Gradle plugin for generating a code coverage report using Clover
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Gradle Clover plugin

Clover Logo

The plugin provides generation of code coverage reports using Clover.


To use the Clover plugin, include in your build script:

apply plugin: 'clover'

The plugin JAR needs to be defined in the classpath of your build script. You can either get the plugin from the GitHub download section or upload it to your local repository. To define the Clover dependency please use the clover configuration name in your dependencies closure. If you are working with a multi-module project make sure you apply the plugin and declare the clover dependency within the allprojects closure.

buildscript {
    repositories {
        add(new org.apache.ivy.plugins.resolver.URLResolver()) {
            name = 'GitHub'
            addArtifactPattern '[organisation]/[module]/[module]-[revision].[ext]'

    dependencies {
        classpath 'bmuschko:gradle-clover-plugin:0.5.3'

dependencies {
    clover 'com.cenqua.clover:clover:3.1.2'


The Clover plugin defines the following tasks:

  • cloverGenerateReport: Generates Clover code coverage report.
  • cloverAggregateReports: Aggregate Clover code coverage reports in a multi-module project setup. This task can only be run from the root directory of your project and requires at least one submodule. This task depends on cloverGenerateReport.

Convention properties

  • initString: The location to write the Clover coverage database (defaults to .clover/clover.db). The location you define will always be relative to the project's build directory.
  • classesBackupDir: The temporary backup directory for classes (defaults to file("${sourceSets.main.classesDir}-bak")).
  • licenseLocation: The Clover license to be used (defaults to 'clover.license'). The location can either be a file or URL defined as String.
  • includes: A list of String Ant Glob Patterns to include for instrumentation (defaults to '**/*.java' for Java projects, defaults to '**/*.java' and '**/*.groovy' for Groovy projects).
  • excludes: A list of String Ant Glob Patterns to exclude for instrumentation. By default no files are excluded.
  • testIncludes: A list of String Ant Glob Patterns to include for instrumentation for per-test coverage (defaults to '**/*' for Java projects, defaults to '**/*' and '**/*Test.groovy' for Groovy projects).
  • additionalSourceDirs: Defines custom source sets to be added for instrumentation e.g. sourceSets.custom.allSource.srcDirs.
  • additionalTestDirs: Defines custom test source sets to be added for instrumentation e.g. sourceSets.integTest.allSource.srcDirs.
  • targetPercentage: The required target percentage total coverage e.g. "10%". The build fails if that goals is not met. If not specified no target percentage will be checked.

Within clover you can define coverage contexts in a closure named contexts. There are two types of coverage contexts: statement contexts and method contexts. You can define as many contexts as you want. Each of the context type closure define the following attributes:

  • name: A unique name that identifies the context. If you want to apply the context to your report you got to use this name as part of report filter attribute.
  • regexp: The specified structure or pattern that matches a context as part of the instrumented source code. Make sure that you correctly escape special characters.

Within clover you can define which report types should be generated in a closure named report:

  • xml: Generates XML report (defaults to true).
  • json: Generates JSON report (defaults to false).
  • html: Generates HTML report (defaults to false).
  • pdf: Generates PDF report (defaults to false).
  • filter: A comma or space separated list of contexts to exclude when generating coverage reports. See Using Coverage Contexts. By default no filter is applied.

The Clover plugin defines the following convention properties in the clover closure:


clover {
    classesBackupDir = file("${sourceSets.main.classesDir}-backup")
    licenseLocation = 'clover-license.txt'
    excludes = ['**/']
    targetPercentage = '85%'

    contexts {
        statement {
            name = 'log'
            regexp = '^.*LOG\\..*'

        method {
            name = 'main'
            regexp = 'public static void main\\(String args\\[\\]\\).*'

    report {
        html = true
        pdf = true
        filter = 'log,if,else'


How do I use the code coverage results produced by this plugin with the Gradle Sonar plugin?

You will have to configure the Gradle Sonar plugin to parse the Clover coverage result file. The convention property cloverReportPath defines the path to the code coverage XML file. This path is only used if the property dynamicAnalysis has the value of reuseReports. The following code snippet shows an example.

sonar {
    project {
        cloverReportPath = file("$reportsDir/clover/clover.xml")

In Sonar you will need to install the Clover plugin. In order to make Sonar use the Clover code coverage engine, the property sonar.core.codeCoveragePlugin must be set to clover under Configuration | General Settings | Code Coverage. If you run gradle sonarAnalyze -i you will see that the Gradle Sonar plugin parses your file. It should look something like this:

Parsing /Users/ben/dev/projects/testproject/build/reports/clover/clover.xml