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/*
* Copyright (C) 2005 Anthony Liguori <anthony@codemonkey.ws>
*
* Network Block Device
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
* the Free Software Foundation; under version 2 of the License.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program; if not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
*/
#include "qemu/osdep.h"
#include <getopt.h>
#include <libgen.h>
#include <pthread.h>
#include "qemu-common.h"
#include "qapi/error.h"
#include "qemu/cutils.h"
#include "sysemu/block-backend.h"
#include "sysemu/runstate.h" /* for qemu_system_killed() prototype */
#include "block/block_int.h"
#include "block/nbd.h"
#include "qemu/main-loop.h"
#include "qemu/module.h"
#include "qemu/option.h"
#include "qemu/error-report.h"
#include "qemu/config-file.h"
#include "qemu/bswap.h"
#include "qemu/log.h"
#include "qemu/systemd.h"
#include "block/snapshot.h"
#include "qapi/qmp/qdict.h"
#include "qapi/qmp/qstring.h"
#include "qom/object_interfaces.h"
#include "io/channel-socket.h"
#include "io/net-listener.h"
#include "crypto/init.h"
#include "trace/control.h"
#include "qemu-version.h"
#ifdef __linux__
#define HAVE_NBD_DEVICE 1
#else
#define HAVE_NBD_DEVICE 0
#endif
#define SOCKET_PATH "/var/lock/qemu-nbd-%s"
#define QEMU_NBD_OPT_CACHE 256
#define QEMU_NBD_OPT_AIO 257
#define QEMU_NBD_OPT_DISCARD 258
#define QEMU_NBD_OPT_DETECT_ZEROES 259
#define QEMU_NBD_OPT_OBJECT 260
#define QEMU_NBD_OPT_TLSCREDS 261
#define QEMU_NBD_OPT_IMAGE_OPTS 262
#define QEMU_NBD_OPT_FORK 263
#define QEMU_NBD_OPT_TLSAUTHZ 264
#define QEMU_NBD_OPT_PID_FILE 265
#define MBR_SIZE 512
static int verbose;
static char *srcpath;
static SocketAddress *saddr;
static int persistent = 0;
static enum { RUNNING, TERMINATE, TERMINATED } state;
static int shared = 1;
static int nb_fds;
static QIONetListener *server;
static QCryptoTLSCreds *tlscreds;
static const char *tlsauthz;
static void usage(const char *name)
{
(printf) (
"Usage: %s [OPTIONS] FILE\n"
" or: %s -L [OPTIONS]\n"
"QEMU Disk Network Block Device Utility\n"
"\n"
" -h, --help display this help and exit\n"
" -V, --version output version information and exit\n"
"\n"
"Connection properties:\n"
" -p, --port=PORT port to listen on (default `%d')\n"
" -b, --bind=IFACE interface to bind to (default `0.0.0.0')\n"
" -k, --socket=PATH path to the unix socket\n"
" (default '"SOCKET_PATH"')\n"
" -e, --shared=NUM device can be shared by NUM clients (default '1')\n"
" -t, --persistent don't exit on the last connection\n"
" -v, --verbose display extra debugging information\n"
" -x, --export-name=NAME expose export by name (default is empty string)\n"
" -D, --description=TEXT export a human-readable description\n"
"\n"
"Exposing part of the image:\n"
" -o, --offset=OFFSET offset into the image\n"
" -A, --allocation-depth expose the allocation depth\n"
" -B, --bitmap=NAME expose a persistent dirty bitmap\n"
"\n"
"General purpose options:\n"
" -L, --list list exports available from another NBD server\n"
" --object type,id=ID,... define an object such as 'secret' for providing\n"
" passwords and/or encryption keys\n"
" --tls-creds=ID use id of an earlier --object to provide TLS\n"
" --tls-authz=ID use id of an earlier --object to provide\n"
" authorization\n"
" -T, --trace [[enable=]<pattern>][,events=<file>][,file=<file>]\n"
" specify tracing options\n"
" --fork fork off the server process and exit the parent\n"
" once the server is running\n"
" --pid-file=PATH store the server's process ID in the given file\n"
#if HAVE_NBD_DEVICE
"\n"
"Kernel NBD client support:\n"
" -c, --connect=DEV connect FILE to the local NBD device DEV\n"
" -d, --disconnect disconnect the specified device\n"
#endif
"\n"
"Block device options:\n"
" -f, --format=FORMAT set image format (raw, qcow2, ...)\n"
" -r, --read-only export read-only\n"
" -s, --snapshot use FILE as an external snapshot, create a temporary\n"
" file with backing_file=FILE, redirect the write to\n"
" the temporary one\n"
" -l, --load-snapshot=SNAPSHOT_PARAM\n"
" load an internal snapshot inside FILE and export it\n"
" as an read-only device, SNAPSHOT_PARAM format is\n"
" 'snapshot.id=[ID],snapshot.name=[NAME]', or\n"
" '[ID_OR_NAME]'\n"
" -n, --nocache disable host cache\n"
" --cache=MODE set cache mode (none, writeback, ...)\n"
" --aio=MODE set AIO mode (native, io_uring or threads)\n"
" --discard=MODE set discard mode (ignore, unmap)\n"
" --detect-zeroes=MODE set detect-zeroes mode (off, on, unmap)\n"
" --image-opts treat FILE as a full set of image options\n"
"\n"
QEMU_HELP_BOTTOM "\n"
, name, name, NBD_DEFAULT_PORT, "DEVICE");
}
static void version(const char *name)
{
printf(
"%s " QEMU_FULL_VERSION "\n"
"Written by Anthony Liguori.\n"
"\n"
QEMU_COPYRIGHT "\n"
"This is free software; see the source for copying conditions. There is NO\n"
"warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.\n"
, name);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_POSIX
/*
* The client thread uses SIGTERM to interrupt the server. A signal
* handler ensures that "qemu-nbd -v -c" exits with a nice status code.
*/
void qemu_system_killed(int signum, pid_t pid)
{
qatomic_cmpxchg(&state, RUNNING, TERMINATE);
qemu_notify_event();
}
#endif /* CONFIG_POSIX */
static int qemu_nbd_client_list(SocketAddress *saddr, QCryptoTLSCreds *tls,
const char *hostname)
{
int ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
int rc;
Error *err = NULL;
QIOChannelSocket *sioc;
NBDExportInfo *list;
int i, j;
sioc = qio_channel_socket_new();
if (qio_channel_socket_connect_sync(sioc, saddr, &err) < 0) {
error_report_err(err);
goto out;
}
rc = nbd_receive_export_list(QIO_CHANNEL(sioc), tls, hostname, &list,
&err);
if (rc < 0) {
if (err) {
error_report_err(err);
}
goto out;
}
printf("exports available: %d\n", rc);
for (i = 0; i < rc; i++) {
printf(" export: '%s'\n", list[i].name);
if (list[i].description && *list[i].description) {
printf(" description: %s\n", list[i].description);
}
if (list[i].flags & NBD_FLAG_HAS_FLAGS) {
static const char *const flag_names[] = {
[NBD_FLAG_READ_ONLY_BIT] = "readonly",
[NBD_FLAG_SEND_FLUSH_BIT] = "flush",
[NBD_FLAG_SEND_FUA_BIT] = "fua",
[NBD_FLAG_ROTATIONAL_BIT] = "rotational",
[NBD_FLAG_SEND_TRIM_BIT] = "trim",
[NBD_FLAG_SEND_WRITE_ZEROES_BIT] = "zeroes",
[NBD_FLAG_SEND_DF_BIT] = "df",
[NBD_FLAG_CAN_MULTI_CONN_BIT] = "multi",
[NBD_FLAG_SEND_RESIZE_BIT] = "resize",
[NBD_FLAG_SEND_CACHE_BIT] = "cache",
[NBD_FLAG_SEND_FAST_ZERO_BIT] = "fast-zero",
};
printf(" size: %" PRIu64 "\n", list[i].size);
printf(" flags: 0x%x (", list[i].flags);
for (size_t bit = 0; bit < ARRAY_SIZE(flag_names); bit++) {
if (flag_names[bit] && (list[i].flags & (1 << bit))) {
printf(" %s", flag_names[bit]);
}
}
printf(" )\n");
}
if (list[i].min_block) {
printf(" min block: %u\n", list[i].min_block);
printf(" opt block: %u\n", list[i].opt_block);
printf(" max block: %u\n", list[i].max_block);
}
if (list[i].n_contexts) {
printf(" available meta contexts: %d\n", list[i].n_contexts);
for (j = 0; j < list[i].n_contexts; j++) {
printf(" %s\n", list[i].contexts[j]);
}
}
}
nbd_free_export_list(list, rc);
ret = EXIT_SUCCESS;
out:
object_unref(OBJECT(sioc));
return ret;
}
#if HAVE_NBD_DEVICE
static void *show_parts(void *arg)
{
char *device = arg;
int nbd;
/* linux just needs an open() to trigger
* the partition table update
* but remember to load the module with max_part != 0 :
* modprobe nbd max_part=63
*/
nbd = open(device, O_RDWR);
if (nbd >= 0) {
close(nbd);
}
return NULL;
}
static void *nbd_client_thread(void *arg)
{
char *device = arg;
NBDExportInfo info = { .request_sizes = false, .name = g_strdup("") };
QIOChannelSocket *sioc;
int fd = -1;
int ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
pthread_t show_parts_thread;
Error *local_error = NULL;
sioc = qio_channel_socket_new();
if (qio_channel_socket_connect_sync(sioc,
saddr,
&local_error) < 0) {
error_report_err(local_error);
goto out;
}
if (nbd_receive_negotiate(NULL, QIO_CHANNEL(sioc),
NULL, NULL, NULL, &info, &local_error) < 0) {
if (local_error) {
error_report_err(local_error);
}
goto out;
}
fd = open(device, O_RDWR);
if (fd < 0) {
/* Linux-only, we can use %m in printf. */
error_report("Failed to open %s: %m", device);
goto out;
}
if (nbd_init(fd, sioc, &info, &local_error) < 0) {
error_report_err(local_error);
goto out;
}
/* update partition table */
pthread_create(&show_parts_thread, NULL, show_parts, device);
if (verbose) {
fprintf(stderr, "NBD device %s is now connected to %s\n",
device, srcpath);
} else {
/* Close stderr so that the qemu-nbd process exits. */
dup2(STDOUT_FILENO, STDERR_FILENO);
}
if (nbd_client(fd) < 0) {
goto out;
}
ret = EXIT_SUCCESS;
out:
if (fd >= 0) {
close(fd);
}
object_unref(OBJECT(sioc));
g_free(info.name);
kill(getpid(), SIGTERM);
return (void *) (intptr_t) ret;
}
#endif /* HAVE_NBD_DEVICE */
static int nbd_can_accept(void)
{
return state == RUNNING && (shared == 0 || nb_fds < shared);
}
static void nbd_update_server_watch(void);
static void nbd_client_closed(NBDClient *client, bool negotiated)
{
nb_fds--;
if (negotiated && nb_fds == 0 && !persistent && state == RUNNING) {
state = TERMINATE;
}
nbd_update_server_watch();
nbd_client_put(client);
}
static void nbd_accept(QIONetListener *listener, QIOChannelSocket *cioc,
gpointer opaque)
{
if (state >= TERMINATE) {
return;
}
nb_fds++;
nbd_update_server_watch();
nbd_client_new(cioc, tlscreds, tlsauthz, nbd_client_closed);
}
static void nbd_update_server_watch(void)
{
if (nbd_can_accept()) {
qio_net_listener_set_client_func(server, nbd_accept, NULL, NULL);
} else {
qio_net_listener_set_client_func(server, NULL, NULL, NULL);
}
}
static SocketAddress *nbd_build_socket_address(const char *sockpath,
const char *bindto,
const char *port)
{
SocketAddress *saddr;
saddr = g_new0(SocketAddress, 1);
if (sockpath) {
saddr->type = SOCKET_ADDRESS_TYPE_UNIX;
saddr->u.q_unix.path = g_strdup(sockpath);
} else {
InetSocketAddress *inet;
saddr->type = SOCKET_ADDRESS_TYPE_INET;
inet = &saddr->u.inet;
inet->host = g_strdup(bindto);
if (port) {
inet->port = g_strdup(port);
} else {
inet->port = g_strdup_printf("%d", NBD_DEFAULT_PORT);
}
}
return saddr;
}
static QemuOptsList file_opts = {
.name = "file",
.implied_opt_name = "file",
.head = QTAILQ_HEAD_INITIALIZER(file_opts.head),
.desc = {
/* no elements => accept any params */
{ /* end of list */ }
},
};
static QemuOptsList qemu_object_opts = {
.name = "object",
.implied_opt_name = "qom-type",
.head = QTAILQ_HEAD_INITIALIZER(qemu_object_opts.head),
.desc = {
{ }
},
};
static bool qemu_nbd_object_print_help(const char *type, QemuOpts *opts)
{
if (user_creatable_print_help(type, opts)) {
exit(0);
}
return true;
}
static QCryptoTLSCreds *nbd_get_tls_creds(const char *id, bool list,
Error **errp)
{
Object *obj;
QCryptoTLSCreds *creds;
obj = object_resolve_path_component(
object_get_objects_root(), id);
if (!obj) {
error_setg(errp, "No TLS credentials with id '%s'",
id);
return NULL;
}
creds = (QCryptoTLSCreds *)
object_dynamic_cast(obj, TYPE_QCRYPTO_TLS_CREDS);
if (!creds) {
error_setg(errp, "Object with id '%s' is not TLS credentials",
id);
return NULL;
}
if (list) {
if (creds->endpoint != QCRYPTO_TLS_CREDS_ENDPOINT_CLIENT) {
error_setg(errp,
"Expecting TLS credentials with a client endpoint");
return NULL;
}
} else {
if (creds->endpoint != QCRYPTO_TLS_CREDS_ENDPOINT_SERVER) {
error_setg(errp,
"Expecting TLS credentials with a server endpoint");
return NULL;
}
}
object_ref(obj);
return creds;
}
static void setup_address_and_port(const char **address, const char **port)
{
if (*address == NULL) {
*address = "0.0.0.0";
}
if (*port == NULL) {
*port = stringify(NBD_DEFAULT_PORT);
}
}
/*
* Check socket parameters compatibility when socket activation is used.
*/
static const char *socket_activation_validate_opts(const char *device,
const char *sockpath,
const char *address,
const char *port,
bool list)
{
if (device != NULL) {
return "NBD device can't be set when using socket activation";
}
if (sockpath != NULL) {
return "Unix socket can't be set when using socket activation";
}
if (address != NULL) {
return "The interface can't be set when using socket activation";
}
if (port != NULL) {
return "TCP port number can't be set when using socket activation";
}
if (list) {
return "List mode is incompatible with socket activation";
}
return NULL;
}
static void qemu_nbd_shutdown(void)
{
job_cancel_sync_all();
blk_exp_close_all();
bdrv_close_all();
}
int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
BlockBackend *blk;
BlockDriverState *bs;
uint64_t dev_offset = 0;
bool readonly = false;
bool disconnect = false;
const char *bindto = NULL;
const char *port = NULL;
char *sockpath = NULL;
char *device = NULL;
QemuOpts *sn_opts = NULL;
const char *sn_id_or_name = NULL;
const char *sopt = "hVb:o:p:rsnc:dvk:e:f:tl:x:T:D:AB:L";
struct option lopt[] = {
{ "help", no_argument, NULL, 'h' },
{ "version", no_argument, NULL, 'V' },
{ "bind", required_argument, NULL, 'b' },
{ "port", required_argument, NULL, 'p' },
{ "socket", required_argument, NULL, 'k' },
{ "offset", required_argument, NULL, 'o' },
{ "read-only", no_argument, NULL, 'r' },
{ "allocation-depth", no_argument, NULL, 'A' },
{ "bitmap", required_argument, NULL, 'B' },
{ "connect", required_argument, NULL, 'c' },
{ "disconnect", no_argument, NULL, 'd' },
{ "list", no_argument, NULL, 'L' },
{ "snapshot", no_argument, NULL, 's' },
{ "load-snapshot", required_argument, NULL, 'l' },
{ "nocache", no_argument, NULL, 'n' },
{ "cache", required_argument, NULL, QEMU_NBD_OPT_CACHE },
{ "aio", required_argument, NULL, QEMU_NBD_OPT_AIO },
{ "discard", required_argument, NULL, QEMU_NBD_OPT_DISCARD },
{ "detect-zeroes", required_argument, NULL,
QEMU_NBD_OPT_DETECT_ZEROES },
{ "shared", required_argument, NULL, 'e' },
{ "format", required_argument, NULL, 'f' },
{ "persistent", no_argument, NULL, 't' },
{ "verbose", no_argument, NULL, 'v' },
{ "object", required_argument, NULL, QEMU_NBD_OPT_OBJECT },
{ "export-name", required_argument, NULL, 'x' },
{ "description", required_argument, NULL, 'D' },
{ "tls-creds", required_argument, NULL, QEMU_NBD_OPT_TLSCREDS },
{ "tls-authz", required_argument, NULL, QEMU_NBD_OPT_TLSAUTHZ },
{ "image-opts", no_argument, NULL, QEMU_NBD_OPT_IMAGE_OPTS },
{ "trace", required_argument, NULL, 'T' },
{ "fork", no_argument, NULL, QEMU_NBD_OPT_FORK },
{ "pid-file", required_argument, NULL, QEMU_NBD_OPT_PID_FILE },
{ NULL, 0, NULL, 0 }
};
int ch;
int opt_ind = 0;
int flags = BDRV_O_RDWR;
int ret = 0;
bool seen_cache = false;
bool seen_discard = false;
bool seen_aio = false;
pthread_t client_thread;
const char *fmt = NULL;
Error *local_err = NULL;
BlockdevDetectZeroesOptions detect_zeroes = BLOCKDEV_DETECT_ZEROES_OPTIONS_OFF;
QDict *options = NULL;
const char *export_name = NULL; /* defaults to "" later for server mode */
const char *export_description = NULL;
strList *bitmaps = NULL;
bool alloc_depth = false;
const char *tlscredsid = NULL;
bool imageOpts = false;
bool writethrough = true;
bool fork_process = false;
bool list = false;
int old_stderr = -1;
unsigned socket_activation;
const char *pid_file_name = NULL;
BlockExportOptions *export_opts;
#ifdef CONFIG_POSIX
os_setup_early_signal_handling();
os_setup_signal_handling();
#endif
socket_init();
error_init(argv[0]);
module_call_init(MODULE_INIT_TRACE);
qcrypto_init(&error_fatal);
module_call_init(MODULE_INIT_QOM);
qemu_add_opts(&qemu_object_opts);
qemu_add_opts(&qemu_trace_opts);
qemu_init_exec_dir(argv[0]);
while ((ch = getopt_long(argc, argv, sopt, lopt, &opt_ind)) != -1) {
switch (ch) {
case 's':
flags |= BDRV_O_SNAPSHOT;
break;
case 'n':
optarg = (char *) "none";
/* fallthrough */
case QEMU_NBD_OPT_CACHE:
if (seen_cache) {
error_report("-n and --cache can only be specified once");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
seen_cache = true;
if (bdrv_parse_cache_mode(optarg, &flags, &writethrough) == -1) {
error_report("Invalid cache mode `%s'", optarg);
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
break;
case QEMU_NBD_OPT_AIO:
if (seen_aio) {
error_report("--aio can only be specified once");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
seen_aio = true;
if (bdrv_parse_aio(optarg, &flags) < 0) {
error_report("Invalid aio mode '%s'", optarg);
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
break;
case QEMU_NBD_OPT_DISCARD:
if (seen_discard) {
error_report("--discard can only be specified once");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
seen_discard = true;
if (bdrv_parse_discard_flags(optarg, &flags) == -1) {
error_report("Invalid discard mode `%s'", optarg);
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
break;
case QEMU_NBD_OPT_DETECT_ZEROES:
detect_zeroes =
qapi_enum_parse(&BlockdevDetectZeroesOptions_lookup,
optarg,
BLOCKDEV_DETECT_ZEROES_OPTIONS_OFF,
&local_err);
if (local_err) {
error_reportf_err(local_err,
"Failed to parse detect_zeroes mode: ");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
if (detect_zeroes == BLOCKDEV_DETECT_ZEROES_OPTIONS_UNMAP &&
!(flags & BDRV_O_UNMAP)) {
error_report("setting detect-zeroes to unmap is not allowed "
"without setting discard operation to unmap");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
break;
case 'b':
bindto = optarg;
break;
case 'p':
port = optarg;
break;
case 'o':
if (qemu_strtou64(optarg, NULL, 0, &dev_offset) < 0) {
error_report("Invalid offset '%s'", optarg);
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
break;
case 'l':
if (strstart(optarg, SNAPSHOT_OPT_BASE, NULL)) {
sn_opts = qemu_opts_parse_noisily(&internal_snapshot_opts,
optarg, false);
if (!sn_opts) {
error_report("Failed in parsing snapshot param `%s'",
optarg);
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
} else {
sn_id_or_name = optarg;
}
/* fall through */
case 'r':
readonly = true;
flags &= ~BDRV_O_RDWR;
break;
case 'A':
alloc_depth = true;
break;
case 'B':
QAPI_LIST_PREPEND(bitmaps, g_strdup(optarg));
break;
case 'k':
sockpath = optarg;
if (sockpath[0] != '/') {
error_report("socket path must be absolute");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
break;
case 'd':
disconnect = true;
break;
case 'c':
device = optarg;
break;
case 'e':
if (qemu_strtoi(optarg, NULL, 0, &shared) < 0 ||
shared < 0) {
error_report("Invalid shared device number '%s'", optarg);
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
break;
case 'f':
fmt = optarg;
break;
case 't':
persistent = 1;
break;
case 'x':
export_name = optarg;
if (strlen(export_name) > NBD_MAX_STRING_SIZE) {
error_report("export name '%s' too long", export_name);
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
break;
case 'D':
export_description = optarg;
if (strlen(export_description) > NBD_MAX_STRING_SIZE) {
error_report("export description '%s' too long",
export_description);
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
break;
case 'v':
verbose = 1;
break;
case 'V':
version(argv[0]);
exit(0);
break;
case 'h':
usage(argv[0]);
exit(0);
break;
case '?':
error_report("Try `%s --help' for more information.", argv[0]);
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
case QEMU_NBD_OPT_OBJECT: {
QemuOpts *opts;
opts = qemu_opts_parse_noisily(&qemu_object_opts,
optarg, true);
if (!opts) {
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
} break;
case QEMU_NBD_OPT_TLSCREDS:
tlscredsid = optarg;
break;
case QEMU_NBD_OPT_IMAGE_OPTS:
imageOpts = true;
break;
case 'T':
trace_opt_parse(optarg);
break;
case QEMU_NBD_OPT_TLSAUTHZ:
tlsauthz = optarg;
break;
case QEMU_NBD_OPT_FORK:
fork_process = true;
break;
case 'L':
list = true;
break;
case QEMU_NBD_OPT_PID_FILE:
pid_file_name = optarg;
break;
}
}
if (list) {
if (argc != optind) {
error_report("List mode is incompatible with a file name");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
if (export_name || export_description || dev_offset ||
device || disconnect || fmt || sn_id_or_name || bitmaps ||
alloc_depth || seen_aio || seen_discard || seen_cache) {
error_report("List mode is incompatible with per-device settings");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
if (fork_process) {
error_report("List mode is incompatible with forking");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
} else if ((argc - optind) != 1) {
error_report("Invalid number of arguments");
error_printf("Try `%s --help' for more information.\n", argv[0]);
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
} else if (!export_name) {
export_name = "";
}
qemu_opts_foreach(&qemu_object_opts,
user_creatable_add_opts_foreach,
qemu_nbd_object_print_help, &error_fatal);
if (!trace_init_backends()) {
exit(1);
}
trace_init_file();
qemu_set_log(LOG_TRACE);
socket_activation = check_socket_activation();
if (socket_activation == 0) {
setup_address_and_port(&bindto, &port);
} else {
/* Using socket activation - check user didn't use -p etc. */
const char *err_msg = socket_activation_validate_opts(device, sockpath,
bindto, port,
list);
if (err_msg != NULL) {
error_report("%s", err_msg);
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
/* qemu-nbd can only listen on a single socket. */
if (socket_activation > 1) {
error_report("qemu-nbd does not support socket activation with %s > 1",
"LISTEN_FDS");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
}
if (tlscredsid) {
if (sockpath) {
error_report("TLS is only supported with IPv4/IPv6");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
if (device) {
error_report("TLS is not supported with a host device");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
if (tlsauthz && list) {
error_report("TLS authorization is incompatible with export list");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
tlscreds = nbd_get_tls_creds(tlscredsid, list, &local_err);
if (local_err) {
error_reportf_err(local_err, "Failed to get TLS creds: ");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
} else {
if (tlsauthz) {
error_report("--tls-authz is not permitted without --tls-creds");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
}
if (list) {
saddr = nbd_build_socket_address(sockpath, bindto, port);
return qemu_nbd_client_list(saddr, tlscreds, bindto);
}
#if !HAVE_NBD_DEVICE
if (disconnect || device) {
error_report("Kernel /dev/nbdN support not available");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
#else /* HAVE_NBD_DEVICE */
if (disconnect) {
int nbdfd = open(argv[optind], O_RDWR);
if (nbdfd < 0) {
error_report("Cannot open %s: %s", argv[optind],
strerror(errno));
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
nbd_disconnect(nbdfd);
close(nbdfd);
printf("%s disconnected\n", argv[optind]);
return 0;
}
#endif
if ((device && !verbose) || fork_process) {
#ifndef WIN32
int stderr_fd[2];
pid_t pid;
int ret;
if (qemu_pipe(stderr_fd) < 0) {
error_report("Error setting up communication pipe: %s",
strerror(errno));
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
/* Now daemonize, but keep a communication channel open to
* print errors and exit with the proper status code.
*/
pid = fork();
if (pid < 0) {
error_report("Failed to fork: %s", strerror(errno));
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
} else if (pid == 0) {
close(stderr_fd[0]);
/* Remember parent's stderr if we will be restoring it. */
if (fork_process) {
old_stderr = dup(STDERR_FILENO);
}
ret = qemu_daemon(1, 0);
/* Temporarily redirect stderr to the parent's pipe... */
dup2(stderr_fd[1], STDERR_FILENO);
if (ret < 0) {
error_report("Failed to daemonize: %s", strerror(errno));
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
/* ... close the descriptor we inherited and go on. */
close(stderr_fd[1]);
} else {
bool errors = false;
char *buf;
/* In the parent. Print error messages from the child until
* it closes the pipe.
*/
close(stderr_fd[1]);
buf = g_malloc(1024);
while ((ret = read(stderr_fd[0], buf, 1024)) > 0) {
errors = true;
ret = qemu_write_full(STDERR_FILENO, buf, ret);
if (ret < 0) {
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
}
if (ret < 0) {
error_report("Cannot read from daemon: %s",
strerror(errno));
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
/* Usually the daemon should not print any message.
* Exit with zero status in that case.
*/
exit(errors);
}
#else /* WIN32 */
error_report("Unable to fork into background on Windows hosts");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
#endif /* WIN32 */
}
if (device != NULL && sockpath == NULL) {
sockpath = g_malloc(128);
snprintf(sockpath, 128, SOCKET_PATH, basename(device));
}
server = qio_net_listener_new();
if (socket_activation == 0) {
int backlog;
if (persistent || shared == 0) {
backlog = SOMAXCONN;
} else {
backlog = MIN(shared, SOMAXCONN);
}
saddr = nbd_build_socket_address(sockpath, bindto, port);
if (qio_net_listener_open_sync(server, saddr, backlog,
&local_err) < 0) {
object_unref(OBJECT(server));
error_report_err(local_err);
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
} else {
size_t i;
/* See comment in check_socket_activation above. */
for (i = 0; i < socket_activation; i++) {
QIOChannelSocket *sioc;
sioc = qio_channel_socket_new_fd(FIRST_SOCKET_ACTIVATION_FD + i,
&local_err);
if (sioc == NULL) {
object_unref(OBJECT(server));
error_reportf_err(local_err,
"Failed to use socket activation: ");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
qio_net_listener_add(server, sioc);
object_unref(OBJECT(sioc));
}
}
if (qemu_init_main_loop(&local_err)) {
error_report_err(local_err);
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
bdrv_init();
atexit(qemu_nbd_shutdown);
srcpath = argv[optind];
if (imageOpts) {
QemuOpts *opts;
if (fmt) {
error_report("--image-opts and -f are mutually exclusive");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
opts = qemu_opts_parse_noisily(&file_opts, srcpath, true);
if (!opts) {
qemu_opts_reset(&file_opts);
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
options = qemu_opts_to_qdict(opts, NULL);
qemu_opts_reset(&file_opts);
blk = blk_new_open(NULL, NULL, options, flags, &local_err);
} else {
if (fmt) {
options = qdict_new();
qdict_put_str(options, "driver", fmt);
}
blk = blk_new_open(srcpath, NULL, options, flags, &local_err);
}
if (!blk) {
error_reportf_err(local_err, "Failed to blk_new_open '%s': ",
argv[optind]);
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
bs = blk_bs(blk);
if (dev_offset) {
QDict *raw_opts = qdict_new();
qdict_put_str(raw_opts, "driver", "raw");
qdict_put_str(raw_opts, "file", bs->node_name);
qdict_put_int(raw_opts, "offset", dev_offset);
bs = bdrv_open(NULL, NULL, raw_opts, flags, &error_fatal);
blk_remove_bs(blk);
blk_insert_bs(blk, bs, &error_fatal);
bdrv_unref(bs);
}
blk_set_enable_write_cache(blk, !writethrough);
if (sn_opts) {
ret = bdrv_snapshot_load_tmp(bs,
qemu_opt_get(sn_opts, SNAPSHOT_OPT_ID),
qemu_opt_get(sn_opts, SNAPSHOT_OPT_NAME),
&local_err);
} else if (sn_id_or_name) {
ret = bdrv_snapshot_load_tmp_by_id_or_name(bs, sn_id_or_name,
&local_err);
}
if (ret < 0) {
error_reportf_err(local_err, "Failed to load snapshot: ");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
bs->detect_zeroes = detect_zeroes;
nbd_server_is_qemu_nbd(true);
export_opts = g_new(BlockExportOptions, 1);
*export_opts = (BlockExportOptions) {
.type = BLOCK_EXPORT_TYPE_NBD,
.id = g_strdup("qemu-nbd-export"),
.node_name = g_strdup(bdrv_get_node_name(bs)),
.has_writethrough = true,
.writethrough = writethrough,
.has_writable = true,
.writable = !readonly,
.u.nbd = {
.has_name = true,
.name = g_strdup(export_name),
.has_description = !!export_description,
.description = g_strdup(export_description),
.has_bitmaps = !!bitmaps,
.bitmaps = bitmaps,
.has_allocation_depth = alloc_depth,
.allocation_depth = alloc_depth,
},
};
blk_exp_add(export_opts, &error_fatal);
qapi_free_BlockExportOptions(export_opts);
if (device) {
#if HAVE_NBD_DEVICE
int ret;
ret = pthread_create(&client_thread, NULL, nbd_client_thread, device);
if (ret != 0) {
error_report("Failed to create client thread: %s", strerror(ret));
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
#endif
} else {
/* Shut up GCC warnings. */
memset(&client_thread, 0, sizeof(client_thread));
}
nbd_update_server_watch();
if (pid_file_name) {
qemu_write_pidfile(pid_file_name, &error_fatal);
}
/* now when the initialization is (almost) complete, chdir("/")
* to free any busy filesystems */
if (chdir("/") < 0) {
error_report("Could not chdir to root directory: %s",
strerror(errno));
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
if (fork_process) {
dup2(old_stderr, STDERR_FILENO);
close(old_stderr);
}
state = RUNNING;
do {
main_loop_wait(false);
if (state == TERMINATE) {
blk_exp_close_all();
state = TERMINATED;
}
} while (state != TERMINATED);
blk_unref(blk);
if (sockpath) {
unlink(sockpath);
}
qemu_opts_del(sn_opts);
if (device) {
void *ret;
pthread_join(client_thread, &ret);
exit(ret != NULL);
} else {
exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
}
}