No description, website, or topics provided.
Switch branches/tags
Nothing to show
Clone or download
Fetching latest commit…
Cannot retrieve the latest commit at this time.
Permalink
Type Name Latest commit message Commit time
Failed to load latest commit information.
R
data-raw
data
man
vignettes
.Rbuildignore
.gitignore
DESCRIPTION
LICENSE
NAMESPACE
README.md
istacr.Rproj

README.md

title author date
Introduction to the istacr R-package
José Manuel Cazorla-Artiles, Christian González-Martel
2017-11-27

Introduction

The Canary Islands Statistics Institute (Instituto Canario de Estadítica, ISTAC)^[http://www.gobiernodecanarias.org/istac/] is the central organ of the autonomous statistical system and official research center of the Government of the Canary Islands, created and regulated by Law 1/1991 of 28 January, Statistics of the Autonomous Community of the Canary Islands (CAC), and among others, assigns the following functions:

  • Providing statistical information: The ISTAC has among its objectives to provide, with technical and professional independence, statistical information of interest to the CAC, taking into account the fragmentation of the territory and its singularities and complying with the principles established in the Code of Good Practices of the European Statistics.

  • Coordinate public statistical activity: The ISTAC is the body responsible for promoting, managing and coordinating the public statistical activity of the CAC, assuming the exercise of the statutory competence provided for in Article 30, paragraph 23, of the Statute of Autonomy of the Canary Islands .

To help provide access to this rich source of information, ISTAC themselves, provide a well structured API^[https://es.slideshare.net/ISTAC/guia-de-uso-api-de-acceso-a-istac-base]. While this API is very useful for integration into web services and other high-level applications, it becomes quickly overwhelming for researchers who have neither the time nor the expertise to develop software to interface with the API. This leaves the researcher to rely on manual bulk downloads of spreadsheets of the data they are interested in. This too is can quickly become overwhelming, as the work is manual, time consuming, and not easily reproducible. The goal of the istacr R-package is to provide a bridge between these alternatives and allow researchers to focus on their research questions and not the question of accessing the data. The istacr R-package allows researchers to quickly search and download the data of their particular interest in a programmatic and reproducible fashion; this facilitates a seamless integration into their workflow and allows analysis to be quickly rerun on different areas of interest and with realtime access to the latest available data.

Highlighted features of the istacr R-package:

  • Access to all data available in the API
  • Support for searching and downloading data
  • Ability to return POSIXct dates for easy integration into plotting and time-series analysis techniques
  • Support for Most Recent Value queries
  • Support for grep style searching for data descriptions and names

Getting Started

The first step would be searching for the data you are interested in. istac_search() provides grep style searching of all available indicators from the ISTAC API and returns the indicator information that matches your query.

Finding available data with cache

For performance and ease of use, a cached version of useful information is provided with the istacr R-package. This data is called cache and provides a snapshot of available islands, indicators, and other relevant information. cache is by default the the source from which istac_search() and istac() uses to find matching information. The structure of cache is as follows

library(istacr)

str(cache, max.level = 1)

Search available data with istac_search()

istac_search() searches through the cache data frame to find indicators that match a search pattern. An example of the structure of this data frame is below

knitr::kable(head(istacr::cache[4310:4311, ]))

By default the search is done over the titulo field and returns all the columns of the matching rows. The ID values are inputs into istac(), the function for downloading the data. To return the key columns ID and titulo for the cache data frame, you can set extra = TRUE.

library(istacr)

busqueda <- istac_search(pattern = "parado")
head(busqueda)

Other fields can be searched by simply changing the fields parameter. For example

library(istacr)

EPA_busqueda <- istac_search(pattern = "Encuesta de Población Activa", fields = "encuesta")
head(EPA_busqueda)

Regular expressions are also supported.

library(istacr)

# 'pobreza' OR 'parados' OR 'trabajador'
popatr_busqueda <- istac_search(pattern = "pobreza|parados|trabajador")

head(popatr_busqueda)

Downloading data with istac()

Once you have found the set of indicators that you would like to explore further, the next step is downloading the data with istac(). The following examples are meant to highlight the different ways in which istac() can be used and demonstrate the major optional parameters.

The default value for the islas parameter is a special value of all which as you might expect, returns data on the selected ID for every available country or region, if it is aviable.

library(istacr)

pop_data <- istac(istac_table = "dem.pob.exp.res.40")

head(pop_data)

If you are interested in only some subset of islands you can pass along the specific island to the island parameter. The islands that can be passed to the islas parameter correspond to all,Canarias,Lanzarote,Fuerteventura,Gran Canaria,Tenerife,La Gomera,La Palma or El Hierro.

library(istacr)

# Population, total
# country values: iso3c, iso2c, regionID, adminID, incomeID
pop_data <- istac(islas = c("Lanzarote","Fuerteventura"), istac_table = "dem.pob.exp.res.40")

head(pop_data)

Using POSIXct

Setting the parameter POSIXct = TRUE gives you the posibility to work with dates. You can set a startdate and enddate.

library(istacr)

# islas values: all,Canarias,Lanzarote,Fuerteventura,Gran Canaria,Tenerife,La Gomera,La Palma or El Hierro
pop_data <- istac(islas = c("Lanzarote","Fuerteventura"), istac_table = "dem.pob.exp.res.40")

head(pop_data)

Using POSIXct = TRUE

The default format for the Periodo or Años column is not conducive to sorting or plotting, especially when downloading sub annual data, such as monthly or quarterly data. To address this, if TRUE, the POSIXct parameter adds the additional columns fecha and periodicidad. fecha converts the default date into a POSIXct. periodicidad denotes the time resolution that the date represents. This option requires the use of the package lubridate (>= 1.5.0). If POSIXct = TRUE and lubridate (>= 1.5.0) is not available, a warning is produced and the option is ignored.

startdate and enddate must be in the format YYYY.

library(istacr)

pop_data <- istac(istac_table = "dem.pob.exp.res.40", POSIXct = TRUE, startdate = 2010, enddate = 2016)

head(pop_data)

The POSIXct = TRUE option makes plotting and sorting dates much easier.

library(istacr)
library(ggplot2)

pop_data <- istac(islas = "Canarias", istac_table = "dem.pob.exp.res.40", POSIXct = TRUE, startdate = 2010, enddate = 2016)


ggplot(pop_data, aes(x = fecha, y = valor, colour = Nacionalidades)) +
  geom_line(size = 1) +
  labs(title = "Población según sexos y nacionalidades. Islas de Canarias y años", x = "Fecha", y = "Habitantes") +
  theme(legend.position="bottom") +
  facet_wrap(~ Sexos)

Using mrv

If you do not know the latest date an indicator you are interested in is available you can use the mrv instead of startdate and enddate. mrv stands for most recent value and takes a integer corresponding to the number of most recent values you wish to return

library(istacr)

pop_data <- istac(istac_table = 'dem.pob.exp.res.40', POSIXct = TRUE, mrv = 1)

head(pop_data)

You can increase this value and it will return no more than the mrv value. However, if mrv is greater than the number of available data it will return all data instead.

Using freq

If the data has several granularity, you can select son eof them with the parameter freq. Possible values are: anual,semestral,trimestral,mensual,quincenal,semanal. If the granularity selected is not aviable all granularity will be showed.

library(istacr)

soc_data <- istac(istac_table = 'soc.sal.est.ser.1625', POSIXct = TRUE, freq = "semestral")

head(soc_data)

startdate, enddate, mrv, freq with POSIXct = FALSE

If you make a query with istac() and POSIXct = FALSE the startdate, enddate, mrv, freq are ignored and the function will launch a warning.

library(istacr)

soc_data <- istac(istac_table = 'soc.sal.est.ser.1625', POSIXct = FALSE, freq = "semestral")

head(soc_data)