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import unittest
from test import support
from test import test_urllib
import os
import io
import socket
import array
import sys
import tempfile
import subprocess
import urllib.request
# The proxy bypass method imported below has logic specific to the OSX
# proxy config data structure but is testable on all platforms.
from urllib.request import (Request, OpenerDirector, HTTPBasicAuthHandler,
HTTPPasswordMgrWithPriorAuth, _parse_proxy,
_proxy_bypass_macosx_sysconf,
AbstractDigestAuthHandler)
from urllib.parse import urlparse
import urllib.error
import http.client
# XXX
# Request
# CacheFTPHandler (hard to write)
# parse_keqv_list, parse_http_list, HTTPDigestAuthHandler
class TrivialTests(unittest.TestCase):
def test___all__(self):
# Verify which names are exposed
for module in 'request', 'response', 'parse', 'error', 'robotparser':
context = {}
exec('from urllib.%s import *' % module, context)
del context['__builtins__']
if module == 'request' and os.name == 'nt':
u, p = context.pop('url2pathname'), context.pop('pathname2url')
self.assertEqual(u.__module__, 'nturl2path')
self.assertEqual(p.__module__, 'nturl2path')
for k, v in context.items():
self.assertEqual(v.__module__, 'urllib.%s' % module,
"%r is exposed in 'urllib.%s' but defined in %r" %
(k, module, v.__module__))
def test_trivial(self):
# A couple trivial tests
self.assertRaises(ValueError, urllib.request.urlopen, 'bogus url')
# XXX Name hacking to get this to work on Windows.
fname = os.path.abspath(urllib.request.__file__).replace(os.sep, '/')
if os.name == 'nt':
file_url = "file:///%s" % fname
else:
file_url = "file://%s" % fname
f = urllib.request.urlopen(file_url)
f.read()
f.close()
def test_parse_http_list(self):
tests = [
('a,b,c', ['a', 'b', 'c']),
('path"o,l"og"i"cal, example', ['path"o,l"og"i"cal', 'example']),
('a, b, "c", "d", "e,f", g, h',
['a', 'b', '"c"', '"d"', '"e,f"', 'g', 'h']),
('a="b\\"c", d="e\\,f", g="h\\\\i"',
['a="b"c"', 'd="e,f"', 'g="h\\i"'])]
for string, list in tests:
self.assertEqual(urllib.request.parse_http_list(string), list)
def test_URLError_reasonstr(self):
err = urllib.error.URLError('reason')
self.assertIn(err.reason, str(err))
class RequestHdrsTests(unittest.TestCase):
def test_request_headers_dict(self):
"""
The Request.headers dictionary is not a documented interface. It
should stay that way, because the complete set of headers are only
accessible through the .get_header(), .has_header(), .header_items()
interface. However, .headers pre-dates those methods, and so real code
will be using the dictionary.
The introduction in 2.4 of those methods was a mistake for the same
reason: code that previously saw all (urllib2 user)-provided headers in
.headers now sees only a subset.
"""
url = "http://example.com"
self.assertEqual(Request(url,
headers={"Spam-eggs": "blah"}
).headers["Spam-eggs"], "blah")
self.assertEqual(Request(url,
headers={"spam-EggS": "blah"}
).headers["Spam-eggs"], "blah")
def test_request_headers_methods(self):
"""
Note the case normalization of header names here, to
.capitalize()-case. This should be preserved for
backwards-compatibility. (In the HTTP case, normalization to
.title()-case is done by urllib2 before sending headers to
http.client).
Note that e.g. r.has_header("spam-EggS") is currently False, and
r.get_header("spam-EggS") returns None, but that could be changed in
future.
Method r.remove_header should remove items both from r.headers and
r.unredirected_hdrs dictionaries
"""
url = "http://example.com"
req = Request(url, headers={"Spam-eggs": "blah"})
self.assertTrue(req.has_header("Spam-eggs"))
self.assertEqual(req.header_items(), [('Spam-eggs', 'blah')])
req.add_header("Foo-Bar", "baz")
self.assertEqual(sorted(req.header_items()),
[('Foo-bar', 'baz'), ('Spam-eggs', 'blah')])
self.assertFalse(req.has_header("Not-there"))
self.assertIsNone(req.get_header("Not-there"))
self.assertEqual(req.get_header("Not-there", "default"), "default")
req.remove_header("Spam-eggs")
self.assertFalse(req.has_header("Spam-eggs"))
req.add_unredirected_header("Unredirected-spam", "Eggs")
self.assertTrue(req.has_header("Unredirected-spam"))
req.remove_header("Unredirected-spam")
self.assertFalse(req.has_header("Unredirected-spam"))
def test_password_manager(self):
mgr = urllib.request.HTTPPasswordMgr()
add = mgr.add_password
find_user_pass = mgr.find_user_password
add("Some Realm", "http://example.com/", "joe", "password")
add("Some Realm", "http://example.com/ni", "ni", "ni")
add("Some Realm", "http://c.example.com:3128", "3", "c")
add("Some Realm", "d.example.com", "4", "d")
add("Some Realm", "e.example.com:3128", "5", "e")
# For the same realm, password set the highest path is the winner.
self.assertEqual(find_user_pass("Some Realm", "example.com"),
('joe', 'password'))
self.assertEqual(find_user_pass("Some Realm", "http://example.com/ni"),
('joe', 'password'))
self.assertEqual(find_user_pass("Some Realm", "http://example.com"),
('joe', 'password'))
self.assertEqual(find_user_pass("Some Realm", "http://example.com/"),
('joe', 'password'))
self.assertEqual(find_user_pass("Some Realm",
"http://example.com/spam"),
('joe', 'password'))
self.assertEqual(find_user_pass("Some Realm",
"http://example.com/spam/spam"),
('joe', 'password'))
# You can have different passwords for different paths.
add("c", "http://example.com/foo", "foo", "ni")
add("c", "http://example.com/bar", "bar", "nini")
self.assertEqual(find_user_pass("c", "http://example.com/foo"),
('foo', 'ni'))
self.assertEqual(find_user_pass("c", "http://example.com/bar"),
('bar', 'nini'))
# For the same path, newer password should be considered.
add("b", "http://example.com/", "first", "blah")
add("b", "http://example.com/", "second", "spam")
self.assertEqual(find_user_pass("b", "http://example.com/"),
('second', 'spam'))
# No special relationship between a.example.com and example.com:
add("a", "http://example.com", "1", "a")
self.assertEqual(find_user_pass("a", "http://example.com/"),
('1', 'a'))
self.assertEqual(find_user_pass("a", "http://a.example.com/"),
(None, None))
# Ports:
self.assertEqual(find_user_pass("Some Realm", "c.example.com"),
(None, None))
self.assertEqual(find_user_pass("Some Realm", "c.example.com:3128"),
('3', 'c'))
self.assertEqual(
find_user_pass("Some Realm", "http://c.example.com:3128"),
('3', 'c'))
self.assertEqual(find_user_pass("Some Realm", "d.example.com"),
('4', 'd'))
self.assertEqual(find_user_pass("Some Realm", "e.example.com:3128"),
('5', 'e'))
def test_password_manager_default_port(self):
"""
The point to note here is that we can't guess the default port if
there's no scheme. This applies to both add_password and
find_user_password.
"""
mgr = urllib.request.HTTPPasswordMgr()
add = mgr.add_password
find_user_pass = mgr.find_user_password
add("f", "http://g.example.com:80", "10", "j")
add("g", "http://h.example.com", "11", "k")
add("h", "i.example.com:80", "12", "l")
add("i", "j.example.com", "13", "m")
self.assertEqual(find_user_pass("f", "g.example.com:100"),
(None, None))
self.assertEqual(find_user_pass("f", "g.example.com:80"),
('10', 'j'))
self.assertEqual(find_user_pass("f", "g.example.com"),
(None, None))
self.assertEqual(find_user_pass("f", "http://g.example.com:100"),
(None, None))
self.assertEqual(find_user_pass("f", "http://g.example.com:80"),
('10', 'j'))
self.assertEqual(find_user_pass("f", "http://g.example.com"),
('10', 'j'))
self.assertEqual(find_user_pass("g", "h.example.com"), ('11', 'k'))
self.assertEqual(find_user_pass("g", "h.example.com:80"), ('11', 'k'))
self.assertEqual(find_user_pass("g", "http://h.example.com:80"),
('11', 'k'))
self.assertEqual(find_user_pass("h", "i.example.com"), (None, None))
self.assertEqual(find_user_pass("h", "i.example.com:80"), ('12', 'l'))
self.assertEqual(find_user_pass("h", "http://i.example.com:80"),
('12', 'l'))
self.assertEqual(find_user_pass("i", "j.example.com"), ('13', 'm'))
self.assertEqual(find_user_pass("i", "j.example.com:80"),
(None, None))
self.assertEqual(find_user_pass("i", "http://j.example.com"),
('13', 'm'))
self.assertEqual(find_user_pass("i", "http://j.example.com:80"),
(None, None))
class MockOpener:
addheaders = []
def open(self, req, data=None, timeout=socket._GLOBAL_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT):
self.req, self.data, self.timeout = req, data, timeout
def error(self, proto, *args):
self.proto, self.args = proto, args
class MockFile:
def read(self, count=None):
pass
def readline(self, count=None):
pass
def close(self):
pass
class MockHeaders(dict):
def getheaders(self, name):
return list(self.values())
class MockResponse(io.StringIO):
def __init__(self, code, msg, headers, data, url=None):
io.StringIO.__init__(self, data)
self.code, self.msg, self.headers, self.url = code, msg, headers, url
def info(self):
return self.headers
def geturl(self):
return self.url
class MockCookieJar:
def add_cookie_header(self, request):
self.ach_req = request
def extract_cookies(self, response, request):
self.ec_req, self.ec_r = request, response
class FakeMethod:
def __init__(self, meth_name, action, handle):
self.meth_name = meth_name
self.handle = handle
self.action = action
def __call__(self, *args):
return self.handle(self.meth_name, self.action, *args)
class MockHTTPResponse(io.IOBase):
def __init__(self, fp, msg, status, reason):
self.fp = fp
self.msg = msg
self.status = status
self.reason = reason
self.code = 200
def read(self):
return ''
def info(self):
return {}
def geturl(self):
return self.url
class MockHTTPClass:
def __init__(self):
self.level = 0
self.req_headers = []
self.data = None
self.raise_on_endheaders = False
self.sock = None
self._tunnel_headers = {}
def __call__(self, host, timeout=socket._GLOBAL_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT):
self.host = host
self.timeout = timeout
return self
def set_debuglevel(self, level):
self.level = level
def set_tunnel(self, host, port=None, headers=None):
self._tunnel_host = host
self._tunnel_port = port
if headers:
self._tunnel_headers = headers
else:
self._tunnel_headers.clear()
def request(self, method, url, body=None, headers=None, *,
encode_chunked=False):
self.method = method
self.selector = url
if headers is not None:
self.req_headers += headers.items()
self.req_headers.sort()
if body:
self.data = body
self.encode_chunked = encode_chunked
if self.raise_on_endheaders:
raise OSError()
def getresponse(self):
return MockHTTPResponse(MockFile(), {}, 200, "OK")
def close(self):
pass
class MockHandler:
# useful for testing handler machinery
# see add_ordered_mock_handlers() docstring
handler_order = 500
def __init__(self, methods):
self._define_methods(methods)
def _define_methods(self, methods):
for spec in methods:
if len(spec) == 2:
name, action = spec
else:
name, action = spec, None
meth = FakeMethod(name, action, self.handle)
setattr(self.__class__, name, meth)
def handle(self, fn_name, action, *args, **kwds):
self.parent.calls.append((self, fn_name, args, kwds))
if action is None:
return None
elif action == "return self":
return self
elif action == "return response":
res = MockResponse(200, "OK", {}, "")
return res
elif action == "return request":
return Request("http://blah/")
elif action.startswith("error"):
code = action[action.rfind(" ")+1:]
try:
code = int(code)
except ValueError:
pass
res = MockResponse(200, "OK", {}, "")
return self.parent.error("http", args[0], res, code, "", {})
elif action == "raise":
raise urllib.error.URLError("blah")
assert False
def close(self):
pass
def add_parent(self, parent):
self.parent = parent
self.parent.calls = []
def __lt__(self, other):
if not hasattr(other, "handler_order"):
# No handler_order, leave in original order. Yuck.
return True
return self.handler_order < other.handler_order
def add_ordered_mock_handlers(opener, meth_spec):
"""Create MockHandlers and add them to an OpenerDirector.
meth_spec: list of lists of tuples and strings defining methods to define
on handlers. eg:
[["http_error", "ftp_open"], ["http_open"]]
defines methods .http_error() and .ftp_open() on one handler, and
.http_open() on another. These methods just record their arguments and
return None. Using a tuple instead of a string causes the method to
perform some action (see MockHandler.handle()), eg:
[["http_error"], [("http_open", "return request")]]
defines .http_error() on one handler (which simply returns None), and
.http_open() on another handler, which returns a Request object.
"""
handlers = []
count = 0
for meths in meth_spec:
class MockHandlerSubclass(MockHandler):
pass
h = MockHandlerSubclass(meths)
h.handler_order += count
h.add_parent(opener)
count = count + 1
handlers.append(h)
opener.add_handler(h)
return handlers
def build_test_opener(*handler_instances):
opener = OpenerDirector()
for h in handler_instances:
opener.add_handler(h)
return opener
class MockHTTPHandler(urllib.request.BaseHandler):
# useful for testing redirections and auth
# sends supplied headers and code as first response
# sends 200 OK as second response
def __init__(self, code, headers):
self.code = code
self.headers = headers
self.reset()
def reset(self):
self._count = 0
self.requests = []
def http_open(self, req):
import email, copy
self.requests.append(copy.deepcopy(req))
if self._count == 0:
self._count = self._count + 1
name = http.client.responses[self.code]
msg = email.message_from_string(self.headers)
return self.parent.error(
"http", req, MockFile(), self.code, name, msg)
else:
self.req = req
msg = email.message_from_string("\r\n\r\n")
return MockResponse(200, "OK", msg, "", req.get_full_url())
class MockHTTPSHandler(urllib.request.AbstractHTTPHandler):
# Useful for testing the Proxy-Authorization request by verifying the
# properties of httpcon
def __init__(self, debuglevel=0):
urllib.request.AbstractHTTPHandler.__init__(self, debuglevel=debuglevel)
self.httpconn = MockHTTPClass()
def https_open(self, req):
return self.do_open(self.httpconn, req)
class MockHTTPHandlerCheckAuth(urllib.request.BaseHandler):
# useful for testing auth
# sends supplied code response
# checks if auth header is specified in request
def __init__(self, code):
self.code = code
self.has_auth_header = False
def reset(self):
self.has_auth_header = False
def http_open(self, req):
if req.has_header('Authorization'):
self.has_auth_header = True
name = http.client.responses[self.code]
return MockResponse(self.code, name, MockFile(), "", req.get_full_url())
class MockPasswordManager:
def add_password(self, realm, uri, user, password):
self.realm = realm
self.url = uri
self.user = user
self.password = password
def find_user_password(self, realm, authuri):
self.target_realm = realm
self.target_url = authuri
return self.user, self.password
class OpenerDirectorTests(unittest.TestCase):
def test_add_non_handler(self):
class NonHandler(object):
pass
self.assertRaises(TypeError,
OpenerDirector().add_handler, NonHandler())
def test_badly_named_methods(self):
# test work-around for three methods that accidentally follow the
# naming conventions for handler methods
# (*_open() / *_request() / *_response())
# These used to call the accidentally-named methods, causing a
# TypeError in real code; here, returning self from these mock
# methods would either cause no exception, or AttributeError.
from urllib.error import URLError
o = OpenerDirector()
meth_spec = [
[("do_open", "return self"), ("proxy_open", "return self")],
[("redirect_request", "return self")],
]
add_ordered_mock_handlers(o, meth_spec)
o.add_handler(urllib.request.UnknownHandler())
for scheme in "do", "proxy", "redirect":
self.assertRaises(URLError, o.open, scheme+"://example.com/")
def test_handled(self):
# handler returning non-None means no more handlers will be called
o = OpenerDirector()
meth_spec = [
["http_open", "ftp_open", "http_error_302"],
["ftp_open"],
[("http_open", "return self")],
[("http_open", "return self")],
]
handlers = add_ordered_mock_handlers(o, meth_spec)
req = Request("http://example.com/")
r = o.open(req)
# Second .http_open() gets called, third doesn't, since second returned
# non-None. Handlers without .http_open() never get any methods called
# on them.
# In fact, second mock handler defining .http_open() returns self
# (instead of response), which becomes the OpenerDirector's return
# value.
self.assertEqual(r, handlers[2])
calls = [(handlers[0], "http_open"), (handlers[2], "http_open")]
for expected, got in zip(calls, o.calls):
handler, name, args, kwds = got
self.assertEqual((handler, name), expected)
self.assertEqual(args, (req,))
def test_handler_order(self):
o = OpenerDirector()
handlers = []
for meths, handler_order in [([("http_open", "return self")], 500),
(["http_open"], 0)]:
class MockHandlerSubclass(MockHandler):
pass
h = MockHandlerSubclass(meths)
h.handler_order = handler_order
handlers.append(h)
o.add_handler(h)
o.open("http://example.com/")
# handlers called in reverse order, thanks to their sort order
self.assertEqual(o.calls[0][0], handlers[1])
self.assertEqual(o.calls[1][0], handlers[0])
def test_raise(self):
# raising URLError stops processing of request
o = OpenerDirector()
meth_spec = [
[("http_open", "raise")],
[("http_open", "return self")],
]
handlers = add_ordered_mock_handlers(o, meth_spec)
req = Request("http://example.com/")
self.assertRaises(urllib.error.URLError, o.open, req)
self.assertEqual(o.calls, [(handlers[0], "http_open", (req,), {})])
def test_http_error(self):
# XXX http_error_default
# http errors are a special case
o = OpenerDirector()
meth_spec = [
[("http_open", "error 302")],
[("http_error_400", "raise"), "http_open"],
[("http_error_302", "return response"), "http_error_303",
"http_error"],
[("http_error_302")],
]
handlers = add_ordered_mock_handlers(o, meth_spec)
class Unknown:
def __eq__(self, other):
return True
req = Request("http://example.com/")
o.open(req)
assert len(o.calls) == 2
calls = [(handlers[0], "http_open", (req,)),
(handlers[2], "http_error_302",
(req, Unknown(), 302, "", {}))]
for expected, got in zip(calls, o.calls):
handler, method_name, args = expected
self.assertEqual((handler, method_name), got[:2])
self.assertEqual(args, got[2])
def test_processors(self):
# *_request / *_response methods get called appropriately
o = OpenerDirector()
meth_spec = [
[("http_request", "return request"),
("http_response", "return response")],
[("http_request", "return request"),
("http_response", "return response")],
]
handlers = add_ordered_mock_handlers(o, meth_spec)
req = Request("http://example.com/")
o.open(req)
# processor methods are called on *all* handlers that define them,
# not just the first handler that handles the request
calls = [
(handlers[0], "http_request"), (handlers[1], "http_request"),
(handlers[0], "http_response"), (handlers[1], "http_response")]
for i, (handler, name, args, kwds) in enumerate(o.calls):
if i < 2:
# *_request
self.assertEqual((handler, name), calls[i])
self.assertEqual(len(args), 1)
self.assertIsInstance(args[0], Request)
else:
# *_response
self.assertEqual((handler, name), calls[i])
self.assertEqual(len(args), 2)
self.assertIsInstance(args[0], Request)
# response from opener.open is None, because there's no
# handler that defines http_open to handle it
if args[1] is not None:
self.assertIsInstance(args[1], MockResponse)
def sanepathname2url(path):
try:
path.encode("utf-8")
except UnicodeEncodeError:
raise unittest.SkipTest("path is not encodable to utf8")
urlpath = urllib.request.pathname2url(path)
if os.name == "nt" and urlpath.startswith("///"):
urlpath = urlpath[2:]
# XXX don't ask me about the mac...
return urlpath
class HandlerTests(unittest.TestCase):
def test_ftp(self):
class MockFTPWrapper:
def __init__(self, data):
self.data = data
def retrfile(self, filename, filetype):
self.filename, self.filetype = filename, filetype
return io.StringIO(self.data), len(self.data)
def close(self):
pass
class NullFTPHandler(urllib.request.FTPHandler):
def __init__(self, data):
self.data = data
def connect_ftp(self, user, passwd, host, port, dirs,
timeout=socket._GLOBAL_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT):
self.user, self.passwd = user, passwd
self.host, self.port = host, port
self.dirs = dirs
self.ftpwrapper = MockFTPWrapper(self.data)
return self.ftpwrapper
import ftplib
data = "rheum rhaponicum"
h = NullFTPHandler(data)
h.parent = MockOpener()
for url, host, port, user, passwd, type_, dirs, filename, mimetype in [
("ftp://localhost/foo/bar/baz.html",
"localhost", ftplib.FTP_PORT, "", "", "I",
["foo", "bar"], "baz.html", "text/html"),
("ftp://parrot@localhost/foo/bar/baz.html",
"localhost", ftplib.FTP_PORT, "parrot", "", "I",
["foo", "bar"], "baz.html", "text/html"),
("ftp://%25parrot@localhost/foo/bar/baz.html",
"localhost", ftplib.FTP_PORT, "%parrot", "", "I",
["foo", "bar"], "baz.html", "text/html"),
("ftp://%2542parrot@localhost/foo/bar/baz.html",
"localhost", ftplib.FTP_PORT, "%42parrot", "", "I",
["foo", "bar"], "baz.html", "text/html"),
("ftp://localhost:80/foo/bar/",
"localhost", 80, "", "", "D",
["foo", "bar"], "", None),
("ftp://localhost/baz.gif;type=a",
"localhost", ftplib.FTP_PORT, "", "", "A",
[], "baz.gif", None), # XXX really this should guess image/gif
]:
req = Request(url)
req.timeout = None
r = h.ftp_open(req)
# ftp authentication not yet implemented by FTPHandler
self.assertEqual(h.user, user)
self.assertEqual(h.passwd, passwd)
self.assertEqual(h.host, socket.gethostbyname(host))
self.assertEqual(h.port, port)
self.assertEqual(h.dirs, dirs)
self.assertEqual(h.ftpwrapper.filename, filename)
self.assertEqual(h.ftpwrapper.filetype, type_)
headers = r.info()
self.assertEqual(headers.get("Content-type"), mimetype)
self.assertEqual(int(headers["Content-length"]), len(data))
def test_file(self):
import email.utils
h = urllib.request.FileHandler()
o = h.parent = MockOpener()
TESTFN = support.TESTFN
urlpath = sanepathname2url(os.path.abspath(TESTFN))
towrite = b"hello, world\n"
urls = [
"file://localhost%s" % urlpath,
"file://%s" % urlpath,
"file://%s%s" % (socket.gethostbyname('localhost'), urlpath),
]
try:
localaddr = socket.gethostbyname(socket.gethostname())
except socket.gaierror:
localaddr = ''
if localaddr:
urls.append("file://%s%s" % (localaddr, urlpath))
for url in urls:
f = open(TESTFN, "wb")
try:
try:
f.write(towrite)
finally:
f.close()
r = h.file_open(Request(url))
try:
data = r.read()
headers = r.info()
respurl = r.geturl()
finally:
r.close()
stats = os.stat(TESTFN)
modified = email.utils.formatdate(stats.st_mtime, usegmt=True)
finally:
os.remove(TESTFN)
self.assertEqual(data, towrite)
self.assertEqual(headers["Content-type"], "text/plain")
self.assertEqual(headers["Content-length"], "13")
self.assertEqual(headers["Last-modified"], modified)
self.assertEqual(respurl, url)
for url in [
"file://localhost:80%s" % urlpath,
"file:///file_does_not_exist.txt",
"file://not-a-local-host.com//dir/file.txt",
"file://%s:80%s/%s" % (socket.gethostbyname('localhost'),
os.getcwd(), TESTFN),
"file://somerandomhost.ontheinternet.com%s/%s" %
(os.getcwd(), TESTFN),
]:
try:
f = open(TESTFN, "wb")
try:
f.write(towrite)
finally:
f.close()
self.assertRaises(urllib.error.URLError,
h.file_open, Request(url))
finally:
os.remove(TESTFN)
h = urllib.request.FileHandler()
o = h.parent = MockOpener()
# XXXX why does // mean ftp (and /// mean not ftp!), and where
# is file: scheme specified? I think this is really a bug, and
# what was intended was to distinguish between URLs like:
# file:/blah.txt (a file)
# file://localhost/blah.txt (a file)
# file:///blah.txt (a file)
# file://ftp.example.com/blah.txt (an ftp URL)
for url, ftp in [
("file://ftp.example.com//foo.txt", False),
("file://ftp.example.com///foo.txt", False),
("file://ftp.example.com/foo.txt", False),
("file://somehost//foo/something.txt", False),
("file://localhost//foo/something.txt", False),
]:
req = Request(url)
try:
h.file_open(req)
except urllib.error.URLError:
self.assertFalse(ftp)
else:
self.assertIs(o.req, req)
self.assertEqual(req.type, "ftp")
self.assertEqual(req.type == "ftp", ftp)
def test_http(self):
h = urllib.request.AbstractHTTPHandler()
o = h.parent = MockOpener()
url = "http://example.com/"
for method, data in [("GET", None), ("POST", b"blah")]:
req = Request(url, data, {"Foo": "bar"})
req.timeout = None
req.add_unredirected_header("Spam", "eggs")
http = MockHTTPClass()
r = h.do_open(http, req)
# result attributes
r.read; r.readline # wrapped MockFile methods
r.info; r.geturl # addinfourl methods
r.code, r.msg == 200, "OK" # added from MockHTTPClass.getreply()
hdrs = r.info()
hdrs.get; hdrs.__contains__ # r.info() gives dict from .getreply()
self.assertEqual(r.geturl(), url)
self.assertEqual(http.host, "example.com")
self.assertEqual(http.level, 0)
self.assertEqual(http.method, method)
self.assertEqual(http.selector, "/")
self.assertEqual(http.req_headers,
[("Connection", "close"),
("Foo", "bar"), ("Spam", "eggs")])
self.assertEqual(http.data, data)
# check OSError converted to URLError
http.raise_on_endheaders = True
self.assertRaises(urllib.error.URLError, h.do_open, http, req)
# Check for TypeError on POST data which is str.
req = Request("http://example.com/","badpost")
self.assertRaises(TypeError, h.do_request_, req)
# check adding of standard headers
o.addheaders = [("Spam", "eggs")]
for data in b"", None: # POST, GET
req = Request("http://example.com/", data)
r = MockResponse(200, "OK", {}, "")
newreq = h.do_request_(req)
if data is None: # GET
self.assertNotIn("Content-length", req.unredirected_hdrs)
self.assertNotIn("Content-type", req.unredirected_hdrs)
else: # POST
self.assertEqual(req.unredirected_hdrs["Content-length"], "0")
self.assertEqual(req.unredirected_hdrs["Content-type"],
"application/x-www-form-urlencoded")
# XXX the details of Host could be better tested
self.assertEqual(req.unredirected_hdrs["Host"], "example.com")
self.assertEqual(req.unredirected_hdrs["Spam"], "eggs")
# don't clobber existing headers
req.add_unredirected_header("Content-length", "foo")
req.add_unredirected_header("Content-type", "bar")
req.add_unredirected_header("Host", "baz")
req.add_unredirected_header("Spam", "foo")
newreq = h.do_request_(req)
self.assertEqual(req.unredirected_hdrs["Content-length"], "foo")
self.assertEqual(req.unredirected_hdrs["Content-type"], "bar")
self.assertEqual(req.unredirected_hdrs["Host"], "baz")
self.assertEqual(req.unredirected_hdrs["Spam"], "foo")
def test_http_body_file(self):
# A regular file - chunked encoding is used unless Content Length is
# already set.
h = urllib.request.AbstractHTTPHandler()
o = h.parent = MockOpener()
file_obj = tempfile.NamedTemporaryFile(mode='w+b', delete=False)
file_path = file_obj.name
file_obj.close()
self.addCleanup(os.unlink, file_path)
with open(file_path, "rb") as f:
req = Request("http://example.com/", f, {})
newreq = h.do_request_(req)
te = newreq.get_header('Transfer-encoding')
self.assertEqual(te, "chunked")
self.assertFalse(newreq.has_header('Content-length'))
with open(file_path, "rb") as f:
req = Request("http://example.com/", f, {"Content-Length": 30})
newreq = h.do_request_(req)
self.assertEqual(int(newreq.get_header('Content-length')), 30)
self.assertFalse(newreq.has_header("Transfer-encoding"))
def test_http_body_fileobj(self):
# A file object - chunked encoding is used
# unless Content Length is already set.
# (Note that there are some subtle differences to a regular
# file, that is why we are testing both cases.)
h = urllib.request.AbstractHTTPHandler()
o = h.parent = MockOpener()
file_obj = io.BytesIO()
req = Request("http://example.com/", file_obj, {})
newreq = h.do_request_(req)
self.assertEqual(newreq.get_header('Transfer-encoding'), 'chunked')
self.assertFalse(newreq.has_header('Content-length'))
headers = {"Content-Length": 30}
req = Request("http://example.com/", file_obj, headers)
newreq = h.do_request_(req)
self.assertEqual(int(newreq.get_header('Content-length')), 30)
self.assertFalse(newreq.has_header("Transfer-encoding"))
file_obj.close()
def test_http_body_pipe(self):
# A file reading from a pipe.
# A pipe cannot be seek'ed. There is no way to determine the
# content length up front. Thus, do_request_() should fall
# back to Transfer-encoding chunked.
h = urllib.request.AbstractHTTPHandler()
o = h.parent = MockOpener()
cmd = [sys.executable, "-c", r"pass"]
for headers in {}, {"Content-Length": 30}:
with subprocess.Popen(cmd, stdout=subprocess.PIPE) as proc:
req = Request("http://example.com/", proc.stdout, headers)
newreq = h.do_request_(req)
if not headers:
self.assertEqual(newreq.get_header('Content-length'), None)
self.assertEqual(newreq.get_header('Transfer-encoding'),
'chunked')
else:
self.assertEqual(int(newreq.get_header('Content-length')),
30)
def test_http_body_iterable(self):
# Generic iterable. There is no way to determine the content
# length up front. Fall back to Transfer-encoding chunked.
h = urllib.request.AbstractHTTPHandler()
o = h.parent = MockOpener()
def iterable_body():
yield b"one"
for headers in {}, {"Content-Length": 11}:
req = Request("http://example.com/", iterable_body(), headers)
newreq = h.do_request_(req)
if not headers:
self.assertEqual(newreq.get_header('Content-length'), None)
self.assertEqual(newreq.get_header('Transfer-encoding'),
'chunked')
else:
self.assertEqual(int(newreq.get_header('Content-length')), 11)
def test_http_body_empty_seq(self):
# Zero-length iterable body should be treated like any other iterable
h = urllib.request.AbstractHTTPHandler()
h.parent = MockOpener()
req = h.do_request_(Request("http://example.com/", ()))
self.assertEqual(req.get_header("Transfer-encoding"), "chunked")
self.assertFalse(req.has_header("Content-length"))
def test_http_body_array(self):
# array.array Iterable - Content Length is calculated
h = urllib.request.AbstractHTTPHandler()
o = h.parent = MockOpener()
iterable_array = array.array("I",[1,2,3,4])
for headers in {}, {"Content-Length": 16}:
req = Request("http://example.com/", iterable_array, headers)
newreq = h.do_request_(req)
self.assertEqual(int(newreq.get_header('Content-length')),16)
def test_http_handler_debuglevel(self):
o = OpenerDirector()
h = MockHTTPSHandler(debuglevel=1)
o.add_handler(h)
o.open("https://www.example.com")
self.assertEqual(h._debuglevel, 1)
def test_http_doubleslash(self):
# Checks the presence of any unnecessary double slash in url does not
# break anything. Previously, a double slash directly after the host
# could cause incorrect parsing.
h = urllib.request.AbstractHTTPHandler()
h.parent = MockOpener()
data = b""
ds_urls = [
"http://example.com/foo/bar/baz.html",
"http://example.com//foo/bar/baz.html",
"http://example.com/foo//bar/baz.html",
"http://example.com/foo/bar//baz.html"
]
for ds_url in ds_urls:
ds_req = Request(ds_url, data)
# Check whether host is determined correctly if there is no proxy
np_ds_req = h.do_request_(ds_req)
self.assertEqual(np_ds_req.unredirected_hdrs["Host"], "example.com")
# Check whether host is determined correctly if there is a proxy
ds_req.set_proxy("someproxy:3128", None)
p_ds_req = h.do_request_(ds_req)
self.assertEqual(p_ds_req.unredirected_hdrs["Host"], "example.com")
def test_full_url_setter(self):
# Checks to ensure that components are set correctly after setting the
# full_url of a Request object
urls = [
'http://example.com?foo=bar#baz',
'http://example.com?foo=bar&spam=eggs#bash',
'http://example.com',
]
# testing a reusable request instance, but the url parameter is
# required, so just use a dummy one to instantiate
r = Request('http://example.com')
for url in urls:
r.full_url = url
parsed = urlparse(url)
self.assertEqual(r.get_full_url(), url)
# full_url setter uses splittag to split into components.
# splittag sets the fragment as None while urlparse sets it to ''
self.assertEqual(r.fragment or '', parsed.fragment)
self.assertEqual(urlparse(r.get_full_url()).query, parsed.query)
def test_full_url_deleter(self):
r = Request('http://www.example.com')
del r.full_url
self.assertIsNone(r.full_url)
self.assertIsNone(r.fragment)
self.assertEqual(r.selector, '')
def test_fixpath_in_weirdurls(self):
# Issue4493: urllib2 to supply '/' when to urls where path does not
# start with'/'
h = urllib.request.AbstractHTTPHandler()
h.parent = MockOpener()
weird_url = 'http://www.python.org?getspam'
req = Request(weird_url)
newreq = h.do_request_(req)
self.assertEqual(newreq.host, 'www.python.org')
self.assertEqual(newreq.selector, '/?getspam')
url_without_path = 'http://www.python.org'
req = Request(url_without_path)
newreq = h.do_request_(req)
self.assertEqual(newreq.host, 'www.python.org')
self.assertEqual(newreq.selector, '')
def test_errors(self):
h = urllib.request.HTTPErrorProcessor()
o = h.parent = MockOpener()
url = "http://example.com/"
req = Request(url)
# all 2xx are passed through
r = MockResponse(200, "OK", {}, "", url)
newr = h.http_response(req, r)
self.assertIs(r, newr)
self.assertFalse(hasattr(o, "proto")) # o.error not called
r = MockResponse(202, "Accepted", {}, "", url)
newr = h.http_response(req, r)
self.assertIs(r, newr)
self.assertFalse(hasattr(o, "proto")) # o.error not called
r = MockResponse(206, "Partial content", {}, "", url)
newr = h.http_response(req, r)
self.assertIs(r, newr)
self.assertFalse(hasattr(o, "proto")) # o.error not called
# anything else calls o.error (and MockOpener returns None, here)
r = MockResponse(502, "Bad gateway", {}, "", url)
self.assertIsNone(h.http_response(req, r))
self.assertEqual(o.proto, "http") # o.error called
self.assertEqual(o.args, (req, r, 502, "Bad gateway", {}))
def test_cookies(self):
cj = MockCookieJar()
h = urllib.request.HTTPCookieProcessor(cj)
h.parent = MockOpener()
req = Request("http://example.com/")
r = MockResponse(200, "OK", {}, "")
newreq = h.http_request(req)
self.assertIs(cj.ach_req, req)
self.assertIs(cj.ach_req, newreq)
self.assertEqual(req.origin_req_host, "example.com")
self.assertFalse(req.unverifiable)
newr = h.http_response(req, r)
self.assertIs(cj.ec_req, req)
self.assertIs(cj.ec_r, r)
self.assertIs(r, newr)
def test_redirect(self):
from_url = "http://example.com/a.html"
to_url = "http://example.com/b.html"
h = urllib.request.HTTPRedirectHandler()
o = h.parent = MockOpener()
# ordinary redirect behaviour
for code in 301, 302, 303, 307:
for data in None, "blah\nblah\n":
method = getattr(h, "http_error_%s" % code)
req = Request(from_url, data)
req.timeout = socket._GLOBAL_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT
req.add_header("Nonsense", "viking=withhold")
if data is not None:
req.add_header("Content-Length", str(len(data)))
req.add_unredirected_header("Spam", "spam")
try:
method(req, MockFile(), code, "Blah",
MockHeaders({"location": to_url}))
except urllib.error.HTTPError:
# 307 in response to POST requires user OK
self.assertEqual(code, 307)
self.assertIsNotNone(data)
self.assertEqual(o.req.get_full_url(), to_url)
try:
self.assertEqual(o.req.get_method(), "GET")
except AttributeError:
self.assertFalse(o.req.data)
# now it's a GET, there should not be headers regarding content
# (possibly dragged from before being a POST)
headers = [x.lower() for x in o.req.headers]
self.assertNotIn("content-length", headers)
self.assertNotIn("content-type", headers)
self.assertEqual(o.req.headers["Nonsense"],
"viking=withhold")
self.assertNotIn("Spam", o.req.headers)
self.assertNotIn("Spam", o.req.unredirected_hdrs)
# loop detection
req = Request(from_url)
req.timeout = socket._GLOBAL_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT
def redirect(h, req, url=to_url):
h.http_error_302(req, MockFile(), 302, "Blah",
MockHeaders({"location": url}))
# Note that the *original* request shares the same record of
# redirections with the sub-requests caused by the redirections.
# detect infinite loop redirect of a URL to itself
req = Request(from_url, origin_req_host="example.com")
count = 0
req.timeout = socket._GLOBAL_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT
try:
while 1:
redirect(h, req, "http://example.com/")
count = count + 1
except urllib.error.HTTPError:
# don't stop until max_repeats, because cookies may introduce state
self.assertEqual(count, urllib.request.HTTPRedirectHandler.max_repeats)
# detect endless non-repeating chain of redirects
req = Request(from_url, origin_req_host="example.com")
count = 0
req.timeout = socket._GLOBAL_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT
try:
while 1:
redirect(h, req, "http://example.com/%d" % count)
count = count + 1
except urllib.error.HTTPError:
self.assertEqual(count,
urllib.request.HTTPRedirectHandler.max_redirections)
def test_invalid_redirect(self):
from_url = "http://example.com/a.html"
valid_schemes = ['http','https','ftp']
invalid_schemes = ['file','imap','ldap']
schemeless_url = "example.com/b.html"
h = urllib.request.HTTPRedirectHandler()
o = h.parent = MockOpener()
req = Request(from_url)
req.timeout = socket._GLOBAL_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT
for scheme in invalid_schemes:
invalid_url = scheme + '://' + schemeless_url
self.assertRaises(urllib.error.HTTPError, h.http_error_302,
req, MockFile(), 302, "Security Loophole",
MockHeaders({"location": invalid_url}))
for scheme in valid_schemes:
valid_url = scheme + '://' + schemeless_url
h.http_error_302(req, MockFile(), 302, "That's fine",
MockHeaders({"location": valid_url}))
self.assertEqual(o.req.get_full_url(), valid_url)
def test_relative_redirect(self):
from_url = "http://example.com/a.html"
relative_url = "/b.html"
h = urllib.request.HTTPRedirectHandler()
o = h.parent = MockOpener()
req = Request(from_url)
req.timeout = socket._GLOBAL_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT
valid_url = urllib.parse.urljoin(from_url,relative_url)
h.http_error_302(req, MockFile(), 302, "That's fine",
MockHeaders({"location": valid_url}))
self.assertEqual(o.req.get_full_url(), valid_url)
def test_cookie_redirect(self):
# cookies shouldn't leak into redirected requests
from http.cookiejar import CookieJar
from test.test_http_cookiejar import interact_netscape
cj = CookieJar()
interact_netscape(cj, "http://www.example.com/", "spam=eggs")
hh = MockHTTPHandler(302, "Location: http://www.cracker.com/\r\n\r\n")
hdeh = urllib.request.HTTPDefaultErrorHandler()
hrh = urllib.request.HTTPRedirectHandler()
cp = urllib.request.HTTPCookieProcessor(cj)
o = build_test_opener(hh, hdeh, hrh, cp)
o.open("http://www.example.com/")
self.assertFalse(hh.req.has_header("Cookie"))
def test_redirect_fragment(self):
redirected_url = 'http://www.example.com/index.html#OK\r\n\r\n'
hh = MockHTTPHandler(302, 'Location: ' + redirected_url)
hdeh = urllib.request.HTTPDefaultErrorHandler()
hrh = urllib.request.HTTPRedirectHandler()
o = build_test_opener(hh, hdeh, hrh)
fp = o.open('http://www.example.com')
self.assertEqual(fp.geturl(), redirected_url.strip())
def test_redirect_no_path(self):
# Issue 14132: Relative redirect strips original path
real_class = http.client.HTTPConnection
response1 = b"HTTP/1.1 302 Found\r\nLocation: ?query\r\n\r\n"
http.client.HTTPConnection = test_urllib.fakehttp(response1)
self.addCleanup(setattr, http.client, "HTTPConnection", real_class)
urls = iter(("/path", "/path?query"))
def request(conn, method, url, *pos, **kw):
self.assertEqual(url, next(urls))
real_class.request(conn, method, url, *pos, **kw)
# Change response for subsequent connection
conn.__class__.fakedata = b"HTTP/1.1 200 OK\r\n\r\nHello!"
http.client.HTTPConnection.request = request
fp = urllib.request.urlopen("http://python.org/path")
self.assertEqual(fp.geturl(), "http://python.org/path?query")
def test_redirect_encoding(self):
# Some characters in the redirect target may need special handling,
# but most ASCII characters should be treated as already encoded
class Handler(urllib.request.HTTPHandler):
def http_open(self, req):
result = self.do_open(self.connection, req)
self.last_buf = self.connection.buf
# Set up a normal response for the next request
self.connection = test_urllib.fakehttp(
b'HTTP/1.1 200 OK\r\n'
b'Content-Length: 3\r\n'
b'\r\n'
b'123'
)
return result
handler = Handler()
opener = urllib.request.build_opener(handler)
tests = (
(b'/p\xC3\xA5-dansk/', b'/p%C3%A5-dansk/'),
(b'/spaced%20path/', b'/spaced%20path/'),
(b'/spaced path/', b'/spaced%20path/'),
(b'/?p\xC3\xA5-dansk', b'/?p%C3%A5-dansk'),
)
for [location, result] in tests:
with self.subTest(repr(location)):
handler.connection = test_urllib.fakehttp(
b'HTTP/1.1 302 Redirect\r\n'
b'Location: ' + location + b'\r\n'
b'\r\n'
)
response = opener.open('http://example.com/')
expected = b'GET ' + result + b' '
request = handler.last_buf
self.assertTrue(request.startswith(expected), repr(request))
def test_proxy(self):
o = OpenerDirector()
ph = urllib.request.ProxyHandler(dict(http="proxy.example.com:3128"))
o.add_handler(ph)
meth_spec = [
[("http_open", "return response")]
]
handlers = add_ordered_mock_handlers(o, meth_spec)
req = Request("http://acme.example.com/")
self.assertEqual(req.host, "acme.example.com")
o.open(req)
self.assertEqual(req.host, "proxy.example.com:3128")
self.assertEqual([(handlers[0], "http_open")],
[tup[0:2] for tup in o.calls])
def test_proxy_no_proxy(self):
os.environ['no_proxy'] = 'python.org'
o = OpenerDirector()
ph = urllib.request.ProxyHandler(dict(http="proxy.example.com"))
o.add_handler(ph)
req = Request("http://www.perl.org/")
self.assertEqual(req.host, "www.perl.org")
o.open(req)
self.assertEqual(req.host, "proxy.example.com")
req = Request("http://www.python.org")
self.assertEqual(req.host, "www.python.org")
o.open(req)
self.assertEqual(req.host, "www.python.org")
del os.environ['no_proxy']
def test_proxy_no_proxy_all(self):
os.environ['no_proxy'] = '*'
o = OpenerDirector()
ph = urllib.request.ProxyHandler(dict(http="proxy.example.com"))
o.add_handler(ph)
req = Request("http://www.python.org")
self.assertEqual(req.host, "www.python.org")
o.open(req)
self.assertEqual(req.host, "www.python.org")
del os.environ['no_proxy']
def test_proxy_https(self):
o = OpenerDirector()
ph = urllib.request.ProxyHandler(dict(https="proxy.example.com:3128"))
o.add_handler(ph)
meth_spec = [
[("https_open", "return response")]
]
handlers = add_ordered_mock_handlers(o, meth_spec)
req = Request("https://www.example.com/")
self.assertEqual(req.host, "www.example.com")
o.open(req)
self.assertEqual(req.host, "proxy.example.com:3128")
self.assertEqual([(handlers[0], "https_open")],
[tup[0:2] for tup in o.calls])
def test_proxy_https_proxy_authorization(self):
o = OpenerDirector()
ph = urllib.request.ProxyHandler(dict(https='proxy.example.com:3128'))
o.add_handler(ph)
https_handler = MockHTTPSHandler()
o.add_handler(https_handler)
req = Request("https://www.example.com/")
req.add_header("Proxy-Authorization", "FooBar")
req.add_header("User-Agent", "Grail")
self.assertEqual(req.host, "www.example.com")
self.assertIsNone(req._tunnel_host)
o.open(req)
# Verify Proxy-Authorization gets tunneled to request.
# httpsconn req_headers do not have the Proxy-Authorization header but
# the req will have.
self.assertNotIn(("Proxy-Authorization", "FooBar"),
https_handler.httpconn.req_headers)
self.assertIn(("User-Agent", "Grail"),
https_handler.httpconn.req_headers)
self.assertIsNotNone(req._tunnel_host)
self.assertEqual(req.host, "proxy.example.com:3128")
self.assertEqual(req.get_header("Proxy-authorization"), "FooBar")
@unittest.skipUnless(sys.platform == 'darwin', "only relevant for OSX")
def test_osx_proxy_bypass(self):
bypass = {
'exclude_simple': False,
'exceptions': ['foo.bar', '*.bar.com', '127.0.0.1', '10.10',
'10.0/16']
}
# Check hosts that should trigger the proxy bypass
for host in ('foo.bar', 'www.bar.com', '127.0.0.1', '10.10.0.1',
'10.0.0.1'):
self.assertTrue(_proxy_bypass_macosx_sysconf(host, bypass),
'expected bypass of %s to be True' % host)
# Check hosts that should not trigger the proxy bypass
for host in ('abc.foo.bar', 'bar.com', '127.0.0.2', '10.11.0.1',
'notinbypass'):
self.assertFalse(_proxy_bypass_macosx_sysconf(host, bypass),
'expected bypass of %s to be False' % host)
# Check the exclude_simple flag
bypass = {'exclude_simple': True, 'exceptions': []}
self.assertTrue(_proxy_bypass_macosx_sysconf('test', bypass))
def test_basic_auth(self, quote_char='"'):
opener = OpenerDirector()
password_manager = MockPasswordManager()
auth_handler = urllib.request.HTTPBasicAuthHandler(password_manager)
realm = "ACME Widget Store"
http_handler = MockHTTPHandler(
401, 'WWW-Authenticate: Basic realm=%s%s%s\r\n\r\n' %
(quote_char, realm, quote_char))
opener.add_handler(auth_handler)
opener.add_handler(http_handler)
self._test_basic_auth(opener, auth_handler, "Authorization",
realm, http_handler, password_manager,
"http://acme.example.com/protected",
"http://acme.example.com/protected",
)
def test_basic_auth_with_single_quoted_realm(self):
self.test_basic_auth(quote_char="'")
def test_basic_auth_with_unquoted_realm(self):
opener = OpenerDirector()
password_manager = MockPasswordManager()
auth_handler = urllib.request.HTTPBasicAuthHandler(password_manager)
realm = "ACME Widget Store"
http_handler = MockHTTPHandler(
401, 'WWW-Authenticate: Basic realm=%s\r\n\r\n' % realm)
opener.add_handler(auth_handler)
opener.add_handler(http_handler)
with self.assertWarns(UserWarning):
self._test_basic_auth(opener, auth_handler, "Authorization",
realm, http_handler, password_manager,
"http://acme.example.com/protected",
"http://acme.example.com/protected",
)
def test_proxy_basic_auth(self):
opener = OpenerDirector()
ph = urllib.request.ProxyHandler(dict(http="proxy.example.com:3128"))
opener.add_handler(ph)
password_manager = MockPasswordManager()
auth_handler = urllib.request.ProxyBasicAuthHandler(password_manager)
realm = "ACME Networks"
http_handler = MockHTTPHandler(
407, 'Proxy-Authenticate: Basic realm="%s"\r\n\r\n' % realm)
opener.add_handler(auth_handler)
opener.add_handler(http_handler)
self._test_basic_auth(opener, auth_handler, "Proxy-authorization",
realm, http_handler, password_manager,
"http://acme.example.com:3128/protected",
"proxy.example.com:3128",
)
def test_basic_and_digest_auth_handlers(self):
# HTTPDigestAuthHandler raised an exception if it couldn't handle a 40*
# response (http://python.org/sf/1479302), where it should instead
# return None to allow another handler (especially
# HTTPBasicAuthHandler) to handle the response.
# Also (http://python.org/sf/14797027, RFC 2617 section 1.2), we must
# try digest first (since it's the strongest auth scheme), so we record
# order of calls here to check digest comes first:
class RecordingOpenerDirector(OpenerDirector):
def __init__(self):
OpenerDirector.__init__(self)
self.recorded = []
def record(self, info):
self.recorded.append(info)
class TestDigestAuthHandler(urllib.request.HTTPDigestAuthHandler):
def http_error_401(self, *args, **kwds):
self.parent.record("digest")
urllib.request.HTTPDigestAuthHandler.http_error_401(self,
*args, **kwds)
class TestBasicAuthHandler(urllib.request.HTTPBasicAuthHandler):
def http_error_401(self, *args, **kwds):
self.parent.record("basic")
urllib.request.HTTPBasicAuthHandler.http_error_401(self,
*args, **kwds)
opener = RecordingOpenerDirector()
password_manager = MockPasswordManager()
digest_handler = TestDigestAuthHandler(password_manager)
basic_handler = TestBasicAuthHandler(password_manager)
realm = "ACME Networks"
http_handler = MockHTTPHandler(
401, 'WWW-Authenticate: Basic realm="%s"\r\n\r\n' % realm)
opener.add_handler(basic_handler)
opener.add_handler(digest_handler)
opener.add_handler(http_handler)
# check basic auth isn't blocked by digest handler failing
self._test_basic_auth(opener, basic_handler, "Authorization",
realm, http_handler, password_manager,
"http://acme.example.com/protected",
"http://acme.example.com/protected",
)
# check digest was tried before basic (twice, because
# _test_basic_auth called .open() twice)
self.assertEqual(opener.recorded, ["digest", "basic"]*2)
def test_unsupported_auth_digest_handler(self):
opener = OpenerDirector()
# While using DigestAuthHandler
digest_auth_handler = urllib.request.HTTPDigestAuthHandler(None)
http_handler = MockHTTPHandler(
401, 'WWW-Authenticate: Kerberos\r\n\r\n')
opener.add_handler(digest_auth_handler)
opener.add_handler(http_handler)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, opener.open, "http://www.example.com")
def test_unsupported_auth_basic_handler(self):
# While using BasicAuthHandler
opener = OpenerDirector()
basic_auth_handler = urllib.request.HTTPBasicAuthHandler(None)
http_handler = MockHTTPHandler(
401, 'WWW-Authenticate: NTLM\r\n\r\n')
opener.add_handler(basic_auth_handler)
opener.add_handler(http_handler)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, opener.open, "http://www.example.com")
def _test_basic_auth(self, opener, auth_handler, auth_header,
realm, http_handler, password_manager,
request_url, protected_url):
import base64
user, password = "wile", "coyote"
# .add_password() fed through to password manager
auth_handler.add_password(realm, request_url, user, password)
self.assertEqual(realm, password_manager.realm)
self.assertEqual(request_url, password_manager.url)
self.assertEqual(user, password_manager.user)
self.assertEqual(password, password_manager.password)
opener.open(request_url)
# should have asked the password manager for the username/password
self.assertEqual(password_manager.target_realm, realm)
self.assertEqual(password_manager.target_url, protected_url)
# expect one request without authorization, then one with
self.assertEqual(len(http_handler.requests), 2)
self.assertFalse(http_handler.requests[0].has_header(auth_header))
userpass = bytes('%s:%s' % (user, password), "ascii")
auth_hdr_value = ('Basic ' +
base64.encodebytes(userpass).strip().decode())
self.assertEqual(http_handler.requests[1].get_header(auth_header),
auth_hdr_value)
self.assertEqual(http_handler.requests[1].unredirected_hdrs[auth_header],
auth_hdr_value)
# if the password manager can't find a password, the handler won't
# handle the HTTP auth error
password_manager.user = password_manager.password = None
http_handler.reset()
opener.open(request_url)
self.assertEqual(len(http_handler.requests), 1)
self.assertFalse(http_handler.requests[0].has_header(auth_header))
def test_basic_prior_auth_auto_send(self):
# Assume already authenticated if is_authenticated=True
# for APIs like Github that don't return 401
user, password = "wile", "coyote"
request_url = "http://acme.example.com/protected"
http_handler = MockHTTPHandlerCheckAuth(200)
pwd_manager = HTTPPasswordMgrWithPriorAuth()
auth_prior_handler = HTTPBasicAuthHandler(pwd_manager)
auth_prior_handler.add_password(
None, request_url, user, password, is_authenticated=True)
is_auth = pwd_manager.is_authenticated(request_url)
self.assertTrue(is_auth)
opener = OpenerDirector()
opener.add_handler(auth_prior_handler)
opener.add_handler(http_handler)
opener.open(request_url)
# expect request to be sent with auth header
self.assertTrue(http_handler.has_auth_header)
def test_basic_prior_auth_send_after_first_success(self):
# Auto send auth header after authentication is successful once
user, password = 'wile', 'coyote'
request_url = 'http://acme.example.com/protected'
realm = 'ACME'
pwd_manager = HTTPPasswordMgrWithPriorAuth()
auth_prior_handler = HTTPBasicAuthHandler(pwd_manager)
auth_prior_handler.add_password(realm, request_url, user, password)
is_auth = pwd_manager.is_authenticated(request_url)
self.assertFalse(is_auth)
opener = OpenerDirector()
opener.add_handler(auth_prior_handler)
http_handler = MockHTTPHandler(
401, 'WWW-Authenticate: Basic realm="%s"\r\n\r\n' % None)
opener.add_handler(http_handler)
opener.open(request_url)
is_auth = pwd_manager.is_authenticated(request_url)
self.assertTrue(is_auth)
http_handler = MockHTTPHandlerCheckAuth(200)
self.assertFalse(http_handler.has_auth_header)
opener = OpenerDirector()
opener.add_handler(auth_prior_handler)
opener.add_handler(http_handler)
# After getting 200 from MockHTTPHandler
# Next request sends header in the first request
opener.open(request_url)
# expect request to be sent with auth header
self.assertTrue(http_handler.has_auth_header)
def test_http_closed(self):
"""Test the connection is cleaned up when the response is closed"""
for (transfer, data) in (
("Connection: close", b"data"),
("Transfer-Encoding: chunked", b"4\r\ndata\r\n0\r\n\r\n"),
("Content-Length: 4", b"data"),
):
header = "HTTP/1.1 200 OK\r\n{}\r\n\r\n".format(transfer)
conn = test_urllib.fakehttp(header.encode() + data)
handler = urllib.request.AbstractHTTPHandler()
req = Request("http://dummy/")
req.timeout = None
with handler.do_open(conn, req) as resp:
resp.read()
self.assertTrue(conn.fakesock.closed,
"Connection not closed with {!r}".format(transfer))
def test_invalid_closed(self):
"""Test the connection is cleaned up after an invalid response"""
conn = test_urllib.fakehttp(b"")
handler = urllib.request.AbstractHTTPHandler()
req = Request("http://dummy/")
req.timeout = None
with self.assertRaises(http.client.BadStatusLine):
handler.do_open(conn, req)
self.assertTrue(conn.fakesock.closed, "Connection not closed")
class MiscTests(unittest.TestCase):
def opener_has_handler(self, opener, handler_class):
self.assertTrue(any(h.__class__ == handler_class
for h in opener.handlers))
def test_build_opener(self):
class MyHTTPHandler(urllib.request.HTTPHandler):
pass
class FooHandler(urllib.request.BaseHandler):
def foo_open(self):
pass
class BarHandler(urllib.request.BaseHandler):
def bar_open(self):
pass
build_opener = urllib.request.build_opener
o = build_opener(FooHandler, BarHandler)
self.opener_has_handler(o, FooHandler)
self.opener_has_handler(o, BarHandler)
# can take a mix of classes and instances
o = build_opener(FooHandler, BarHandler())
self.opener_has_handler(o, FooHandler)
self.opener_has_handler(o, BarHandler)
# subclasses of default handlers override default handlers
o = build_opener(MyHTTPHandler)
self.opener_has_handler(o, MyHTTPHandler)
# a particular case of overriding: default handlers can be passed
# in explicitly
o = build_opener()
self.opener_has_handler(o, urllib.request.HTTPHandler)
o = build_opener(urllib.request.HTTPHandler)
self.opener_has_handler(o, urllib.request.HTTPHandler)
o = build_opener(urllib.request.HTTPHandler())
self.opener_has_handler(o, urllib.request.HTTPHandler)
# Issue2670: multiple handlers sharing the same base class
class MyOtherHTTPHandler(urllib.request.HTTPHandler):
pass
o = build_opener(MyHTTPHandler, MyOtherHTTPHandler)
self.opener_has_handler(o, MyHTTPHandler)
self.opener_has_handler(o, MyOtherHTTPHandler)
@unittest.skipUnless(support.is_resource_enabled('network'),
'test requires network access')
def test_issue16464(self):
with support.transient_internet("http://www.example.com/"):
opener = urllib.request.build_opener()
request = urllib.request.Request("http://www.example.com/")
self.assertEqual(None, request.data)
opener.open(request, "1".encode("us-ascii"))
self.assertEqual(b"1", request.data)
self.assertEqual("1", request.get_header("Content-length"))
opener.open(request, "1234567890".encode("us-ascii"))
self.assertEqual(b"1234567890", request.data)
self.assertEqual("10", request.get_header("Content-length"))
def test_HTTPError_interface(self):
"""
Issue 13211 reveals that HTTPError didn't implement the URLError
interface even though HTTPError is a subclass of URLError.
"""
msg = 'something bad happened'
url = code = fp = None
hdrs = 'Content-Length: 42'
err = urllib.error.HTTPError(url, code, msg, hdrs, fp)
self.assertTrue(hasattr(err, 'reason'))
self.assertEqual(err.reason, 'something bad happened')
self.assertTrue(hasattr(err, 'headers'))
self.assertEqual(err.headers, 'Content-Length: 42')
expected_errmsg = 'HTTP Error %s: %s' % (err.code, err.msg)
self.assertEqual(str(err), expected_errmsg)
expected_errmsg = '<HTTPError %s: %r>' % (err.code, err.msg)
self.assertEqual(repr(err), expected_errmsg)
def test_parse_proxy(self):
parse_proxy_test_cases = [
('proxy.example.com',
(None, None, None, 'proxy.example.com')),
('proxy.example.com:3128',
(None, None, None, 'proxy.example.com:3128')),
('proxy.example.com', (None, None, None, 'proxy.example.com')),
('proxy.example.com:3128',
(None, None, None, 'proxy.example.com:3128')),
# The authority component may optionally include userinfo
# (assumed to be # username:password):
('joe:password@proxy.example.com',
(None, 'joe', 'password', 'proxy.example.com')),
('joe:password@proxy.example.com:3128',
(None, 'joe', 'password', 'proxy.example.com:3128')),
#Examples with URLS
('http://proxy.example.com/',
('http', None, None, 'proxy.example.com')),
('http://proxy.example.com:3128/',
('http', None, None, 'proxy.example.com:3128')),
('http://joe:password@proxy.example.com/',
('http', 'joe', 'password', 'proxy.example.com')),
('http://joe:password@proxy.example.com:3128',
('http', 'joe', 'password', 'proxy.example.com:3128')),
# Everything after the authority is ignored
('ftp://joe:password@proxy.example.com/rubbish:3128',
('ftp', 'joe', 'password', 'proxy.example.com')),
# Test for no trailing '/' case
('http://joe:password@proxy.example.com',
('http', 'joe', 'password', 'proxy.example.com'))
]
for tc, expected in parse_proxy_test_cases:
self.assertEqual(_parse_proxy(tc), expected)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, _parse_proxy, 'file:/ftp.example.com'),
def test_unsupported_algorithm(self):
handler = AbstractDigestAuthHandler()
with self.assertRaises(ValueError) as exc:
handler.get_algorithm_impls('invalid')
self.assertEqual(
str(exc.exception),
"Unsupported digest authentication algorithm 'invalid'"
)
class RequestTests(unittest.TestCase):
class PutRequest(Request):
method = 'PUT'
def setUp(self):
self.get = Request("http://www.python.org/~jeremy/")
self.post = Request("http://www.python.org/~jeremy/",
"data",
headers={"X-Test": "test"})
self.head = Request("http://www.python.org/~jeremy/", method='HEAD')
self.put = self.PutRequest("http://www.python.org/~jeremy/")
self.force_post = self.PutRequest("http://www.python.org/~jeremy/",
method="POST")
def test_method(self):
self.assertEqual("POST", self.post.get_method())
self.assertEqual("GET", self.get.get_method())
self.assertEqual("HEAD", self.head.get_method())
self.assertEqual("PUT", self.put.get_method())
self.assertEqual("POST", self.force_post.get_method())
def test_data(self):
self.assertFalse(self.get.data)
self.assertEqual("GET", self.get.get_method())
self.get.data = "spam"
self.assertTrue(self.get.data)
self.assertEqual("POST", self.get.get_method())
# issue 16464
# if we change data we need to remove content-length header
# (cause it's most probably calculated for previous value)
def test_setting_data_should_remove_content_length(self):
self.assertNotIn("Content-length", self.get.unredirected_hdrs)
self.get.add_unredirected_header("Content-length", 42)
self.assertEqual(42, self.get.unredirected_hdrs["Content-length"])
self.get.data = "spam"
self.assertNotIn("Content-length", self.get.unredirected_hdrs)
# issue 17485 same for deleting data.
def test_deleting_data_should_remove_content_length(self):
self.assertNotIn("Content-length", self.get.unredirected_hdrs)
self.get.data = 'foo'
self.get.add_unredirected_header("Content-length", 3)
self.assertEqual(3, self.get.unredirected_hdrs["Content-length"])
del self.get.data
self.assertNotIn("Content-length", self.get.unredirected_hdrs)
def test_get_full_url(self):
self.assertEqual("http://www.python.org/~jeremy/",
self.get.get_full_url())
def test_selector(self):
self.assertEqual("/~jeremy/", self.get.selector)
req = Request("http://www.python.org/")
self.assertEqual("/", req.selector)
def test_get_type(self):
self.assertEqual("http", self.get.type)
def test_get_host(self):
self.assertEqual("www.python.org", self.get.host)
def test_get_host_unquote(self):
req = Request("http://www.%70ython.org/")
self.assertEqual("www.python.org", req.host)
def test_proxy(self):
self.assertFalse(self.get.has_proxy())
self.get.set_proxy("www.perl.org", "http")
self.assertTrue(self.get.has_proxy())
self.assertEqual("www.python.org", self.get.origin_req_host)
self.assertEqual("www.perl.org", self.get.host)
def test_wrapped_url(self):
req = Request("<URL:http://www.python.org>")
self.assertEqual("www.python.org", req.host)
def test_url_fragment(self):
req = Request("http://www.python.org/?qs=query#fragment=true")
self.assertEqual("/?qs=query", req.selector)
req = Request("http://www.python.org/#fun=true")
self.assertEqual("/", req.selector)
# Issue 11703: geturl() omits fragment in the original URL.
url = 'http://docs.python.org/library/urllib2.html#OK'
req = Request(url)
self.assertEqual(req.get_full_url(), url)
def test_url_fullurl_get_full_url(self):
urls = ['http://docs.python.org',
'http://docs.python.org/library/urllib2.html#OK',
'http://www.python.org/?qs=query#fragment=true']
for url in urls:
req = Request(url)
self.assertEqual(req.get_full_url(), req.full_url)
if __name__ == "__main__":
unittest.main()