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/* Support for dynamic loading of extension modules */
#include "Python.h"
#ifdef HAVE_DIRECT_H
#include <direct.h>
#endif
#include <ctype.h>
#include "importdl.h"
#include "patchlevel.h"
#include <windows.h>
// "activation context" magic - see dl_nt.c...
#if HAVE_SXS
extern ULONG_PTR _Py_ActivateActCtx();
void _Py_DeactivateActCtx(ULONG_PTR cookie);
#endif
#ifdef _DEBUG
#define PYD_DEBUG_SUFFIX "_d"
#else
#define PYD_DEBUG_SUFFIX ""
#endif
#ifdef PYD_PLATFORM_TAG
#define PYD_TAGGED_SUFFIX PYD_DEBUG_SUFFIX ".cp" Py_STRINGIFY(PY_MAJOR_VERSION) Py_STRINGIFY(PY_MINOR_VERSION) "-" PYD_PLATFORM_TAG ".pyd"
#else
#define PYD_TAGGED_SUFFIX PYD_DEBUG_SUFFIX ".cp" Py_STRINGIFY(PY_MAJOR_VERSION) Py_STRINGIFY(PY_MINOR_VERSION) ".pyd"
#endif
#define PYD_UNTAGGED_SUFFIX PYD_DEBUG_SUFFIX ".pyd"
const char *_PyImport_DynLoadFiletab[] = {
PYD_TAGGED_SUFFIX,
PYD_UNTAGGED_SUFFIX,
NULL
};
/* Function to return the name of the "python" DLL that the supplied module
directly imports. Looks through the list of imported modules and
returns the first entry that starts with "python" (case sensitive) and
is followed by nothing but numbers until the separator (period).
Returns a pointer to the import name, or NULL if no matching name was
located.
This function parses through the PE header for the module as loaded in
memory by the system loader. The PE header is accessed as documented by
Microsoft in the MSDN PE and COFF specification (2/99), and handles
both PE32 and PE32+. It only worries about the direct import table and
not the delay load import table since it's unlikely an extension is
going to be delay loading Python (after all, it's already loaded).
If any magic values are not found (e.g., the PE header or optional
header magic), then this function simply returns NULL. */
#define DWORD_AT(mem) (*(DWORD *)(mem))
#define WORD_AT(mem) (*(WORD *)(mem))
static char *GetPythonImport (HINSTANCE hModule)
{
unsigned char *dllbase, *import_data, *import_name;
DWORD pe_offset, opt_offset;
WORD opt_magic;
int num_dict_off, import_off;
/* Safety check input */
if (hModule == NULL) {
return NULL;
}
/* Module instance is also the base load address. First portion of
memory is the MS-DOS loader, which holds the offset to the PE
header (from the load base) at 0x3C */
dllbase = (unsigned char *)hModule;
pe_offset = DWORD_AT(dllbase + 0x3C);
/* The PE signature must be "PE\0\0" */
if (memcmp(dllbase+pe_offset,"PE\0\0",4)) {
return NULL;
}
/* Following the PE signature is the standard COFF header (20
bytes) and then the optional header. The optional header starts
with a magic value of 0x10B for PE32 or 0x20B for PE32+ (PE32+
uses 64-bits for some fields). It might also be 0x107 for a ROM
image, but we don't process that here.
The optional header ends with a data dictionary that directly
points to certain types of data, among them the import entries
(in the second table entry). Based on the header type, we
determine offsets for the data dictionary count and the entry
within the dictionary pointing to the imports. */
opt_offset = pe_offset + 4 + 20;
opt_magic = WORD_AT(dllbase+opt_offset);
if (opt_magic == 0x10B) {
/* PE32 */
num_dict_off = 92;
import_off = 104;
} else if (opt_magic == 0x20B) {
/* PE32+ */
num_dict_off = 108;
import_off = 120;
} else {
/* Unsupported */
return NULL;
}
/* Now if an import table exists, offset to it and walk the list of
imports. The import table is an array (ending when an entry has
empty values) of structures (20 bytes each), which contains (at
offset 12) a relative address (to the module base) at which a
string constant holding the import name is located. */
if (DWORD_AT(dllbase + opt_offset + num_dict_off) >= 2) {
/* We have at least 2 tables - the import table is the second
one. But still it may be that the table size is zero */
if (0 == DWORD_AT(dllbase + opt_offset + import_off + sizeof(DWORD)))
return NULL;
import_data = dllbase + DWORD_AT(dllbase +
opt_offset +
import_off);
while (DWORD_AT(import_data)) {
import_name = dllbase + DWORD_AT(import_data+12);
if (strlen(import_name) >= 6 &&
!strncmp(import_name,"python",6)) {
char *pch;
#ifndef _DEBUG
/* In a release version, don't claim that python3.dll is
a Python DLL. */
if (strcmp(import_name, "python3.dll") == 0) {
import_data += 20;
continue;
}
#endif
/* Ensure python prefix is followed only
by numbers to the end of the basename */
pch = import_name + 6;
#ifdef _DEBUG
while (*pch && pch[0] != '_' && pch[1] != 'd' && pch[2] != '.') {
#else
while (*pch && *pch != '.') {
#endif
if (*pch >= '0' && *pch <= '9') {
pch++;
} else {
pch = NULL;
break;
}
}
if (pch) {
/* Found it - return the name */
return import_name;
}
}
import_data += 20;
}
}
return NULL;
}
dl_funcptr _PyImport_FindSharedFuncptrWindows(const char *prefix,
const char *shortname,
PyObject *pathname, FILE *fp)
{
dl_funcptr p;
char funcname[258], *import_python;
const wchar_t *wpathname;
#ifndef _DEBUG
_Py_CheckPython3();
#endif
wpathname = _PyUnicode_AsUnicode(pathname);
if (wpathname == NULL)
return NULL;
PyOS_snprintf(funcname, sizeof(funcname), "%.20s_%.200s", prefix, shortname);
{
HINSTANCE hDLL = NULL;
unsigned int old_mode;
#if HAVE_SXS
ULONG_PTR cookie = 0;
#endif
/* Don't display a message box when Python can't load a DLL */
old_mode = SetErrorMode(SEM_FAILCRITICALERRORS);
#if HAVE_SXS
cookie = _Py_ActivateActCtx();
#endif
/* bpo-36085: We use LoadLibraryEx with restricted search paths
to avoid DLL preloading attacks and enable use of the
AddDllDirectory function. We add SEARCH_DLL_LOAD_DIR to
ensure DLLs adjacent to the PYD are preferred. */
Py_BEGIN_ALLOW_THREADS
hDLL = LoadLibraryExW(wpathname, NULL,
LOAD_LIBRARY_SEARCH_DEFAULT_DIRS |
LOAD_LIBRARY_SEARCH_DLL_LOAD_DIR);
Py_END_ALLOW_THREADS
#if HAVE_SXS
_Py_DeactivateActCtx(cookie);
#endif
/* restore old error mode settings */
SetErrorMode(old_mode);
if (hDLL==NULL){
PyObject *message;
unsigned int errorCode;
/* Get an error string from Win32 error code */
wchar_t theInfo[256]; /* Pointer to error text
from system */
int theLength; /* Length of error text */
errorCode = GetLastError();
theLength = FormatMessageW(
FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_SYSTEM |
FORMAT_MESSAGE_IGNORE_INSERTS, /* flags */
NULL, /* message source */
errorCode, /* the message (error) ID */
MAKELANGID(LANG_NEUTRAL,
SUBLANG_DEFAULT),
/* Default language */
theInfo, /* the buffer */
sizeof(theInfo) / sizeof(wchar_t), /* size in wchars */
NULL); /* no additional format args. */
/* Problem: could not get the error message.
This should not happen if called correctly. */
if (theLength == 0) {
message = PyUnicode_FromFormat(
"DLL load failed with error code %u while importing %s",
errorCode, shortname);
} else {
/* For some reason a \r\n
is appended to the text */
if (theLength >= 2 &&
theInfo[theLength-2] == '\r' &&
theInfo[theLength-1] == '\n') {
theLength -= 2;
theInfo[theLength] = '\0';
}
message = PyUnicode_FromFormat(
"DLL load failed while importing %s: ", shortname);
PyUnicode_AppendAndDel(&message,
PyUnicode_FromWideChar(
theInfo,
theLength));
}
if (message != NULL) {
PyObject *shortname_obj = PyUnicode_FromString(shortname);
PyErr_SetImportError(message, shortname_obj, pathname);
Py_XDECREF(shortname_obj);
Py_DECREF(message);
}
return NULL;
} else {
char buffer[256];
PyOS_snprintf(buffer, sizeof(buffer),
#ifdef _DEBUG
"python%d%d_d.dll",
#else
"python%d%d.dll",
#endif
PY_MAJOR_VERSION,PY_MINOR_VERSION);
import_python = GetPythonImport(hDLL);
if (import_python &&
_stricmp(buffer,import_python)) {
PyErr_Format(PyExc_ImportError,
"Module use of %.150s conflicts "
"with this version of Python.",
import_python);
Py_BEGIN_ALLOW_THREADS
FreeLibrary(hDLL);
Py_END_ALLOW_THREADS
return NULL;
}
}
Py_BEGIN_ALLOW_THREADS
p = GetProcAddress(hDLL, funcname);
Py_END_ALLOW_THREADS
}
return p;
}
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