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Migration guide from 3.x to 4.x

Legacy APIs

We've removed the support for legacy APIs using String values as keys in favor of DefaultsKey. So if you've used SwiftyUserDefaults similar to:

let value = Defaults["key"].intValue

You need to either migrate to using DefaultsKey (and get all benefits of statically typed keys):

let key = DefaultsKey<Int>("key")
let value = Defaults[key]

or use UserDefaults instead.

If you used Any as a type of the DefaultsKey, you also need to migrate to use a proper type instead.

Removed default values for certain types

You might've used this syntax before:

let key = DefaultsKey<String>("test1") // this might be nil when you access it, and so we were using some default values in the past like empty string

These defaults were quite confusing for some people and we decided to remove it in version 4 (+ it was really heavy in terms of codebase spaghetti). Don't worry though, as you can still define your own default values in version 4.0:

let key = DefaultsKey<String>("test1", defaultValue: "")

Or might try to create some custom inits/factories. If you can't migrate in your use-case, please provide details and create an issue so we can help with that!

NSCoding, RawRepresentable and Custom Types

If you used custom types with SwiftyUserDefaults, fear no more: you still can use them! Now, you don't need your own subcript so remove it and add DefaultsSerializable protocol to your type!

Example. Let's say you had a class Froggy that conformed to the NSCoding protocol and you had your own subscript:

final class Froggy: NSObject, NSCoding { ... }

extension UserDefaults {
    subscript(key: DefaultsKey<Froggy?>) -> NSColor? {
        get { return unarchive(key) }
        set { archive(key, newValue) }
    }
}

Replace it with the code below:

final class Froggy: NSObject, NSCoding, DefaultsSerializable { ... }

And that's it! You have free custom types if you implement NSCoding, RawRepresentable(e.g. enums as well) or Codable.

Or if you want to add your own custom type that we don't support yet, no worries! We've got your covered as well. We use DefaultsBridges of many kinds to specify how you get/set values and arrays of values. When you look at DefaultsSerializable protocol, it expects two properties in each type: _defaults and _defaultsArray which are of type DefaultsBridge.

For instance, this is a bridge for single value data storing/retrieving using NSKeyedArchiver/NSKeyedUnarchiver:

public final class DefaultsKeyedArchiverBridge<T>: DefaultsBridge<T> {

    public override func get(key: String, userDefaults: UserDefaults) -> T? {
        guard let data = userDefaults.data(forKey: key) else {
            return nil
        }
        return deserialize(data)
    }

    public override func save(key: String, value: T?, userDefaults: UserDefaults) {
        guard let value = value else {
            userDefaults.removeObject(forKey: key)
            return
        }

        userDefaults.set(NSKeyedArchiver.archivedData(withRootObject: value), forKey: key)
    }

    public override func isSerialized() -> Bool {
        return true
    }

    public override func deserialize(_ object: Any) -> T? {
        guard let data = object as? Data else { return nil }

        return NSKeyedUnarchiver.unarchiveObject(with: data) as? T
    }
}

And for a simple case of storing/retrieving an array values:

public final class DefaultsArrayBridge<T: Collection>: DefaultsBridge<T> {
    public override func save(key: String, value: T?, userDefaults: UserDefaults) {
        userDefaults.set(value, forKey: key)
    }

    public override func get(key: String, userDefaults: UserDefaults) -> T? {
        return userDefaults.array(forKey: key) as? T
    }
}

Now, if you want to create a custom type and want to use DefaultsKeyedArchiverBridge:

struct FrogCustomSerializable: DefaultsSerializable {

    static var _defaults: DefaultsBridge<FrogCustomSerializable> { return DefaultsKeyedArchiverBridge() }
    static var _defaultsArray: DefaultsBridge<[FrogCustomSerializable]> { return DefaultsKeyedArchiverBridge() }

    let name: String
}

You have to remember though, that these built-in bridges are for specific use cases and you probably will end up writing your own bridges:

final class DefaultsFrogBridge: DefaultsBridge<FrogCustomSerializable> {
    override func get(key: String, userDefaults: UserDefaults) -> FrogCustomSerializable? {
        let name = userDefaults.string(forKey: key)
        return name.map(FrogCustomSerializable.init)
    }

    override func save(key: String, value: FrogCustomSerializable?, userDefaults: UserDefaults) {
        userDefaults.set(value?.name, forKey: key)
    }

    public override func isSerialized() -> Bool {
        return true
    }

    public override func deserialize(_ object: Any) -> FrogCustomSerializable? {
        guard let name = object as? String else { return nil }

        return FrogCustomSerializable(name: name)
    }
}

final class DefaultsFrogArrayBridge: DefaultsBridge<[FrogCustomSerializable]> {
    override func get(key: String, userDefaults: UserDefaults) -> [FrogCustomSerializable]? {
        return userDefaults.array(forKey: key)?
            .compactMap { $0 as? String }
            .map(FrogCustomSerializable.init)
    }

    override func save(key: String, value: [FrogCustomSerializable]?, userDefaults: UserDefaults) {
        let values = value?.map { $0.name }
        userDefaults.set(values, forKey: key)
    }

    public override func isSerialized() -> Bool {
        return true
    }

    public override func deserialize(_ object: Any) -> [FrogCustomSerializable]? {
        guard let names = object as? [String] else { return nil }

        return names.map(FrogCustomSerializable.init)
    }
}

and then provide them in your custom type:

struct FrogCustomSerializable: DefaultsSerializable, Equatable {

    static var _defaults: DefaultsBridge<FrogCustomSerializable> { return DefaultsFrogBridge() }
    static var _defaultsArray: DefaultsBridge<[FrogCustomSerializable]> { return DefaultsFrogArrayBridge() }

    let name: String
}

But, you can also extend an existing type!

extension Data: DefaultsSerializable {
    public static var _defaults: DefaultsBridge<Data> { return DefaultsDataBridge() }
    public static var _defaultsArray: DefaultsBridge<[Data]> { return DefaultsArrayBridge() }
}

Also, take a look at our source code (or tests) to look at more examples or make an issue and we will try to help you out in need!

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