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SpatioTemporal Asset Catalog specification - making geospatial assets openly searchable and crawlable


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The SpatioTemporal Asset Catalog (STAC) family of specifications aim to standardize the way geospatial asset metadata is structured and queried. A "spatiotemporal asset" is any file that represents information about the Earth at a certain place and time. The original focus was on scenes of satellite imagery, but the specifications now cover a broad variety of uses, including sources such as aircraft and drone and data such as hyperspectral optical, synthetic aperture radar (SAR), video, point clouds, lidar, digital elevation models (DEM), vector, machine learning labels, and composites like NDVI and mosaics. STAC is intentionally designed with a minimal core and flexible extension mechanism to support a broad set of use cases. This specification has matured over the past several years, and is used in numerous production deployments.

This is advantageous to providers of geospatial data, as they can simply use a well-designed, standard format and API without needing to design their own proprietary one. This is advantageous to consumers of geospatial data, as they can use existing libraries and tools to access metadata, instead of needing to write new code to interact with each data provider's proprietary formats and APIs.

The STAC specifications define related JSON object types connected by link relations to support a HATEOAS-style traversable interface and a RESTful API providing additional browse and search interfaces. Typically, several STAC specifications are composed together to create an implementation. The Item, Catalog, and Collection specifications define a minimal core of the most frequently used JSON object types. Because of the hierarchical structure between these objects, a STAC catalog can be implemented in a completely 'static' manner as a group of hyperlinked Catalog, Collection, and Item URLs, enabling data publishers to expose their data as a browsable set of files. If more complex query abilities are desired, such as spatial or temporal predicates, the STAC API specification can be implemented as a web service interface to query over a group of STAC objects, usually held in a database.

To the greatest extent possible, STAC uses and extends existing specifications. The most important object in STAC is an Item, which is simply a GeoJSON Feature with a well-defined set of additional attributes ("foreign members"). The STAC API extends the OGC API - Features - Part 1: Core with additional web service endpoints and object attributes.

Current version and branches

The master branch is the 'stable' version of the spec. It is currently version 1.0.0 of the specification. The STAC specification follows Semantic Versioning, so any breaking change will require the spec to go to 2.0.0.

The dev branch is where active development takes place, and may have inconsistent examples. Whenever dev stabilizes, a release is cut and we merge dev in to master. So master should be stable at any given time. More information on how the STAC development process works can be found in


Our gitter channel is the best place to ask questions or provide feedback. The majority of communication about the evolution of the specification takes place in the issue tracker and in pull requests.

In this Repository

This repository contains the core object type specifications, examples, validation schemas, and documentation about the context and plans for the evolution of the specification. Each folder contains a README explaining the layout of the folder, the main specification document, examples, and validating schemas.

Additionally, the STAC API specification provides API endpoints, based on the OGC API - Features standard, that enable clients to search for Item objects that match their filtering criteria.

The Item, Catalog, Collection, and STAC API specifications are intended to be used together, but are designed so each piece is small, self-contained, and reusable in other contexts.

  • Overview describes the three core object type specifications and how they relate to one another.
  • Item Specification defines a STAC Item, which is a GeoJSON Feature with additional fields ("foreign members") for attributes like time and links to related entities and assets (including thumbnails). This is the core entity that describes the data to be discovered.
  • Catalog Specification specifies a structure to link various STAC Items together to be crawled or browsed. It is a simple, flexible JSON file of links to Items, Catalogs or Collections that can be used in a variety of ways.
  • Collection Specification provides additional information about a spatio-temporal collection of data. In the context of STAC it is most likely a related group of STAC Items that is made available by a data provider. It includes things like the spatial and temporal extent of the data, the license, keywords, etc. It enables discovery at a higher level than individual Item objects, providing a simple way to describe sets of data.
  • Examples: The examples/ folder contains examples for all three specifications, linked together to form two complete examples. Each spec and extension links in to highlight particular files that demonstrate key concepts.
  • Extensions describe how STAC can use extensions that extend the functionality of the core spec or add fields for specific domains. Extensions can be published anywhere, although the preferred location for public extensions is in the GitHub stac-extensions organization.
  • Additional documents: The supporting documents include a complementary best practices document, and information on contributing (links in the next section). We also maintain a changelog of what was modified in each version.


Anyone building software that catalogs imagery or other geospatial assets is welcome to collaborate. Beforehand, please review our guidelines for contributions and code of conduct. You may also be interested in our overall process, and the principles that guide our collaboration