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TypeError: no implicit conversion of nil into String with 2.2.1 #1583

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charleskorn opened this issue Feb 9, 2020 · 7 comments
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TypeError: no implicit conversion of nil into String with 2.2.1 #1583

charleskorn opened this issue Feb 9, 2020 · 7 comments
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@charleskorn
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@charleskorn charleskorn commented Feb 9, 2020

I'm receiving the following error when starting my application after upgrading Rack from 2.1.2 to 2.2.1:

TypeError: no implicit conversion of nil into String
  /app/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.7.0/gems/thin-1.7.2/lib/rack/adapter/loader.rb:25:in `join'
  /app/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.7.0/gems/thin-1.7.2/lib/rack/adapter/loader.rb:25:in `block in guess'
  /app/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.7.0/gems/thin-1.7.2/lib/rack/adapter/loader.rb:24:in `each'
  /app/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.7.0/gems/thin-1.7.2/lib/rack/adapter/loader.rb:24:in `guess'
  /app/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.7.0/gems/thin-1.7.2/lib/thin/controllers/controller.rb:168:in `load_adapter'
  /app/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.7.0/gems/thin-1.7.2/lib/thin/controllers/controller.rb:74:in `start'
  /app/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.7.0/gems/rack-2.2.1/lib/rack/handler/thin.rb:27:in `run'
  /app/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.7.0/gems/rack-2.2.1/lib/rack/server.rb:327:in `start'
  /app/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.7.0/gems/rack-2.2.1/lib/rack/server.rb:168:in `start'
  /app/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.7.0/gems/rack-2.2.1/bin/rackup:5:in `<top (required)>'
  /app/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.7.0/bin/rackup:23:in `load'
  /app/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.7.0/bin/rackup:23:in `<top (required)>'

I'm running rackup like this: bundle exec rackup -p 4567 -o 0.0.0.0

My config.ru looks like this:

# frozen_string_literal: true

require 'rubygems'
require 'bundler'

Bundler.setup
$LOAD_PATH << './lib'

require 'international_transfers_service'
run InternationalTransfersServiceApp

The full repo is available in batect/batect-sample-ruby#145.

@ioquatix
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@ioquatix ioquatix commented Feb 9, 2020

On this line:

https://github.com/macournoyer/thin/blob/f83ab677f008afcfabcdfa8930225f6cea88f461/lib/rack/adapter/loader.rb

dir is nil. dir comes from this line:

https://github.com/macournoyer/thin/blob/f83ab677f008afcfabcdfa8930225f6cea88f461/lib/thin/controllers/controller.rb#L168

@options is

{:environment=>"development",
 :pid=>nil,
 :Port=>9292,
 :Host=>"localhost",
 :AccessLog=>[],
 :config=>"/Users/samuel/Documents/rack/app/config.ru",
 :address=>"localhost",
 :port=>9292}

So it doesn't include chdir.

I checked 2-1-stable and I couldn't find any reference to a chdir option.

Looking at thin, I see:

https://github.com/macournoyer/thin/blob/f83ab677f008afcfabcdfa8930225f6cea88f461/lib/thin/runner.rb#L36-L49

which is provided to the controller here:

https://github.com/macournoyer/thin/blob/f83ab677f008afcfabcdfa8930225f6cea88f461/lib/thin/runner.rb#L198

But when using rackup it goes via the code here:

https://github.com/rack/rack/blob/master/lib/rack/handler/thin.rb#L27

I don't think this is providing chdir. Looking at the history of that file, I can't see how it ever worked... since I can't see that we ever provided that option.

@ioquatix
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@ioquatix ioquatix commented Feb 9, 2020

Okay, I think I found the problem.

371bd58#diff-e04002084f4028e511d1ec329d37c391

In this commit, we changed from using Thin::Server to Thin::Controllers::Controller. This seems to have broken thin. Because Thin::Controllers::Controller requires the :chdir option.

@jeremyevans I guess we need to add a default :chdir option and additionally, if we are going to continue to support thin, we should add some tests for it.

Ideally, we'd probably test all rackup servers.

@ioquatix
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@ioquatix ioquatix commented Feb 9, 2020

You have two options right now.

  • Stay on rack 2.1.2
  • Use a different server.
@ioquatix ioquatix self-assigned this Feb 9, 2020
@jeremyevans
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@jeremyevans jeremyevans commented Feb 9, 2020

Sorry about that. I have no knowledge of Thin, and the issue report and recommended fix looked reasonable to me. In general, required options are a pretty bad.

I will revert the commit to restore compatibility.

@poloka
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@poloka poloka commented Feb 10, 2020

@jeremyevans is there an ETA to when v2.2.2 will be released?

@jeremyevans
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@jeremyevans jeremyevans commented Feb 10, 2020

@poloka I believe @ioquatix is planning a release soon, probably today or tomorrow.

@ioquatix
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@ioquatix ioquatix commented Feb 10, 2020

Yes, I will be doing it now.

ioquatix added a commit that referenced this issue Feb 10, 2020
This reverts commit 371bd58.

This broke the thin adapter.  Reverting it restores the previous
behavior.  This was added to make SSL configuration easier.  Users
who want to do that should use the thin executable instead of the
rackup executable.

Fixes #1583
netbsd-srcmastr pushed a commit to NetBSD/pkgsrc that referenced this issue Mar 20, 2020
Update ruby-rack to 2.2.2.


## [2.2.2] - 2020-02-11

### Fixed

- Fix incorrect `Rack::Request#host` value. ([#1591](rack/rack#1591), [@ioquatix](https://github.com/ioquatix))
- Revert `Rack::Handler::Thin` implementation. ([#1583](rack/rack#1583), [@jeremyevans](https://github.com/jeremyevans))
- Double assignment is still needed to prevent an "unused variable" warning. ([#1589](rack/rack#1589), [@kamipo](https://github.com/kamipo))
- Fix to handle same_site option for session pool. ([#1587](rack/rack#1587), [@kamipo](https://github.com/kamipo))

## [2.2.1] - 2020-02-09

### Fixed

- Rework `Rack::Request#ip` to handle empty `forwarded_for`. ([#1577](rack/rack#1577), [@ioquatix](https://github.com/ioquatix))

## [2.2.0] - 2020-02-08

### SPEC Changes

- `rack.session` request environment entry must respond to `to_hash` and return unfrozen Hash. ([@jeremyevans](https://github.com/jeremyevans))
- Request environment cannot be frozen. ([@jeremyevans](https://github.com/jeremyevans))
- CGI values in the request environment with non-ASCII characters must use ASCII-8BIT encoding. ([@jeremyevans](https://github.com/jeremyevans))
- Improve SPEC/lint relating to SERVER_NAME, SERVER_PORT and HTTP_HOST. ([#1561](rack/rack#1561), [@ioquatix](https://github.com/ioquatix))

### Added

- `rackup` supports multiple `-r` options and will require all arguments. ([@jeremyevans](https://github.com/jeremyevans))
- `Server` supports an array of paths to require for the `:require` option. ([@khotta](https://github.com/khotta))
- `Files` supports multipart range requests. ([@fatkodima](https://github.com/fatkodima))
- `Multipart::UploadedFile` supports an IO-like object instead of using the filesystem, using `:filename` and `:io` options. ([@jeremyevans](https://github.com/jeremyevans))
- `Multipart::UploadedFile` supports keyword arguments `:path`, `:content_type`, and `:binary` in addition to positional arguments. ([@jeremyevans](https://github.com/jeremyevans))
- `Static` supports a `:cascade` option for calling the app if there is no matching file. ([@jeremyevans](https://github.com/jeremyevans))
- `Session::Abstract::SessionHash#dig`. ([@jeremyevans](https://github.com/jeremyevans))
- `Response.[]` and `MockResponse.[]` for creating instances using status, headers, and body. ([@ioquatix](https://github.com/ioquatix))
- Convenient cache and content type methods for `Rack::Response`. ([#1555](rack/rack#1555), [@ioquatix](https://github.com/ioquatix))

### Changed

- `Request#params` no longer rescues EOFError. ([@jeremyevans](https://github.com/jeremyevans))
- `Directory` uses a streaming approach, significantly improving time to first byte for large directories. ([@jeremyevans](https://github.com/jeremyevans))
- `Directory` no longer includes a Parent directory link in the root directory index. ([@jeremyevans](https://github.com/jeremyevans))
- `QueryParser#parse_nested_query` uses original backtrace when reraising exception with new class. ([@jeremyevans](https://github.com/jeremyevans))
- `ConditionalGet` follows RFC 7232 precedence if both If-None-Match and If-Modified-Since headers are provided. ([@jeremyevans](https://github.com/jeremyevans))
- `.ru` files supports the `frozen-string-literal` magic comment. ([@eregon](https://github.com/eregon))
- Rely on autoload to load constants instead of requiring internal files, make sure to require 'rack' and not just 'rack/...'. ([@jeremyevans](https://github.com/jeremyevans))
- `Etag` will continue sending ETag even if the response should not be cached. ([@henm](https://github.com/henm))
- `Request#host_with_port` no longer includes a colon for a missing or empty port. ([@AlexWayfer](https://github.com/AlexWayfer))
- All handlers uses keywords arguments instead of an options hash argument. ([@ioquatix](https://github.com/ioquatix))
- `Files` handling of range requests no longer return a body that supports `to_path`, to ensure range requests are handled correctly. ([@jeremyevans](https://github.com/jeremyevans))
- `Multipart::Generator` only includes `Content-Length` for files with paths, and `Content-Disposition` `filename` if the `UploadedFile` instance has one. ([@jeremyevans](https://github.com/jeremyevans))
- `Request#ssl?` is true for the `wss` scheme (secure websockets). ([@jeremyevans](https://github.com/jeremyevans))
- `Rack::HeaderHash` is memoized by default. ([#1549](rack/rack#1549), [@ioquatix](https://github.com/ioquatix))
- `Rack::Directory` allow directory traversal inside root directory. ([#1417](rack/rack#1417), [@ThomasSevestre](https://github.com/ThomasSevestre))
- Sort encodings by server preference. ([#1184](rack/rack#1184), [@ioquatix](https://github.com/ioquatix), [@wjordan](https://github.com/wjordan))
- Rework host/hostname/authority implementation in `Rack::Request`. `#host` and `#host_with_port` have been changed to correctly return IPv6 addresses formatted with square brackets, as defined by [RFC3986](https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3986#section-3.2.2). ([#1561](rack/rack#1561), [@ioquatix](https://github.com/ioquatix))
- `Rack::Builder` parsing options on first `#\` line is deprecated. ([#1574](rack/rack#1574), [@ioquatix](https://github.com/ioquatix))

### Removed

- `Directory#path` as it was not used and always returned nil. ([@jeremyevans](https://github.com/jeremyevans))
- `BodyProxy#each` as it was only needed to work around a bug in Ruby <1.9.3. ([@jeremyevans](https://github.com/jeremyevans))
- `URLMap::INFINITY` and `URLMap::NEGATIVE_INFINITY`, in favor of `Float::INFINITY`. ([@ch1c0t](https://github.com/ch1c0t))
- Deprecation of `Rack::File`. It will be deprecated again in rack 2.2 or 3.0. ([@rafaelfranca](https://github.com/rafaelfranca))
- Support for Ruby 2.2 as it is well past EOL. ([@ioquatix](https://github.com/ioquatix))
- Remove `Rack::Files#response_body` as the implementation was broken. ([#1153](rack/rack#1153), [@ioquatix](https://github.com/ioquatix))
- Remove `SERVER_ADDR` which was never part of the original SPEC. ([#1573](rack/rack#1573), [@ioquatix](https://github.com/ioquatix))

### Fixed

- `Directory` correctly handles root paths containing glob metacharacters. ([@jeremyevans](https://github.com/jeremyevans))
- `Cascade` uses a new response object for each call if initialized with no apps. ([@jeremyevans](https://github.com/jeremyevans))
- `BodyProxy` correctly delegates keyword arguments to the body object on Ruby 2.7+. ([@jeremyevans](https://github.com/jeremyevans))
- `BodyProxy#method` correctly handles methods delegated to the body object. ([@jeremyevans](https://github.com/jeremyevans))
- `Request#host` and `Request#host_with_port` handle IPv6 addresses correctly. ([@AlexWayfer](https://github.com/AlexWayfer))
- `Lint` checks when response hijacking that `rack.hijack` is called with a valid object. ([@jeremyevans](https://github.com/jeremyevans))
- `Response#write` correctly updates `Content-Length` if initialized with a body. ([@jeremyevans](https://github.com/jeremyevans))
- `CommonLogger` includes `SCRIPT_NAME` when logging. ([@Erol](https://github.com/Erol))
- `Utils.parse_nested_query` correctly handles empty queries, using an empty instance of the params class instead of a hash. ([@jeremyevans](https://github.com/jeremyevans))
- `Directory` correctly escapes paths in links. ([@yous](https://github.com/yous))
- `Request#delete_cookie` and related `Utils` methods handle `:domain` and `:path` options in same call. ([@jeremyevans](https://github.com/jeremyevans))
- `Request#delete_cookie` and related `Utils` methods do an exact match on `:domain` and `:path` options. ([@jeremyevans](https://github.com/jeremyevans))
- `Static` no longer adds headers when a gzipped file request has a 304 response. ([@chooh](https://github.com/chooh))
- `ContentLength` sets `Content-Length` response header even for bodies not responding to `to_ary`. ([@jeremyevans](https://github.com/jeremyevans))
- Thin handler supports options passed directly to `Thin::Controllers::Controller`. ([@jeremyevans](https://github.com/jeremyevans))
- WEBrick handler no longer ignores `:BindAddress` option. ([@jeremyevans](https://github.com/jeremyevans))
- `ShowExceptions` handles invalid POST data. ([@jeremyevans](https://github.com/jeremyevans))
- Basic authentication requires a password, even if the password is empty. ([@jeremyevans](https://github.com/jeremyevans))
- `Lint` checks response is array with 3 elements, per SPEC. ([@jeremyevans](https://github.com/jeremyevans))
- Support for using `:SSLEnable` option when using WEBrick handler. (Gregor Melhorn)
- Close response body after buffering it when buffering. ([@ioquatix](https://github.com/ioquatix))
- Only accept `;` as delimiter when parsing cookies. ([@mrageh](https://github.com/mrageh))
- `Utils::HeaderHash#clear` clears the name mapping as well. ([@raxoft](https://github.com/raxoft))
- Support for passing `nil` `Rack::Files.new`, which notably fixes Rails' current `ActiveStorage::FileServer` implementation. ([@ioquatix](https://github.com/ioquatix))

### Documentation

- CHANGELOG updates. ([@Aupajo](https://github.com/aupajo))
- Added [CONTRIBUTING](CONTRIBUTING.md). ([@dblock](https://github.com/dblock))

## [2.1.2] - 2020-01-27

- Fix multipart parser for some files to prevent denial of service ([@aiomaster](https://github.com/aiomaster))
- Fix `Rack::Builder#use` with keyword arguments ([@kamipo](https://github.com/kamipo))
- Skip deflating in Rack::Deflater if Content-Length is 0 ([@jeremyevans](https://github.com/jeremyevans))
- Remove `SessionHash#transform_keys`, no longer needed ([@pavel](https://github.com/pavel))
- Add to_hash to wrap Hash and Session classes ([@oleh-demyanyuk](https://github.com/oleh-demyanyuk))
- Handle case where session id key is requested but missing ([@jeremyevans](https://github.com/jeremyevans))

## [2.1.1] - 2020-01-12

- Remove `Rack::Chunked` from `Rack::Server` default middleware. ([#1475](rack/rack#1475), [@ioquatix](https://github.com/ioquatix))

## 2.1.0

_Note: There are many unreleased changes in Rack (`master` is around 300 commits ahead of `2-0-stable`), and below is not an exhaustive list. If you would like to help out and document some of the unreleased changes, PRs are welcome._

### Added

- Add support for `SameSite=None` cookie value. ([@hennikul](https://github.com/hennikul))
- Add trailer headers. ([@eileencodes](https://github.com/eileencodes))
- Add MIME Types for video streaming. ([@styd](https://github.com/styd))
- Add MIME Type for WASM. ([@buildrtech](https://github.com/buildrtech))
- Add `Early Hints(103)` to status codes. ([@egtra](https://github.com/egtra))
- Add `Too Early(425)` to status codes. ([@y-yagi]((https://github.com/y-yagi)))
- Add `Bandwidth Limit Exceeded(509)` to status codes. ([@CJKinni](https://github.com/CJKinni))
- Add method for custom `ip_filter`. ([@svcastaneda](https://github.com/svcastaneda))
- Add boot-time profiling capabilities to `rackup`. ([@tenderlove](https://github.com/tenderlove))
- Add multi mapping support for `X-Accel-Mappings` header. ([@yoshuki](https://github.com/yoshuki))
- Add `sync: false` option to `Rack::Deflater`. (Eric Wong)
- Add `Builder#freeze_app` to freeze application and all middleware instances. ([@jeremyevans](https://github.com/jeremyevans))
- Add API to extract cookies from `Rack::MockResponse`. ([@petercline](https://github.com/petercline))

### Changed

- Don't propagate nil values from middleware. ([@ioquatix](https://github.com/ioquatix))
- Lazily initialize the response body and only buffer it if required. ([@ioquatix](https://github.com/ioquatix))
- Fix deflater zlib buffer errors on empty body part. ([@felixbuenemann](https://github.com/felixbuenemann))
- Set `X-Accel-Redirect` to percent-encoded path. ([@diskkid](https://github.com/diskkid))
- Remove unnecessary buffer growing when parsing multipart. ([@tainoe](https://github.com/tainoe))
- Expand the root path in `Rack::Static` upon initialization. ([@rosenfeld](https://github.com/rosenfeld))
- Make `ShowExceptions` work with binary data. ([@axyjo](https://github.com/axyjo))
- Use buffer string when parsing multipart requests. ([@janko-m](https://github.com/janko-m))
- Support optional UTF-8 Byte Order Mark (BOM) in config.ru. ([@mikegee](https://github.com/mikegee))
- Handle `X-Forwarded-For` with optional port. ([@dpritchett](https://github.com/dpritchett))
- Use `Time#httpdate` format for Expires, as proposed by RFC 7231. ([@nanaya](https://github.com/nanaya))
- Make `Utils.status_code` raise an error when the status symbol is invalid instead of `500`. ([@adambutler](https://github.com/adambutler))
- Rename `Request::SCHEME_WHITELIST` to `Request::ALLOWED_SCHEMES`.
- Make `Multipart::Parser.get_filename` accept files with `+` in their name. ([@lucaskanashiro](https://github.com/lucaskanashiro))
- Add Falcon to the default handler fallbacks. ([@ioquatix](https://github.com/ioquatix))
- Update codebase to avoid string mutations in preparation for `frozen_string_literals`. ([@pat](https://github.com/pat))
- Change `MockRequest#env_for` to rely on the input optionally responding to `#size` instead of `#length`. ([@janko](https://github.com/janko))
- Rename `Rack::File` -> `Rack::Files` and add deprecation notice. ([@postmodern](https://github.com/postmodern)).

### Removed

- Remove `to_ary` from Response ([@tenderlove](https://github.com/tenderlove))
- Deprecate `Rack::Session::Memcache` in favor of `Rack::Session::Dalli` from dalli gem ([@fatkodima](https://github.com/fatkodima))

### Documentation

- Update broken example in `Session::Abstract::ID` documentation. ([tonytonyjan](https://github.com/tonytonyjan))
- Add Padrino to the list of frameworks implmenting Rack. ([@wikimatze](https://github.com/wikimatze))
- Remove Mongrel from the suggested server options in the help output. ([@tricknotes](https://github.com/tricknotes))
- Replace `HISTORY.md` and `NEWS.md` with `CHANGELOG.md`. ([@twitnithegirl](https://github.com/twitnithegirl))
- Backfill `CHANGELOG.md` from 2.0.1 to 2.0.7 releases. ([@drenmi](https://github.com/Drenmi))

## [2.0.8] - 2019-12-08

- [[CVE-2019-16782](https://nvd.nist.gov/vuln/detail/CVE-2019-16782)] Prevent timing attacks targeted at session ID lookup. BREAKING CHANGE: Session ID is now a SessionId instance instead of a String. ([@tenderlove](https://github.com/tenderlove), [@rafaelfranca](https://github.com/rafaelfranca))
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