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Documentation on building and testing libmapper.

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7 README.markdown
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+Building and using libmapper
+Please see the separate documentation for building libmapper, a
+tutorial on using its API, and doxygen-generated API documentation, in
+the "doc" directory.
384 doc/
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+Building libmapper
+This file documents the build process for libmapper for various
+operating systems, and will be updated as the libmapper core project
+Linux and OS X
+### Dependencies
+libmapper currently depends on the SVN repository version of liblo.
+If you already have liblo's latest release (0.26) installed, we
+recommend uninstalling it. If this causes trouble due to other
+packages requiring it, installing SVN liblo to a local prefix may
+override it, but please be warned that this may complicate the build
+process. Please consult the [LibLo project page][liblo] for details.
+The GNU configure step detects liblo using the "pkg-config" program.
+This is usually already installed in Linux systems, but on OS X, we
+recommend installing it via [MacPorts][ports] or [HomeBrew][brew]. In
+the future libmapper packages for MacPorts and HomeBrew will be
+directly provided, but this is not yet the case.
+You may wish to manually check that the correct version of liblo is
+detected, by running,
+ pkg-config --libs --cflags liblo
+If the path to liblo is not correctly, please set up the
+`PKG_CONFIG_PATH` environment variable appropriately and try again.
+libmapper also has optional dependencies on the Java SDK as well as
+SWIG and Doxygen, for Java and Python bindings, and documentation,
+respectively. The Java SDK may be installed according to your
+standard operating system procedure, and you can check if it is
+already installed by running,
+ javac -version
+ javah -version
+These should print the installed version numbers of these programs if
+correctly configured. You may install `swig` and `doxygen` packages
+using your preferred package manager.
+The `examples` folder also contains an audio example, which binds to
+`libasound` on Linux, and CoreAudio on Mac OS X. On Ubuntu, you may
+wish to installed `libasound-dev` package, or the corresponding
+package on other Linux distributions.
+### Configuring
+ ./configure
+to configure the software with default options. You can optionally specify an install location with,
+ ./configure --prefix=<location>
+It is recommended to either use `/usr/local/` or a directory in your
+home directory such as `$HOME/.local`. Users of HomeBrew on OS X
+should always use `/usr/local`.
+If you will be hacking on libmapper or which to have verbose output
+while it is running, we recommended enabling debug mode:
+ ./configure --enable-debug
+Additionally, Java and Python bindings, and audio examples, may be
+disabled with options `--disable-jni`, `--disable-swig`, and
+`--disable-audio` respectively.
+After `configure` runs successfully, the configuration options will be
+printed for your confirmation. If anything unexpected occurs, be sure
+to example `config.log` for information about what failed.
+### Building
+Once the build is configured, build it with,
+ make
+Should any errors occur, please inform the libmapper mailing list.
+To verify that the library runs without errors, you may run the main
+test program, available in the test directory:
+ cd test
+ ./test
+Note that the programs in the test directory are _not_ examples of
+library usage, as they additionally test some internal functions in
+the library. Please see the `examples` directory for examples of how
+to use the library.
+### Installing
+The software may be installed with,
+ make install
+This should place headers in `<prefix>/include/mapper-0`, the library
+in `<prefix>/lib`, Python bindings in
+`<prefix>/lib/pythonXX/site-packages` (where XX is your Python
+version), and a `pkg-config` information file in
+Once installation is successful, you can check that the library is
+found by `pkg-config`:
+ pkg-config --libs --cflags libmapper-0
+Note that the Java bindings are not installed, as there is no standard
+location in which to put them. However, they can be copied to
+wherever is convenient for the classpath and java.library.path in your
+project. Instructions specific to can be found in a
+dedicated section below.
+### Testing
+As mentioned, you can test libmapper by running the test program,
+ test/test
+This should create two devices, link them, connect their signals, and
+update a value continuously. The other device should report that it
+received the value.
+You may wish to observe the multicast "admin" traffic, which can be
+done by watching the multicast UDP port for OSC data using liblo's
+`oscdump` utility:
+ oscdump 7570
+You can also use a libmapper GUI, such as [webmapper][webmapper], to
+see that the devices and signals are discovered correctly. You can
+use the GUI to modify the connection properties, and observe that the
+received values are changed.
+You should also test the Python and Java bindings, if you plan to use
+these. Some other programs, such as webmapper, may depend on them, so
+it is recommended to do so.
+To test that the Python module is working, it is generally enough to
+run the follwing command,
+ python -m mapper
+This will import the `mapper` module, which will fail if either
+`` or the native portion of the binding are not found. You
+may need to adjust your `PYTHONPATH` variable to ensure these can be
+You can test running programs by `cd`'ing to the `swig` folder and
+ cd swig
+ python
+ python
+for a GUI example which brings up a single, mappable slider. Running
+multiple copies of ``, you can try mapping one to another to
+make sure libmapper is functional.
+Similarly, the Java bindings may be tested by `cd`'ing to the `jni`
+folder and running `test` with the correct class and library paths:
+ cd jni
+ java -cp libmapper-0.jar -Djava.libraries.path=.libs test
+Since libmapper was developed on Unix-like systems (Linux and Apple's
+OS X), building libmapper uses GNU command-line tools. However, it is
+possible to build it for the Microsoft Windows operating system using
+the MingW cross-compiler under Linux, or by using MingW from Windows.
+Please see the file `` for instructions on how to set up
+your MingW environment and extra dependencies before compiling
+Briefly, the secret sauce for compiling liblo and libmapper for
+Windows under an Ubuntu Linux environment is to install the
+`gcc-mingw32` package, and then provide the following arguments to
+ ./configure --host i586-mingw32msvc --prefix=$HOME/.win \
+ CFLAGS="-DWIN32 -D_WIN32_WINNT=0x501" \
+ LDFLAGS="-L$HOME/.win/lib" \
+ LIBS="-lws2_32 -liphlpapi -lpthread"
+For libmapper, also add the following flags:
+ --disable-examples --disable-audio --disable-jni --disable-docs
+You should have a Windows version of Python installed, and specify the
+path to it in CFLAGS, if you want to build the Python bindings,
+otherwise also provide `--disable-swig`.
+Note that the above makes a local folder for the install location for
+Windows targets called `$HOME/.win`, which helps avoid mixing Windows
+and Linux binaries. LibLo requires that the ["win32" port of
+pthreads][pthreadwin32] is found in your prefix location, so you
+should compile and install that before proceeding.
+Problems areas and topics
+Please remember that libmapper is still in a development and research
+phase. Although it is fairly robust at this point, since it is a
+distributed, asynchronous system there are many pieces involved, and
+supporting programs may have their own problems. As always, if you
+find a problem with libmapper or libmapper-using programs, please
+consult the [mailing list][list].
+Here, we address some common issues that new users encounter with the
+core libmapper library.
+### Architecture issues
+We have found that in some cases, especially on Mac OS X, there are
+programs that do not use the computer's native architecture. For
+example, and Cycling 74's Max/MSP are 32-bit
+applications, even if you are running a 64-bit version of OS X.
+Therefore after building libmapper, it _will not work_ with these
+We recommend that on OS X you build a universal binary. Although it
+is a pain to perform this extra step, we have found it saves a lot of
+trouble later on. Note that you must build universal binaries of
+liblo as well as libmapper.
+To do so, for both liblo and libmapper, you must perform the
+`configure` and `make` steps twice, with the following flags, copying
+the results to a temporary location, and then use the `lipo` utility
+to put them together into a universal binary:
+ mkdir tmp
+ ./configure CFLAGS='-arch i386'
+ make
+ cp src/.libs/libmapper-0.2.dylib tmp/libmapper-0.2-i386.dylib
+ ./configure CFLAGS='-arch x86_64'
+ make
+ cp src/.libs/libmapper-0.2.dylib tmp/libmapper-0.2-x86_64.dylib
+ lipo -create -output libmapper-0.2.dylib \
+ -arch i386 tmp/libmapper-0.2-i386.dylib \
+ -arch x86_64 tmp/libmapper-0.2-x86_64.dylib
+ file libmapper-0.2.dylib
+The `file` command should list both 32- and 64-bit architectures.
+Then copy this dylib file to the install location:
+ cp libmapper-0.2.dylib <prefix>/lib/libmapper-0.2.dylib
+Although we do not explicitly list them here, similar steps should be
+performed for liblo, as well as for the native portions of the Java
+and Python bindings:
+ file jni/.libs/
+ file swig/.libs/
+(Of course, replace "0.2" with the current libmapper version.)
+ is a Java-based IDE and set of libraries for developing
+visualizations and interactive art. To use libmapper with Processing,
+you should place the JNI bindings into the appropriate locations.
+From the libmapper directory, create a directory called
+`libraries/libmapper/library` under your sketchbook directory:
+ mkdir -p <sketchbook>/libraries/libmapper/library
+Now copy the JNI bindings to this directory, renaming the jar file to
+match the name of the directory:
+ cp jni/.libs/ <sketchbook>/libraries/libmapper/library/
+ cp jni/libmapper-0.jar <sketchbook>/libraries/libmapper/library/libmapper.jar
+Create a file `export.txt`:
+ echo 'name = libmapper' > "<sketchbook>/libraries/libmapper/library/export.txt"
+Now, when you run the Processing IDE, you should see "libmapper"
+listed under "Sketch/Import Library...".
+Choosing this will insert two lines at the top of your sketch:
+ import Mapper.*;
+ import Mapper.Db.*;
+You can test it by creating a device and a signal:
+ Device dev = new Device("testdevice", 9000);
+ Device.Signal out_x = dev.add_output("x", 1, 'f', null,
+ new Double(0), new Double(1));
+and make sure to poll the device during `draw()`:
+ void draw() {
+ ...
+ dev.poll(0);
+ ...
+ }
+Running this program should make a device called "testdevice" show up
+in a libmapper GUI. Use the steps in section "Testing", above, to
+check that the device is created correctly.
+We have noticed that does not always free devices
+correctly after closing the canvas window. The Java test program uses
+the following trick to ensure a finalizer is run when the JVM exits,
+but it is not clear whether this is a good procedure for
+ // This is how to ensure the device is freed when the program
+ // exits, even on SIGINT. The Device must be declared "final".
+ Runtime.getRuntime().addShutdownHook(new Thread()
+ {
+ @Override
+ public void run()
+ {
+ }
+ });
+### Network interface issues
+Since libmapper uses multicast instead of a central server, it must be
+made possible for all computers on the network to see the same
+multicast bus. A requirement is that they are on the same subnet,
+which usually means they are connected to the same router. It is
+possible to change the libmapper "TTL" settings, which expands the
+reachability of the network to multiple subnet hops, but this is
+considered an advanced usage scenario.
+One problem that is often encountered especially by laptop users is
+that multicast messages are sent to the wrong network interface.
+Since the multicast IP address does not uniquely identify a single
+network route, it is necessary for the software to specify the desired
+NIC to use. Selection of the NIC is supported by libmapper, but
+programs may not always provide an interface for this.^[Such programs
+are non-conforming! All libmapper programs should display the current
+network interface and allow selection of it from a list of the
+computer's interfaces, either by name or by assigned IP address.]
+Therefore one issue is especially prevalent, that computers may be
+connected to the internet via wireless (wifi), and connected to a
+router via a wired (ethernet) connection. We recommend that laptop
+users disable all but one interface while using libmapper. If this is
+unacceptable, the user is responsible for ensuring that libmapper
+programs are provided the correct NIC information.
+In the future a better approach may be needed. Two ideas are:
+ * Always send multicast messages on all NICs.
+ * Provide a global configuration file for libmapper specifying which
+ NIC to use.
+Both of these solutions have their own complications, so if you have
+an opinion on this topic or a better idea, please post to the
+[libmapper mailing list][list].
3  doc/windows.txt → doc/
@@ -1,3 +1,6 @@
+Note: This is an on-going document to describe the set-up procedure
+for compiling libmapper under windows. It is not done yet, sorry. If
+you use Windows, please feel free to help.
How to compile libmapper on Microsoft Windows
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