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/****************************************************************
The author of this software is David M. Gay.
Copyright (C) 1998, 1999 by Lucent Technologies
All Rights Reserved
Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software and
its documentation for any purpose and without fee is hereby
granted, provided that the above copyright notice appear in all
copies and that both that the copyright notice and this
permission notice and warranty disclaimer appear in supporting
documentation, and that the name of Lucent or any of its entities
not be used in advertising or publicity pertaining to
distribution of the software without specific, written prior
permission.
LUCENT DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE,
INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS.
IN NO EVENT SHALL LUCENT OR ANY OF ITS ENTITIES BE LIABLE FOR ANY
SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES
WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER
IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION,
ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF
THIS SOFTWARE.
****************************************************************/
/* Please send bug reports to David M. Gay (dmg at acm dot org,
* with " at " changed at "@" and " dot " changed to "."). */
#include "gdtoaimp.h"
static Bigint *freelist[Kmax+1];
#ifndef Omit_Private_Memory
#ifndef PRIVATE_MEM
#define PRIVATE_MEM 2304
#endif
#define PRIVATE_mem ((PRIVATE_MEM+sizeof(double)-1)/sizeof(double))
static double private_mem[PRIVATE_mem], *pmem_next = private_mem;
#endif
#ifdef MULTIPLE_THREADS
static void ACQUIRE_DTOA_LOCK(int n);
static void FREE_DTOA_LOCK(int n);
#endif
Bigint *
Balloc
#ifdef KR_headers
(k) int k;
#else
(int k)
#endif
{
int x;
Bigint *rv;
#ifndef Omit_Private_Memory
unsigned int len;
#endif
ACQUIRE_DTOA_LOCK(0);
if ( (rv = freelist[k]) !=0) {
freelist[k] = rv->next;
}
else {
x = 1 << k;
#ifdef Omit_Private_Memory
rv = (Bigint *)MALLOC(sizeof(Bigint) + (x-1)*sizeof(ULong));
#else
len = (sizeof(Bigint) + (x-1)*sizeof(ULong) + sizeof(double) - 1)
/sizeof(double);
if (pmem_next - private_mem + len <= PRIVATE_mem) {
rv = (Bigint*)pmem_next;
pmem_next += len;
}
else
rv = (Bigint*)MALLOC(len*sizeof(double));
#endif
rv->k = k;
rv->maxwds = x;
}
FREE_DTOA_LOCK(0);
rv->sign = rv->wds = 0;
return rv;
}
void
Bfree
#ifdef KR_headers
(v) Bigint *v;
#else
(Bigint *v)
#endif
{
if (v) {
ACQUIRE_DTOA_LOCK(0);
v->next = freelist[v->k];
freelist[v->k] = v;
FREE_DTOA_LOCK(0);
}
}
int
lo0bits
#ifdef KR_headers
(y) ULong *y;
#else
(ULong *y)
#endif
{
register int k;
register ULong x = *y;
if (x & 7) {
if (x & 1)
return 0;
if (x & 2) {
*y = x >> 1;
return 1;
}
*y = x >> 2;
return 2;
}
k = 0;
if (!(x & 0xffff)) {
k = 16;
x >>= 16;
}
if (!(x & 0xff)) {
k += 8;
x >>= 8;
}
if (!(x & 0xf)) {
k += 4;
x >>= 4;
}
if (!(x & 0x3)) {
k += 2;
x >>= 2;
}
if (!(x & 1)) {
k++;
x >>= 1;
if (!x)
return 32;
}
*y = x;
return k;
}
Bigint *
multadd
#ifdef KR_headers
(b, m, a) Bigint *b; int m, a;
#else
(Bigint *b, int m, int a) /* multiply by m and add a */
#endif
{
int i, wds;
#ifdef ULLong
ULong *x;
ULLong carry, y;
#else
ULong carry, *x, y;
#ifdef Pack_32
ULong xi, z;
#endif
#endif
Bigint *b1;
wds = b->wds;
x = b->x;
i = 0;
carry = a;
do {
#ifdef ULLong
y = *x * (ULLong)m + carry;
carry = y >> 32;
*x++ = (ULong)(y & 0xffffffffUL);
#else
#ifdef Pack_32
xi = *x;
y = (xi & 0xffff) * m + carry;
z = (xi >> 16) * m + (y >> 16);
carry = z >> 16;
*x++ = (z << 16) + (y & 0xffff);
#else
y = *x * m + carry;
carry = y >> 16;
*x++ = y & 0xffff;
#endif
#endif
}
while(++i < wds);
if (carry) {
if (wds >= b->maxwds) {
b1 = Balloc(b->k+1);
Bcopy(b1, b);
Bfree(b);
b = b1;
}
b->x[wds++] = (ULong)carry;
b->wds = wds;
}
return b;
}
int
hi0bits_D2A
#ifdef KR_headers
(x) register ULong x;
#else
(register ULong x)
#endif
{
register int k = 0;
if (!(x & 0xffff0000)) {
k = 16;
x <<= 16;
}
if (!(x & 0xff000000)) {
k += 8;
x <<= 8;
}
if (!(x & 0xf0000000)) {
k += 4;
x <<= 4;
}
if (!(x & 0xc0000000)) {
k += 2;
x <<= 2;
}
if (!(x & 0x80000000)) {
k++;
if (!(x & 0x40000000))
return 32;
}
return k;
}
Bigint *
i2b
#ifdef KR_headers
(i) int i;
#else
(int i)
#endif
{
Bigint *b;
b = Balloc(1);
b->x[0] = i;
b->wds = 1;
return b;
}
Bigint *
mult
#ifdef KR_headers
(a, b) Bigint *a, *b;
#else
(Bigint *a, Bigint *b)
#endif
{
Bigint *c;
int k, wa, wb, wc;
ULong *x, *xa, *xae, *xb, *xbe, *xc, *xc0;
ULong y;
#ifdef ULLong
ULLong carry, z;
#else
ULong carry, z;
#ifdef Pack_32
ULong z2;
#endif
#endif
if (a->wds < b->wds) {
c = a;
a = b;
b = c;
}
k = a->k;
wa = a->wds;
wb = b->wds;
wc = wa + wb;
if (wc > a->maxwds)
k++;
c = Balloc(k);
for(x = c->x, xa = x + wc; x < xa; x++)
*x = 0;
xa = a->x;
xae = xa + wa;
xb = b->x;
xbe = xb + wb;
xc0 = c->x;
#ifdef ULLong
for(; xb < xbe; xc0++) {
if ( (y = *xb++) !=0) {
x = xa;
xc = xc0;
carry = 0;
do {
z = *x++ * (ULLong)y + *xc + carry;
carry = z >> 32;
*xc++ = (ULong)(z & 0xffffffffUL);
}
while(x < xae);
*xc = (ULong)carry;
}
}
#else
#ifdef Pack_32
for(; xb < xbe; xb++, xc0++) {
if ( (y = *xb & 0xffff) !=0) {
x = xa;
xc = xc0;
carry = 0;
do {
z = (*x & 0xffff) * y + (*xc & 0xffff) + carry;
carry = z >> 16;
z2 = (*x++ >> 16) * y + (*xc >> 16) + carry;
carry = z2 >> 16;
Storeinc(xc, z2, z);
}
while(x < xae);
*xc = carry;
}
if ( (y = *xb >> 16) !=0) {
x = xa;
xc = xc0;
carry = 0;
z2 = *xc;
do {
z = (*x & 0xffff) * y + (*xc >> 16) + carry;
carry = z >> 16;
Storeinc(xc, z, z2);
z2 = (*x++ >> 16) * y + (*xc & 0xffff) + carry;
carry = z2 >> 16;
}
while(x < xae);
*xc = z2;
}
}
#else
for(; xb < xbe; xc0++) {
if ( (y = *xb++) !=0) {
x = xa;
xc = xc0;
carry = 0;
do {
z = *x++ * y + *xc + carry;
carry = z >> 16;
*xc++ = z & 0xffff;
}
while(x < xae);
*xc = carry;
}
}
#endif
#endif
for(xc0 = c->x, xc = xc0 + wc; wc > 0 && !*--xc; --wc) ;
c->wds = wc;
return c;
}
static Bigint *p5s;
Bigint *
pow5mult
#ifdef KR_headers
(b, k) Bigint *b; int k;
#else
(Bigint *b, int k)
#endif
{
Bigint *b1, *p5, *p51;
int i;
static int p05[3] = { 5, 25, 125 };
if ( (i = k & 3) !=0)
b = multadd(b, p05[i-1], 0);
if (!(k >>= 2))
return b;
if ((p5 = p5s) == 0) {
/* first time */
#ifdef MULTIPLE_THREADS
ACQUIRE_DTOA_LOCK(1);
if (!(p5 = p5s)) {
p5 = p5s = i2b(625);
p5->next = 0;
}
FREE_DTOA_LOCK(1);
#else
p5 = p5s = i2b(625);
p5->next = 0;
#endif
}
for(;;) {
if (k & 1) {
b1 = mult(b, p5);
Bfree(b);
b = b1;
}
if (!(k >>= 1))
break;
if ((p51 = p5->next) == 0) {
#ifdef MULTIPLE_THREADS
ACQUIRE_DTOA_LOCK(1);
if (!(p51 = p5->next)) {
p51 = p5->next = mult(p5,p5);
p51->next = 0;
}
FREE_DTOA_LOCK(1);
#else
p51 = p5->next = mult(p5,p5);
p51->next = 0;
#endif
}
p5 = p51;
}
return b;
}
Bigint *
lshift
#ifdef KR_headers
(b, k) Bigint *b; int k;
#else
(Bigint *b, int k)
#endif
{
int i, k1, n, n1;
Bigint *b1;
ULong *x, *x1, *xe, z;
n = k >> kshift;
k1 = b->k;
n1 = n + b->wds + 1;
for(i = b->maxwds; n1 > i; i <<= 1)
k1++;
b1 = Balloc(k1);
x1 = b1->x;
for(i = 0; i < n; i++)
*x1++ = 0;
x = b->x;
xe = x + b->wds;
if (k &= kmask) {
#ifdef Pack_32
k1 = 32 - k;
z = 0;
do {
*x1++ = *x << k | z;
z = *x++ >> k1;
}
while(x < xe);
if ((*x1 = z) !=0)
++n1;
#else
k1 = 16 - k;
z = 0;
do {
*x1++ = *x << k & 0xffff | z;
z = *x++ >> k1;
}
while(x < xe);
if (*x1 = z)
++n1;
#endif
}
else do
*x1++ = *x++;
while(x < xe);
b1->wds = n1 - 1;
Bfree(b);
return b1;
}
int
cmp
#ifdef KR_headers
(a, b) Bigint *a, *b;
#else
(Bigint *a, Bigint *b)
#endif
{
ULong *xa, *xa0, *xb, *xb0;
int i, j;
i = a->wds;
j = b->wds;
#ifdef DEBUG
if (i > 1 && !a->x[i-1])
Bug("cmp called with a->x[a->wds-1] == 0");
if (j > 1 && !b->x[j-1])
Bug("cmp called with b->x[b->wds-1] == 0");
#endif
if (i -= j)
return i;
xa0 = a->x;
xa = xa0 + j;
xb0 = b->x;
xb = xb0 + j;
for(;;) {
if (*--xa != *--xb)
return *xa < *xb ? -1 : 1;
if (xa <= xa0)
break;
}
return 0;
}
Bigint *
diff
#ifdef KR_headers
(a, b) Bigint *a, *b;
#else
(Bigint *a, Bigint *b)
#endif
{
Bigint *c;
int i, wa, wb;
ULong *xa, *xae, *xb, *xbe, *xc;
#ifdef ULLong
ULLong borrow, y;
#else
ULong borrow, y;
#ifdef Pack_32
ULong z;
#endif
#endif
i = cmp(a,b);
if (!i) {
c = Balloc(0);
c->wds = 1;
c->x[0] = 0;
return c;
}
if (i < 0) {
c = a;
a = b;
b = c;
i = 1;
}
else
i = 0;
c = Balloc(a->k);
c->sign = i;
wa = a->wds;
xa = a->x;
xae = xa + wa;
wb = b->wds;
xb = b->x;
xbe = xb + wb;
xc = c->x;
borrow = 0;
#ifdef ULLong
do {
y = (ULLong)*xa++ - *xb++ - borrow;
borrow = y >> 32 & 1UL;
*xc++ = (ULong)(y & 0xffffffffUL);
}
while(xb < xbe);
while(xa < xae) {
y = *xa++ - borrow;
borrow = y >> 32 & 1UL;
*xc++ = (ULong)(y & 0xffffffffUL);
}
#else
#ifdef Pack_32
do {
y = (*xa & 0xffff) - (*xb & 0xffff) - borrow;
borrow = (y & 0x10000) >> 16;
z = (*xa++ >> 16) - (*xb++ >> 16) - borrow;
borrow = (z & 0x10000) >> 16;
Storeinc(xc, z, y);
}
while(xb < xbe);
while(xa < xae) {
y = (*xa & 0xffff) - borrow;
borrow = (y & 0x10000) >> 16;
z = (*xa++ >> 16) - borrow;
borrow = (z & 0x10000) >> 16;
Storeinc(xc, z, y);
}
#else
do {
y = *xa++ - *xb++ - borrow;
borrow = (y & 0x10000) >> 16;
*xc++ = y & 0xffff;
}
while(xb < xbe);
while(xa < xae) {
y = *xa++ - borrow;
borrow = (y & 0x10000) >> 16;
*xc++ = y & 0xffff;
}
#endif
#endif
while(!*--xc)
wa--;
c->wds = wa;
return c;
}
double
b2d
#ifdef KR_headers
(a, e) Bigint *a; int *e;
#else
(Bigint *a, int *e)
#endif
{
ULong *xa, *xa0, w, y, z;
int k;
U d;
#ifdef VAX
ULong d0, d1;
#else
#define d0 word0(d)
#define d1 word1(d)
#endif
xa0 = a->x;
xa = xa0 + a->wds;
y = *--xa;
#ifdef DEBUG
if (!y) Bug("zero y in b2d");
#endif
k = hi0bits(y);
*e = 32 - k;
#ifdef Pack_32
if (k < Ebits) {
d0 = Exp_1 | y >> Ebits - k;
w = xa > xa0 ? *--xa : 0;
d1 = y << (32-Ebits) + k | w >> Ebits - k;
goto ret_d;
}
z = xa > xa0 ? *--xa : 0;
if (k -= Ebits) {
d0 = Exp_1 | y << k | z >> 32 - k;
y = xa > xa0 ? *--xa : 0;
d1 = z << k | y >> 32 - k;
}
else {
d0 = Exp_1 | y;
d1 = z;
}
#else
if (k < Ebits + 16) {
z = xa > xa0 ? *--xa : 0;
d0 = Exp_1 | y << k - Ebits | z >> Ebits + 16 - k;
w = xa > xa0 ? *--xa : 0;
y = xa > xa0 ? *--xa : 0;
d1 = z << k + 16 - Ebits | w << k - Ebits | y >> 16 + Ebits - k;
goto ret_d;
}
z = xa > xa0 ? *--xa : 0;
w = xa > xa0 ? *--xa : 0;
k -= Ebits + 16;
d0 = Exp_1 | y << k + 16 | z << k | w >> 16 - k;
y = xa > xa0 ? *--xa : 0;
d1 = w << k + 16 | y << k;
#endif
ret_d:
#ifdef VAX
word0(d) = d0 >> 16 | d0 << 16;
word1(d) = d1 >> 16 | d1 << 16;
#endif
return dval(d);
}
#undef d0
#undef d1
Bigint *
d2b
#ifdef KR_headers
(d, e, bits) double d; int *e, *bits;
#else
(double _d, int *e, int *bits)
#endif
{
Bigint *b;
#ifndef Sudden_Underflow
int i;
#endif
int de, k;
ULong *x, y, z;
U d;
#ifdef VAX
ULong d0, d1;
#else
#define d0 word0(d)
#define d1 word1(d)
#endif
dval(d) = _d;
#ifdef VAX
d0 = word0(d) >> 16 | word0(d) << 16;
d1 = word1(d) >> 16 | word1(d) << 16;
#endif
#ifdef Pack_32
b = Balloc(1);
#else
b = Balloc(2);
#endif
x = b->x;
z = d0 & Frac_mask;
d0 &= 0x7fffffff; /* clear sign bit, which we ignore */
#ifdef Sudden_Underflow
de = (int)(d0 >> Exp_shift);
#ifndef IBM
z |= Exp_msk11;
#endif
#else
if ( (de = (int)(d0 >> Exp_shift)) !=0)
z |= Exp_msk1;
#endif
#ifdef Pack_32
if ( (y = d1) !=0) {
if ( (k = lo0bits(&y)) !=0) {
x[0] = y | z << 32 - k;
z >>= k;
}
else
x[0] = y;
#ifndef Sudden_Underflow
i =
#endif
b->wds = (x[1] = z) !=0 ? 2 : 1;
}
else {
#ifdef DEBUG
if (!z)
Bug("Zero passed to d2b");
#endif
k = lo0bits(&z);
x[0] = z;
#ifndef Sudden_Underflow
i =
#endif
b->wds = 1;
k += 32;
}
#else
if ( (y = d1) !=0) {
if ( (k = lo0bits(&y)) !=0)
if (k >= 16) {
x[0] = y | z << 32 - k & 0xffff;
x[1] = z >> k - 16 & 0xffff;
x[2] = z >> k;
i = 2;
}
else {
x[0] = y & 0xffff;
x[1] = y >> 16 | z << 16 - k & 0xffff;
x[2] = z >> k & 0xffff;
x[3] = z >> k+16;
i = 3;
}
else {
x[0] = y & 0xffff;
x[1] = y >> 16;
x[2] = z & 0xffff;
x[3] = z >> 16;
i = 3;
}
}
else {
#ifdef DEBUG
if (!z)
Bug("Zero passed to d2b");
#endif
k = lo0bits(&z);
if (k >= 16) {
x[0] = z;
i = 0;
}
else {
x[0] = z & 0xffff;
x[1] = z >> 16;
i = 1;
}
k += 32;
}
while(!x[i])
--i;
b->wds = i + 1;
#endif
#ifndef Sudden_Underflow
if (de) {
#endif
#ifdef IBM
*e = (de - Bias - (P-1) << 2) + k;
*bits = 4*P + 8 - k - hi0bits(word0(d) & Frac_mask);
#else
*e = de - Bias - (P-1) + k;
*bits = P - k;
#endif
#ifndef Sudden_Underflow
}
else {
*e = de - Bias - (P-1) + 1 + k;
#ifdef Pack_32
*bits = 32*i - hi0bits(x[i-1]);
#else
*bits = (i+2)*16 - hi0bits(x[i]);
#endif
}
#endif
return b;
}
#undef d0
#undef d1
CONST double
#ifdef IEEE_Arith
bigtens[] = { 1e16, 1e32, 1e64, 1e128, 1e256 };
CONST double tinytens[] = { 1e-16, 1e-32, 1e-64, 1e-128, 1e-256
};
#else
#ifdef IBM
bigtens[] = { 1e16, 1e32, 1e64 };
CONST double tinytens[] = { 1e-16, 1e-32, 1e-64 };
#else
bigtens[] = { 1e16, 1e32 };
CONST double tinytens[] = { 1e-16, 1e-32 };
#endif
#endif
CONST double
tens[] = {
1e0, 1e1, 1e2, 1e3, 1e4, 1e5, 1e6, 1e7, 1e8, 1e9,
1e10, 1e11, 1e12, 1e13, 1e14, 1e15, 1e16, 1e17, 1e18, 1e19,
1e20, 1e21, 1e22
#ifdef VAX
, 1e23, 1e24
#endif
};
char *
#ifdef KR_headers
strcp_D2A(a, b) char *a; char *b;
#else
strcp_D2A(char *a, CONST char *b)
#endif
{
while(*a = *b++)
a++;
return a;
}
#ifdef NO_STRING_H
KR_VOID *
#ifdef KR_headers
memcpy_D2A(a, b, len) char *a; char *b; size_t len;
#else
memcpy_D2A(void *a1, void *b1, size_t len)
#endif
{
register char *a = (char*)a1, *ae = a + len;
register char *b = (char*)b1, *a0 = a;
while(a < ae)
*a++ = *b++;
return a0;
}
#endif /* NO_STRING_H */
#ifdef MULTIPLE_THREADS
#ifdef _WIN32
#undef Bias
#define WIN32_LEAN_AND_MEAN
#include <windows.h>
static CRITICAL_SECTION dtoa_lock[2];
static int did_init;
void ACQUIRE_DTOA_LOCK(int n)
{
if (!did_init)
{
did_init = 1;
InitializeCriticalSection(&dtoa_lock[0]);
InitializeCriticalSection(&dtoa_lock[1]);
}
EnterCriticalSection(&dtoa_lock[n]);
}
void FREE_DTOA_LOCK(int n)
{
LeaveCriticalSection(&dtoa_lock[n]);
}
#else
#include <pthread.h>
static pthread_mutex_t dtoa_lock[2] = { PTHREAD_MUTEX_INITIALIZER, PTHREAD_MUTEX_INITIALIZER };
void ACQUIRE_DTOA_LOCK(int n)
{
pthread_mutex_lock(&dtoa_lock[n]);
}
void FREE_DTOA_LOCK(int n)
{
pthread_mutex_unlock(&dtoa_lock[n]);
}
#endif
#endif
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