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/*
/ Author: Sam Rushing <rushing@nightmare.com>
/ Hacked for Unix by AMK
/ $Id$
/ Modified to support mmap with offset - to map a 'window' of a file
/ Author: Yotam Medini yotamm@mellanox.co.il
/
/ mmapmodule.cpp -- map a view of a file into memory
/
/ todo: need permission flags, perhaps a 'chsize' analog
/ not all functions check range yet!!!
/
/
/ This version of mmapmodule.c has been changed significantly
/ from the original mmapfile.c on which it was based.
/ The original version of mmapfile is maintained by Sam at
/ ftp://squirl.nightmare.com/pub/python/python-ext.
*/
#define PY_SSIZE_T_CLEAN
#include <Python.h>
#include "structmember.h"
#ifndef MS_WINDOWS
#define UNIX
# ifdef HAVE_FCNTL_H
# include <fcntl.h>
# endif /* HAVE_FCNTL_H */
#endif
#ifdef MS_WINDOWS
#include <windows.h>
static int
my_getpagesize(void)
{
SYSTEM_INFO si;
GetSystemInfo(&si);
return si.dwPageSize;
}
static int
my_getallocationgranularity (void)
{
SYSTEM_INFO si;
GetSystemInfo(&si);
return si.dwAllocationGranularity;
}
#endif
#ifdef UNIX
#include <sys/mman.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#if defined(HAVE_SYSCONF) && defined(_SC_PAGESIZE)
static int
my_getpagesize(void)
{
return sysconf(_SC_PAGESIZE);
}
#define my_getallocationgranularity my_getpagesize
#else
#define my_getpagesize getpagesize
#endif
#endif /* UNIX */
#include <string.h>
#ifdef HAVE_SYS_TYPES_H
#include <sys/types.h>
#endif /* HAVE_SYS_TYPES_H */
/* Prefer MAP_ANONYMOUS since MAP_ANON is deprecated according to man page. */
#if !defined(MAP_ANONYMOUS) && defined(MAP_ANON)
# define MAP_ANONYMOUS MAP_ANON
#endif
typedef enum
{
ACCESS_DEFAULT,
ACCESS_READ,
ACCESS_WRITE,
ACCESS_COPY
} access_mode;
typedef struct {
PyObject_HEAD
char * data;
Py_ssize_t size;
Py_ssize_t pos; /* relative to offset */
#ifdef MS_WINDOWS
long long offset;
#else
off_t offset;
#endif
Py_ssize_t exports;
#ifdef MS_WINDOWS
HANDLE map_handle;
HANDLE file_handle;
char * tagname;
#endif
#ifdef UNIX
int fd;
#endif
PyObject *weakreflist;
access_mode access;
} mmap_object;
static void
mmap_object_dealloc(mmap_object *m_obj)
{
#ifdef MS_WINDOWS
Py_BEGIN_ALLOW_THREADS
if (m_obj->data != NULL)
UnmapViewOfFile (m_obj->data);
if (m_obj->map_handle != NULL)
CloseHandle (m_obj->map_handle);
if (m_obj->file_handle != INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
CloseHandle (m_obj->file_handle);
Py_END_ALLOW_THREADS
if (m_obj->tagname)
PyMem_Free(m_obj->tagname);
#endif /* MS_WINDOWS */
#ifdef UNIX
Py_BEGIN_ALLOW_THREADS
if (m_obj->fd >= 0)
(void) close(m_obj->fd);
if (m_obj->data!=NULL) {
munmap(m_obj->data, m_obj->size);
}
Py_END_ALLOW_THREADS
#endif /* UNIX */
if (m_obj->weakreflist != NULL)
PyObject_ClearWeakRefs((PyObject *) m_obj);
Py_TYPE(m_obj)->tp_free((PyObject*)m_obj);
}
static PyObject *
mmap_close_method(mmap_object *self, PyObject *unused)
{
if (self->exports > 0) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_BufferError, "cannot close "\
"exported pointers exist");
return NULL;
}
#ifdef MS_WINDOWS
/* For each resource we maintain, we need to check
the value is valid, and if so, free the resource
and set the member value to an invalid value so
the dealloc does not attempt to resource clearing
again.
TODO - should we check for errors in the close operations???
*/
HANDLE map_handle = self->map_handle;
HANDLE file_handle = self->file_handle;
char *data = self->data;
self->map_handle = NULL;
self->file_handle = INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE;
self->data = NULL;
Py_BEGIN_ALLOW_THREADS
if (data != NULL) {
UnmapViewOfFile(data);
}
if (map_handle != NULL) {
CloseHandle(map_handle);
}
if (file_handle != INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE) {
CloseHandle(file_handle);
}
Py_END_ALLOW_THREADS
#endif /* MS_WINDOWS */
#ifdef UNIX
int fd = self->fd;
char *data = self->data;
self->fd = -1;
self->data = NULL;
Py_BEGIN_ALLOW_THREADS
if (0 <= fd)
(void) close(fd);
if (data != NULL) {
munmap(data, self->size);
}
Py_END_ALLOW_THREADS
#endif
Py_RETURN_NONE;
}
#ifdef MS_WINDOWS
#define CHECK_VALID(err) \
do { \
if (self->map_handle == NULL) { \
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_ValueError, "mmap closed or invalid"); \
return err; \
} \
} while (0)
#endif /* MS_WINDOWS */
#ifdef UNIX
#define CHECK_VALID(err) \
do { \
if (self->data == NULL) { \
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_ValueError, "mmap closed or invalid"); \
return err; \
} \
} while (0)
#endif /* UNIX */
static PyObject *
mmap_read_byte_method(mmap_object *self,
PyObject *unused)
{
CHECK_VALID(NULL);
if (self->pos >= self->size) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_ValueError, "read byte out of range");
return NULL;
}
return PyLong_FromLong((unsigned char)self->data[self->pos++]);
}
static PyObject *
mmap_read_line_method(mmap_object *self,
PyObject *unused)
{
Py_ssize_t remaining;
char *start, *eol;
PyObject *result;
CHECK_VALID(NULL);
remaining = (self->pos < self->size) ? self->size - self->pos : 0;
if (!remaining)
return PyBytes_FromString("");
start = self->data + self->pos;
eol = memchr(start, '\n', remaining);
if (!eol)
eol = self->data + self->size;
else
++eol; /* advance past newline */
result = PyBytes_FromStringAndSize(start, (eol - start));
self->pos += (eol - start);
return result;
}
static PyObject *
mmap_read_method(mmap_object *self,
PyObject *args)
{
Py_ssize_t num_bytes = PY_SSIZE_T_MAX, remaining;
PyObject *result;
CHECK_VALID(NULL);
if (!PyArg_ParseTuple(args, "|O&:read", _Py_convert_optional_to_ssize_t, &num_bytes))
return(NULL);
/* silently 'adjust' out-of-range requests */
remaining = (self->pos < self->size) ? self->size - self->pos : 0;
if (num_bytes < 0 || num_bytes > remaining)
num_bytes = remaining;
result = PyBytes_FromStringAndSize(&self->data[self->pos], num_bytes);
self->pos += num_bytes;
return result;
}
static PyObject *
mmap_gfind(mmap_object *self,
PyObject *args,
int reverse)
{
Py_ssize_t start = self->pos;
Py_ssize_t end = self->size;
Py_buffer view;
CHECK_VALID(NULL);
if (!PyArg_ParseTuple(args, reverse ? "y*|nn:rfind" : "y*|nn:find",
&view, &start, &end)) {
return NULL;
} else {
const char *p, *start_p, *end_p;
int sign = reverse ? -1 : 1;
const char *needle = view.buf;
Py_ssize_t len = view.len;
if (start < 0)
start += self->size;
if (start < 0)
start = 0;
else if (start > self->size)
start = self->size;
if (end < 0)
end += self->size;
if (end < 0)
end = 0;
else if (end > self->size)
end = self->size;
start_p = self->data + start;
end_p = self->data + end;
for (p = (reverse ? end_p - len : start_p);
(p >= start_p) && (p + len <= end_p); p += sign) {
Py_ssize_t i;
for (i = 0; i < len && needle[i] == p[i]; ++i)
/* nothing */;
if (i == len) {
PyBuffer_Release(&view);
return PyLong_FromSsize_t(p - self->data);
}
}
PyBuffer_Release(&view);
return PyLong_FromLong(-1);
}
}
static PyObject *
mmap_find_method(mmap_object *self,
PyObject *args)
{
return mmap_gfind(self, args, 0);
}
static PyObject *
mmap_rfind_method(mmap_object *self,
PyObject *args)
{
return mmap_gfind(self, args, 1);
}
static int
is_writable(mmap_object *self)
{
if (self->access != ACCESS_READ)
return 1;
PyErr_Format(PyExc_TypeError, "mmap can't modify a readonly memory map.");
return 0;
}
static int
is_resizeable(mmap_object *self)
{
if (self->exports > 0) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_BufferError,
"mmap can't resize with extant buffers exported.");
return 0;
}
if ((self->access == ACCESS_WRITE) || (self->access == ACCESS_DEFAULT))
return 1;
PyErr_Format(PyExc_TypeError,
"mmap can't resize a readonly or copy-on-write memory map.");
return 0;
}
static PyObject *
mmap_write_method(mmap_object *self,
PyObject *args)
{
Py_buffer data;
CHECK_VALID(NULL);
if (!PyArg_ParseTuple(args, "y*:write", &data))
return(NULL);
if (!is_writable(self)) {
PyBuffer_Release(&data);
return NULL;
}
if (self->pos > self->size || self->size - self->pos < data.len) {
PyBuffer_Release(&data);
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_ValueError, "data out of range");
return NULL;
}
memcpy(&self->data[self->pos], data.buf, data.len);
self->pos += data.len;
PyBuffer_Release(&data);
return PyLong_FromSsize_t(data.len);
}
static PyObject *
mmap_write_byte_method(mmap_object *self,
PyObject *args)
{
char value;
CHECK_VALID(NULL);
if (!PyArg_ParseTuple(args, "b:write_byte", &value))
return(NULL);
if (!is_writable(self))
return NULL;
if (self->pos < self->size) {
self->data[self->pos++] = value;
Py_RETURN_NONE;
}
else {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_ValueError, "write byte out of range");
return NULL;
}
}
static PyObject *
mmap_size_method(mmap_object *self,
PyObject *unused)
{
CHECK_VALID(NULL);
#ifdef MS_WINDOWS
if (self->file_handle != INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE) {
DWORD low,high;
long long size;
low = GetFileSize(self->file_handle, &high);
if (low == INVALID_FILE_SIZE) {
/* It might be that the function appears to have failed,
when indeed its size equals INVALID_FILE_SIZE */
DWORD error = GetLastError();
if (error != NO_ERROR)
return PyErr_SetFromWindowsErr(error);
}
if (!high && low < LONG_MAX)
return PyLong_FromLong((long)low);
size = (((long long)high)<<32) + low;
return PyLong_FromLongLong(size);
} else {
return PyLong_FromSsize_t(self->size);
}
#endif /* MS_WINDOWS */
#ifdef UNIX
{
struct _Py_stat_struct status;
if (_Py_fstat(self->fd, &status) == -1)
return NULL;
#ifdef HAVE_LARGEFILE_SUPPORT
return PyLong_FromLongLong(status.st_size);
#else
return PyLong_FromLong(status.st_size);
#endif
}
#endif /* UNIX */
}
/* This assumes that you want the entire file mapped,
/ and when recreating the map will make the new file
/ have the new size
/
/ Is this really necessary? This could easily be done
/ from python by just closing and re-opening with the
/ new size?
*/
static PyObject *
mmap_resize_method(mmap_object *self,
PyObject *args)
{
Py_ssize_t new_size;
CHECK_VALID(NULL);
if (!PyArg_ParseTuple(args, "n:resize", &new_size) ||
!is_resizeable(self)) {
return NULL;
}
if (new_size < 0 || PY_SSIZE_T_MAX - new_size < self->offset) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_ValueError, "new size out of range");
return NULL;
}
{
#ifdef MS_WINDOWS
DWORD dwErrCode = 0;
DWORD off_hi, off_lo, newSizeLow, newSizeHigh;
/* First, unmap the file view */
UnmapViewOfFile(self->data);
self->data = NULL;
/* Close the mapping object */
CloseHandle(self->map_handle);
self->map_handle = NULL;
/* Move to the desired EOF position */
newSizeHigh = (DWORD)((self->offset + new_size) >> 32);
newSizeLow = (DWORD)((self->offset + new_size) & 0xFFFFFFFF);
off_hi = (DWORD)(self->offset >> 32);
off_lo = (DWORD)(self->offset & 0xFFFFFFFF);
SetFilePointer(self->file_handle,
newSizeLow, &newSizeHigh, FILE_BEGIN);
/* Change the size of the file */
SetEndOfFile(self->file_handle);
/* Create another mapping object and remap the file view */
self->map_handle = CreateFileMapping(
self->file_handle,
NULL,
PAGE_READWRITE,
0,
0,
self->tagname);
if (self->map_handle != NULL) {
self->data = (char *) MapViewOfFile(self->map_handle,
FILE_MAP_WRITE,
off_hi,
off_lo,
new_size);
if (self->data != NULL) {
self->size = new_size;
Py_RETURN_NONE;
} else {
dwErrCode = GetLastError();
CloseHandle(self->map_handle);
self->map_handle = NULL;
}
} else {
dwErrCode = GetLastError();
}
PyErr_SetFromWindowsErr(dwErrCode);
return NULL;
#endif /* MS_WINDOWS */
#ifdef UNIX
#ifndef HAVE_MREMAP
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_SystemError,
"mmap: resizing not available--no mremap()");
return NULL;
#else
void *newmap;
if (self->fd != -1 && ftruncate(self->fd, self->offset + new_size) == -1) {
PyErr_SetFromErrno(PyExc_OSError);
return NULL;
}
#ifdef MREMAP_MAYMOVE
newmap = mremap(self->data, self->size, new_size, MREMAP_MAYMOVE);
#else
#if defined(__NetBSD__)
newmap = mremap(self->data, self->size, self->data, new_size, 0);
#else
newmap = mremap(self->data, self->size, new_size, 0);
#endif /* __NetBSD__ */
#endif
if (newmap == (void *)-1)
{
PyErr_SetFromErrno(PyExc_OSError);
return NULL;
}
self->data = newmap;
self->size = new_size;
Py_RETURN_NONE;
#endif /* HAVE_MREMAP */
#endif /* UNIX */
}
}
static PyObject *
mmap_tell_method(mmap_object *self, PyObject *unused)
{
CHECK_VALID(NULL);
return PyLong_FromSize_t(self->pos);
}
static PyObject *
mmap_flush_method(mmap_object *self, PyObject *args)
{
Py_ssize_t offset = 0;
Py_ssize_t size = self->size;
CHECK_VALID(NULL);
if (!PyArg_ParseTuple(args, "|nn:flush", &offset, &size))
return NULL;
if (size < 0 || offset < 0 || self->size - offset < size) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_ValueError, "flush values out of range");
return NULL;
}
if (self->access == ACCESS_READ || self->access == ACCESS_COPY)
Py_RETURN_NONE;
#ifdef MS_WINDOWS
if (!FlushViewOfFile(self->data+offset, size)) {
PyErr_SetFromWindowsErr(GetLastError());
return NULL;
}
Py_RETURN_NONE;
#elif defined(UNIX)
/* XXX flags for msync? */
if (-1 == msync(self->data + offset, size, MS_SYNC)) {
PyErr_SetFromErrno(PyExc_OSError);
return NULL;
}
Py_RETURN_NONE;
#else
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_ValueError, "flush not supported on this system");
return NULL;
#endif
}
static PyObject *
mmap_seek_method(mmap_object *self, PyObject *args)
{
Py_ssize_t dist;
int how=0;
CHECK_VALID(NULL);
if (!PyArg_ParseTuple(args, "n|i:seek", &dist, &how))
return NULL;
else {
Py_ssize_t where;
switch (how) {
case 0: /* relative to start */
where = dist;
break;
case 1: /* relative to current position */
if (PY_SSIZE_T_MAX - self->pos < dist)
goto onoutofrange;
where = self->pos + dist;
break;
case 2: /* relative to end */
if (PY_SSIZE_T_MAX - self->size < dist)
goto onoutofrange;
where = self->size + dist;
break;
default:
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_ValueError, "unknown seek type");
return NULL;
}
if (where > self->size || where < 0)
goto onoutofrange;
self->pos = where;
Py_RETURN_NONE;
}
onoutofrange:
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_ValueError, "seek out of range");
return NULL;
}
static PyObject *
mmap_move_method(mmap_object *self, PyObject *args)
{
Py_ssize_t dest, src, cnt;
CHECK_VALID(NULL);
if (!PyArg_ParseTuple(args, "nnn:move", &dest, &src, &cnt) ||
!is_writable(self)) {
return NULL;
} else {
/* bounds check the values */
if (dest < 0 || src < 0 || cnt < 0)
goto bounds;
if (self->size - dest < cnt || self->size - src < cnt)
goto bounds;
memmove(&self->data[dest], &self->data[src], cnt);
Py_RETURN_NONE;
bounds:
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_ValueError,
"source, destination, or count out of range");
return NULL;
}
}
static PyObject *
mmap_closed_get(mmap_object *self, void *Py_UNUSED(ignored))
{
#ifdef MS_WINDOWS
return PyBool_FromLong(self->map_handle == NULL ? 1 : 0);
#elif defined(UNIX)
return PyBool_FromLong(self->data == NULL ? 1 : 0);
#endif
}
static PyObject *
mmap__enter__method(mmap_object *self, PyObject *args)
{
CHECK_VALID(NULL);
Py_INCREF(self);
return (PyObject *)self;
}
static PyObject *
mmap__exit__method(PyObject *self, PyObject *args)
{
_Py_IDENTIFIER(close);
return _PyObject_CallMethodIdNoArgs(self, &PyId_close);
}
static PyObject *
mmap__repr__method(PyObject *self)
{
mmap_object *mobj = (mmap_object *)self;
#ifdef MS_WINDOWS
#define _Py_FORMAT_OFFSET "lld"
if (mobj->map_handle == NULL)
#elif defined(UNIX)
# ifdef HAVE_LARGEFILE_SUPPORT
# define _Py_FORMAT_OFFSET "lld"
# else
# define _Py_FORMAT_OFFSET "ld"
# endif
if (mobj->data == NULL)
#endif
{
return PyUnicode_FromFormat("<%s closed=True>", Py_TYPE(self)->tp_name);
} else {
const char *access_str;
switch (mobj->access) {
case ACCESS_DEFAULT:
access_str = "ACCESS_DEFAULT";
break;
case ACCESS_READ:
access_str = "ACCESS_READ";
break;
case ACCESS_WRITE:
access_str = "ACCESS_WRITE";
break;
case ACCESS_COPY:
access_str = "ACCESS_COPY";
break;
default:
Py_UNREACHABLE();
}
return PyUnicode_FromFormat("<%s closed=False, access=%s, length=%zd, "
"pos=%zd, offset=%" _Py_FORMAT_OFFSET ">",
Py_TYPE(self)->tp_name, access_str,
mobj->size, mobj->pos, mobj->offset);
}
}
#ifdef MS_WINDOWS
static PyObject *
mmap__sizeof__method(mmap_object *self, void *unused)
{
Py_ssize_t res;
res = _PyObject_SIZE(Py_TYPE(self));
if (self->tagname)
res += strlen(self->tagname) + 1;
return PyLong_FromSsize_t(res);
}
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_MADVISE
static PyObject *
mmap_madvise_method(mmap_object *self, PyObject *args)
{
int option;
Py_ssize_t start = 0, length;
CHECK_VALID(NULL);
length = self->size;
if (!PyArg_ParseTuple(args, "i|nn:madvise", &option, &start, &length)) {
return NULL;
}
if (start < 0 || start >= self->size) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_ValueError, "madvise start out of bounds");
return NULL;
}
if (length < 0) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_ValueError, "madvise length invalid");
return NULL;
}
if (PY_SSIZE_T_MAX - start < length) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_OverflowError, "madvise length too large");
return NULL;
}
if (start + length > self->size) {
length = self->size - start;
}
if (madvise(self->data + start, length, option) != 0) {
PyErr_SetFromErrno(PyExc_OSError);
return NULL;
}
Py_RETURN_NONE;
}
#endif // HAVE_MADVISE
static struct PyMethodDef mmap_object_methods[] = {
{"close", (PyCFunction) mmap_close_method, METH_NOARGS},
{"find", (PyCFunction) mmap_find_method, METH_VARARGS},
{"rfind", (PyCFunction) mmap_rfind_method, METH_VARARGS},
{"flush", (PyCFunction) mmap_flush_method, METH_VARARGS},
#ifdef HAVE_MADVISE
{"madvise", (PyCFunction) mmap_madvise_method, METH_VARARGS},
#endif
{"move", (PyCFunction) mmap_move_method, METH_VARARGS},
{"read", (PyCFunction) mmap_read_method, METH_VARARGS},
{"read_byte", (PyCFunction) mmap_read_byte_method, METH_NOARGS},
{"readline", (PyCFunction) mmap_read_line_method, METH_NOARGS},
{"resize", (PyCFunction) mmap_resize_method, METH_VARARGS},
{"seek", (PyCFunction) mmap_seek_method, METH_VARARGS},
{"size", (PyCFunction) mmap_size_method, METH_NOARGS},
{"tell", (PyCFunction) mmap_tell_method, METH_NOARGS},
{"write", (PyCFunction) mmap_write_method, METH_VARARGS},
{"write_byte", (PyCFunction) mmap_write_byte_method, METH_VARARGS},
{"__enter__", (PyCFunction) mmap__enter__method, METH_NOARGS},
{"__exit__", (PyCFunction) mmap__exit__method, METH_VARARGS},
#ifdef MS_WINDOWS
{"__sizeof__", (PyCFunction) mmap__sizeof__method, METH_NOARGS},
#endif
{NULL, NULL} /* sentinel */
};
static PyGetSetDef mmap_object_getset[] = {
{"closed", (getter) mmap_closed_get, NULL, NULL},
{NULL}
};
/* Functions for treating an mmap'ed file as a buffer */
static int
mmap_buffer_getbuf(mmap_object *self, Py_buffer *view, int flags)
{
CHECK_VALID(-1);
if (PyBuffer_FillInfo(view, (PyObject*)self, self->data, self->size,
(self->access == ACCESS_READ), flags) < 0)
return -1;
self->exports++;
return 0;
}
static void
mmap_buffer_releasebuf(mmap_object *self, Py_buffer *view)
{
self->exports--;
}
static Py_ssize_t
mmap_length(mmap_object *self)
{
CHECK_VALID(-1);
return self->size;
}
static PyObject *
mmap_item(mmap_object *self, Py_ssize_t i)
{
CHECK_VALID(NULL);
if (i < 0 || i >= self->size) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_IndexError, "mmap index out of range");
return NULL;
}
return PyBytes_FromStringAndSize(self->data + i, 1);
}
static PyObject *
mmap_subscript(mmap_object *self, PyObject *item)
{
CHECK_VALID(NULL);
if (PyIndex_Check(item)) {
Py_ssize_t i = PyNumber_AsSsize_t(item, PyExc_IndexError);
if (i == -1 && PyErr_Occurred())
return NULL;
if (i < 0)
i += self->size;
if (i < 0 || i >= self->size) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_IndexError,
"mmap index out of range");
return NULL;
}
return PyLong_FromLong(Py_CHARMASK(self->data[i]));
}
else if (PySlice_Check(item)) {
Py_ssize_t start, stop, step, slicelen;
if (PySlice_Unpack(item, &start, &stop, &step) < 0) {
return NULL;
}
slicelen = PySlice_AdjustIndices(self->size, &start, &stop, step);
if (slicelen <= 0)
return PyBytes_FromStringAndSize("", 0);
else if (step == 1)
return PyBytes_FromStringAndSize(self->data + start,
slicelen);
else {
char *result_buf = (char *)PyMem_Malloc(slicelen);
size_t cur;
Py_ssize_t i;
PyObject *result;
if (result_buf == NULL)
return PyErr_NoMemory();
for (cur = start, i = 0; i < slicelen;
cur += step, i++) {
result_buf[i] = self->data[cur];
}
result = PyBytes_FromStringAndSize(result_buf,
slicelen);
PyMem_Free(result_buf);
return result;
}
}
else {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_TypeError,
"mmap indices must be integers");
return NULL;
}
}
static int
mmap_ass_item(mmap_object *self, Py_ssize_t i, PyObject *v)
{
const char *buf;
CHECK_VALID(-1);
if (i < 0 || i >= self->size) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_IndexError, "mmap index out of range");
return -1;
}
if (v == NULL) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_TypeError,
"mmap object doesn't support item deletion");
return -1;
}
if (! (PyBytes_Check(v) && PyBytes_Size(v)==1) ) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_IndexError,
"mmap assignment must be length-1 bytes()");
return -1;
}
if (!is_writable(self))
return -1;
buf = PyBytes_AsString(v);
self->data[i] = buf[0];
return 0;
}
static int
mmap_ass_subscript(mmap_object *self, PyObject *item, PyObject *value)
{
CHECK_VALID(-1);
if (!is_writable(self))
return -1;
if (PyIndex_Check(item)) {
Py_ssize_t i = PyNumber_AsSsize_t(item, PyExc_IndexError);
Py_ssize_t v;
if (i == -1 && PyErr_Occurred())
return -1;
if (i < 0)
i += self->size;
if (i < 0 || i >= self->size) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_IndexError,
"mmap index out of range");
return -1;
}
if (value == NULL) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_TypeError,
"mmap doesn't support item deletion");
return -1;
}
if (!PyIndex_Check(value)) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_TypeError,
"mmap item value must be an int");
return -1;
}
v = PyNumber_AsSsize_t(value, PyExc_TypeError);
if (v == -1 && PyErr_Occurred())
return -1;
if (v < 0 || v > 255) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_ValueError,
"mmap item value must be "
"in range(0, 256)");
return -1;
}
self->data[i] = (char) v;
return 0;
}
else if (PySlice_Check(item)) {
Py_ssize_t start, stop, step, slicelen;
Py_buffer vbuf;
if (PySlice_Unpack(item, &start, &stop, &step) < 0) {
return -1;
}
slicelen = PySlice_AdjustIndices(self->size, &start, &stop, step);
if (value == NULL) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_TypeError,
"mmap object doesn't support slice deletion");
return -1;
}
if (PyObject_GetBuffer(value, &vbuf, PyBUF_SIMPLE) < 0)
return -1;
if (vbuf.len != slicelen) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_IndexError,
"mmap slice assignment is wrong size");
PyBuffer_Release(&vbuf);
return -1;
}
if (slicelen == 0) {
}
else if (step == 1) {
memcpy(self->data + start, vbuf.buf, slicelen);
}
else {
size_t cur;
Py_ssize_t i;
for (cur = start, i = 0;
i < slicelen;
cur += step, i++)
{
self->data[cur] = ((char *)vbuf.buf)[i];
}
}
PyBuffer_Release(&vbuf);
return 0;
}
else {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_TypeError,
"mmap indices must be integer");
return -1;
}
}
static PySequenceMethods mmap_as_sequence = {
(lenfunc)mmap_length, /*sq_length*/
0, /*sq_concat*/
0, /*sq_repeat*/
(ssizeargfunc)mmap_item, /*sq_item*/
0, /*sq_slice*/
(ssizeobjargproc)mmap_ass_item, /*sq_ass_item*/
0, /*sq_ass_slice*/
};
static PyMappingMethods mmap_as_mapping = {
(lenfunc)mmap_length,
(binaryfunc)mmap_subscript,
(objobjargproc)mmap_ass_subscript,
};
static PyBufferProcs mmap_as_buffer = {
(getbufferproc)mmap_buffer_getbuf,
(releasebufferproc)mmap_buffer_releasebuf,
};
static PyObject *
new_mmap_object(PyTypeObject *type, PyObject *args, PyObject *kwdict);
PyDoc_STRVAR(mmap_doc,
"Windows: mmap(fileno, length[, tagname[, access[, offset]]])\n\
\n\
Maps length bytes from the file specified by the file handle fileno,\n\
and returns a mmap object. If length is larger than the current size\n\
of the file, the file is extended to contain length bytes. If length\n\
is 0, the maximum length of the map is the current size of the file,\n\
except that if the file is empty Windows raises an exception (you cannot\n\
create an empty mapping on Windows).\n\
\n\
Unix: mmap(fileno, length[, flags[, prot[, access[, offset]]]])\n\
\n\
Maps length bytes from the file specified by the file descriptor fileno,\n\
and returns a mmap object. If length is 0, the maximum length of the map\n\
will be the current size of the file when mmap is called.\n\
flags specifies the nature of the mapping. MAP_PRIVATE creates a\n\
private copy-on-write mapping, so changes to the contents of the mmap\n\
object will be private to this process, and MAP_SHARED creates a mapping\n\
that's shared with all other processes mapping the same areas of the file.\n\
The default value is MAP_SHARED.\n\
\n\
To map anonymous memory, pass -1 as the fileno (both versions).");
static PyTypeObject mmap_object_type = {
PyVarObject_HEAD_INIT(NULL, 0)
"mmap.mmap", /* tp_name */
sizeof(mmap_object), /* tp_basicsize */
0, /* tp_itemsize */
/* methods */
(destructor)mmap_object_dealloc, /* tp_dealloc */
0, /* tp_vectorcall_offset */
0, /* tp_getattr */
0, /* tp_setattr */
0, /* tp_as_async */
(reprfunc)mmap__repr__method, /* tp_repr */
0, /* tp_as_number */
&mmap_as_sequence, /* tp_as_sequence */
&mmap_as_mapping, /* tp_as_mapping */
0, /* tp_hash */
0, /* tp_call */
0, /* tp_str */
PyObject_GenericGetAttr, /* tp_getattro */
0, /* tp_setattro */
&mmap_as_buffer, /* tp_as_buffer */
Py_TPFLAGS_DEFAULT | Py_TPFLAGS_BASETYPE, /* tp_flags */
mmap_doc, /* tp_doc */
0, /* tp_traverse */
0, /* tp_clear */
0, /* tp_richcompare */
offsetof(mmap_object, weakreflist), /* tp_weaklistoffset */
0, /* tp_iter */
0, /* tp_iternext */
mmap_object_methods, /* tp_methods */
0, /* tp_members */
mmap_object_getset, /* tp_getset */
0, /* tp_base */
0, /* tp_dict */
0, /* tp_descr_get */
0, /* tp_descr_set */
0, /* tp_dictoffset */
0, /* tp_init */
PyType_GenericAlloc, /* tp_alloc */
new_mmap_object, /* tp_new */
PyObject_Del, /* tp_free */
};
#ifdef UNIX
#ifdef HAVE_LARGEFILE_SUPPORT
#define _Py_PARSE_OFF_T "L"
#else
#define _Py_PARSE_OFF_T "l"
#endif
static PyObject *
new_mmap_object(PyTypeObject *type, PyObject *args, PyObject *kwdict)
{
struct _Py_stat_struct status;
int fstat_result = -1;
mmap_object *m_obj;
Py_ssize_t map_size;
off_t offset = 0;
int fd, flags = MAP_SHARED, prot = PROT_WRITE | PROT_READ;
int devzero = -1;
int access = (int)ACCESS_DEFAULT;
static char *keywords[] = {"fileno", "length",
"flags", "prot",
"access", "offset", NULL};
if (!PyArg_ParseTupleAndKeywords(args, kwdict, "in|iii" _Py_PARSE_OFF_T, keywords,
&fd, &map_size, &flags, &prot,
&access, &offset))
return NULL;
if (map_size < 0) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_OverflowError,
"memory mapped length must be positive");
return NULL;
}
if (offset < 0) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_OverflowError,
"memory mapped offset must be positive");
return NULL;
}
if ((access != (int)ACCESS_DEFAULT) &&
((flags != MAP_SHARED) || (prot != (PROT_WRITE | PROT_READ))))
return PyErr_Format(PyExc_ValueError,
"mmap can't specify both access and flags, prot.");
switch ((access_mode)access) {
case ACCESS_READ:
flags = MAP_SHARED;
prot = PROT_READ;
break;
case ACCESS_WRITE:
flags = MAP_SHARED;
prot = PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE;
break;
case ACCESS_COPY:
flags = MAP_PRIVATE;
prot = PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE;
break;
case ACCESS_DEFAULT:
/* map prot to access type */
if ((prot & PROT_READ) && (prot & PROT_WRITE)) {
/* ACCESS_DEFAULT */
}
else if (prot & PROT_WRITE) {
access = ACCESS_WRITE;
}
else {
access = ACCESS_READ;
}
break;
default:
return PyErr_Format(PyExc_ValueError,
"mmap invalid access parameter.");
}
if (PySys_Audit("mmap.__new__", "ini" _Py_PARSE_OFF_T,
fd, map_size, access, offset) < 0) {
return NULL;
}
#ifdef __APPLE__
/* Issue #11277: fsync(2) is not enough on OS X - a special, OS X specific
fcntl(2) is necessary to force DISKSYNC and get around mmap(2) bug */
if (fd != -1)
(void)fcntl(fd, F_FULLFSYNC);
#endif
if (fd != -1) {
Py_BEGIN_ALLOW_THREADS
fstat_result = _Py_fstat_noraise(fd, &status);
Py_END_ALLOW_THREADS
}
if (fd != -1 && fstat_result == 0 && S_ISREG(status.st_mode)) {
if (map_size == 0) {
if (status.st_size == 0) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_ValueError,
"cannot mmap an empty file");
return NULL;
}
if (offset >= status.st_size) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_ValueError,
"mmap offset is greater than file size");
return NULL;
}
if (status.st_size - offset > PY_SSIZE_T_MAX) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_ValueError,
"mmap length is too large");
return NULL;
}
map_size = (Py_ssize_t) (status.st_size - offset);
} else if (offset > status.st_size || status.st_size - offset < map_size) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_ValueError,
"mmap length is greater than file size");
return NULL;
}
}
m_obj = (mmap_object *)type->tp_alloc(type, 0);
if (m_obj == NULL) {return NULL;}
m_obj->data = NULL;
m_obj->size = map_size;
m_obj->pos = 0;
m_obj->weakreflist = NULL;
m_obj->exports = 0;
m_obj->offset = offset;
if (fd == -1) {
m_obj->fd = -1;
/* Assume the caller wants to map anonymous memory.
This is the same behaviour as Windows. mmap.mmap(-1, size)
on both Windows and Unix map anonymous memory.
*/
#ifdef MAP_ANONYMOUS
/* BSD way to map anonymous memory */
flags |= MAP_ANONYMOUS;
/* VxWorks only supports MAP_ANONYMOUS with MAP_PRIVATE flag */
#ifdef __VXWORKS__
flags &= ~MAP_SHARED;
flags |= MAP_PRIVATE;
#endif
#else
/* SVR4 method to map anonymous memory is to open /dev/zero */
fd = devzero = _Py_open("/dev/zero", O_RDWR);
if (devzero == -1) {
Py_DECREF(m_obj);
return NULL;
}
#endif
}
else {
m_obj->fd = _Py_dup(fd);
if (m_obj->fd == -1) {
Py_DECREF(m_obj);
return NULL;
}
}
m_obj->data = mmap(NULL, map_size,
prot, flags,
fd, offset);
if (devzero != -1) {
close(devzero);
}
if (m_obj->data == (char *)-1) {
m_obj->data = NULL;
Py_DECREF(m_obj);
PyErr_SetFromErrno(PyExc_OSError);
return NULL;
}
m_obj->access = (access_mode)access;
return (PyObject *)m_obj;
}
#endif /* UNIX */
#ifdef MS_WINDOWS
/* A note on sizes and offsets: while the actual map size must hold in a
Py_ssize_t, both the total file size and the start offset can be longer
than a Py_ssize_t, so we use long long which is always 64-bit.
*/
static PyObject *
new_mmap_object(PyTypeObject *type, PyObject *args, PyObject *kwdict)
{
mmap_object *m_obj;
Py_ssize_t map_size;
long long offset = 0, size;
DWORD off_hi; /* upper 32 bits of offset */
DWORD off_lo; /* lower 32 bits of offset */
DWORD size_hi; /* upper 32 bits of size */
DWORD size_lo; /* lower 32 bits of size */
const char *tagname = "";
DWORD dwErr = 0;
int fileno;
HANDLE fh = 0;
int access = (access_mode)ACCESS_DEFAULT;
DWORD flProtect, dwDesiredAccess;
static char *keywords[] = { "fileno", "length",
"tagname",
"access", "offset", NULL };
if (!PyArg_ParseTupleAndKeywords(args, kwdict, "in|ziL", keywords,
&fileno, &map_size,
&tagname, &access, &offset)) {
return NULL;
}
if (PySys_Audit("mmap.__new__", "iniL",
fileno, map_size, access, offset) < 0) {
return NULL;
}
switch((access_mode)access) {
case ACCESS_READ:
flProtect = PAGE_READONLY;
dwDesiredAccess = FILE_MAP_READ;
break;
case ACCESS_DEFAULT: case ACCESS_WRITE:
flProtect = PAGE_READWRITE;
dwDesiredAccess = FILE_MAP_WRITE;
break;
case ACCESS_COPY:
flProtect = PAGE_WRITECOPY;
dwDesiredAccess = FILE_MAP_COPY;
break;
default:
return PyErr_Format(PyExc_ValueError,
"mmap invalid access parameter.");
}
if (map_size < 0) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_OverflowError,
"memory mapped length must be positive");
return NULL;
}
if (offset < 0) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_OverflowError,
"memory mapped offset must be positive");
return NULL;
}
/* assume -1 and 0 both mean invalid filedescriptor
to 'anonymously' map memory.
XXX: fileno == 0 is a valid fd, but was accepted prior to 2.5.
XXX: Should this code be added?
if (fileno == 0)
PyErr_WarnEx(PyExc_DeprecationWarning,
"don't use 0 for anonymous memory",
1);
*/
if (fileno != -1 && fileno != 0) {
/* Ensure that fileno is within the CRT's valid range */
_Py_BEGIN_SUPPRESS_IPH
fh = (HANDLE)_get_osfhandle(fileno);
_Py_END_SUPPRESS_IPH
if (fh==(HANDLE)-1) {
PyErr_SetFromErrno(PyExc_OSError);
return NULL;
}
/* Win9x appears to need us seeked to zero */
lseek(fileno, 0, SEEK_SET);
}
m_obj = (mmap_object *)type->tp_alloc(type, 0);
if (m_obj == NULL)
return NULL;
/* Set every field to an invalid marker, so we can safely
destruct the object in the face of failure */
m_obj->data = NULL;
m_obj->file_handle = INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE;
m_obj->map_handle = NULL;
m_obj->tagname = NULL;
m_obj->offset = offset;
if (fh) {
/* It is necessary to duplicate the handle, so the
Python code can close it on us */
if (!DuplicateHandle(
GetCurrentProcess(), /* source process handle */
fh, /* handle to be duplicated */
GetCurrentProcess(), /* target proc handle */
(LPHANDLE)&m_obj->file_handle, /* result */
0, /* access - ignored due to options value */
FALSE, /* inherited by child processes? */
DUPLICATE_SAME_ACCESS)) { /* options */
dwErr = GetLastError();
Py_DECREF(m_obj);
PyErr_SetFromWindowsErr(dwErr);
return NULL;
}
if (!map_size) {
DWORD low,high;
low = GetFileSize(fh, &high);
/* low might just happen to have the value INVALID_FILE_SIZE;
so we need to check the last error also. */
if (low == INVALID_FILE_SIZE &&
(dwErr = GetLastError()) != NO_ERROR) {
Py_DECREF(m_obj);
return PyErr_SetFromWindowsErr(dwErr);
}
size = (((long long) high) << 32) + low;
if (size == 0) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_ValueError,
"cannot mmap an empty file");
Py_DECREF(m_obj);
return NULL;
}
if (offset >= size) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_ValueError,
"mmap offset is greater than file size");
Py_DECREF(m_obj);
return NULL;
}
if (size - offset > PY_SSIZE_T_MAX) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_ValueError,
"mmap length is too large");
Py_DECREF(m_obj);
return NULL;
}
m_obj->size = (Py_ssize_t) (size - offset);
} else {
m_obj->size = map_size;
size = offset + map_size;
}
}
else {
m_obj->size = map_size;
size = offset + map_size;
}
/* set the initial position */
m_obj->pos = (size_t) 0;
m_obj->weakreflist = NULL;
m_obj->exports = 0;
/* set the tag name */
if (tagname != NULL && *tagname != '\0') {
m_obj->tagname = PyMem_Malloc(strlen(tagname)+1);
if (m_obj->tagname == NULL) {
PyErr_NoMemory();
Py_DECREF(m_obj);
return NULL;
}
strcpy(m_obj->tagname, tagname);
}
else
m_obj->tagname = NULL;
m_obj->access = (access_mode)access;
size_hi = (DWORD)(size >> 32);
size_lo = (DWORD)(size & 0xFFFFFFFF);
off_hi = (DWORD)(offset >> 32);
off_lo = (DWORD)(offset & 0xFFFFFFFF);
/* For files, it would be sufficient to pass 0 as size.
For anonymous maps, we have to pass the size explicitly. */
m_obj->map_handle = CreateFileMapping(m_obj->file_handle,
NULL,
flProtect,
size_hi,
size_lo,
m_obj->tagname);
if (m_obj->map_handle != NULL) {
m_obj->data = (char *) MapViewOfFile(m_obj->map_handle,
dwDesiredAccess,
off_hi,
off_lo,
m_obj->size);
if (m_obj->data != NULL)
return (PyObject *)m_obj;
else {
dwErr = GetLastError();
CloseHandle(m_obj->map_handle);
m_obj->map_handle = NULL;
}
} else
dwErr = GetLastError();
Py_DECREF(m_obj);
PyErr_SetFromWindowsErr(dwErr);
return NULL;
}
#endif /* MS_WINDOWS */
static void
setint(PyObject *d, const char *name, long value)
{
PyObject *o = PyLong_FromLong(value);
if (o) {
PyDict_SetItemString(d, name, o);
Py_DECREF(o);
}
}
static struct PyModuleDef mmapmodule = {
PyModuleDef_HEAD_INIT,
"mmap",
NULL,
-1,
NULL,
NULL,
NULL,
NULL,
NULL
};
PyMODINIT_FUNC
PyInit_mmap(void)
{
PyObject *dict, *module;
if (PyType_Ready(&mmap_object_type) < 0)
return NULL;
module = PyModule_Create(&mmapmodule);
if (module == NULL)
return NULL;
dict = PyModule_GetDict(module);
if (!dict)
return NULL;
PyDict_SetItemString(dict, "error", PyExc_OSError);
PyDict_SetItemString(dict, "mmap", (PyObject*) &mmap_object_type);
#ifdef PROT_EXEC
setint(dict, "PROT_EXEC", PROT_EXEC);
#endif
#ifdef PROT_READ
setint(dict, "PROT_READ", PROT_READ);
#endif
#ifdef PROT_WRITE
setint(dict, "PROT_WRITE", PROT_WRITE);
#endif
#ifdef MAP_SHARED
setint(dict, "MAP_SHARED", MAP_SHARED);
#endif
#ifdef MAP_PRIVATE
setint(dict, "MAP_PRIVATE", MAP_PRIVATE);
#endif
#ifdef MAP_DENYWRITE
setint(dict, "MAP_DENYWRITE", MAP_DENYWRITE);
#endif
#ifdef MAP_EXECUTABLE
setint(dict, "MAP_EXECUTABLE", MAP_EXECUTABLE);
#endif
#ifdef MAP_ANONYMOUS
setint(dict, "MAP_ANON", MAP_ANONYMOUS);
setint(dict, "MAP_ANONYMOUS", MAP_ANONYMOUS);
#endif
setint(dict, "PAGESIZE", (long)my_getpagesize());
setint(dict, "ALLOCATIONGRANULARITY", (long)my_getallocationgranularity());
setint(dict, "ACCESS_DEFAULT", ACCESS_DEFAULT);
setint(dict, "ACCESS_READ", ACCESS_READ);
setint(dict, "ACCESS_WRITE", ACCESS_WRITE);
setint(dict, "ACCESS_COPY", ACCESS_COPY);
#ifdef HAVE_MADVISE
// Conventional advice values
#ifdef MADV_NORMAL
setint(dict, "MADV_NORMAL", MADV_NORMAL);
#endif
#ifdef MADV_RANDOM
setint(dict, "MADV_RANDOM", MADV_RANDOM);
#endif
#ifdef MADV_SEQUENTIAL
setint(dict, "MADV_SEQUENTIAL", MADV_SEQUENTIAL);
#endif
#ifdef MADV_WILLNEED
setint(dict, "MADV_WILLNEED", MADV_WILLNEED);
#endif
#ifdef MADV_DONTNEED
setint(dict, "MADV_DONTNEED", MADV_DONTNEED);
#endif
// Linux-specific advice values
#ifdef MADV_REMOVE
setint(dict, "MADV_REMOVE", MADV_REMOVE);
#endif
#ifdef MADV_DONTFORK
setint(dict, "MADV_DONTFORK", MADV_DONTFORK);
#endif
#ifdef MADV_DOFORK
setint(dict, "MADV_DOFORK", MADV_DOFORK);
#endif
#ifdef MADV_HWPOISON
setint(dict, "MADV_HWPOISON", MADV_HWPOISON);
#endif
#ifdef MADV_MERGEABLE
setint(dict, "MADV_MERGEABLE", MADV_MERGEABLE);
#endif
#ifdef MADV_UNMERGEABLE
setint(dict, "MADV_UNMERGEABLE", MADV_UNMERGEABLE);
#endif
#ifdef MADV_SOFT_OFFLINE
setint(dict, "MADV_SOFT_OFFLINE", MADV_SOFT_OFFLINE);
#endif
#ifdef MADV_HUGEPAGE
setint(dict, "MADV_HUGEPAGE", MADV_HUGEPAGE);
#endif
#ifdef MADV_NOHUGEPAGE
setint(dict, "MADV_NOHUGEPAGE", MADV_NOHUGEPAGE);
#endif
#ifdef MADV_DONTDUMP
setint(dict, "MADV_DONTDUMP", MADV_DONTDUMP);
#endif
#ifdef MADV_DODUMP
setint(dict, "MADV_DODUMP", MADV_DODUMP);
#endif
#ifdef MADV_FREE // (Also present on FreeBSD and macOS.)
setint(dict, "MADV_FREE", MADV_FREE);
#endif
// FreeBSD-specific
#ifdef MADV_NOSYNC
setint(dict, "MADV_NOSYNC", MADV_NOSYNC);
#endif
#ifdef MADV_AUTOSYNC
setint(dict, "MADV_AUTOSYNC", MADV_AUTOSYNC);
#endif
#ifdef MADV_NOCORE
setint(dict, "MADV_NOCORE", MADV_NOCORE);
#endif
#ifdef MADV_CORE
setint(dict, "MADV_CORE", MADV_CORE);
#endif
#ifdef MADV_PROTECT
setint(dict, "MADV_PROTECT", MADV_PROTECT);
#endif
#endif // HAVE_MADVISE
return module;
}
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