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http.server Header Unicode Bug #55189

mitsuhiko opened this issue Jan 22, 2011 · 9 comments

http.server Header Unicode Bug #55189

mitsuhiko opened this issue Jan 22, 2011 · 9 comments
stdlib Python modules in the Lib dir type-bug An unexpected behavior, bug, or error


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BPO 10980
Nosy @birkenfeld, @orsenthil, @vstinner, @benjaminp, @mitsuhiko, @ezio-melotti, @merwok
  • http-server-unicode.patch
  • Note: these values reflect the state of the issue at the time it was migrated and might not reflect the current state.

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    GitHub fields:

    assignee = ''
    closed_at = <Date 2012-09-25.12:45:02.240>
    created_at = <Date 2011-01-22.12:45:50.503>
    labels = ['type-bug', 'library']
    title = 'http.server Header Unicode Bug'
    updated_at = <Date 2012-09-25.12:45:02.239>
    user = '' fields:

    activity = <Date 2012-09-25.12:45:02.239>
    actor = 'pitrou'
    assignee = 'georg.brandl'
    closed = True
    closed_date = <Date 2012-09-25.12:45:02.240>
    closer = 'pitrou'
    components = ['Library (Lib)']
    creation = <Date 2011-01-22.12:45:50.503>
    creator = 'aronacher'
    dependencies = []
    files = ['20486']
    hgrepos = []
    issue_num = 10980
    keywords = ['patch']
    message_count = 9.0
    messages = ['126832', '126834', '126835', '126836', '126840', '126845', '147895', '147896', '147908']
    nosy_count = 7.0
    nosy_names = ['georg.brandl', 'orsenthil', 'vstinner', 'benjamin.peterson', 'aronacher', 'ezio.melotti', 'eric.araujo']
    pr_nums = []
    priority = 'normal'
    resolution = 'fixed'
    stage = 'resolved'
    status = 'closed'
    superseder = None
    type = 'behavior'
    url = ''
    versions = ['Python 2.7', 'Python 3.2']

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    Member Author

    I have a critical bugfix that should make it into Python 3.2 even when it's in release candidate state. Currently http.server.BaseHTTPServer encodes headers with ASCII charset. This is at least in violation with PEP-3333 which demands that latin1 is used.

    Because HTTP itself suggests latin1 (iso-8859-1) I strongly recommend changing this in BaseHTTPServer and not wsgiref.

    The attached patch fixes that in a backwards compatible fashion.

    @mitsuhiko mitsuhiko added stdlib Python modules in the Lib dir type-bug An unexpected behavior, bug, or error labels Jan 22, 2011
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    Extract of PEP-3333: << Note also that strings passed to start_response() as a status or as response headers must follow RFC 2616 with respect to encoding. That is, they must either be ISO-8859-1 characters, or use RFC 2047 MIME encoding. >>

    What is the best choice for portability (HTTP servers and web browsers): latin1 or MIME encoding? Latin1 is a small subset of Unicode: only U+0000..U+00FF.

    We should maybe give the choice to the user between Latin1, MIME, or maybe something else (eg. UTF-8, cp1252, ...). Or at least, you should try something like:

    bytes = text.encode('latin1')
    except UnicodeEncodeError:
    bytes = encodeMIME(text, 'utf-8')

    Would it be a good idea to accept raw bytes headers? HTTP is *supposed* to be correctly encoded using different RFC, but in practical, anyone is free to do whateven he wants.

    Sentence extracted randomly from the WWW (dec. 2008): "it seems that neither Tomcat 5.5 or 6 properly decodes HTTP headers as per RFC 2047! The Tomcat code assumes everywhere that header values use ISO-8859-1."

    Finally, why do you consider that this issue have to be fixed before Python 3.2?

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    RFC 5987 (Character Set and Language Encoding for Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) Header Field Parameters), August 2010:

    << 3.3 Language Specification in Encoded Words

    Section 5 of [RFC2231] extends the encoding defined in [RFC2047] to also support language specification in encoded words. Although the HTTP/1.1 specification does refer to RFC 2047 ([RFC2616], Section 2.2), it's not clear to which header field exactly it applies, and whether it is implemented in practice (see <\> for details).

    Thus, this specification does not include this feature. >>

    Hum ok, Latin1 looks safe and enough.

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    Georg Brandl signed off the commit and Python 3.2 will ship with the HTTP server accepting latin1 bytes.

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    Armin committed the patch in r88142 and followed up with r88143 for the http.client library.

    Needs backporting?

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    merwok commented Jan 22, 2011

    I think so.

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    Now it's too late for 3.1, should this still go to 2.7?

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    2.7 does not suffer from this since 2.7 does not support unicode in headers.

    @pitrou pitrou closed this as completed Sep 25, 2012
    @ezio-melotti ezio-melotti transferred this issue from another repository Apr 10, 2022
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