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Python/Cython wrapper of Marco Attene's wonderful, award-winning MeshFix software. This module brings the speed of C++ with the portability and ease of installation of Python.

This software takes as input a polygon mesh and produces a copy of the input where all the occurrences of a specific set of "defects" are corrected. MeshFix has been designed to correct typical flaws present in raw digitized mesh models, thus it might fail or produce coarse results if run on other sorts of input meshes (e.g. tessellated CAD models).

The input is assumed to represent a single closed solid object, thus the output will be a single watertight triangle mesh bounding a polyhedron. All the singularities, self-intersections and degenerate elements are removed from the input, while regions of the surface without defects are left unmodified.

C++ source last updated 1 Jul 2020


From PyPI

pip install pymeshfix

From source at GitHub

git clone
cd pymeshfix
pip install .


Requires numpy and pyvista

If you can't or don't want to install vtk, you can install it without pyvista with:

pip install pymeshfix --no-dependencies

You'll miss out on some of the cool features from pyvista, but it will still function.


Test installation with the following from Python:

from pymeshfix import examples

# Test of pymeshfix without VTK module

# Performs same mesh repair while leveraging VTK's plotting/mesh loading

Easy Example

This example uses the Cython wrapper directly. No bells or whistles here:

import pymeshfix

# Read mesh from infile and output cleaned mesh to outfile
pymeshfix.clean_from_file(infile, outfile)

This example assumes the user has vertex and faces arrays in Python.

import pymeshfix

# Generate vertex and face arrays of cleaned mesh
# where v and f are numpy arrays
vclean, fclean = pymeshfix.clean_from_arrays(v, f)

Complete Examples with and without VTK

One of the main reasons to bring MeshFix to Python is to allow the library to communicate to other python programs without having to use the hard drive. Therefore, this example assumes that you have a mesh within memory and wish to repair it using MeshFix.

import pymeshfix

# Create object from vertex and face arrays
meshfix = pymeshfix.MeshFix(v, f)

# Plot input

# Repair input mesh

# Access the repaired mesh with vtk
mesh = meshfix.mesh

# Or, access the resulting arrays directly from the object
meshfix.v # numpy np.float64 array
meshfix.f # numpy np.int32 array

# View the repaired mesh (requires vtkInterface)

# Save the mesh

Alternatively, the user could use the Cython wrapper of MeshFix directly if vtk is unavailable or they wish to have more control over the cleaning algorithm.

import pymeshfix

# Create TMesh object
tin = pymeshfix.PyTMesh()

# tin.load_array(v, f) # or read arrays from memory

# Attempt to join nearby components
# tin.join_closest_components()

# Fill holes
print('There are {:d} boundaries'.format(tin.boundaries()))

# Clean (removes self intersections)
tin.clean(max_iters=10, inner_loops=3)

# Check mesh for holes again
print('There are {:d} boundaries'.format(tin.boundaries()))

# Clean again if necessary...

# Output mesh

 # or return numpy arrays
vclean, fclean = tin.return_arrays()

Algorithm and Citation Policy

To better understand how the algorithm works, please refer to the following paper:

M. Attene. A lightweight approach to repairing digitized polygon meshes. The Visual Computer, 2010. (c) Springer. DOI: 10.1007/s00371-010-0416-3

This software is based on ideas published therein. If you use MeshFix for research purposes you should cite the above paper in your published results. MeshFix cannot be used for commercial purposes without a proper licensing contract.

MeshFix is Copyright(C) 2010: IMATI-GE / CNR

All rights reserved.

This program is dual-licensed as follows:

(1) You may use MeshFix as free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

In this case the program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License ( for more details.

(2) You may use MeshFix as part of a commercial software. In this case a proper agreement must be reached with the Authors and with IMATI-GE/CNR based on a proper licensing contract.