial iterator
itorig = iter(orig)
d = pickle.dumps((itorig, orig), proto)
it, b = pickle.loads(d)
b[:] = data
self.assertEqual(type(it), type(itorig))
self.assertEqual(list(it), data)
# running iterator
next(itorig)
d = pickle.dumps((itorig, orig), proto)
it, b = pickle.loads(d)
b[:] = data
self.assertEqual(type(it), type(itorig))
self.assertEqual(list(it), data[1:])
# empty iterator
for i in range(1, len(orig)):
next(itorig)
d = pickle.dumps((itorig, orig), proto)
it, b = pickle.loads(d)
b[:] = data
self.assertEqual(type(it), type(itorig))
self.assertEqual(list(it), data[len(orig):])
# exhausted iterator
self.assertRaises(StopIteration, next, itorig)
d = pickle.dumps((itorig, orig), proto)
it, b = pickle.loads(d)
b[:] = data
self.assertEqual(list(it), [])
test_exhausted_iterator = test.list_tests.CommonTest.test_exhausted_iterator
def test_iterator_length_hint(self):
# Issue 27443: __length_hint__ can return negative integer
ba = bytearray(b'ab')
it = iter(ba)
next(it)
ba.clear()
# Shouldn't raise an error
self.assertEqual(list(it), [])
class AssortedBytesTest(unittest.TestCase):
#
# Test various combinations of bytes and bytearray
#
@check_bytes_warnings
def test_repr_str(self):
for f in str, repr:
self.assertEqual(f(bytearray()), "bytearray(b'')")
self.assertEqual(f(bytearray([0])), "bytearray(b'\\x00')")
self.assertEqual(f(bytearray([0, 1, 254, 255])),
"bytearray(b'\\x00\\x01\\xfe\\xff')")
self.assertEqual(f(b"abc"), "b'abc'")
self.assertEqual(f(b"'"), '''b"'"''') # '''
self.assertEqual(f(b"'\""), r"""b'\'"'""") # '
@check_bytes_warnings
def test_format(self):
for b in b'abc', bytearray(b'abc'):
self.assertEqual(format(b), str(b))
self.assertEqual(format(b, ''), str(b))
with self.assertRaisesRegex(TypeError,
r'\b%s\b' % re.escape(type(b).__name__)):
format(b, 's')
def test_compare_bytes_to_bytearray(self):
self.assertEqual(b"abc" == bytes(b"abc"), True)
self.assertEqual(b"ab" != bytes(b"abc"), True)
self.assertEqual(b"ab" <= bytes(b"abc"), True)
self.assertEqual(b"ab" < bytes(b"abc"), True)
self.assertEqual(b"abc" >= bytes(b"ab"), True)
self.assertEqual(b"abc" > bytes(b"ab"), True)
self.assertEqual(b"abc" != bytes(b"abc"), False)
self.assertEqual(b"ab" == bytes(b"abc"), False)
self.assertEqual(b"ab" > bytes(b"abc"), False)
self.assertEqual(b"ab" >= bytes(b"abc"), False)
self.assertEqual(b"abc" < bytes(b"ab"), False)
self.assertEqual(b"abc" <= bytes(b"ab"), False)
self.assertEqual(bytes(b"abc") == b"abc", True)
self.assertEqual(bytes(b"ab") != b"abc", True)
self.assertEqual(bytes(b"ab") <= b"abc", True)
self.assertEqual(bytes(b"ab") < b"abc", True)
self.assertEqual(bytes(b"abc") >= b"ab", True)
self.assertEqual(bytes(b"abc") > b"ab", True)
self.assertEqual(bytes(b"abc") != b"abc", False)
self.assertEqual(bytes(b"ab") == b"abc", False)
self.assertEqual(bytes(b"ab") > b"abc", False)
self.assertEqual(bytes(b"ab") >= b"abc", False)
self.assertEqual(bytes(b"abc") < b"ab", False)
self.assertEqual(bytes(b"abc") <= b"ab", False)
@test.support.requires_docstrings
def test_doc(self):
self.assertIsNotNone(bytearray.__doc__)
self.assertTrue(bytearray.__doc__.startswith("bytearray("), bytearray.__doc__)
self.assertIsNotNone(bytes.__doc__)
self.assertTrue(bytes.__doc__.startswith("bytes("), bytes.__doc__)
def test_from_bytearray(self):
sample = bytes(b"Hello world\n\x80\x81\xfe\xff")
buf = memoryview(sample)
b = bytearray(buf)
self.assertEqual(b, bytearray(sample))
@check_bytes_warnings
def test_to_str(self):
self.assertEqual(str(b''), "b''")
self.assertEqual(str(b'x'), "b'x'")
self.assertEqual(str(b'\x80'), "b'\\x80'")
self.assertEqual(str(bytearray(b'')), "bytearray(b'')")
self.assertEqual(str(bytearray(b'x')), "bytearray(b'x')")
self.assertEqual(str(bytearray(b'\x80')), "bytearray(b'\\x80')")
def test_literal(self):
tests = [
(b"Wonderful spam", "Wonderful spam"),
(br"Wonderful spam too", "Wonderful spam too"),
(b"\xaa\x00\000\200", "\xaa\x00\000\200"),
(br"\xaa\x00\000\200", r"\xaa\x00\000\200"),
]
for b, s in tests:
self.assertEqual(b, bytearray(s, 'latin-1'))
for c in range(128, 256):
self.assertRaises(SyntaxError, eval,
'b"%s"' % chr(c))
def test_split_bytearray(self):
self.assertEqual(b'a b'.split(memoryview(b' ')), [b'a', b'b'])
def test_rsplit_bytearray(self):
self.assertEqual(b'a b'.rsplit(memoryview(b' ')), [b'a', b'b'])
def test_return_self(self):
# bytearray.replace must always return a new bytearray
b = bytearray()
self.assertIsNot(b.replace(b'', b''), b)
@unittest.skipUnless(sys.flags.bytes_warning,
"BytesWarning is needed for this test: use -bb option")
def test_compare(self):
def bytes_warning():
return test.support.check_warnings(('', BytesWarning))
with bytes_warning():
b'' == ''
with bytes_warning():
'' == b''
with bytes_warning():
b'' != ''
with bytes_warning():
'' != b''
with bytes_warning():
bytearray(b'') == ''
with bytes_warning():
'' == bytearray(b'')
with bytes_warning():
bytearray(b'') != ''
with bytes_warning():
'' != bytearray(b'')
with bytes_warning():
b'\0' == 0
with bytes_warning():
0 == b'\0'
with bytes_warning():
b'\0' != 0
with bytes_warning():
0 != b'\0'
# Optimizations:
# __iter__? (optimization)
# __reversed__? (optimization)
# XXX More string methods? (Those that don't use character properties)
# There are tests in string_tests.py that are more
# comprehensive for things like partition, etc.
# Unfortunately they are all bundled with tests that
# are not appropriate for bytes
# I've started porting some of those into bytearray_tests.py, we should port
# the rest that make sense (the code can be cleaned up to use modern
# unittest methods at the same time).
class BytearrayPEP3137Test(unittest.TestCase):
def marshal(self, x):
return bytearray(x)
def test_returns_new_copy(self):
val = self.marshal(b'1234')
# On immutable types these MAY return a reference to themselves
# but on mutable types like bytearray they MUST return a new copy.
for methname in ('zfill', 'rjust', 'ljust', 'center'):
method = getattr(val, methname)
newval = method(3)
self.assertEqual(val, newval)
self.assertIsNot(val, newval,
methname+' returned self on a mutable object')
for expr in ('val.split()[0]', 'val.rsplit()[0]',
'val.partition(b".")[0]', 'val.rpartition(b".")[2]',
'val.splitlines()[0]', 'val.replace(b"", b"")'):
newval = eval(expr)
self.assertEqual(val, newval)
self.assertIsNot(val, newval,
expr+' returned val on a mutable object')
sep = self.marshal(b'')
newval = sep.join([val])
self.assertEqual(val, newval)
self.assertIsNot(val, newval)
class FixedStringTest(test.string_tests.BaseTest):
def fixtype(self, obj):
if isinstance(obj, str):
return self.type2test(obj.encode("utf-8"))
return super().fixtype(obj)
contains_bytes = True
class ByteArrayAsStringTest(FixedStringTest, unittest.TestCase):
type2test = bytearray
class BytesAsStringTest(FixedStringTest, unittest.TestCase):
type2test = bytes
class SubclassTest:
def test_basic(self):
self.assertTrue(issubclass(self.type2test, self.basetype))
self.assertIsInstance(self.type2test(), self.basetype)
a, b = b"abcd", b"efgh"
_a, _b = self.type2test(a), self.type2test(b)
# test comparison operators with subclass instances
self.assertTrue(_a == _a)
self.assertTrue(_a != _b)
self.assertTrue(_a < _b)
self.assertTrue(_a <= _b)
self.assertTrue(_b >= _a)
self.assertTrue(_b > _a)
self.assertIsNot(_a, a)
# test concat of subclass instances
self.assertEqual(a + b, _a + _b)
self.assertEqual(a + b, a + _b)
self.assertEqual(a + b, _a + b)
# test repeat
self.assertTrue(a*5 == _a*5)
def test_join(self):
# Make sure join returns a NEW object for single item sequences
# involving a subclass.
# Make sure that it is of the appropriate type.
s1 = self.type2test(b"abcd")
s2 = self.basetype().join([s1])
self.assertIsNot(s1, s2)
self.assertIs(type(s2), self.basetype, type(s2))
# Test reverse, calling join on subclass
s3 = s1.join([b"abcd"])
self.assertIs(type(s3), self.basetype)
def test_pickle(self):
a = self.type2test(b"abcd")
a.x = 10
a.y = self.type2test(b"efgh")
for proto in range(pickle.HIGHEST_PROTOCOL + 1):
b = pickle.loads(pickle.dumps(a, proto))
self.assertNotEqual(id(a), id(b))
self.assertEqual(a, b)
self.assertEqual(a.x, b.x)
self.assertEqual(a.y, b.y)
self.assertEqual(type(a), type(b))
self.assertEqual(type(a.y), type(b.y))
def test_copy(self):
a = self.type2test(b"abcd")
a.x = 10
a.y = self.type2test(b"efgh")
for copy_method in (copy.copy, copy.deepcopy):
b = copy_method(a)
self.assertNotEqual(id(a), id(b))
self.assertEqual(a, b)
self.assertEqual(a.x, b.x)
self.assertEqual(a.y, b.y)
self.assertEqual(type(a), type(b))
self.assertEqual(type(a.y), type(b.y))
def test_fromhex(self):
b = self.type2test.fromhex('1a2B30')
self.assertEqual(b, b'\x1a\x2b\x30')
self.assertIs(type(b), self.type2test)
class B1(self.basetype):
def __new__(cls, value):
me = self.basetype.__new__(cls, value)
me.foo = 'bar'
return me
b = B1.fromhex('1a2B30')
self.assertEqual(b, b'\x1a\x2b\x30')
self.assertIs(type(b), B1)
self.assertEqual(b.foo, 'bar')
class B2(self.basetype):
def __init__(me, *args, **kwargs):
if self.basetype is not bytes:
self.basetype.__init__(me, *args, **kwargs)
me.foo = 'bar'
b = B2.fromhex('1a2B30')
self.assertEqual(b, b'\x1a\x2b\x30')
self.assertIs(type(b), B2)
self.assertEqual(b.foo, 'bar')
class ByteArraySubclass(bytearray):
pass
class BytesSubclass(bytes):
pass
class OtherBytesSubclass(bytes):
pass
class ByteArraySubclassTest(SubclassTest, unittest.TestCase):
basetype = bytearray
type2test = ByteArraySubclass
def test_init_override(self):
class subclass(bytearray):
def __init__(me, newarg=1, *args, **kwargs):
bytearray.__init__(me, *args, **kwargs)
x = subclass(4, b"abcd")
x = subclass(4, source=b"abcd")
self.assertEqual(x, b"abcd")
x = subclass(newarg=4, source=b"abcd")
self.assertEqual(x, b"abcd")
class BytesSubclassTest(SubclassTest, unittest.TestCase):
basetype = bytes
type2test = BytesSubclass
if __name__ == "__main__":
unittest.main()
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