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Add configure --without-static-libpython to not build libpython3.10.a #87269

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vstinner opened this issue Feb 2, 2021 · 7 comments
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Add configure --without-static-libpython to not build libpython3.10.a #87269

vstinner opened this issue Feb 2, 2021 · 7 comments
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@vstinner
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@vstinner vstinner commented Feb 2, 2021

BPO 43103
Nosy @vstinner, @ned-deily, @pablogsal
PRs
  • #24418
  • #24676
  • Note: these values reflect the state of the issue at the time it was migrated and might not reflect the current state.

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    GitHub fields:

    assignee = None
    closed_at = <Date 2021-02-17.10:58:14.481>
    created_at = <Date 2021-02-02.15:23:47.769>
    labels = ['build', '3.10']
    title = 'Add configure --without-static-libpython to not build libpython3.10.a'
    updated_at = <Date 2021-03-01.07:04:12.058>
    user = 'https://github.com/vstinner'

    bugs.python.org fields:

    activity = <Date 2021-03-01.07:04:12.058>
    actor = 'ned.deily'
    assignee = 'none'
    closed = True
    closed_date = <Date 2021-02-17.10:58:14.481>
    closer = 'vstinner'
    components = ['Build']
    creation = <Date 2021-02-02.15:23:47.769>
    creator = 'vstinner'
    dependencies = []
    files = []
    hgrepos = []
    issue_num = 43103
    keywords = ['patch']
    message_count = 7.0
    messages = ['386149', '386153', '386205', '386215', '386216', '387137', '387844']
    nosy_count = 3.0
    nosy_names = ['vstinner', 'ned.deily', 'pablogsal']
    pr_nums = ['24418', '24676']
    priority = 'normal'
    resolution = 'fixed'
    stage = 'resolved'
    status = 'closed'
    superseder = None
    type = None
    url = 'https://bugs.python.org/issue43103'
    versions = ['Python 3.10']

    @vstinner
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    @vstinner vstinner commented Feb 2, 2021

    Currently, "make install" copies Programs/python.o to $prefix/lib/python3.10/config-3.10-x86_64-linux-gnu/: see bpo-42307. This file is only useful to build a static Python executable with libpython3.10.a.

    libpython3.10.a is also copied to $prefix/lib/python3.10/config-3.10-x86_64-linux-gnu/.

    Most users don't build a static Python executable, so I propose to no longer build "static Python" by default and add --with-static-python option to the configure script.

    ---

    Fedora has a downstream patch to not build libpythonX.Y.a for 11 years:
    https://src.fedoraproject.org/rpms/python3.10/blob/master/f/00111-no-static-lib.patch

    It is needed to respect the Fedora packaging guideline. The patch was introduced in Fedora to fix "python : does not adhere to Static Library Packaging Guideline" issue:
    https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=556092

    """

    The package is in need of an update because it does not adhere to
    the guidelines for packaging static libraries:

    http://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Packaging:Guidelines#Packaging_Static_Libraries

    The -devel package contains both the shared and the static build of
    a library. That makes it possible to link statically with the -devel
    package as a build requirement instead of having to build-require a
    special-purpose -static subpackage.

    Correct would be to either disable/delete the static libraries at
    build-time, or to %exclude them in the %files section, or to split off
    a -static subpackage (if there is a compelling reason as why the static
    libs should be made available).

    Please consult the guidelines for the details.

    [...]

    python-devel
    /usr/lib/python2.6/config/libpython2.6.so <=> /usr/lib/python2.6/config/libpython2.6.a
    """

    @vstinner vstinner added 3.10 build labels Feb 2, 2021
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    @vstinner vstinner commented Feb 2, 2021

    "./configure --enable-shared --prefix /opt/py310 && make && make install" installs multiple files which are only useful to create a static Python binary:

    $ ls /opt/py310/lib/python3.10/config-3.10-x86_64-linux-gnu/ -1
    config.c
    config.c.in
    install-sh*
    libpython3.10.a
    Makefile
    makesetup*
    __pycache__/
    python-config.py*
    python.o
    Setup
    Setup.local
    
    $ ls /opt/py310/lib/ -1
    libpython3.10.so@
    libpython3.10.so.1.0*
    libpython3.so*
    pkgconfig/
    python3.10/

    libpython3.10.a is a big file: 15 MB.

    Without --enable-shared, /opt/py310/lib/ contains a second copy of libpython3.10.a!

    Example with the Ubuntu libpython3.6-dev package:

    $ dpkg -L libpython3.6-dev|grep config-
    /usr/lib/python3.6/config-3.6m-x86_64-linux-gnu
    /usr/lib/python3.6/config-3.6m-x86_64-linux-gnu/Makefile
    /usr/lib/python3.6/config-3.6m-x86_64-linux-gnu/Setup
    /usr/lib/python3.6/config-3.6m-x86_64-linux-gnu/Setup.config
    /usr/lib/python3.6/config-3.6m-x86_64-linux-gnu/Setup.local
    /usr/lib/python3.6/config-3.6m-x86_64-linux-gnu/config.c
    /usr/lib/python3.6/config-3.6m-x86_64-linux-gnu/config.c.in
    /usr/lib/python3.6/config-3.6m-x86_64-linux-gnu/install-sh
    /usr/lib/python3.6/config-3.6m-x86_64-linux-gnu/libpython3.6m-pic.a
    /usr/lib/python3.6/config-3.6m-x86_64-linux-gnu/libpython3.6m.a
    /usr/lib/python3.6/config-3.6m-x86_64-linux-gnu/makesetup
    /usr/lib/python3.6/config-3.6m-x86_64-linux-gnu/python-config.py
    /usr/lib/python3.6/config-3.6m-x86_64-linux-gnu/python.o

    By the way, it seems like many files of /opt/py310/lib/python3.10/config-3.10-x86_64-linux-gnu/ are useless.

    The most useful one is python-config.py script.

    Makefile is no longer used by sysconfig which creates _sysconfigdata__linux_x86_64-linux-gnu.py (in /opt/py310/lib/python3.10/) instead.

    @vstinner
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    @vstinner vstinner commented Feb 3, 2021

    About the option name, I consider to rename it to: --with-static-libpython, since technically it doesn't build a static "python" executable, but a static "libpython" (.a).

    @pablogsal
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    @pablogsal pablogsal commented Feb 3, 2021

    There are some build systems and downstream distributors that expect the .a to be there, so I propose to at least not changing the default.

    @vstinner
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    @vstinner vstinner commented Feb 3, 2021

    I rewrote my PR to leave the default behavior unchanged and I renamed the option to --without-static-libpython (python => libpython).

    @vstinner vstinner changed the title Add configure option to disable build libpython.a and don't install python.o Add configure --without-static-libpython to not build libpython3.10.a Feb 3, 2021
    @vstinner vstinner changed the title Add configure option to disable build libpython.a and don't install python.o Add configure --without-static-libpython to not build libpython3.10.a Feb 3, 2021
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    @vstinner vstinner commented Feb 17, 2021

    New changeset 801bb0b by Victor Stinner in branch 'master':
    bpo-43103: Add configure --without-static-libpython (GH-24418)
    801bb0b

    @ned-deily
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    @ned-deily ned-deily commented Mar 1, 2021

    New changeset 0608425 by Ned Deily in branch 'master':
    bpo-43103: Fix build failure with macOS framework builds. (GH-24676)
    0608425

    @ezio-melotti ezio-melotti transferred this issue from another repository Apr 10, 2022
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