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""" Test script for the Unicode implementation.
Written by Marc-Andre Lemburg (mal@lemburg.com).
(c) Copyright CNRI, All Rights Reserved. NO WARRANTY.
"""
import _string
import codecs
import itertools
import operator
import struct
import sys
import unittest
import warnings
from test import support, string_tests
# Error handling (bad decoder return)
def search_function(encoding):
def decode1(input, errors="strict"):
return 42 # not a tuple
def encode1(input, errors="strict"):
return 42 # not a tuple
def encode2(input, errors="strict"):
return (42, 42) # no unicode
def decode2(input, errors="strict"):
return (42, 42) # no unicode
if encoding=="test.unicode1":
return (encode1, decode1, None, None)
elif encoding=="test.unicode2":
return (encode2, decode2, None, None)
else:
return None
codecs.register(search_function)
def duplicate_string(text):
"""
Try to get a fresh clone of the specified text:
new object with a reference count of 1.
This is a best-effort: latin1 single letters and the empty
string ('') are singletons and cannot be cloned.
"""
return text.encode().decode()
class StrSubclass(str):
pass
class UnicodeTest(string_tests.CommonTest,
string_tests.MixinStrUnicodeUserStringTest,
string_tests.MixinStrUnicodeTest,
unittest.TestCase):
type2test = str
def checkequalnofix(self, result, object, methodname, *args):
method = getattr(object, methodname)
realresult = method(*args)
self.assertEqual(realresult, result)
self.assertTrue(type(realresult) is type(result))
# if the original is returned make sure that
# this doesn't happen with subclasses
if realresult is object:
class usub(str):
def __repr__(self):
return 'usub(%r)' % str.__repr__(self)
object = usub(object)
method = getattr(object, methodname)
realresult = method(*args)
self.assertEqual(realresult, result)
self.assertTrue(object is not realresult)
def test_literals(self):
self.assertEqual('\xff', '\u00ff')
self.assertEqual('\uffff', '\U0000ffff')
self.assertRaises(SyntaxError, eval, '\'\\Ufffffffe\'')
self.assertRaises(SyntaxError, eval, '\'\\Uffffffff\'')
self.assertRaises(SyntaxError, eval, '\'\\U%08x\'' % 0x110000)
# raw strings should not have unicode escapes
self.assertNotEqual(r"\u0020", " ")
def test_ascii(self):
if not sys.platform.startswith('java'):
# Test basic sanity of repr()
self.assertEqual(ascii('abc'), "'abc'")
self.assertEqual(ascii('ab\\c'), "'ab\\\\c'")
self.assertEqual(ascii('ab\\'), "'ab\\\\'")
self.assertEqual(ascii('\\c'), "'\\\\c'")
self.assertEqual(ascii('\\'), "'\\\\'")
self.assertEqual(ascii('\n'), "'\\n'")
self.assertEqual(ascii('\r'), "'\\r'")
self.assertEqual(ascii('\t'), "'\\t'")
self.assertEqual(ascii('\b'), "'\\x08'")
self.assertEqual(ascii("'\""), """'\\'"'""")
self.assertEqual(ascii("'\""), """'\\'"'""")
self.assertEqual(ascii("'"), '''"'"''')
self.assertEqual(ascii('"'), """'"'""")
latin1repr = (
"'\\x00\\x01\\x02\\x03\\x04\\x05\\x06\\x07\\x08\\t\\n\\x0b\\x0c\\r"
"\\x0e\\x0f\\x10\\x11\\x12\\x13\\x14\\x15\\x16\\x17\\x18\\x19\\x1a"
"\\x1b\\x1c\\x1d\\x1e\\x1f !\"#$%&\\'()*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHI"
"JKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\\\\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~\\x7f"
"\\x80\\x81\\x82\\x83\\x84\\x85\\x86\\x87\\x88\\x89\\x8a\\x8b\\x8c\\x8d"
"\\x8e\\x8f\\x90\\x91\\x92\\x93\\x94\\x95\\x96\\x97\\x98\\x99\\x9a\\x9b"
"\\x9c\\x9d\\x9e\\x9f\\xa0\\xa1\\xa2\\xa3\\xa4\\xa5\\xa6\\xa7\\xa8\\xa9"
"\\xaa\\xab\\xac\\xad\\xae\\xaf\\xb0\\xb1\\xb2\\xb3\\xb4\\xb5\\xb6\\xb7"
"\\xb8\\xb9\\xba\\xbb\\xbc\\xbd\\xbe\\xbf\\xc0\\xc1\\xc2\\xc3\\xc4\\xc5"
"\\xc6\\xc7\\xc8\\xc9\\xca\\xcb\\xcc\\xcd\\xce\\xcf\\xd0\\xd1\\xd2\\xd3"
"\\xd4\\xd5\\xd6\\xd7\\xd8\\xd9\\xda\\xdb\\xdc\\xdd\\xde\\xdf\\xe0\\xe1"
"\\xe2\\xe3\\xe4\\xe5\\xe6\\xe7\\xe8\\xe9\\xea\\xeb\\xec\\xed\\xee\\xef"
"\\xf0\\xf1\\xf2\\xf3\\xf4\\xf5\\xf6\\xf7\\xf8\\xf9\\xfa\\xfb\\xfc\\xfd"
"\\xfe\\xff'")
testrepr = ascii(''.join(map(chr, range(256))))
self.assertEqual(testrepr, latin1repr)
# Test ascii works on wide unicode escapes without overflow.
self.assertEqual(ascii("\U00010000" * 39 + "\uffff" * 4096),
ascii("\U00010000" * 39 + "\uffff" * 4096))
class WrongRepr:
def __repr__(self):
return b'byte-repr'
self.assertRaises(TypeError, ascii, WrongRepr())
def test_repr(self):
if not sys.platform.startswith('java'):
# Test basic sanity of repr()
self.assertEqual(repr('abc'), "'abc'")
self.assertEqual(repr('ab\\c'), "'ab\\\\c'")
self.assertEqual(repr('ab\\'), "'ab\\\\'")
self.assertEqual(repr('\\c'), "'\\\\c'")
self.assertEqual(repr('\\'), "'\\\\'")
self.assertEqual(repr('\n'), "'\\n'")
self.assertEqual(repr('\r'), "'\\r'")
self.assertEqual(repr('\t'), "'\\t'")
self.assertEqual(repr('\b'), "'\\x08'")
self.assertEqual(repr("'\""), """'\\'"'""")
self.assertEqual(repr("'\""), """'\\'"'""")
self.assertEqual(repr("'"), '''"'"''')
self.assertEqual(repr('"'), """'"'""")
latin1repr = (
"'\\x00\\x01\\x02\\x03\\x04\\x05\\x06\\x07\\x08\\t\\n\\x0b\\x0c\\r"
"\\x0e\\x0f\\x10\\x11\\x12\\x13\\x14\\x15\\x16\\x17\\x18\\x19\\x1a"
"\\x1b\\x1c\\x1d\\x1e\\x1f !\"#$%&\\'()*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHI"
"JKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\\\\]^_`abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz{|}~\\x7f"
"\\x80\\x81\\x82\\x83\\x84\\x85\\x86\\x87\\x88\\x89\\x8a\\x8b\\x8c\\x8d"
"\\x8e\\x8f\\x90\\x91\\x92\\x93\\x94\\x95\\x96\\x97\\x98\\x99\\x9a\\x9b"
"\\x9c\\x9d\\x9e\\x9f\\xa0\xa1\xa2\xa3\xa4\xa5\xa6\xa7\xa8\xa9"
"\xaa\xab\xac\\xad\xae\xaf\xb0\xb1\xb2\xb3\xb4\xb5\xb6\xb7"
"\xb8\xb9\xba\xbb\xbc\xbd\xbe\xbf\xc0\xc1\xc2\xc3\xc4\xc5"
"\xc6\xc7\xc8\xc9\xca\xcb\xcc\xcd\xce\xcf\xd0\xd1\xd2\xd3"
"\xd4\xd5\xd6\xd7\xd8\xd9\xda\xdb\xdc\xdd\xde\xdf\xe0\xe1"
"\xe2\xe3\xe4\xe5\xe6\xe7\xe8\xe9\xea\xeb\xec\xed\xee\xef"
"\xf0\xf1\xf2\xf3\xf4\xf5\xf6\xf7\xf8\xf9\xfa\xfb\xfc\xfd"
"\xfe\xff'")
testrepr = repr(''.join(map(chr, range(256))))
self.assertEqual(testrepr, latin1repr)
# Test repr works on wide unicode escapes without overflow.
self.assertEqual(repr("\U00010000" * 39 + "\uffff" * 4096),
repr("\U00010000" * 39 + "\uffff" * 4096))
class WrongRepr:
def __repr__(self):
return b'byte-repr'
self.assertRaises(TypeError, repr, WrongRepr())
def test_iterators(self):
# Make sure unicode objects have an __iter__ method
it = "\u1111\u2222\u3333".__iter__()
self.assertEqual(next(it), "\u1111")
self.assertEqual(next(it), "\u2222")
self.assertEqual(next(it), "\u3333")
self.assertRaises(StopIteration, next, it)
def test_count(self):
string_tests.CommonTest.test_count(self)
# check mixed argument types
self.checkequalnofix(3, 'aaa', 'count', 'a')
self.checkequalnofix(0, 'aaa', 'count', 'b')
self.checkequalnofix(3, 'aaa', 'count', 'a')
self.checkequalnofix(0, 'aaa', 'count', 'b')
self.checkequalnofix(0, 'aaa', 'count', 'b')
self.checkequalnofix(1, 'aaa', 'count', 'a', -1)
self.checkequalnofix(3, 'aaa', 'count', 'a', -10)
self.checkequalnofix(2, 'aaa', 'count', 'a', 0, -1)
self.checkequalnofix(0, 'aaa', 'count', 'a', 0, -10)
# test mixed kinds
self.checkequal(10, '\u0102' + 'a' * 10, 'count', 'a')
self.checkequal(10, '\U00100304' + 'a' * 10, 'count', 'a')
self.checkequal(10, '\U00100304' + '\u0102' * 10, 'count', '\u0102')
self.checkequal(0, 'a' * 10, 'count', '\u0102')
self.checkequal(0, 'a' * 10, 'count', '\U00100304')
self.checkequal(0, '\u0102' * 10, 'count', '\U00100304')
self.checkequal(10, '\u0102' + 'a_' * 10, 'count', 'a_')
self.checkequal(10, '\U00100304' + 'a_' * 10, 'count', 'a_')
self.checkequal(10, '\U00100304' + '\u0102_' * 10, 'count', '\u0102_')
self.checkequal(0, 'a' * 10, 'count', 'a\u0102')
self.checkequal(0, 'a' * 10, 'count', 'a\U00100304')
self.checkequal(0, '\u0102' * 10, 'count', '\u0102\U00100304')
def test_find(self):
string_tests.CommonTest.test_find(self)
# test implementation details of the memchr fast path
self.checkequal(100, 'a' * 100 + '\u0102', 'find', '\u0102')
self.checkequal(-1, 'a' * 100 + '\u0102', 'find', '\u0201')
self.checkequal(-1, 'a' * 100 + '\u0102', 'find', '\u0120')
self.checkequal(-1, 'a' * 100 + '\u0102', 'find', '\u0220')
self.checkequal(100, 'a' * 100 + '\U00100304', 'find', '\U00100304')
self.checkequal(-1, 'a' * 100 + '\U00100304', 'find', '\U00100204')
self.checkequal(-1, 'a' * 100 + '\U00100304', 'find', '\U00102004')
# check mixed argument types
self.checkequalnofix(0, 'abcdefghiabc', 'find', 'abc')
self.checkequalnofix(9, 'abcdefghiabc', 'find', 'abc', 1)
self.checkequalnofix(-1, 'abcdefghiabc', 'find', 'def', 4)
self.assertRaises(TypeError, 'hello'.find)
self.assertRaises(TypeError, 'hello'.find, 42)
# test mixed kinds
self.checkequal(100, '\u0102' * 100 + 'a', 'find', 'a')
self.checkequal(100, '\U00100304' * 100 + 'a', 'find', 'a')
self.checkequal(100, '\U00100304' * 100 + '\u0102', 'find', '\u0102')
self.checkequal(-1, 'a' * 100, 'find', '\u0102')
self.checkequal(-1, 'a' * 100, 'find', '\U00100304')
self.checkequal(-1, '\u0102' * 100, 'find', '\U00100304')
self.checkequal(100, '\u0102' * 100 + 'a_', 'find', 'a_')
self.checkequal(100, '\U00100304' * 100 + 'a_', 'find', 'a_')
self.checkequal(100, '\U00100304' * 100 + '\u0102_', 'find', '\u0102_')
self.checkequal(-1, 'a' * 100, 'find', 'a\u0102')
self.checkequal(-1, 'a' * 100, 'find', 'a\U00100304')
self.checkequal(-1, '\u0102' * 100, 'find', '\u0102\U00100304')
def test_rfind(self):
string_tests.CommonTest.test_rfind(self)
# test implementation details of the memrchr fast path
self.checkequal(0, '\u0102' + 'a' * 100 , 'rfind', '\u0102')
self.checkequal(-1, '\u0102' + 'a' * 100 , 'rfind', '\u0201')
self.checkequal(-1, '\u0102' + 'a' * 100 , 'rfind', '\u0120')
self.checkequal(-1, '\u0102' + 'a' * 100 , 'rfind', '\u0220')
self.checkequal(0, '\U00100304' + 'a' * 100, 'rfind', '\U00100304')
self.checkequal(-1, '\U00100304' + 'a' * 100, 'rfind', '\U00100204')
self.checkequal(-1, '\U00100304' + 'a' * 100, 'rfind', '\U00102004')
# check mixed argument types
self.checkequalnofix(9, 'abcdefghiabc', 'rfind', 'abc')
self.checkequalnofix(12, 'abcdefghiabc', 'rfind', '')
self.checkequalnofix(12, 'abcdefghiabc', 'rfind', '')
# test mixed kinds
self.checkequal(0, 'a' + '\u0102' * 100, 'rfind', 'a')
self.checkequal(0, 'a' + '\U00100304' * 100, 'rfind', 'a')
self.checkequal(0, '\u0102' + '\U00100304' * 100, 'rfind', '\u0102')
self.checkequal(-1, 'a' * 100, 'rfind', '\u0102')
self.checkequal(-1, 'a' * 100, 'rfind', '\U00100304')
self.checkequal(-1, '\u0102' * 100, 'rfind', '\U00100304')
self.checkequal(0, '_a' + '\u0102' * 100, 'rfind', '_a')
self.checkequal(0, '_a' + '\U00100304' * 100, 'rfind', '_a')
self.checkequal(0, '_\u0102' + '\U00100304' * 100, 'rfind', '_\u0102')
self.checkequal(-1, 'a' * 100, 'rfind', '\u0102a')
self.checkequal(-1, 'a' * 100, 'rfind', '\U00100304a')
self.checkequal(-1, '\u0102' * 100, 'rfind', '\U00100304\u0102')
def test_index(self):
string_tests.CommonTest.test_index(self)
self.checkequalnofix(0, 'abcdefghiabc', 'index', '')
self.checkequalnofix(3, 'abcdefghiabc', 'index', 'def')
self.checkequalnofix(0, 'abcdefghiabc', 'index', 'abc')
self.checkequalnofix(9, 'abcdefghiabc', 'index', 'abc', 1)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, 'abcdefghiabc'.index, 'hib')
self.assertRaises(ValueError, 'abcdefghiab'.index, 'abc', 1)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, 'abcdefghi'.index, 'ghi', 8)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, 'abcdefghi'.index, 'ghi', -1)
# test mixed kinds
self.checkequal(100, '\u0102' * 100 + 'a', 'index', 'a')
self.checkequal(100, '\U00100304' * 100 + 'a', 'index', 'a')
self.checkequal(100, '\U00100304' * 100 + '\u0102', 'index', '\u0102')
self.assertRaises(ValueError, ('a' * 100).index, '\u0102')
self.assertRaises(ValueError, ('a' * 100).index, '\U00100304')
self.assertRaises(ValueError, ('\u0102' * 100).index, '\U00100304')
self.checkequal(100, '\u0102' * 100 + 'a_', 'index', 'a_')
self.checkequal(100, '\U00100304' * 100 + 'a_', 'index', 'a_')
self.checkequal(100, '\U00100304' * 100 + '\u0102_', 'index', '\u0102_')
self.assertRaises(ValueError, ('a' * 100).index, 'a\u0102')
self.assertRaises(ValueError, ('a' * 100).index, 'a\U00100304')
self.assertRaises(ValueError, ('\u0102' * 100).index, '\u0102\U00100304')
def test_rindex(self):
string_tests.CommonTest.test_rindex(self)
self.checkequalnofix(12, 'abcdefghiabc', 'rindex', '')
self.checkequalnofix(3, 'abcdefghiabc', 'rindex', 'def')
self.checkequalnofix(9, 'abcdefghiabc', 'rindex', 'abc')
self.checkequalnofix(0, 'abcdefghiabc', 'rindex', 'abc', 0, -1)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, 'abcdefghiabc'.rindex, 'hib')
self.assertRaises(ValueError, 'defghiabc'.rindex, 'def', 1)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, 'defghiabc'.rindex, 'abc', 0, -1)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, 'abcdefghi'.rindex, 'ghi', 0, 8)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, 'abcdefghi'.rindex, 'ghi', 0, -1)
# test mixed kinds
self.checkequal(0, 'a' + '\u0102' * 100, 'rindex', 'a')
self.checkequal(0, 'a' + '\U00100304' * 100, 'rindex', 'a')
self.checkequal(0, '\u0102' + '\U00100304' * 100, 'rindex', '\u0102')
self.assertRaises(ValueError, ('a' * 100).rindex, '\u0102')
self.assertRaises(ValueError, ('a' * 100).rindex, '\U00100304')
self.assertRaises(ValueError, ('\u0102' * 100).rindex, '\U00100304')
self.checkequal(0, '_a' + '\u0102' * 100, 'rindex', '_a')
self.checkequal(0, '_a' + '\U00100304' * 100, 'rindex', '_a')
self.checkequal(0, '_\u0102' + '\U00100304' * 100, 'rindex', '_\u0102')
self.assertRaises(ValueError, ('a' * 100).rindex, '\u0102a')
self.assertRaises(ValueError, ('a' * 100).rindex, '\U00100304a')
self.assertRaises(ValueError, ('\u0102' * 100).rindex, '\U00100304\u0102')
def test_maketrans_translate(self):
# these work with plain translate()
self.checkequalnofix('bbbc', 'abababc', 'translate',
{ord('a'): None})
self.checkequalnofix('iiic', 'abababc', 'translate',
{ord('a'): None, ord('b'): ord('i')})
self.checkequalnofix('iiix', 'abababc', 'translate',
{ord('a'): None, ord('b'): ord('i'), ord('c'): 'x'})
self.checkequalnofix('c', 'abababc', 'translate',
{ord('a'): None, ord('b'): ''})
self.checkequalnofix('xyyx', 'xzx', 'translate',
{ord('z'): 'yy'})
# this needs maketrans()
self.checkequalnofix('abababc', 'abababc', 'translate',
{'b': '<i>'})
tbl = self.type2test.maketrans({'a': None, 'b': '<i>'})
self.checkequalnofix('<i><i><i>c', 'abababc', 'translate', tbl)
# test alternative way of calling maketrans()
tbl = self.type2test.maketrans('abc', 'xyz', 'd')
self.checkequalnofix('xyzzy', 'abdcdcbdddd', 'translate', tbl)
# various tests switching from ASCII to latin1 or the opposite;
# same length, remove a letter, or replace with a longer string.
self.assertEqual("[a]".translate(str.maketrans('a', 'X')),
"[X]")
self.assertEqual("[a]".translate(str.maketrans({'a': 'X'})),
"[X]")
self.assertEqual("[a]".translate(str.maketrans({'a': None})),
"[]")
self.assertEqual("[a]".translate(str.maketrans({'a': 'XXX'})),
"[XXX]")
self.assertEqual("[a]".translate(str.maketrans({'a': '\xe9'})),
"[\xe9]")
self.assertEqual('axb'.translate(str.maketrans({'a': None, 'b': '123'})),
"x123")
self.assertEqual('axb'.translate(str.maketrans({'a': None, 'b': '\xe9'})),
"x\xe9")
# test non-ASCII (don't take the fast-path)
self.assertEqual("[a]".translate(str.maketrans({'a': '<\xe9>'})),
"[<\xe9>]")
self.assertEqual("[\xe9]".translate(str.maketrans({'\xe9': 'a'})),
"[a]")
self.assertEqual("[\xe9]".translate(str.maketrans({'\xe9': None})),
"[]")
self.assertEqual("[\xe9]".translate(str.maketrans({'\xe9': '123'})),
"[123]")
self.assertEqual("[a\xe9]".translate(str.maketrans({'a': '<\u20ac>'})),
"[<\u20ac>\xe9]")
# invalid Unicode characters
invalid_char = 0x10ffff+1
for before in "a\xe9\u20ac\U0010ffff":
mapping = str.maketrans({before: invalid_char})
text = "[%s]" % before
self.assertRaises(ValueError, text.translate, mapping)
# errors
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test.maketrans)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, self.type2test.maketrans, 'abc', 'defg')
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test.maketrans, 2, 'def')
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test.maketrans, 'abc', 2)
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test.maketrans, 'abc', 'def', 2)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, self.type2test.maketrans, {'xy': 2})
self.assertRaises(TypeError, self.type2test.maketrans, {(1,): 2})
self.assertRaises(TypeError, 'hello'.translate)
self.assertRaises(TypeError, 'abababc'.translate, 'abc', 'xyz')
def test_split(self):
string_tests.CommonTest.test_split(self)
# test mixed kinds
for left, right in ('ba', '\u0101\u0100', '\U00010301\U00010300'):
left *= 9
right *= 9
for delim in ('c', '\u0102', '\U00010302'):
self.checkequal([left + right],
left + right, 'split', delim)
self.checkequal([left, right],
left + delim + right, 'split', delim)
self.checkequal([left + right],
left + right, 'split', delim * 2)
self.checkequal([left, right],
left + delim * 2 + right, 'split', delim *2)
def test_rsplit(self):
string_tests.CommonTest.test_rsplit(self)
# test mixed kinds
for left, right in ('ba', '\u0101\u0100', '\U00010301\U00010300'):
left *= 9
right *= 9
for delim in ('c', '\u0102', '\U00010302'):
self.checkequal([left + right],
left + right, 'rsplit', delim)
self.checkequal([left, right],
left + delim + right, 'rsplit', delim)
self.checkequal([left + right],
left + right, 'rsplit', delim * 2)
self.checkequal([left, right],
left + delim * 2 + right, 'rsplit', delim *2)
def test_partition(self):
string_tests.MixinStrUnicodeUserStringTest.test_partition(self)
# test mixed kinds
self.checkequal(('ABCDEFGH', '', ''), 'ABCDEFGH', 'partition', '\u4200')
for left, right in ('ba', '\u0101\u0100', '\U00010301\U00010300'):
left *= 9
right *= 9
for delim in ('c', '\u0102', '\U00010302'):
self.checkequal((left + right, '', ''),
left + right, 'partition', delim)
self.checkequal((left, delim, right),
left + delim + right, 'partition', delim)
self.checkequal((left + right, '', ''),
left + right, 'partition', delim * 2)
self.checkequal((left, delim * 2, right),
left + delim * 2 + right, 'partition', delim * 2)
def test_rpartition(self):
string_tests.MixinStrUnicodeUserStringTest.test_rpartition(self)
# test mixed kinds
self.checkequal(('', '', 'ABCDEFGH'), 'ABCDEFGH', 'rpartition', '\u4200')
for left, right in ('ba', '\u0101\u0100', '\U00010301\U00010300'):
left *= 9
right *= 9
for delim in ('c', '\u0102', '\U00010302'):
self.checkequal(('', '', left + right),
left + right, 'rpartition', delim)
self.checkequal((left, delim, right),
left + delim + right, 'rpartition', delim)
self.checkequal(('', '', left + right),
left + right, 'rpartition', delim * 2)
self.checkequal((left, delim * 2, right),
left + delim * 2 + right, 'rpartition', delim * 2)
def test_join(self):
string_tests.MixinStrUnicodeUserStringTest.test_join(self)
class MyWrapper:
def __init__(self, sval): self.sval = sval
def __str__(self): return self.sval
# mixed arguments
self.checkequalnofix('a b c d', ' ', 'join', ['a', 'b', 'c', 'd'])
self.checkequalnofix('abcd', '', 'join', ('a', 'b', 'c', 'd'))
self.checkequalnofix('w x y z', ' ', 'join', string_tests.Sequence('wxyz'))
self.checkequalnofix('a b c d', ' ', 'join', ['a', 'b', 'c', 'd'])
self.checkequalnofix('a b c d', ' ', 'join', ['a', 'b', 'c', 'd'])
self.checkequalnofix('abcd', '', 'join', ('a', 'b', 'c', 'd'))
self.checkequalnofix('w x y z', ' ', 'join', string_tests.Sequence('wxyz'))
self.checkraises(TypeError, ' ', 'join', ['1', '2', MyWrapper('foo')])
self.checkraises(TypeError, ' ', 'join', ['1', '2', '3', bytes()])
self.checkraises(TypeError, ' ', 'join', [1, 2, 3])
self.checkraises(TypeError, ' ', 'join', ['1', '2', 3])
@unittest.skipIf(sys.maxsize > 2**32,
'needs too much memory on a 64-bit platform')
def test_join_overflow(self):
size = int(sys.maxsize**0.5) + 1
seq = ('A' * size,) * size
self.assertRaises(OverflowError, ''.join, seq)
def test_replace(self):
string_tests.CommonTest.test_replace(self)
# method call forwarded from str implementation because of unicode argument
self.checkequalnofix('one@two!three!', 'one!two!three!', 'replace', '!', '@', 1)
self.assertRaises(TypeError, 'replace'.replace, "r", 42)
# test mixed kinds
for left, right in ('ba', '\u0101\u0100', '\U00010301\U00010300'):
left *= 9
right *= 9
for delim in ('c', '\u0102', '\U00010302'):
for repl in ('d', '\u0103', '\U00010303'):
self.checkequal(left + right,
left + right, 'replace', delim, repl)
self.checkequal(left + repl + right,
left + delim + right,
'replace', delim, repl)
self.checkequal(left + right,
left + right, 'replace', delim * 2, repl)
self.checkequal(left + repl + right,
left + delim * 2 + right,
'replace', delim * 2, repl)
@support.cpython_only
def test_replace_id(self):
pattern = 'abc'
text = 'abc def'
self.assertIs(text.replace(pattern, pattern), text)
def test_bytes_comparison(self):
with support.check_warnings():
warnings.simplefilter('ignore', BytesWarning)
self.assertEqual('abc' == b'abc', False)
self.assertEqual('abc' != b'abc', True)
self.assertEqual('abc' == bytearray(b'abc'), False)
self.assertEqual('abc' != bytearray(b'abc'), True)
def test_comparison(self):
# Comparisons:
self.assertEqual('abc', 'abc')
self.assertTrue('abcd' > 'abc')
self.assertTrue('abc' < 'abcd')
if 0:
# Move these tests to a Unicode collation module test...
# Testing UTF-16 code point order comparisons...
# No surrogates, no fixup required.
self.assertTrue('\u0061' < '\u20ac')
# Non surrogate below surrogate value, no fixup required
self.assertTrue('\u0061' < '\ud800\udc02')
# Non surrogate above surrogate value, fixup required
def test_lecmp(s, s2):
self.assertTrue(s < s2)
def test_fixup(s):
s2 = '\ud800\udc01'
test_lecmp(s, s2)
s2 = '\ud900\udc01'
test_lecmp(s, s2)
s2 = '\uda00\udc01'
test_lecmp(s, s2)
s2 = '\udb00\udc01'
test_lecmp(s, s2)
s2 = '\ud800\udd01'
test_lecmp(s, s2)
s2 = '\ud900\udd01'
test_lecmp(s, s2)
s2 = '\uda00\udd01'
test_lecmp(s, s2)
s2 = '\udb00\udd01'
test_lecmp(s, s2)
s2 = '\ud800\ude01'
test_lecmp(s, s2)
s2 = '\ud900\ude01'
test_lecmp(s, s2)
s2 = '\uda00\ude01'
test_lecmp(s, s2)
s2 = '\udb00\ude01'
test_lecmp(s, s2)
s2 = '\ud800\udfff'
test_lecmp(s, s2)
s2 = '\ud900\udfff'
test_lecmp(s, s2)
s2 = '\uda00\udfff'
test_lecmp(s, s2)
s2 = '\udb00\udfff'
test_lecmp(s, s2)
test_fixup('\ue000')
test_fixup('\uff61')
# Surrogates on both sides, no fixup required
self.assertTrue('\ud800\udc02' < '\ud84d\udc56')
def test_islower(self):
super().test_islower()
self.checkequalnofix(False, '\u1FFc', 'islower')
self.assertFalse('\u2167'.islower())
self.assertTrue('\u2177'.islower())
# non-BMP, uppercase
self.assertFalse('\U00010401'.islower())
self.assertFalse('\U00010427'.islower())
# non-BMP, lowercase
self.assertTrue('\U00010429'.islower())
self.assertTrue('\U0001044E'.islower())
# non-BMP, non-cased
self.assertFalse('\U0001F40D'.islower())
self.assertFalse('\U0001F46F'.islower())
def test_isupper(self):
super().test_isupper()
if not sys.platform.startswith('java'):
self.checkequalnofix(False, '\u1FFc', 'isupper')
self.assertTrue('\u2167'.isupper())
self.assertFalse('\u2177'.isupper())
# non-BMP, uppercase
self.assertTrue('\U00010401'.isupper())
self.assertTrue('\U00010427'.isupper())
# non-BMP, lowercase
self.assertFalse('\U00010429'.isupper())
self.assertFalse('\U0001044E'.isupper())
# non-BMP, non-cased
self.assertFalse('\U0001F40D'.isupper())
self.assertFalse('\U0001F46F'.isupper())
def test_istitle(self):
super().test_istitle()
self.checkequalnofix(True, '\u1FFc', 'istitle')
self.checkequalnofix(True, 'Greek \u1FFcitlecases ...', 'istitle')
# non-BMP, uppercase + lowercase
self.assertTrue('\U00010401\U00010429'.istitle())
self.assertTrue('\U00010427\U0001044E'.istitle())
# apparently there are no titlecased (Lt) non-BMP chars in Unicode 6
for ch in ['\U00010429', '\U0001044E', '\U0001F40D', '\U0001F46F']:
self.assertFalse(ch.istitle(), '{!a} is not title'.format(ch))
def test_isspace(self):
super().test_isspace()
self.checkequalnofix(True, '\u2000', 'isspace')
self.checkequalnofix(True, '\u200a', 'isspace')
self.checkequalnofix(False, '\u2014', 'isspace')
# apparently there are no non-BMP spaces chars in Unicode 6
for ch in ['\U00010401', '\U00010427', '\U00010429', '\U0001044E',
'\U0001F40D', '\U0001F46F']:
self.assertFalse(ch.isspace(), '{!a} is not space.'.format(ch))
def test_isalnum(self):
super().test_isalnum()
for ch in ['\U00010401', '\U00010427', '\U00010429', '\U0001044E',
'\U0001D7F6', '\U00011066', '\U000104A0', '\U0001F107']:
self.assertTrue(ch.isalnum(), '{!a} is alnum.'.format(ch))
def test_isalpha(self):
super().test_isalpha()
self.checkequalnofix(True, '\u1FFc', 'isalpha')
# non-BMP, cased
self.assertTrue('\U00010401'.isalpha())
self.assertTrue('\U00010427'.isalpha())
self.assertTrue('\U00010429'.isalpha())
self.assertTrue('\U0001044E'.isalpha())
# non-BMP, non-cased
self.assertFalse('\U0001F40D'.isalpha())
self.assertFalse('\U0001F46F'.isalpha())
def test_isascii(self):
super().test_isascii()
self.assertFalse("\u20ac".isascii())
self.assertFalse("\U0010ffff".isascii())
def test_isdecimal(self):
self.checkequalnofix(False, '', 'isdecimal')
self.checkequalnofix(False, 'a', 'isdecimal')
self.checkequalnofix(True, '0', 'isdecimal')
self.checkequalnofix(False, '\u2460', 'isdecimal') # CIRCLED DIGIT ONE
self.checkequalnofix(False, '\xbc', 'isdecimal') # VULGAR FRACTION ONE QUARTER
self.checkequalnofix(True, '\u0660', 'isdecimal') # ARABIC-INDIC DIGIT ZERO
self.checkequalnofix(True, '0123456789', 'isdecimal')
self.checkequalnofix(False, '0123456789a', 'isdecimal')
self.checkraises(TypeError, 'abc', 'isdecimal', 42)
for ch in ['\U00010401', '\U00010427', '\U00010429', '\U0001044E',
'\U0001F40D', '\U0001F46F', '\U00011065', '\U0001F107']:
self.assertFalse(ch.isdecimal(), '{!a} is not decimal.'.format(ch))
for ch in ['\U0001D7F6', '\U00011066', '\U000104A0']:
self.assertTrue(ch.isdecimal(), '{!a} is decimal.'.format(ch))
def test_isdigit(self):
super().test_isdigit()
self.checkequalnofix(True, '\u2460', 'isdigit')
self.checkequalnofix(False, '\xbc', 'isdigit')
self.checkequalnofix(True, '\u0660', 'isdigit')
for ch in ['\U00010401', '\U00010427', '\U00010429', '\U0001044E',
'\U0001F40D', '\U0001F46F', '\U00011065']:
self.assertFalse(ch.isdigit(), '{!a} is not a digit.'.format(ch))
for ch in ['\U0001D7F6', '\U00011066', '\U000104A0', '\U0001F107']:
self.assertTrue(ch.isdigit(), '{!a} is a digit.'.format(ch))
def test_isnumeric(self):
self.checkequalnofix(False, '', 'isnumeric')
self.checkequalnofix(False, 'a', 'isnumeric')
self.checkequalnofix(True, '0', 'isnumeric')
self.checkequalnofix(True, '\u2460', 'isnumeric')
self.checkequalnofix(True, '\xbc', 'isnumeric')
self.checkequalnofix(True, '\u0660', 'isnumeric')
self.checkequalnofix(True, '0123456789', 'isnumeric')
self.checkequalnofix(False, '0123456789a', 'isnumeric')
self.assertRaises(TypeError, "abc".isnumeric, 42)
for ch in ['\U00010401', '\U00010427', '\U00010429', '\U0001044E',
'\U0001F40D', '\U0001F46F']:
self.assertFalse(ch.isnumeric(), '{!a} is not numeric.'.format(ch))
for ch in ['\U00011065', '\U0001D7F6', '\U00011066',
'\U000104A0', '\U0001F107']:
self.assertTrue(ch.isnumeric(), '{!a} is numeric.'.format(ch))
def test_isidentifier(self):
self.assertTrue("a".isidentifier())
self.assertTrue("Z".isidentifier())
self.assertTrue("_".isidentifier())
self.assertTrue("b0".isidentifier())
self.assertTrue("bc".isidentifier())
self.assertTrue("b_".isidentifier())
self.assertTrue("µ".isidentifier())
self.assertTrue("𝔘𝔫𝔦𝔠𝔬𝔡𝔢".isidentifier())
self.assertFalse(" ".isidentifier())
self.assertFalse("[".isidentifier())
self.assertFalse("©".isidentifier())
self.assertFalse("0".isidentifier())
def test_isprintable(self):
self.assertTrue("".isprintable())
self.assertTrue(" ".isprintable())
self.assertTrue("abcdefg".isprintable())
self.assertFalse("abcdefg\n".isprintable())
# some defined Unicode character
self.assertTrue("\u0374".isprintable())
# undefined character
self.assertFalse("\u0378".isprintable())
# single surrogate character
self.assertFalse("\ud800".isprintable())
self.assertTrue('\U0001F46F'.isprintable())
self.assertFalse('\U000E0020'.isprintable())
def test_surrogates(self):
for s in ('a\uD800b\uDFFF', 'a\uDFFFb\uD800',
'a\uD800b\uDFFFa', 'a\uDFFFb\uD800a'):
self.assertTrue(s.islower())
self.assertFalse(s.isupper())
self.assertFalse(s.istitle())
for s in ('A\uD800B\uDFFF', 'A\uDFFFB\uD800',
'A\uD800B\uDFFFA', 'A\uDFFFB\uD800A'):
self.assertFalse(s.islower())
self.assertTrue(s.isupper())
self.assertTrue(s.istitle())
for meth_name in ('islower', 'isupper', 'istitle'):
meth = getattr(str, meth_name)
for s in ('\uD800', '\uDFFF', '\uD800\uD800', '\uDFFF\uDFFF'):
self.assertFalse(meth(s), '%a.%s() is False' % (s, meth_name))
for meth_name in ('isalpha', 'isalnum', 'isdigit', 'isspace',
'isdecimal', 'isnumeric',
'isidentifier', 'isprintable'):
meth = getattr(str, meth_name)
for s in ('\uD800', '\uDFFF', '\uD800\uD800', '\uDFFF\uDFFF',
'a\uD800b\uDFFF', 'a\uDFFFb\uD800',
'a\uD800b\uDFFFa', 'a\uDFFFb\uD800a'):
self.assertFalse(meth(s), '%a.%s() is False' % (s, meth_name))
def test_lower(self):
string_tests.CommonTest.test_lower(self)
self.assertEqual('\U00010427'.lower(), '\U0001044F')
self.assertEqual('\U00010427\U00010427'.lower(),
'\U0001044F\U0001044F')
self.assertEqual('\U00010427\U0001044F'.lower(),
'\U0001044F\U0001044F')
self.assertEqual('X\U00010427x\U0001044F'.lower(),
'x\U0001044Fx\U0001044F')
self.assertEqual(''.lower(), '')
self.assertEqual('\u0130'.lower(), '\u0069\u0307')
# Special case for GREEK CAPITAL LETTER SIGMA U+03A3
self.assertEqual('\u03a3'.lower(), '\u03c3')
self.assertEqual('\u0345\u03a3'.lower(), '\u0345\u03c3')
self.assertEqual('A\u0345\u03a3'.lower(), 'a\u0345\u03c2')
self.assertEqual('A\u0345\u03a3a'.lower(), 'a\u0345\u03c3a')
self.assertEqual('A\u0345\u03a3'.lower(), 'a\u0345\u03c2')
self.assertEqual('A\u03a3\u0345'.lower(), 'a\u03c2\u0345')
self.assertEqual('\u03a3\u0345 '.lower(), '\u03c3\u0345 ')
self.assertEqual('\U0008fffe'.lower(), '\U0008fffe')
self.assertEqual('\u2177'.lower(), '\u2177')
def test_casefold(self):
self.assertEqual('hello'.casefold(), 'hello')
self.assertEqual('hELlo'.casefold(), 'hello')
self.assertEqual('ß'.casefold(), 'ss')
self.assertEqual(''.casefold(), 'fi')
self.assertEqual('\u03a3'.casefold(), '\u03c3')
self.assertEqual('A\u0345\u03a3'.casefold(), 'a\u03b9\u03c3')
self.assertEqual('\u00b5'.casefold(), '\u03bc')
def test_upper(self):
string_tests.CommonTest.test_upper(self)
self.assertEqual('\U0001044F'.upper(), '\U00010427')
self.assertEqual('\U0001044F\U0001044F'.upper(),
'\U00010427\U00010427')
self.assertEqual('\U00010427\U0001044F'.upper(),
'\U00010427\U00010427')
self.assertEqual('X\U00010427x\U0001044F'.upper(),
'X\U00010427X\U00010427')
self.assertEqual(''.upper(), 'FI')
self.assertEqual('\u0130'.upper(), '\u0130')
self.assertEqual('\u03a3'.upper(), '\u03a3')
self.assertEqual('ß'.upper(), 'SS')
self.assertEqual('\u1fd2'.upper(), '\u0399\u0308\u0300')
self.assertEqual('\U0008fffe'.upper(), '\U0008fffe')
self.assertEqual('\u2177'.upper(), '\u2167')
def test_capitalize(self):
string_tests.CommonTest.test_capitalize(self)
self.assertEqual('\U0001044F'.capitalize(), '\U00010427')
self.assertEqual('\U0001044F\U0001044F'.capitalize(),
'\U00010427\U0001044F')
self.assertEqual('\U00010427\U0001044F'.capitalize(),
'\U00010427\U0001044F')
self.assertEqual('\U0001044F\U00010427'.capitalize(),
'\U00010427\U0001044F')
self.assertEqual('X\U00010427x\U0001044F'.capitalize(),
'X\U0001044Fx\U0001044F')
self.assertEqual('h\u0130'.capitalize(), 'H\u0069\u0307')
exp = '\u0399\u0308\u0300\u0069\u0307'
self.assertEqual('\u1fd2\u0130'.capitalize(), exp)
self.assertEqual('finnish'.capitalize(), 'FInnish')
self.assertEqual('A\u0345\u03a3'.capitalize(), 'A\u0345\u03c2')
def test_title(self):
super().test_title()
self.assertEqual('\U0001044F'.title(), '\U00010427')
self.assertEqual('\U0001044F\U0001044F'.title(),
'\U00010427\U0001044F')
self.assertEqual('\U0001044F\U0001044F \U0001044F\U0001044F'.title(),
'\U00010427\U0001044F \U00010427\U0001044F')
self.assertEqual('\U00010427\U0001044F \U00010427\U0001044F'.title(),
'\U00010427\U0001044F \U00010427\U0001044F')
self.assertEqual('\U0001044F\U00010427 \U0001044F\U00010427'.title(),
'\U00010427\U0001044F \U00010427\U0001044F')
self.assertEqual('X\U00010427x\U0001044F X\U00010427x\U0001044F'.title(),
'X\U0001044Fx\U0001044F X\U0001044Fx\U0001044F')
self.assertEqual('fiNNISH'.title(), 'Finnish')
self.assertEqual('A\u03a3 \u1fa1xy'.title(), 'A\u03c2 \u1fa9xy')
self.assertEqual('A\u03a3A'.title(), 'A\u03c3a')
def test_swapcase(self):
string_tests.CommonTest.test_swapcase(self)
self.assertEqual('\U0001044F'.swapcase(), '\U00010427')
self.assertEqual('\U00010427'.swapcase(), '\U0001044F')
self.assertEqual('\U0001044F\U0001044F'.swapcase(),
'\U00010427\U00010427')
self.assertEqual('\U00010427\U0001044F'.swapcase(),
'\U0001044F\U00010427')
self.assertEqual('\U0001044F\U00010427'.swapcase(),
'\U00010427\U0001044F')
self.assertEqual('X\U00010427x\U0001044F'.swapcase(),
'x\U0001044FX\U00010427')
self.assertEqual(''.swapcase(), 'FI')
self.assertEqual('\u0130'.swapcase(), '\u0069\u0307')
# Special case for GREEK CAPITAL LETTER SIGMA U+03A3
self.assertEqual('\u03a3'.swapcase(), '\u03c3')
self.assertEqual('\u0345\u03a3'.swapcase(), '\u0399\u03c3')
self.assertEqual('A\u0345\u03a3'.swapcase(), 'a\u0399\u03c2')
self.assertEqual('A\u0345\u03a3a'.swapcase(), 'a\u0399\u03c3A')
self.assertEqual('A\u0345\u03a3'.swapcase(), 'a\u0399\u03c2')
self.assertEqual('A\u03a3\u0345'.swapcase(), 'a\u03c2\u0399')
self.assertEqual('\u03a3\u0345 '.swapcase(), '\u03c3\u0399 ')
self.assertEqual('\u03a3'.swapcase(), '\u03c3')
self.assertEqual('ß'.swapcase(), 'SS')
self.assertEqual('\u1fd2'.swapcase(), '\u0399\u0308\u0300')
def test_center(self):
string_tests.CommonTest.test_center(self)
self.assertEqual('x'.center(2, '\U0010FFFF'),
'x\U0010FFFF')
self.assertEqual('x'.center(3, '\U0010FFFF'),
'\U0010FFFFx\U0010FFFF')
self.assertEqual('x'.center(4, '\U0010FFFF'),
'\U0010FFFFx\U0010FFFF\U0010FFFF')
@unittest.skipUnless(sys.maxsize == 2**31 - 1, "requires 32-bit system")
@support.cpython_only
def test_case_operation_overflow(self):
# Issue #22643
size = 2**32//12 + 1
try:
s = "ü" * size
except MemoryError:
self.skipTest('no enough memory (%.0f MiB required)' % (size / 2**20))
try:
self.assertRaises(OverflowError, s.upper)
finally:
del s
def test_contains(self):
# Testing Unicode contains method
self.assertIn('a', 'abdb')
self.assertIn('a', 'bdab')
self.assertIn('a', 'bdaba')
self.assertIn('a', 'bdba')
self.assertNotIn('a', 'bdb')
self.assertIn('a', 'bdba')
self.assertIn('a', ('a',1,None))
self.assertIn('a', (1,None,'a'))
self.assertIn('a', ('a',1,None))
self.assertIn('a', (1,None,'a'))
self.assertNotIn('a', ('x',1,'y'))
self.assertNotIn('a', ('x',1,None))
self.assertNotIn('abcd', 'abcxxxx')
self.assertIn('ab', 'abcd')
self.assertIn('ab', 'abc')
self.assertIn('ab', (1,None,'ab'))
self.assertIn('', 'abc')
self.assertIn('', '')
self.assertIn('', 'abc')
self.assertNotIn('\0', 'abc')
self.assertIn('\0', '\0abc')
self.assertIn('\0', 'abc\0')
self.assertIn('a', '\0abc')
self.assertIn('asdf', 'asdf')
self.assertNotIn('asdf', 'asd')
self.assertNotIn('asdf', '')
self.assertRaises(TypeError, "abc".__contains__)
# test mixed kinds
for fill in ('a', '\u0100', '\U00010300'):
fill *= 9
for delim in ('c', '\u0102', '\U00010302'):
self.assertNotIn(delim, fill)
self.assertIn(delim, fill + delim)
self.assertNotIn(delim * 2, fill)
self.assertIn(delim * 2, fill + delim * 2)
def test_issue18183(self):
'\U00010000\U00100000'.lower()
'\U00010000\U00100000'.casefold()
'\U00010000\U00100000'.upper()
'\U00010000\U00100000'.capitalize()
'\U00010000\U00100000'.title()
'\U00010000\U00100000'.swapcase()
'\U00100000'.center(3, '\U00010000')
'\U00100000'.ljust(3, '\U00010000')
'\U00100000'.rjust(3, '\U00010000')
def test_format(self):
self.assertEqual(''.format(), '')
self.assertEqual('a'.format(), 'a')
self.assertEqual('ab'.format(), 'ab')
self.assertEqual('a{{'.format(), 'a{')
self.assertEqual('a}}'.format(), 'a}')
self.assertEqual('{{b'.format(), '{b')
self.assertEqual('}}b'.format(), '}b')
self.assertEqual('a{{b'.format(), 'a{b')
# examples from the PEP:
import datetime
self.assertEqual("My name is {0}".format('Fred'), "My name is Fred")
self.assertEqual("My name is {0[name]}".format(dict(name='Fred')),
"My name is Fred")
self.assertEqual("My name is {0} :-{{}}".format('Fred'),
"My name is Fred :-{}")
d = datetime.date(2007, 8, 18)
self.assertEqual("The year is {0.year}".format(d),
"The year is 2007")
# classes we'll use for testing
class C:
def __init__(self, x=100):
self._x = x
def __format__(self, spec):
return spec
class D:
def __init__(self, x):
self.x = x
def __format__(self, spec):
return str(self.x)
# class with __str__, but no __format__
class E:
def __init__(self, x):
self.x = x
def __str__(self):
return 'E(' + self.x + ')'
# class with __repr__, but no __format__ or __str__
class F:
def __init__(self, x):
self.x = x
def __repr__(self):
return 'F(' + self.x + ')'
# class with __format__ that forwards to string, for some format_spec's
class G:
def __init__(self, x):
self.x = x
def __str__(self):
return "string is " + self.x
def __format__(self, format_spec):
if format_spec == 'd':
return 'G(' + self.x + ')'
return object.__format__(self, format_spec)
class I(datetime.date):
def __format__(self, format_spec):
return self.strftime(format_spec)
class J(int):
def __format__(self, format_spec):
return int.__format__(self * 2, format_spec)
class M:
def __init__(self, x):
self.x = x
def __repr__(self):
return 'M(' + self.x + ')'
__str__ = None
class N:
def __init__(self, x):
self.x = x
def __repr__(self):
return 'N(' + self.x + ')'
__format__ = None
self.assertEqual(''.format(), '')
self.assertEqual('abc'.format(), 'abc')
self.assertEqual('{0}'.format('abc'), 'abc')
self.assertEqual('{0:}'.format('abc'), 'abc')
# self.assertEqual('{ 0 }'.format('abc'), 'abc')
self.assertEqual('X{0}'.format('abc'), 'Xabc')
self.assertEqual('{0}X'.format('abc'), 'abcX')
self.assertEqual('X{0}Y'.format('abc'), 'XabcY')
self.assertEqual('{1}'.format(1, 'abc'), 'abc')
self.assertEqual('X{1}'.format(1, 'abc'), 'Xabc')
self.assertEqual('{1}X'.format(1, 'abc'), 'abcX')
self.assertEqual('X{1}Y'.format(1, 'abc'), 'XabcY')
self.assertEqual('{0}'.format(-15), '-15')
self.assertEqual('{0}{1}'.format(-15, 'abc'), '-15abc')
self.assertEqual('{0}X{1}'.format(-15, 'abc'), '-15Xabc')
self.assertEqual('{{'.format(), '{')
self.assertEqual('}}'.format(), '}')
self.assertEqual('{{}}'.format(), '{}')
self.assertEqual('{{x}}'.format(), '{x}')
self.assertEqual('{{{0}}}'.format(123), '{123}')
self.assertEqual('{{{{0}}}}'.format(), '{{0}}')
self.assertEqual('}}{{'.format(), '}{')
self.assertEqual('}}x{{'.format(), '}x{')
# weird field names
self.assertEqual("{0[foo-bar]}".format({'foo-bar':'baz'}), 'baz')
self.assertEqual("{0[foo bar]}".format({'foo bar':'baz'}), 'baz')
self.assertEqual("{0[ ]}".format({' ':3}), '3')
self.assertEqual('{foo._x}'.format(foo=C(20)), '20')
self.assertEqual('{1}{0}'.format(D(10), D(20)), '2010')
self.assertEqual('{0._x.x}'.format(C(D('abc'))), 'abc')
self.assertEqual('{0[0]}'.format(['abc', 'def']), 'abc')
self.assertEqual('{0[1]}'.format(['abc', 'def']), 'def')
self.assertEqual('{0[1][0]}'.format(['abc', ['def']]), 'def')
self.assertEqual('{0[1][0].x}'.format(['abc', [D('def')]]), 'def')
# strings
self.assertEqual('{0:.3s}'.format('abc'), 'abc')
self.assertEqual('{0:.3s}'.format('ab'), 'ab')
self.assertEqual('{0:.3s}'.format('abcdef'), 'abc')
self.assertEqual('{0:.0s}'.format('abcdef'), '')
self.assertEqual('{0:3.3s}'.format('abc'), 'abc')
self.assertEqual('{0:2.3s}'.format('abc'), 'abc')
self.assertEqual('{0:2.2s}'.format('abc'), 'ab')
self.assertEqual('{0:3.2s}'.format('abc'), 'ab ')
self.assertEqual('{0:x<0s}'.format('result'), 'result')
self.assertEqual('{0:x<5s}'.format('result'), 'result')
self.assertEqual('{0:x<6s}'.format('result'), 'result')
self.assertEqual('{0:x<7s}'.format('result'), 'resultx')
self.assertEqual('{0:x<8s}'.format('result'), 'resultxx')
self.assertEqual('{0: <7s}'.format('result'), 'result ')
self.assertEqual('{0:<7s}'.format('result'), 'result ')
self.assertEqual('{0:>7s}'.format('result'), ' result')
self.assertEqual('{0:>8s}'.format('result'), ' result')
self.assertEqual('{0:^8s}'.format('result'), ' result ')
self.assertEqual('{0:^9s}'.format('result'), ' result ')
self.assertEqual('{0:^10s}'.format('result'), ' result ')
self.assertEqual('{0:10000}'.format('a'), 'a' + ' ' * 9999)
self.assertEqual('{0:10000}'.format(''), ' ' * 10000)
self.assertEqual('{0:10000000}'.format(''), ' ' * 10000000)
# issue 12546: use \x00 as a fill character
self.assertEqual('{0:\x00<6s}'.format('foo'), 'foo\x00\x00\x00')
self.assertEqual('{0:\x01<6s}'.format('foo'), 'foo\x01\x01\x01')
self.assertEqual('{0:\x00^6s}'.format('foo'), '\x00foo\x00\x00')
self.assertEqual('{0:^6s}'.format('foo'), ' foo ')
self.assertEqual('{0:\x00<6}'.format(3), '3\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00')
self.assertEqual('{0:\x01<6}'.format(3), '3\x01\x01\x01\x01\x01')
self.assertEqual('{0:\x00^6}'.format(3), '\x00\x003\x00\x00\x00')
self.assertEqual('{0:<6}'.format(3), '3 ')
self.assertEqual('{0:\x00<6}'.format(3.14), '3.14\x00\x00')
self.assertEqual('{0:\x01<6}'.format(3.14), '3.14\x01\x01')
self.assertEqual('{0:\x00^6}'.format(3.14), '\x003.14\x00')
self.assertEqual('{0:^6}'.format(3.14), ' 3.14 ')
self.assertEqual('{0:\x00<12}'.format(3+2.0j), '(3+2j)\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00')
self.assertEqual('{0:\x01<12}'.format(3+2.0j), '(3+2j)\x01\x01\x01\x01\x01\x01')
self.assertEqual('{0:\x00^12}'.format(3+2.0j), '\x00\x00\x00(3+2j)\x00\x00\x00')
self.assertEqual('{0:^12}'.format(3+2.0j), ' (3+2j) ')
# format specifiers for user defined type
self.assertEqual('{0:abc}'.format(C()), 'abc')
# !r, !s and !a coercions
self.assertEqual('{0!s}'.format('Hello'), 'Hello')
self.assertEqual('{0!s:}'.format('Hello'), 'Hello')
self.assertEqual('{0!s:15}'.format('Hello'), 'Hello ')
self.assertEqual('{0!s:15s}'.format('Hello'), 'Hello ')
self.assertEqual('{0!r}'.format('Hello'), "'Hello'")
self.assertEqual('{0!r:}'.format('Hello'), "'Hello'")
self.assertEqual('{0!r}'.format(F('Hello')), 'F(Hello)')
self.assertEqual('{0!r}'.format('\u0378'), "'\\u0378'") # nonprintable
self.assertEqual('{0!r}'.format('\u0374'), "'\u0374'") # printable
self.assertEqual('{0!r}'.format(F('\u0374')), 'F(\u0374)')
self.assertEqual('{0!a}'.format('Hello'), "'Hello'")
self.assertEqual('{0!a}'.format('\u0378'), "'\\u0378'") # nonprintable
self.assertEqual('{0!a}'.format('\u0374'), "'\\u0374'") # printable
self.assertEqual('{0!a:}'.format('Hello'), "'Hello'")
self.assertEqual('{0!a}'.format(F('Hello')), 'F(Hello)')
self.assertEqual('{0!a}'.format(F('\u0374')), 'F(\\u0374)')
# test fallback to object.__format__
self.assertEqual('{0}'.format({}), '{}')
self.assertEqual('{0}'.format([]), '[]')
self.assertEqual('{0}'.format([1]), '[1]')
self.assertEqual('{0:d}'.format(G('data')), 'G(data)')
self.assertEqual('{0!s}'.format(G('data')), 'string is data')
self.assertRaises(TypeError, '{0:^10}'.format, E('data'))
self.assertRaises(TypeError, '{0:^10s}'.format, E('data'))
self.assertRaises(TypeError, '{0:>15s}'.format, G('data'))
self.assertEqual("{0:date: %Y-%m-%d}".format(I(year=2007,
month=8,
day=27)),
"date: 2007-08-27")
# test deriving from a builtin type and overriding __format__
self.assertEqual("{0}".format(J(10)), "20")
# string format specifiers
self.assertEqual('{0:}'.format('a'), 'a')
# computed format specifiers
self.assertEqual("{0:.{1}}".format('hello world', 5), 'hello')
self.assertEqual("{0:.{1}s}".format('hello world', 5), 'hello')
self.assertEqual("{0:.{precision}s}".format('hello world', precision=5), 'hello')
self.assertEqual("{0:{width}.{precision}s}".format('hello world', width=10, precision=5), 'hello ')
self.assertEqual("{0:{width}.{precision}s}".format('hello world', width='10', precision='5'), 'hello ')
# test various errors
self.assertRaises(ValueError, '{'.format)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, '}'.format)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, 'a{'.format)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, 'a}'.format)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, '{a'.format)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, '}a'.format)
self.assertRaises(IndexError, '{0}'.format)
self.assertRaises(IndexError, '{1}'.format, 'abc')
self.assertRaises(KeyError, '{x}'.format)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, "}{".format)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, "abc{0:{}".format)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, "{0".format)
self.assertRaises(IndexError, "{0.}".format)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, "{0.}".format, 0)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, "{0[}".format)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, "{0[}".format, [])
self.assertRaises(KeyError, "{0]}".format)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, "{0.[]}".format, 0)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, "{0..foo}".format, 0)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, "{0[0}".format, 0)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, "{0[0:foo}".format, 0)
self.assertRaises(KeyError, "{c]}".format)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, "{{ {{{0}}".format, 0)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, "{0}}".format, 0)
self.assertRaises(KeyError, "{foo}".format, bar=3)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, "{0!x}".format, 3)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, "{0!}".format, 0)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, "{0!rs}".format, 0)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, "{!}".format)
self.assertRaises(IndexError, "{:}".format)
self.assertRaises(IndexError, "{:s}".format)
self.assertRaises(IndexError, "{}".format)
big = "23098475029384702983476098230754973209482573"
self.assertRaises(ValueError, ("{" + big + "}").format)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, ("{[" + big + "]}").format, [0])
# issue 6089
self.assertRaises(ValueError, "{0[0]x}".format, [None])
self.assertRaises(ValueError, "{0[0](10)}".format, [None])
# can't have a replacement on the field name portion
self.assertRaises(TypeError, '{0[{1}]}'.format, 'abcdefg', 4)
# exceed maximum recursion depth
self.assertRaises(ValueError, "{0:{1:{2}}}".format, 'abc', 's', '')
self.assertRaises(ValueError, "{0:{1:{2:{3:{4:{5:{6}}}}}}}".format,
0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7)
# string format spec errors
self.assertRaises(ValueError, "{0:-s}".format, '')
self.assertRaises(ValueError, format, "", "-")
self.assertRaises(ValueError, "{0:=s}".format, '')
# Alternate formatting is not supported
self.assertRaises(ValueError, format, '', '#')
self.assertRaises(ValueError, format, '', '#20')
# Non-ASCII
self.assertEqual("{0:s}{1:s}".format("ABC", "\u0410\u0411\u0412"),
'ABC\u0410\u0411\u0412')
self.assertEqual("{0:.3s}".format("ABC\u0410\u0411\u0412"),
'ABC')
self.assertEqual("{0:.0s}".format("ABC\u0410\u0411\u0412"),
'')
self.assertEqual("{[{}]}".format({"{}": 5}), "5")
self.assertEqual("{[{}]}".format({"{}" : "a"}), "a")
self.assertEqual("{[{]}".format({"{" : "a"}), "a")
self.assertEqual("{[}]}".format({"}" : "a"}), "a")
self.assertEqual("{[[]}".format({"[" : "a"}), "a")
self.assertEqual("{[!]}".format({"!" : "a"}), "a")
self.assertRaises(ValueError, "{a{}b}".format, 42)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, "{a{b}".format, 42)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, "{[}".format, 42)
self.assertEqual("0x{:0{:d}X}".format(0x0,16), "0x0000000000000000")
# Blocking fallback
m = M('data')
self.assertEqual("{!r}".format(m), 'M(data)')
self.assertRaises(TypeError, "{!s}".format, m)
self.assertRaises(TypeError, "{}".format, m)
n = N('data')
self.assertEqual("{!r}".format(n), 'N(data)')
self.assertEqual("{!s}".format(n), 'N(data)')
self.assertRaises(TypeError, "{}".format, n)
def test_format_map(self):
self.assertEqual(''.format_map({}), '')
self.assertEqual('a'.format_map({}), 'a')
self.assertEqual('ab'.format_map({}), 'ab')
self.assertEqual('a{{'.format_map({}), 'a{')
self.assertEqual('a}}'.format_map({}), 'a}')
self.assertEqual('{{b'.format_map({}), '{b')
self.assertEqual('}}b'.format_map({}), '}b')
self.assertEqual('a{{b'.format_map({}), 'a{b')
# using mappings
class Mapping(dict):
def __missing__(self, key):
return key
self.assertEqual('{hello}'.format_map(Mapping()), 'hello')
self.assertEqual('{a} {world}'.format_map(Mapping(a='hello')), 'hello world')
class InternalMapping:
def __init__(self):
self.mapping = {'a': 'hello'}
def __getitem__(self, key):
return self.mapping[key]
self.assertEqual('{a}'.format_map(InternalMapping()), 'hello')
class C:
def __init__(self, x=100):
self._x = x
def __format__(self, spec):
return spec
self.assertEqual('{foo._x}'.format_map({'foo': C(20)}), '20')
# test various errors
self.assertRaises(TypeError, ''.format_map)
self.assertRaises(TypeError, 'a'.format_map)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, '{'.format_map, {})
self.assertRaises(ValueError, '}'.format_map, {})
self.assertRaises(ValueError, 'a{'.format_map, {})
self.assertRaises(ValueError, 'a}'.format_map, {})
self.assertRaises(ValueError, '{a'.format_map, {})
self.assertRaises(ValueError, '}a'.format_map, {})
# issue #12579: can't supply positional params to format_map
self.assertRaises(ValueError, '{}'.format_map, {'a' : 2})
self.assertRaises(ValueError, '{}'.format_map, 'a')
self.assertRaises(ValueError, '{a} {}'.format_map, {"a" : 2, "b" : 1})
class BadMapping:
def __getitem__(self, key):
return 1/0
self.assertRaises(KeyError, '{a}'.format_map, {})
self.assertRaises(TypeError, '{a}'.format_map, [])
self.assertRaises(ZeroDivisionError, '{a}'.format_map, BadMapping())
def test_format_huge_precision(self):
format_string = ".{}f".format(sys.maxsize + 1)
with self.assertRaises(ValueError):
result = format(2.34, format_string)
def test_format_huge_width(self):
format_string = "{}f".format(sys.maxsize + 1)
with self.assertRaises(ValueError):
result = format(2.34, format_string)
def test_format_huge_item_number(self):
format_string = "{{{}:.6f}}".format(sys.maxsize + 1)
with self.assertRaises(ValueError):
result = format_string.format(2.34)
def test_format_auto_numbering(self):
class C:
def __init__(self, x=100):
self._x = x
def __format__(self, spec):
return spec
self.assertEqual('{}'.format(10), '10')
self.assertEqual('{:5}'.format('s'), 's ')
self.assertEqual('{!r}'.format('s'), "'s'")
self.assertEqual('{._x}'.format(C(10)), '10')
self.assertEqual('{[1]}'.format([1, 2]), '2')
self.assertEqual('{[a]}'.format({'a':4, 'b':2}), '4')
self.assertEqual('a{}b{}c'.format(0, 1), 'a0b1c')
self.assertEqual('a{:{}}b'.format('x', '^10'), 'a x b')
self.assertEqual('a{:{}x}b'.format(20, '#'), 'a0x14b')
# can't mix and match numbering and auto-numbering
self.assertRaises(ValueError, '{}{1}'.format, 1, 2)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, '{1}{}'.format, 1, 2)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, '{:{1}}'.format, 1, 2)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, '{0:{}}'.format, 1, 2)
# can mix and match auto-numbering and named
self.assertEqual('{f}{}'.format(4, f='test'), 'test4')
self.assertEqual('{}{f}'.format(4, f='test'), '4test')
self.assertEqual('{:{f}}{g}{}'.format(1, 3, g='g', f=2), ' 1g3')
self.assertEqual('{f:{}}{}{g}'.format(2, 4, f=1, g='g'), ' 14g')
def test_formatting(self):
string_tests.MixinStrUnicodeUserStringTest.test_formatting(self)
# Testing Unicode formatting strings...
self.assertEqual("%s, %s" % ("abc", "abc"), 'abc, abc')
self.assertEqual("%s, %s, %i, %f, %5.2f" % ("abc", "abc", 1, 2, 3), 'abc, abc, 1, 2.000000, 3.00')
self.assertEqual("%s, %s, %i, %f, %5.2f" % ("abc", "abc", 1, -2, 3), 'abc, abc, 1, -2.000000, 3.00')
self.assertEqual("%s, %s, %i, %f, %5.2f" % ("abc", "abc", -1, -2, 3.5), 'abc, abc, -1, -2.000000, 3.50')
self.assertEqual("%s, %s, %i, %f, %5.2f" % ("abc", "abc", -1, -2, 3.57), 'abc, abc, -1, -2.000000, 3.57')
self.assertEqual("%s, %s, %i, %f, %5.2f" % ("abc", "abc", -1, -2, 1003.57), 'abc, abc, -1, -2.000000, 1003.57')
if not sys.platform.startswith('java'):
self.assertEqual("%r, %r" % (b"abc", "abc"), "b'abc', 'abc'")
self.assertEqual("%r" % ("\u1234",), "'\u1234'")
self.assertEqual("%a" % ("\u1234",), "'\\u1234'")
self.assertEqual("%(x)s, %(y)s" % {'x':"abc", 'y':"def"}, 'abc, def')
self.assertEqual("%(x)s, %(\xfc)s" % {'x':"abc", '\xfc':"def"}, 'abc, def')
self.assertEqual('%c' % 0x1234, '\u1234')
self.assertEqual('%c' % 0x21483, '\U00021483')
self.assertRaises(OverflowError, "%c".__mod__, (0x110000,))
self.assertEqual('%c' % '\U00021483', '\U00021483')
self.assertRaises(TypeError, "%c".__mod__, "aa")
self.assertRaises(ValueError, "%.1\u1032f".__mod__, (1.0/3))
self.assertRaises(TypeError, "%i".__mod__, "aa")
# formatting jobs delegated from the string implementation:
self.assertEqual('...%(foo)s...' % {'foo':"abc"}, '...abc...')
self.assertEqual('...%(foo)s...' % {'foo':"abc"}, '...abc...')
self.assertEqual('...%(foo)s...' % {'foo':"abc"}, '...abc...')
self.assertEqual('...%(foo)s...' % {'foo':"abc"}, '...abc...')
self.assertEqual('...%(foo)s...' % {'foo':"abc",'def':123}, '...abc...')
self.assertEqual('...%(foo)s...' % {'foo':"abc",'def':123}, '...abc...')
self.assertEqual('...%s...%s...%s...%s...' % (1,2,3,"abc"), '...1...2...3...abc...')
self.assertEqual('...%%...%%s...%s...%s...%s...%s...' % (1,2,3,"abc"), '...%...%s...1...2...3...abc...')
self.assertEqual('...%s...' % "abc", '...abc...')
self.assertEqual('%*s' % (5,'abc',), ' abc')
self.assertEqual('%*s' % (-5,'abc',), 'abc ')
self.assertEqual('%*.*s' % (5,2,'abc',), ' ab')
self.assertEqual('%*.*s' % (5,3,'abc',), ' abc')
self.assertEqual('%i %*.*s' % (10, 5,3,'abc',), '10 abc')
self.assertEqual('%i%s %*.*s' % (10, 3, 5, 3, 'abc',), '103 abc')
self.assertEqual('%c' % 'a', 'a')
class Wrapper:
def __str__(self):
return '\u1234'
self.assertEqual('%s' % Wrapper(), '\u1234')
# issue 3382
NAN = float('nan')
INF = float('inf')
self.assertEqual('%f' % NAN, 'nan')
self.assertEqual('%F' % NAN, 'NAN')
self.assertEqual('%f' % INF, 'inf')
self.assertEqual('%F' % INF, 'INF')
# PEP 393
self.assertEqual('%.1s' % "a\xe9\u20ac", 'a')
self.assertEqual('%.2s' % "a\xe9\u20ac", 'a\xe9')
#issue 19995
class PseudoInt:
def __init__(self, value):
self.value = int(value)
def __int__(self):
return self.value
def __index__(self):
return self.value
class PseudoFloat:
def __init__(self, value):
self.value = float(value)
def __int__(self):
return int(self.value)
pi = PseudoFloat(3.1415)
letter_m = PseudoInt(109)
self.assertEqual('%x' % 42, '2a')
self.assertEqual('%X' % 15, 'F')
self.assertEqual('%o' % 9, '11')
self.assertEqual('%c' % 109, 'm')
self.assertEqual('%x' % letter_m, '6d')
self.assertEqual('%X' % letter_m, '6D')
self.assertEqual('%o' % letter_m, '155')
self.assertEqual('%c' % letter_m, 'm')
self.assertRaisesRegex(TypeError, '%x format: an integer is required, not float', operator.mod, '%x', 3.14),
self.assertRaisesRegex(TypeError, '%X format: an integer is required, not float', operator.mod, '%X', 2.11),
self.assertRaisesRegex(TypeError, '%o format: an integer is required, not float', operator.mod, '%o', 1.79),
self.assertRaisesRegex(TypeError, '%x format: an integer is required, not PseudoFloat', operator.mod, '%x', pi),
self.assertRaises(TypeError, operator.mod, '%c', pi),
def test_formatting_with_enum(self):
# issue18780
import enum
class Float(float, enum.Enum):
PI = 3.1415926
class Int(enum.IntEnum):
IDES = 15
class Str(str, enum.Enum):
ABC = 'abc'
# Testing Unicode formatting strings...
self.assertEqual("%s, %s" % (Str.ABC, Str.ABC),
'Str.ABC, Str.ABC')
self.assertEqual("%s, %s, %d, %i, %u, %f, %5.2f" %
(Str.ABC, Str.ABC,
Int.IDES, Int.IDES, Int.IDES,
Float.PI, Float.PI),
'Str.ABC, Str.ABC, 15, 15, 15, 3.141593, 3.14')
# formatting jobs delegated from the string implementation:
self.assertEqual('...%(foo)s...' % {'foo':Str.ABC},
'...Str.ABC...')
self.assertEqual('...%(foo)s...' % {'foo':Int.IDES},
'...Int.IDES...')
self.assertEqual('...%(foo)i...' % {'foo':Int.IDES},
'...15...')
self.assertEqual('...%(foo)d...' % {'foo':Int.IDES},
'...15...')
self.assertEqual('...%(foo)u...' % {'foo':Int.IDES, 'def':Float.PI},
'...15...')
self.assertEqual('...%(foo)f...' % {'foo':Float.PI,'def':123},
'...3.141593...')
def test_formatting_huge_precision(self):
format_string = "%.{}f".format(sys.maxsize + 1)
with self.assertRaises(ValueError):
result = format_string % 2.34
def test_issue28598_strsubclass_rhs(self):
# A subclass of str with an __rmod__ method should be able to hook
# into the % operator
class SubclassedStr(str):
def __rmod__(self, other):
return 'Success, self.__rmod__({!r}) was called'.format(other)
self.assertEqual('lhs %% %r' % SubclassedStr('rhs'),
"Success, self.__rmod__('lhs %% %r') was called")
@support.cpython_only
def test_formatting_huge_precision_c_limits(self):
from _testcapi import INT_MAX
format_string = "%.{}f".format(INT_MAX + 1)
with self.assertRaises(ValueError):
result = format_string % 2.34
def test_formatting_huge_width(self):
format_string = "%{}f".format(sys.maxsize + 1)
with self.assertRaises(ValueError):
result = format_string % 2.34
def test_startswith_endswith_errors(self):
for meth in ('foo'.startswith, 'foo'.endswith):
with self.assertRaises(TypeError) as cm:
meth(['f'])
exc = str(cm.exception)
self.assertIn('str', exc)
self.assertIn('tuple', exc)
@support.run_with_locale('LC_ALL', 'de_DE', 'fr_FR')
def test_format_float(self):
# should not format with a comma, but always with C locale
self.assertEqual('1.0', '%.1f' % 1.0)
def test_constructor(self):
# unicode(obj) tests (this maps to PyObject_Unicode() at C level)
self.assertEqual(
str('unicode remains unicode'),
'unicode remains unicode'
)
for text in ('ascii', '\xe9', '\u20ac', '\U0010FFFF'):
subclass = StrSubclass(text)
self.assertEqual(str(subclass), text)
self.assertEqual(len(subclass), len(text))
if text == 'ascii':
self.assertEqual(subclass.encode('ascii'), b'ascii')
self.assertEqual(subclass.encode('utf-8'), b'ascii')
self.assertEqual(
str('strings are converted to unicode'),
'strings are converted to unicode'
)
class StringCompat:
def __init__(self, x):
self.x = x
def __str__(self):
return self.x
self.assertEqual(
str(StringCompat('__str__ compatible objects are recognized')),
'__str__ compatible objects are recognized'
)
# unicode(obj) is compatible to str():
o = StringCompat('unicode(obj) is compatible to str()')
self.assertEqual(str(o), 'unicode(obj) is compatible to str()')
self.assertEqual(str(o), 'unicode(obj) is compatible to str()')
for obj in (123, 123.45, 123):
self.assertEqual(str(obj), str(str(obj)))
# unicode(obj, encoding, error) tests (this maps to
# PyUnicode_FromEncodedObject() at C level)
if not sys.platform.startswith('java'):
self.assertRaises(
TypeError,
str,
'decoding unicode is not supported',
'utf-8',
'strict'
)
self.assertEqual(
str(b'strings are decoded to unicode', 'utf-8', 'strict'),
'strings are decoded to unicode'
)
if not sys.platform.startswith('java'):
self.assertEqual(
str(
memoryview(b'character buffers are decoded to unicode'),
'utf-8',
'strict'
),
'character buffers are decoded to unicode'
)
self.assertRaises(TypeError, str, 42, 42, 42)
def test_constructor_keyword_args(self):
"""Pass various keyword argument combinations to the constructor."""
# The object argument can be passed as a keyword.
self.assertEqual(str(object='foo'), 'foo')
self.assertEqual(str(object=b'foo', encoding='utf-8'), 'foo')
# The errors argument without encoding triggers "decode" mode.
self.assertEqual(str(b'foo', errors='strict'), 'foo') # not "b'foo'"
self.assertEqual(str(object=b'foo', errors='strict'), 'foo')
def test_constructor_defaults(self):
"""Check the constructor argument defaults."""
# The object argument defaults to '' or b''.
self.assertEqual(str(), '')
self.assertEqual(str(errors='strict'), '')
utf8_cent = '¢'.encode('utf-8')
# The encoding argument defaults to utf-8.
self.assertEqual(str(utf8_cent, errors='strict'), '¢')
# The errors argument defaults to strict.
self.assertRaises(UnicodeDecodeError, str, utf8_cent, encoding='ascii')
def test_codecs_utf7(self):
utfTests = [
('A\u2262\u0391.', b'A+ImIDkQ.'), # RFC2152 example
('Hi Mom -\u263a-!', b'Hi Mom -+Jjo--!'), # RFC2152 example
('\u65E5\u672C\u8A9E', b'+ZeVnLIqe-'), # RFC2152 example
('Item 3 is \u00a31.', b'Item 3 is +AKM-1.'), # RFC2152 example
('+', b'+-'),
('+-', b'+--'),
('+?', b'+-?'),
(r'\?', b'+AFw?'),
('+?', b'+-?'),
(r'\\?', b'+AFwAXA?'),
(r'\\\?', b'+AFwAXABc?'),
(r'++--', b'+-+---'),
('\U000abcde', b'+2m/c3g-'), # surrogate pairs
('/', b'/'),
]
for (x, y) in utfTests:
self.assertEqual(x.encode('utf-7'), y)
# Unpaired surrogates are passed through
self.assertEqual('\uD801'.encode('utf-7'), b'+2AE-')
self.assertEqual('\uD801x'.encode('utf-7'), b'+2AE-x')
self.assertEqual('\uDC01'.encode('utf-7'), b'+3AE-')
self.assertEqual('\uDC01x'.encode('utf-7'), b'+3AE-x')
self.assertEqual(b'+2AE-'.decode('utf-7'), '\uD801')
self.assertEqual(b'+2AE-x'.decode('utf-7'), '\uD801x')
self.assertEqual(b'+3AE-'.decode('utf-7'), '\uDC01')
self.assertEqual(b'+3AE-x'.decode('utf-7'), '\uDC01x')
self.assertEqual('\uD801\U000abcde'.encode('utf-7'), b'+2AHab9ze-')
self.assertEqual(b'+2AHab9ze-'.decode('utf-7'), '\uD801\U000abcde')
# Issue #2242: crash on some Windows/MSVC versions
self.assertEqual(b'+\xc1'.decode('utf-7', 'ignore'), '')
# Direct encoded characters
set_d = "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789'(),-./:?"
# Optional direct characters
set_o = '!"#$%&*;<=>@[]^_`{|}'
for c in set_d:
self.assertEqual(c.encode('utf7'), c.encode('ascii'))
self.assertEqual(c.encode('ascii').decode('utf7'), c)
for c in set_o:
self.assertEqual(c.encode('ascii').decode('utf7'), c)
def test_codecs_utf8(self):
self.assertEqual(''.encode('utf-8'), b'')
self.assertEqual('\u20ac'.encode('utf-8'), b'\xe2\x82\xac')
self.assertEqual('\U00010002'.encode('utf-8'), b'\xf0\x90\x80\x82')
self.assertEqual('\U00023456'.encode('utf-8'), b'\xf0\xa3\x91\x96')
self.assertEqual('\ud800'.encode('utf-8', 'surrogatepass'), b'\xed\xa0\x80')
self.assertEqual('\udc00'.encode('utf-8', 'surrogatepass'), b'\xed\xb0\x80')
self.assertEqual(('\U00010002'*10).encode('utf-8'),
b'\xf0\x90\x80\x82'*10)
self.assertEqual(
'\u6b63\u78ba\u306b\u8a00\u3046\u3068\u7ffb\u8a33\u306f'
'\u3055\u308c\u3066\u3044\u307e\u305b\u3093\u3002\u4e00'
'\u90e8\u306f\u30c9\u30a4\u30c4\u8a9e\u3067\u3059\u304c'
'\u3001\u3042\u3068\u306f\u3067\u305f\u3089\u3081\u3067'
'\u3059\u3002\u5b9f\u969b\u306b\u306f\u300cWenn ist das'
' Nunstuck git und'.encode('utf-8'),
b'\xe6\xad\xa3\xe7\xa2\xba\xe3\x81\xab\xe8\xa8\x80\xe3\x81'
b'\x86\xe3\x81\xa8\xe7\xbf\xbb\xe8\xa8\xb3\xe3\x81\xaf\xe3'
b'\x81\x95\xe3\x82\x8c\xe3\x81\xa6\xe3\x81\x84\xe3\x81\xbe'
b'\xe3\x81\x9b\xe3\x82\x93\xe3\x80\x82\xe4\xb8\x80\xe9\x83'
b'\xa8\xe3\x81\xaf\xe3\x83\x89\xe3\x82\xa4\xe3\x83\x84\xe8'
b'\xaa\x9e\xe3\x81\xa7\xe3\x81\x99\xe3\x81\x8c\xe3\x80\x81'
b'\xe3\x81\x82\xe3\x81\xa8\xe3\x81\xaf\xe3\x81\xa7\xe3\x81'
b'\x9f\xe3\x82\x89\xe3\x82\x81\xe3\x81\xa7\xe3\x81\x99\xe3'
b'\x80\x82\xe5\xae\x9f\xe9\x9a\x9b\xe3\x81\xab\xe3\x81\xaf'
b'\xe3\x80\x8cWenn ist das Nunstuck git und'
)
# UTF-8 specific decoding tests
self.assertEqual(str(b'\xf0\xa3\x91\x96', 'utf-8'), '\U00023456' )
self.assertEqual(str(b'\xf0\x90\x80\x82', 'utf-8'), '\U00010002' )
self.assertEqual(str(b'\xe2\x82\xac', 'utf-8'), '\u20ac' )
# Other possible utf-8 test cases:
# * strict decoding testing for all of the
# UTF8_ERROR cases in PyUnicode_DecodeUTF8
def test_utf8_decode_valid_sequences(self):
sequences = [
# single byte
(b'\x00', '\x00'), (b'a', 'a'), (b'\x7f', '\x7f'),
# 2 bytes
(b'\xc2\x80', '\x80'), (b'\xdf\xbf', '\u07ff'),
# 3 bytes
(b'\xe0\xa0\x80', '\u0800'), (b'\xed\x9f\xbf', '\ud7ff'),
(b'\xee\x80\x80', '\uE000'), (b'\xef\xbf\xbf', '\uffff'),
# 4 bytes
(b'\xF0\x90\x80\x80', '\U00010000'),
(b'\xf4\x8f\xbf\xbf', '\U0010FFFF')
]
for seq, res in sequences:
self.assertEqual(seq.decode('utf-8'), res)
def test_utf8_decode_invalid_sequences(self):
# continuation bytes in a sequence of 2, 3, or 4 bytes
continuation_bytes = [bytes([x]) for x in range(0x80, 0xC0)]
# start bytes of a 2-byte sequence equivalent to code points < 0x7F
invalid_2B_seq_start_bytes = [bytes([x]) for x in range(0xC0, 0xC2)]
# start bytes of a 4-byte sequence equivalent to code points > 0x10FFFF
invalid_4B_seq_start_bytes = [bytes([x]) for x in range(0xF5, 0xF8)]
invalid_start_bytes = (
continuation_bytes + invalid_2B_seq_start_bytes +
invalid_4B_seq_start_bytes + [bytes([x]) for x in range(0xF7, 0x100)]
)
for byte in invalid_start_bytes:
self.assertRaises(UnicodeDecodeError, byte.decode, 'utf-8')
for sb in invalid_2B_seq_start_bytes:
for cb in continuation_bytes:
self.assertRaises(UnicodeDecodeError, (sb+cb).decode, 'utf-8')
for sb in invalid_4B_seq_start_bytes:
for cb1 in continuation_bytes[:3]:
for cb3 in continuation_bytes[:3]:
self.assertRaises(UnicodeDecodeError,
(sb+cb1+b'\x80'+cb3).decode, 'utf-8')
for cb in [bytes([x]) for x in range(0x80, 0xA0)]:
self.assertRaises(UnicodeDecodeError,
(b'\xE0'+cb+b'\x80').decode, 'utf-8')
self.assertRaises(UnicodeDecodeError,
(b'\xE0'+cb+b'\xBF').decode, 'utf-8')
# surrogates
for cb in [bytes([x]) for x in range(0xA0, 0xC0)]:
self.assertRaises(UnicodeDecodeError,
(b'\xED'+cb+b'\x80').decode, 'utf-8')
self.assertRaises(UnicodeDecodeError,
(b'\xED'+cb+b'\xBF').decode, 'utf-8')
for cb in [bytes([x]) for x in range(0x80, 0x90)]:
self.assertRaises(UnicodeDecodeError,
(b'\xF0'+cb+b'\x80\x80').decode, 'utf-8')
self.assertRaises(UnicodeDecodeError,
(b'\xF0'+cb+b'\xBF\xBF').decode, 'utf-8')
for cb in [bytes([x]) for x in range(0x90, 0xC0)]:
self.assertRaises(UnicodeDecodeError,
(b'\xF4'+cb+b'\x80\x80').decode, 'utf-8')
self.assertRaises(UnicodeDecodeError,
(b'\xF4'+cb+b'\xBF\xBF').decode, 'utf-8')
def test_issue8271(self):
# Issue #8271: during the decoding of an invalid UTF-8 byte sequence,
# only the start byte and the continuation byte(s) are now considered
# invalid, instead of the number of bytes specified by the start byte.
# See http://www.unicode.org/versions/Unicode5.2.0/ch03.pdf (page 95,
# table 3-8, Row 2) for more information about the algorithm used.
FFFD = '\ufffd'
sequences = [
# invalid start bytes
(b'\x80', FFFD), # continuation byte
(b'\x80\x80', FFFD*2), # 2 continuation bytes
(b'\xc0', FFFD),
(b'\xc0\xc0', FFFD*2),
(b'\xc1', FFFD),
(b'\xc1\xc0', FFFD*2),
(b'\xc0\xc1', FFFD*2),
# with start byte of a 2-byte sequence
(b'\xc2', FFFD), # only the start byte
(b'\xc2\xc2', FFFD*2), # 2 start bytes
(b'\xc2\xc2\xc2', FFFD*3), # 3 start bytes
(b'\xc2\x41', FFFD+'A'), # invalid continuation byte
# with start byte of a 3-byte sequence
(b'\xe1', FFFD), # only the start byte
(b'\xe1\xe1', FFFD*2), # 2 start bytes
(b'\xe1\xe1\xe1', FFFD*3), # 3 start bytes
(b'\xe1\xe1\xe1\xe1', FFFD*4), # 4 start bytes
(b'\xe1\x80', FFFD), # only 1 continuation byte
(b'\xe1\x41', FFFD+'A'), # invalid continuation byte
(b'\xe1\x41\x80', FFFD+'A'+FFFD), # invalid cb followed by valid cb
(b'\xe1\x41\x41', FFFD+'AA'), # 2 invalid continuation bytes
(b'\xe1\x80\x41', FFFD+'A'), # only 1 valid continuation byte
(b'\xe1\x80\xe1\x41', FFFD*2+'A'), # 1 valid and the other invalid
(b'\xe1\x41\xe1\x80', FFFD+'A'+FFFD), # 1 invalid and the other valid
# with start byte of a 4-byte sequence
(b'\xf1', FFFD), # only the start byte
(b'\xf1\xf1', FFFD*2), # 2 start bytes
(b'\xf1\xf1\xf1', FFFD*3), # 3 start bytes
(b'\xf1\xf1\xf1\xf1', FFFD*4), # 4 start bytes
(b'\xf1\xf1\xf1\xf1\xf1', FFFD*5), # 5 start bytes
(b'\xf1\x80', FFFD), # only 1 continuation bytes
(b'\xf1\x80\x80', FFFD), # only 2 continuation bytes
(b'\xf1\x80\x41', FFFD+'A'), # 1 valid cb and 1 invalid
(b'\xf1\x80\x41\x41', FFFD+'AA'), # 1 valid cb and 1 invalid
(b'\xf1\x80\x80\x41', FFFD+'A'), # 2 valid cb and 1 invalid
(b'\xf1\x41\x80', FFFD+'A'+FFFD), # 1 invalid cv and 1 valid
(b'\xf1\x41\x80\x80', FFFD+'A'+FFFD*2), # 1 invalid cb and 2 invalid
(b'\xf1\x41\x80\x41', FFFD+'A'+FFFD+'A'), # 2 invalid cb and 1 invalid
(b'\xf1\x41\x41\x80', FFFD+'AA'+FFFD), # 1 valid cb and 1 invalid
(b'\xf1\x41\xf1\x80', FFFD+'A'+FFFD),
(b'\xf1\x41\x80\xf1', FFFD+'A'+FFFD*2),
(b'\xf1\xf1\x80\x41', FFFD*2+'A'),
(b'\xf1\x41\xf1\xf1', FFFD+'A'+FFFD*2),
# with invalid start byte of a 4-byte sequence (rfc2279)
(b'\xf5', FFFD), # only the start byte
(b'\xf5\xf5', FFFD*2), # 2 start bytes
(b'\xf5\x80', FFFD*2), # only 1 continuation byte
(b'\xf5\x80\x80', FFFD*3), # only 2 continuation byte
(b'\xf5\x80\x80\x80', FFFD*4), # 3 continuation bytes
(b'\xf5\x80\x41', FFFD*2+'A'), # 1 valid cb and 1 invalid
(b'\xf5\x80\x41\xf5', FFFD*2+'A'+FFFD),
(b'\xf5\x41\x80\x80\x41', FFFD+'A'+FFFD*2+'A'),
# with invalid start byte of a 5-byte sequence (rfc2279)
(b'\xf8', FFFD), # only the start byte
(b'\xf8\xf8', FFFD*2), # 2 start bytes
(b'\xf8\x80', FFFD*2), # only one continuation byte
(b'\xf8\x80\x41', FFFD*2 + 'A'), # 1 valid cb and 1 invalid
(b'\xf8\x80\x80\x80\x80', FFFD*5), # invalid 5 bytes seq with 5 bytes
# with invalid start byte of a 6-byte sequence (rfc2279)
(b'\xfc', FFFD), # only the start byte
(b'\xfc\xfc', FFFD*2), # 2 start bytes
(b'\xfc\x80\x80', FFFD*3), # only 2 continuation bytes
(b'\xfc\x80\x80\x80\x80\x80', FFFD*6), # 6 continuation bytes
# invalid start byte
(b'\xfe', FFFD),
(b'\xfe\x80\x80', FFFD*3),
# other sequences
(b'\xf1\x80\x41\x42\x43', '\ufffd\x41\x42\x43'),
(b'\xf1\x80\xff\x42\x43', '\ufffd\ufffd\x42\x43'),
(b'\xf1\x80\xc2\x81\x43', '\ufffd\x81\x43'),
(b'\x61\xF1\x80\x80\xE1\x80\xC2\x62\x80\x63\x80\xBF\x64',
'\x61\uFFFD\uFFFD\uFFFD\x62\uFFFD\x63\uFFFD\uFFFD\x64'),
]
for n, (seq, res) in enumerate(sequences):
self.assertRaises(UnicodeDecodeError, seq.decode, 'utf-8', 'strict')
self.assertEqual(seq.decode('utf-8', 'replace'), res)
self.assertEqual((seq+b'b').decode('utf-8', 'replace'), res+'b')
self.assertEqual(seq.decode('utf-8', 'ignore'),
res.replace('\uFFFD', ''))
def assertCorrectUTF8Decoding(self, seq, res, err):
"""
Check that an invalid UTF-8 sequence raises a UnicodeDecodeError when
'strict' is used, returns res when 'replace' is used, and that doesn't
return anything when 'ignore' is used.
"""
with self.assertRaises(UnicodeDecodeError) as cm:
seq.decode('utf-8')
exc = cm.exception
self.assertIn(err, str(exc))
self.assertEqual(seq.decode('utf-8', 'replace'), res)
self.assertEqual((b'aaaa' + seq + b'bbbb').decode('utf-8', 'replace'),
'aaaa' + res + 'bbbb')
res = res.replace('\ufffd', '')
self.assertEqual(seq.decode('utf-8', 'ignore'), res)
self.assertEqual((b'aaaa' + seq + b'bbbb').decode('utf-8', 'ignore'),
'aaaa' + res + 'bbbb')
def test_invalid_start_byte(self):
"""
Test that an 'invalid start byte' error is raised when the first byte
is not in the ASCII range or is not a valid start byte of a 2-, 3-, or
4-bytes sequence. The invalid start byte is replaced with a single
U+FFFD when errors='replace'.
E.g. <80> is a continuation byte and can appear only after a start byte.
"""
FFFD = '\ufffd'
for byte in b'\x80\xA0\x9F\xBF\xC0\xC1\xF5\xFF':
self.assertCorrectUTF8Decoding(bytes([byte]), '\ufffd',
'invalid start byte')
def test_unexpected_end_of_data(self):
"""
Test that an 'unexpected end of data' error is raised when the string
ends after a start byte of a 2-, 3-, or 4-bytes sequence without having
enough continuation bytes. The incomplete sequence is replaced with a
single U+FFFD when errors='replace'.
E.g. in the sequence <F3 80 80>, F3 is the start byte of a 4-bytes
sequence, but it's followed by only 2 valid continuation bytes and the
last continuation bytes is missing.
Note: the continuation bytes must be all valid, if one of them is
invalid another error will be raised.
"""
sequences = [
'C2', 'DF',
'E0 A0', 'E0 BF', 'E1 80', 'E1 BF', 'EC 80', 'EC BF',
'ED 80', 'ED 9F', 'EE 80', 'EE BF', 'EF 80', 'EF BF',
'F0 90', 'F0 BF', 'F0 90 80', 'F0 90 BF', 'F0 BF 80', 'F0 BF BF',
'F1 80', 'F1 BF', 'F1 80 80', 'F1 80 BF', 'F1 BF 80', 'F1 BF BF',
'F3 80', 'F3 BF', 'F3 80 80', 'F3 80 BF', 'F3 BF 80', 'F3 BF BF',
'F4 80', 'F4 8F', 'F4 80 80', 'F4 80 BF', 'F4 8F 80', 'F4 8F BF'
]
FFFD = '\ufffd'
for seq in sequences:
self.assertCorrectUTF8Decoding(bytes.fromhex(seq), '\ufffd',
'unexpected end of data')
def test_invalid_cb_for_2bytes_seq(self):
"""
Test that an 'invalid continuation byte' error is raised when the
continuation byte of a 2-bytes sequence is invalid. The start byte
is replaced by a single U+FFFD and the second byte is handled
separately when errors='replace'.
E.g. in the sequence <C2 41>, C2 is the start byte of a 2-bytes
sequence, but 41 is not a valid continuation byte because it's the
ASCII letter 'A'.
"""
FFFD = '\ufffd'
FFFDx2 = FFFD * 2
sequences = [
('C2 00', FFFD+'\x00'), ('C2 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'),
('C2 C0', FFFDx2), ('C2 FF', FFFDx2),
('DF 00', FFFD+'\x00'), ('DF 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'),
('DF C0', FFFDx2), ('DF FF', FFFDx2),
]
for seq, res in sequences:
self.assertCorrectUTF8Decoding(bytes.fromhex(seq), res,
'invalid continuation byte')
def test_invalid_cb_for_3bytes_seq(self):
"""
Test that an 'invalid continuation byte' error is raised when the
continuation byte(s) of a 3-bytes sequence are invalid. When
errors='replace', if the first continuation byte is valid, the first
two bytes (start byte + 1st cb) are replaced by a single U+FFFD and the
third byte is handled separately, otherwise only the start byte is
replaced with a U+FFFD and the other continuation bytes are handled
separately.
E.g. in the sequence <E1 80 41>, E1 is the start byte of a 3-bytes
sequence, 80 is a valid continuation byte, but 41 is not a valid cb
because it's the ASCII letter 'A'.
Note: when the start byte is E0 or ED, the valid ranges for the first
continuation byte are limited to A0..BF and 80..9F respectively.
Python 2 used to consider all the bytes in range 80..BF valid when the
start byte was ED. This is fixed in Python 3.
"""
FFFD = '\ufffd'
FFFDx2 = FFFD * 2
sequences = [
('E0 00', FFFD+'\x00'), ('E0 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'), ('E0 80', FFFDx2),
('E0 9F', FFFDx2), ('E0 C0', FFFDx2), ('E0 FF', FFFDx2),
('E0 A0 00', FFFD+'\x00'), ('E0 A0 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'),
('E0 A0 C0', FFFDx2), ('E0 A0 FF', FFFDx2),
('E0 BF 00', FFFD+'\x00'), ('E0 BF 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'),
('E0 BF C0', FFFDx2), ('E0 BF FF', FFFDx2), ('E1 00', FFFD+'\x00'),
('E1 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'), ('E1 C0', FFFDx2), ('E1 FF', FFFDx2),
('E1 80 00', FFFD+'\x00'), ('E1 80 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'),
('E1 80 C0', FFFDx2), ('E1 80 FF', FFFDx2),
('E1 BF 00', FFFD+'\x00'), ('E1 BF 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'),
('E1 BF C0', FFFDx2), ('E1 BF FF', FFFDx2), ('EC 00', FFFD+'\x00'),
('EC 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'), ('EC C0', FFFDx2), ('EC FF', FFFDx2),
('EC 80 00', FFFD+'\x00'), ('EC 80 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'),
('EC 80 C0', FFFDx2), ('EC 80 FF', FFFDx2),
('EC BF 00', FFFD+'\x00'), ('EC BF 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'),
('EC BF C0', FFFDx2), ('EC BF FF', FFFDx2), ('ED 00', FFFD+'\x00'),
('ED 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'),
('ED A0', FFFDx2), ('ED BF', FFFDx2), # see note ^
('ED C0', FFFDx2), ('ED FF', FFFDx2), ('ED 80 00', FFFD+'\x00'),
('ED 80 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'), ('ED 80 C0', FFFDx2),
('ED 80 FF', FFFDx2), ('ED 9F 00', FFFD+'\x00'),
('ED 9F 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'), ('ED 9F C0', FFFDx2),
('ED 9F FF', FFFDx2), ('EE 00', FFFD+'\x00'),
('EE 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'), ('EE C0', FFFDx2), ('EE FF', FFFDx2),
('EE 80 00', FFFD+'\x00'), ('EE 80 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'),
('EE 80 C0', FFFDx2), ('EE 80 FF', FFFDx2),
('EE BF 00', FFFD+'\x00'), ('EE BF 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'),
('EE BF C0', FFFDx2), ('EE BF FF', FFFDx2), ('EF 00', FFFD+'\x00'),
('EF 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'), ('EF C0', FFFDx2), ('EF FF', FFFDx2),
('EF 80 00', FFFD+'\x00'), ('EF 80 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'),
('EF 80 C0', FFFDx2), ('EF 80 FF', FFFDx2),
('EF BF 00', FFFD+'\x00'), ('EF BF 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'),
('EF BF C0', FFFDx2), ('EF BF FF', FFFDx2),
]
for seq, res in sequences:
self.assertCorrectUTF8Decoding(bytes.fromhex(seq), res,
'invalid continuation byte')
def test_invalid_cb_for_4bytes_seq(self):
"""
Test that an 'invalid continuation byte' error is raised when the
continuation byte(s) of a 4-bytes sequence are invalid. When
errors='replace',the start byte and all the following valid
continuation bytes are replaced with a single U+FFFD, and all the bytes
starting from the first invalid continuation bytes (included) are
handled separately.
E.g. in the sequence <E1 80 41>, E1 is the start byte of a 3-bytes
sequence, 80 is a valid continuation byte, but 41 is not a valid cb
because it's the ASCII letter 'A'.
Note: when the start byte is E0 or ED, the valid ranges for the first
continuation byte are limited to A0..BF and 80..9F respectively.
However, when the start byte is ED, Python 2 considers all the bytes
in range 80..BF valid. This is fixed in Python 3.
"""
FFFD = '\ufffd'
FFFDx2 = FFFD * 2
sequences = [
('F0 00', FFFD+'\x00'), ('F0 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'), ('F0 80', FFFDx2),
('F0 8F', FFFDx2), ('F0 C0', FFFDx2), ('F0 FF', FFFDx2),
('F0 90 00', FFFD+'\x00'), ('F0 90 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'),
('F0 90 C0', FFFDx2), ('F0 90 FF', FFFDx2),
('F0 BF 00', FFFD+'\x00'), ('F0 BF 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'),
('F0 BF C0', FFFDx2), ('F0 BF FF', FFFDx2),
('F0 90 80 00', FFFD+'\x00'), ('F0 90 80 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'),
('F0 90 80 C0', FFFDx2), ('F0 90 80 FF', FFFDx2),
('F0 90 BF 00', FFFD+'\x00'), ('F0 90 BF 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'),
('F0 90 BF C0', FFFDx2), ('F0 90 BF FF', FFFDx2),
('F0 BF 80 00', FFFD+'\x00'), ('F0 BF 80 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'),
('F0 BF 80 C0', FFFDx2), ('F0 BF 80 FF', FFFDx2),
('F0 BF BF 00', FFFD+'\x00'), ('F0 BF BF 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'),
('F0 BF BF C0', FFFDx2), ('F0 BF BF FF', FFFDx2),
('F1 00', FFFD+'\x00'), ('F1 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'), ('F1 C0', FFFDx2),
('F1 FF', FFFDx2), ('F1 80 00', FFFD+'\x00'),
('F1 80 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'), ('F1 80 C0', FFFDx2),
('F1 80 FF', FFFDx2), ('F1 BF 00', FFFD+'\x00'),
('F1 BF 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'), ('F1 BF C0', FFFDx2),
('F1 BF FF', FFFDx2), ('F1 80 80 00', FFFD+'\x00'),
('F1 80 80 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'), ('F1 80 80 C0', FFFDx2),
('F1 80 80 FF', FFFDx2), ('F1 80 BF 00', FFFD+'\x00'),
('F1 80 BF 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'), ('F1 80 BF C0', FFFDx2),
('F1 80 BF FF', FFFDx2), ('F1 BF 80 00', FFFD+'\x00'),
('F1 BF 80 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'), ('F1 BF 80 C0', FFFDx2),
('F1 BF 80 FF', FFFDx2), ('F1 BF BF 00', FFFD+'\x00'),
('F1 BF BF 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'), ('F1 BF BF C0', FFFDx2),
('F1 BF BF FF', FFFDx2), ('F3 00', FFFD+'\x00'),
('F3 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'), ('F3 C0', FFFDx2), ('F3 FF', FFFDx2),
('F3 80 00', FFFD+'\x00'), ('F3 80 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'),
('F3 80 C0', FFFDx2), ('F3 80 FF', FFFDx2),
('F3 BF 00', FFFD+'\x00'), ('F3 BF 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'),
('F3 BF C0', FFFDx2), ('F3 BF FF', FFFDx2),
('F3 80 80 00', FFFD+'\x00'), ('F3 80 80 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'),
('F3 80 80 C0', FFFDx2), ('F3 80 80 FF', FFFDx2),
('F3 80 BF 00', FFFD+'\x00'), ('F3 80 BF 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'),
('F3 80 BF C0', FFFDx2), ('F3 80 BF FF', FFFDx2),
('F3 BF 80 00', FFFD+'\x00'), ('F3 BF 80 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'),
('F3 BF 80 C0', FFFDx2), ('F3 BF 80 FF', FFFDx2),
('F3 BF BF 00', FFFD+'\x00'), ('F3 BF BF 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'),
('F3 BF BF C0', FFFDx2), ('F3 BF BF FF', FFFDx2),
('F4 00', FFFD+'\x00'), ('F4 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'), ('F4 90', FFFDx2),
('F4 BF', FFFDx2), ('F4 C0', FFFDx2), ('F4 FF', FFFDx2),
('F4 80 00', FFFD+'\x00'), ('F4 80 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'),
('F4 80 C0', FFFDx2), ('F4 80 FF', FFFDx2),
('F4 8F 00', FFFD+'\x00'), ('F4 8F 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'),
('F4 8F C0', FFFDx2), ('F4 8F FF', FFFDx2),
('F4 80 80 00', FFFD+'\x00'), ('F4 80 80 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'),
('F4 80 80 C0', FFFDx2), ('F4 80 80 FF', FFFDx2),
('F4 80 BF 00', FFFD+'\x00'), ('F4 80 BF 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'),
('F4 80 BF C0', FFFDx2), ('F4 80 BF FF', FFFDx2),
('F4 8F 80 00', FFFD+'\x00'), ('F4 8F 80 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'),
('F4 8F 80 C0', FFFDx2), ('F4 8F 80 FF', FFFDx2),
('F4 8F BF 00', FFFD+'\x00'), ('F4 8F BF 7F', FFFD+'\x7f'),
('F4 8F BF C0', FFFDx2), ('F4 8F BF FF', FFFDx2)
]
for seq, res in sequences:
self.assertCorrectUTF8Decoding(bytes.fromhex(seq), res,
'invalid continuation byte')
def test_codecs_idna(self):
# Test whether trailing dot is preserved
self.assertEqual("www.python.org.".encode("idna"), b"www.python.org.")
def test_codecs_errors(self):
# Error handling (encoding)
self.assertRaises(UnicodeError, 'Andr\202 x'.encode, 'ascii')
self.assertRaises(UnicodeError, 'Andr\202 x'.encode, 'ascii','strict')
self.assertEqual('Andr\202 x'.encode('ascii','ignore'), b"Andr x")
self.assertEqual('Andr\202 x'.encode('ascii','replace'), b"Andr? x")
self.assertEqual('Andr\202 x'.encode('ascii', 'replace'),
'Andr\202 x'.encode('ascii', errors='replace'))
self.assertEqual('Andr\202 x'.encode('ascii', 'ignore'),
'Andr\202 x'.encode(encoding='ascii', errors='ignore'))
# Error handling (decoding)
self.assertRaises(UnicodeError, str, b'Andr\202 x', 'ascii')
self.assertRaises(UnicodeError, str, b'Andr\202 x', 'ascii', 'strict')
self.assertEqual(str(b'Andr\202 x', 'ascii', 'ignore'), "Andr x")
self.assertEqual(str(b'Andr\202 x', 'ascii', 'replace'), 'Andr\uFFFD x')
self.assertEqual(str(b'\202 x', 'ascii', 'replace'), '\uFFFD x')
# Error handling (unknown character names)
self.assertEqual(b"\\N{foo}xx".decode("unicode-escape", "ignore"), "xx")
# Error handling (truncated escape sequence)
self.assertRaises(UnicodeError, b"\\".decode, "unicode-escape")
self.assertRaises(TypeError, b"hello".decode, "test.unicode1")
self.assertRaises(TypeError, str, b"hello", "test.unicode2")
self.assertRaises(TypeError, "hello".encode, "test.unicode1")
self.assertRaises(TypeError, "hello".encode, "test.unicode2")
# Error handling (wrong arguments)
self.assertRaises(TypeError, "hello".encode, 42, 42, 42)
# Error handling (lone surrogate in
# _PyUnicode_TransformDecimalAndSpaceToASCII())
self.assertRaises(ValueError, int, "\ud800")
self.assertRaises(ValueError, int, "\udf00")
self.assertRaises(ValueError, float, "\ud800")
self.assertRaises(ValueError, float, "\udf00")
self.assertRaises(ValueError, complex, "\ud800")
self.assertRaises(ValueError, complex, "\udf00")
def test_codecs(self):
# Encoding
self.assertEqual('hello'.encode('ascii'), b'hello')
self.assertEqual('hello'.encode('utf-7'), b'hello')
self.assertEqual('hello'.encode('utf-8'), b'hello')
self.assertEqual('hello'.encode('utf-8'), b'hello')
self.assertEqual('hello'.encode('utf-16-le'), b'h\000e\000l\000l\000o\000')
self.assertEqual('hello'.encode('utf-16-be'), b'\000h\000e\000l\000l\000o')
self.assertEqual('hello'.encode('latin-1'), b'hello')
# Default encoding is utf-8
self.assertEqual('\u2603'.encode(), b'\xe2\x98\x83')
# Roundtrip safety for BMP (just the first 1024 chars)
for c in range(1024):
u = chr(c)
for encoding in ('utf-7', 'utf-8', 'utf-16', 'utf-16-le',
'utf-16-be', 'raw_unicode_escape',
'unicode_escape', 'unicode_internal'):
with warnings.catch_warnings():
# unicode-internal has been deprecated
warnings.simplefilter("ignore", DeprecationWarning)
self.assertEqual(str(u.encode(encoding),encoding), u)
# Roundtrip safety for BMP (just the first 256 chars)
for c in range(256):
u = chr(c)
for encoding in ('latin-1',):
self.assertEqual(str(u.encode(encoding),encoding), u)
# Roundtrip safety for BMP (just the first 128 chars)
for c in range(128):
u = chr(c)
for encoding in ('ascii',):
self.assertEqual(str(u.encode(encoding),encoding), u)
# Roundtrip safety for non-BMP (just a few chars)
with warnings.catch_warnings():
# unicode-internal has been deprecated
warnings.simplefilter("ignore", DeprecationWarning)
u = '\U00010001\U00020002\U00030003\U00040004\U00050005'
for encoding in ('utf-8', 'utf-16', 'utf-16-le', 'utf-16-be',
'raw_unicode_escape',
'unicode_escape', 'unicode_internal'):
self.assertEqual(str(u.encode(encoding),encoding), u)
# UTF-8 must be roundtrip safe for all code points
# (except surrogates, which are forbidden).
u = ''.join(map(chr, list(range(0, 0xd800)) +
list(range(0xe000, 0x110000))))
for encoding in ('utf-8',):
self.assertEqual(str(u.encode(encoding),encoding), u)
def test_codecs_charmap(self):
# 0-127
s = bytes(range(128))
for encoding in (
'cp037', 'cp1026', 'cp273',
'cp437', 'cp500', 'cp720', 'cp737', 'cp775', 'cp850',
'cp852', 'cp855', 'cp858', 'cp860', 'cp861', 'cp862',
'cp863', 'cp865', 'cp866', 'cp1125',
'iso8859_10', 'iso8859_13', 'iso8859_14', 'iso8859_15',
'iso8859_2', 'iso8859_3', 'iso8859_4', 'iso8859_5', 'iso8859_6',
'iso8859_7', 'iso8859_9',
'koi8_r', 'koi8_t', 'koi8_u', 'kz1048', 'latin_1',
'mac_cyrillic', 'mac_latin2',
'cp1250', 'cp1251', 'cp1252', 'cp1253', 'cp1254', 'cp1255',
'cp1256', 'cp1257', 'cp1258',
'cp856', 'cp857', 'cp864', 'cp869', 'cp874',
'mac_greek', 'mac_iceland','mac_roman', 'mac_turkish',
'cp1006', 'iso8859_8',
### These have undefined mappings:
#'cp424',
### These fail the round-trip:
#'cp875'
):
self.assertEqual(str(s, encoding).encode(encoding), s)
# 128-255
s = bytes(range(128, 256))
for encoding in (
'cp037', 'cp1026', 'cp273',
'cp437', 'cp500', 'cp720', 'cp737', 'cp775', 'cp850',
'cp852', 'cp855', 'cp858', 'cp860', 'cp861', 'cp862',
'cp863', 'cp865', 'cp866', 'cp1125',
'iso8859_10', 'iso8859_13', 'iso8859_14', 'iso8859_15',
'iso8859_2', 'iso8859_4', 'iso8859_5',
'iso8859_9', 'koi8_r', 'koi8_u', 'latin_1',
'mac_cyrillic', 'mac_latin2',
### These have undefined mappings:
#'cp1250', 'cp1251', 'cp1252', 'cp1253', 'cp1254', 'cp1255',
#'cp1256', 'cp1257', 'cp1258',
#'cp424', 'cp856', 'cp857', 'cp864', 'cp869', 'cp874',
#'iso8859_3', 'iso8859_6', 'iso8859_7', 'koi8_t', 'kz1048',
#'mac_greek', 'mac_iceland','mac_roman', 'mac_turkish',
### These fail the round-trip:
#'cp1006', 'cp875', 'iso8859_8',
):
self.assertEqual(str(s, encoding).encode(encoding), s)
def test_concatenation(self):
self.assertEqual(("abc" "def"), "abcdef")
self.assertEqual(("abc" "def"), "abcdef")
self.assertEqual(("abc" "def"), "abcdef")
self.assertEqual(("abc" "def" "ghi"), "abcdefghi")
self.assertEqual(("abc" "def" "ghi"), "abcdefghi")
def test_printing(self):
class BitBucket:
def write(self, text):
pass
out = BitBucket()
print('abc', file=out)
print('abc', 'def', file=out)
print('abc', 'def', file=out)
print('abc', 'def', file=out)
print('abc\n', file=out)
print('abc\n', end=' ', file=out)
print('abc\n', end=' ', file=out)
print('def\n', file=out)
print('def\n', file=out)
def test_ucs4(self):
x = '\U00100000'
y = x.encode("raw-unicode-escape").decode("raw-unicode-escape")
self.assertEqual(x, y)
y = br'\U00100000'
x = y.decode("raw-unicode-escape").encode("raw-unicode-escape")
self.assertEqual(x, y)
y = br'\U00010000'
x = y.decode("raw-unicode-escape").encode("raw-unicode-escape")
self.assertEqual(x, y)
try:
br'\U11111111'.decode("raw-unicode-escape")
except UnicodeDecodeError as e:
self.assertEqual(e.start, 0)
self.assertEqual(e.end, 10)
else:
self.fail("Should have raised UnicodeDecodeError")
def test_conversion(self):
# Make sure __str__() works properly
class ObjectToStr:
def __str__(self):
return "foo"
class StrSubclassToStr(str):
def __str__(self):
return "foo"
class StrSubclassToStrSubclass(str):
def __new__(cls, content=""):
return str.__new__(cls, 2*content)
def __str__(self):
return self
self.assertEqual(str(ObjectToStr()), "foo")
self.assertEqual(str(StrSubclassToStr("bar")), "foo")
s = str(StrSubclassToStrSubclass("foo"))
self.assertEqual(s, "foofoo")
self.assertIs(type(s), StrSubclassToStrSubclass)
s = StrSubclass(StrSubclassToStrSubclass("foo"))
self.assertEqual(s, "foofoo")
self.assertIs(type(s), StrSubclass)
def test_unicode_repr(self):
class s1:
def __repr__(self):
return '\\n'
class s2:
def __repr__(self):
return '\\n'
self.assertEqual(repr(s1()), '\\n')
self.assertEqual(repr(s2()), '\\n')
def test_printable_repr(self):
self.assertEqual(repr('\U00010000'), "'%c'" % (0x10000,)) # printable
self.assertEqual(repr('\U00014000'), "'\\U00014000'") # nonprintable
# This test only affects 32-bit platforms because expandtabs can only take