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1 module ActionMailer #:nodoc:
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2 # Action Mailer allows you to send email from your application using a mailer model and views.
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3 #
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4 #
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5 # = Mailer Models
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6 #
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7 # To use Action Mailer, you need to create a mailer model.
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8 #
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9 # $ script/generate mailer Notifier
10 #
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11 # The generated model inherits from ActionMailer::Base. Emails are defined by creating methods within the model which are then
12 # used to set variables to be used in the mail template, to change options on the mail, or
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13 # to add attachments.
14 #
15 # Examples:
16 #
17 # class Notifier < ActionMailer::Base
18 # def signup_notification(recipient)
19 # recipients recipient.email_address_with_name
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20 # bcc ["bcc@example.com", "Order Watcher <watcher@example.com>"]
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21 # from "system@example.com"
22 # subject "New account information"
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23 # body :account => recipient
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24 # end
25 # end
26 #
27 # Mailer methods have the following configuration methods available.
28 #
29 # * <tt>recipients</tt> - Takes one or more email addresses. These addresses are where your email will be delivered to. Sets the <tt>To:</tt> header.
30 # * <tt>subject</tt> - The subject of your email. Sets the <tt>Subject:</tt> header.
31 # * <tt>from</tt> - Who the email you are sending is from. Sets the <tt>From:</tt> header.
32 # * <tt>cc</tt> - Takes one or more email addresses. These addresses will receive a carbon copy of your email. Sets the <tt>Cc:</tt> header.
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33 # * <tt>bcc</tt> - Takes one or more email addresses. These addresses will receive a blind carbon copy of your email. Sets the <tt>Bcc:</tt> header.
34 # * <tt>reply_to</tt> - Takes one or more email addresses. These addresses will be listed as the default recipients when replying to your email. Sets the <tt>Reply-To:</tt> header.
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35 # * <tt>sent_on</tt> - The date on which the message was sent. If not set, the header wil be set by the delivery agent.
36 # * <tt>content_type</tt> - Specify the content type of the message. Defaults to <tt>text/plain</tt>.
37 # * <tt>headers</tt> - Specify additional headers to be set for the message, e.g. <tt>headers 'X-Mail-Count' => 107370</tt>.
38 #
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39 # When a <tt>headers 'return-path'</tt> is specified, that value will be used as the 'envelope from'
40 # address. Setting this is useful when you want delivery notifications sent to a different address than
41 # the one in <tt>from</tt>.
42 #
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43 # The <tt>body</tt> method has special behavior. It takes a hash which generates an instance variable
44 # named after each key in the hash containing the value that that key points to.
45 #
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46 # So, for example, <tt>body :account => recipient</tt> would result
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47 # in an instance variable <tt>@account</tt> with the value of <tt>recipient</tt> being accessible in the
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48 # view.
49 #
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50 #
51 # = Mailer views
52 #
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53 # Like Action Controller, each mailer class has a corresponding view directory
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54 # in which each method of the class looks for a template with its name.
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55 # To define a template to be used with a mailing, create an <tt>.erb</tt> file with the same name as the method
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56 # in your mailer model. For example, in the mailer defined above, the template at
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57 # <tt>app/views/notifier/signup_notification.erb</tt> would be used to generate the email.
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58 #
59 # Variables defined in the model are accessible as instance variables in the view.
60 #
61 # Emails by default are sent in plain text, so a sample view for our model example might look like this:
62 #
63 # Hi <%= @account.name %>,
64 # Thanks for joining our service! Please check back often.
65 #
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66 # You can even use Action Pack helpers in these views. For example:
67 #
68 # You got a new note!
69 # <%= truncate(note.body, 25) %>
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70 #
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71 #
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72 # = Generating URLs
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73 #
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74 # URLs can be generated in mailer views using <tt>url_for</tt> or named routes.
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75 # Unlike controllers from Action Pack, the mailer instance doesn't have any context about the incoming request,
76 # so you'll need to provide all of the details needed to generate a URL.
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77 #
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78 # When using <tt>url_for</tt> you'll need to provide the <tt>:host</tt>, <tt>:controller</tt>, and <tt>:action</tt>:
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79 #
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80 # <%= url_for(:host => "example.com", :controller => "welcome", :action => "greeting") %>
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81 #
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82 # When using named routes you only need to supply the <tt>:host</tt>:
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83 #
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84 # <%= users_url(:host => "example.com") %>
85 #
86 # You will want to avoid using the <tt>name_of_route_path</tt> form of named routes because it doesn't make sense to
87 # generate relative URLs in email messages.
88 #
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89 # It is also possible to set a default host that will be used in all mailers by setting the <tt>:host</tt> option in
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90 # the <tt>ActionMailer::Base.default_url_options</tt> hash as follows:
91 #
92 # ActionMailer::Base.default_url_options[:host] = "example.com"
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93 #
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94 # This can also be set as a configuration option in <tt>config/environment.rb</tt>:
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95 #
96 # config.action_mailer.default_url_options = { :host => "example.com" }
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97 #
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98 # If you do decide to set a default <tt>:host</tt> for your mailers you will want to use the
99 # <tt>:only_path => false</tt> option when using <tt>url_for</tt>. This will ensure that absolute URLs are generated because
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100 # the <tt>url_for</tt> view helper will, by default, generate relative URLs when a <tt>:host</tt> option isn't
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101 # explicitly provided.
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102 #
103 # = Sending mail
104 #
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105 # Once a mailer action and template are defined, you can deliver your message or create it and save it
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106 # for delivery later:
107 #
108 # Notifier.deliver_signup_notification(david) # sends the email
109 # mail = Notifier.create_signup_notification(david) # => a tmail object
110 # Notifier.deliver(mail)
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111 #
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112 # You never instantiate your mailer class. Rather, your delivery instance
113 # methods are automatically wrapped in class methods that start with the word
114 # <tt>deliver_</tt> followed by the name of the mailer method that you would
115 # like to deliver. The <tt>signup_notification</tt> method defined above is
116 # delivered by invoking <tt>Notifier.deliver_signup_notification</tt>.
117 #
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118 #
119 # = HTML email
120 #
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121 # To send mail as HTML, make sure your view (the <tt>.erb</tt> file) generates HTML and
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122 # set the content type to html.
123 #
124 # class MyMailer < ActionMailer::Base
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125 # def signup_notification(recipient)
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126 # recipients recipient.email_address_with_name
127 # subject "New account information"
128 # from "system@example.com"
129 # body :account => recipient
130 # content_type "text/html"
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131 # end
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132 # end
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133 #
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134 #
135 # = Multipart email
136 #
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137 # You can explicitly specify multipart messages:
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138 #
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139 # class ApplicationMailer < ActionMailer::Base
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140 # def signup_notification(recipient)
141 # recipients recipient.email_address_with_name
142 # subject "New account information"
143 # from "system@example.com"
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144 # content_type "multipart/alternative"
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145 #
146 # part :content_type => "text/html",
147 # :body => render_message("signup-as-html", :account => recipient)
148 #
149 # part "text/plain" do |p|
150 # p.body = render_message("signup-as-plain", :account => recipient)
151 # p.transfer_encoding = "base64"
152 # end
153 # end
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154 # end
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155 #
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156 # Multipart messages can also be used implicitly because Action Mailer will automatically
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157 # detect and use multipart templates, where each template is named after the name of the action, followed
158 # by the content type. Each such detected template will be added as separate part to the message.
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159 #
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160 # For example, if the following templates existed:
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161 # * signup_notification.text.plain.erb
162 # * signup_notification.text.html.erb
163 # * signup_notification.text.xml.builder
164 # * signup_notification.text.x-yaml.erb
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165 #
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166 # Each would be rendered and added as a separate part to the message,
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167 # with the corresponding content type. The content type for the entire
168 # message is automatically set to <tt>multipart/alternative</tt>, which indicates
169 # that the email contains multiple different representations of the same email
170 # body. The same body hash is passed to each template.
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171 #
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172 # Implicit template rendering is not performed if any attachments or parts have been added to the email.
173 # This means that you'll have to manually add each part to the email and set the content type of the email
174 # to <tt>multipart/alternative</tt>.
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175 #
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176 # = Attachments
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177 #
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178 # Attachments can be added by using the +attachment+ method.
179 #
180 # Example:
181 #
182 # class ApplicationMailer < ActionMailer::Base
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183 # # attachments
184 # def signup_notification(recipient)
185 # recipients recipient.email_address_with_name
186 # subject "New account information"
187 # from "system@example.com"
188 #
189 # attachment :content_type => "image/jpeg",
190 # :body => File.read("an-image.jpg")
191 #
192 # attachment "application/pdf" do |a|
193 # a.body = generate_your_pdf_here()
194 # end
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195 # end
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196 # end
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197 #
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198 #
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199 # = Configuration options
200 #
201 # These options are specified on the class level, like <tt>ActionMailer::Base.template_root = "/my/templates"</tt>
202 #
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203 # * <tt>template_root</tt> - Determines the base from which template references will be made.
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204 #
205 # * <tt>logger</tt> - the logger is used for generating information on the mailing run if available.
206 # Can be set to nil for no logging. Compatible with both Ruby's own Logger and Log4r loggers.
207 #
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208 # * <tt>smtp_settings</tt> - Allows detailed configuration for <tt>:smtp</tt> delivery method:
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209 # * <tt>:address</tt> - Allows you to use a remote mail server. Just change it from its default "localhost" setting.
210 # * <tt>:port</tt> - On the off chance that your mail server doesn't run on port 25, you can change it.
211 # * <tt>:domain</tt> - If you need to specify a HELO domain, you can do it here.
212 # * <tt>:user_name</tt> - If your mail server requires authentication, set the username in this setting.
213 # * <tt>:password</tt> - If your mail server requires authentication, set the password in this setting.
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214 # * <tt>:authentication</tt> - If your mail server requires authentication, you need to specify the authentication type here.
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215 # This is a symbol and one of <tt>:plain</tt>, <tt>:login</tt>, <tt>:cram_md5</tt>.
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216 # * <tt>:enable_starttls_auto</tt> - When set to true, detects if STARTTLS is enabled in your SMTP server and starts to use it.
217 # It works only on Ruby >= 1.8.7 and Ruby >= 1.9. Default is true.
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218 #
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219 # * <tt>sendmail_settings</tt> - Allows you to override options for the <tt>:sendmail</tt> delivery method.
220 # * <tt>:location</tt> - The location of the sendmail executable. Defaults to <tt>/usr/sbin/sendmail</tt>.
221 # * <tt>:arguments</tt> - The command line arguments. Defaults to <tt>-i -t</tt>.
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222 #
223 # * <tt>raise_delivery_errors</tt> - Whether or not errors should be raised if the email fails to be delivered.
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224 #
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225 # * <tt>delivery_method</tt> - Defines a delivery method. Possible values are <tt>:smtp</tt> (default), <tt>:sendmail</tt>, and <tt>:test</tt>.
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226 #
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227 # * <tt>perform_deliveries</tt> - Determines whether <tt>deliver_*</tt> methods are actually carried out. By default they are,
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228 # but this can be turned off to help functional testing.
229 #
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230 # * <tt>deliveries</tt> - Keeps an array of all the emails sent out through the Action Mailer with <tt>delivery_method :test</tt>. Most useful
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231 # for unit and functional testing.
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232 #
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233 # * <tt>default_charset</tt> - The default charset used for the body and to encode the subject. Defaults to UTF-8. You can also
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234 # pick a different charset from inside a method with +charset+.
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235 #
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236 # * <tt>default_content_type</tt> - The default content type used for the main part of the message. Defaults to "text/plain". You
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237 # can also pick a different content type from inside a method with +content_type+.
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238 #
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239 # * <tt>default_mime_version</tt> - The default mime version used for the message. Defaults to <tt>1.0</tt>. You
240 # can also pick a different value from inside a method with +mime_version+.
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241 #
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242 # * <tt>default_implicit_parts_order</tt> - When a message is built implicitly (i.e. multiple parts are assembled from templates
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243 # which specify the content type in their filenames) this variable controls how the parts are ordered. Defaults to
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244 # <tt>["text/html", "text/enriched", "text/plain"]</tt>. Items that appear first in the array have higher priority in the mail client
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245 # and appear last in the mime encoded message. You can also pick a different order from inside a method with
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246 # +implicit_parts_order+.
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247 class Base
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248 include AdvAttrAccessor, PartContainer, Quoting, Utils
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249 if Object.const_defined?(:ActionController)
250 include ActionController::UrlWriter
251 include ActionController::Layout
252 end
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253
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254 private_class_method :new #:nodoc:
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255
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256 class_inheritable_accessor :view_paths
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257 self.view_paths = []
258
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259 cattr_accessor :logger
260
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261 @@smtp_settings = {
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262 :address => "localhost",
263 :port => 25,
264 :domain => 'localhost.localdomain',
265 :user_name => nil,
266 :password => nil,
267 :authentication => nil,
268 :enable_starttls_auto => true,
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269 }
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270 cattr_accessor :smtp_settings
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271
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272 @@sendmail_settings = {
273 :location => '/usr/sbin/sendmail',
274 :arguments => '-i -t'
275 }
276 cattr_accessor :sendmail_settings
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277
278 @@raise_delivery_errors = true
279 cattr_accessor :raise_delivery_errors
280
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281 superclass_delegating_accessor :delivery_method
282 self.delivery_method = :smtp
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283
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284 @@perform_deliveries = true
285 cattr_accessor :perform_deliveries
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286
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287 @@deliveries = []
288 cattr_accessor :deliveries
289
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290 @@default_charset = "utf-8"
291 cattr_accessor :default_charset
292
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293 @@default_content_type = "text/plain"
294 cattr_accessor :default_content_type
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295
45b5555 @jamis Make mime version default to 1.0. closes #2323
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296 @@default_mime_version = "1.0"
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297 cattr_accessor :default_mime_version
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298
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299 @@default_implicit_parts_order = [ "text/html", "text/enriched", "text/plain" ]
300 cattr_accessor :default_implicit_parts_order
301
28bf2fa @josh Protect body ivar from being clobbered by the mailer template assigns
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302 cattr_reader :protected_instance_variables
303 @@protected_instance_variables = %w(@body)
304
59f1df1 @jamis Update/extend ActionMailer documentation (rdoc)
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305 # Specify the BCC addresses for the message
306 adv_attr_accessor :bcc
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307
59f1df1 @jamis Update/extend ActionMailer documentation (rdoc)
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308 # Define the body of the message. This is either a Hash (in which case it
309 # specifies the variables to pass to the template when it is rendered),
310 # or a string, in which case it specifies the actual text of the message.
311 adv_attr_accessor :body
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312
59f1df1 @jamis Update/extend ActionMailer documentation (rdoc)
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313 # Specify the CC addresses for the message.
314 adv_attr_accessor :cc
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315
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316 # Specify the charset to use for the message. This defaults to the
317 # +default_charset+ specified for ActionMailer::Base.
318 adv_attr_accessor :charset
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319
59f1df1 @jamis Update/extend ActionMailer documentation (rdoc)
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320 # Specify the content type for the message. This defaults to <tt>text/plain</tt>
321 # in most cases, but can be automatically set in some situations.
322 adv_attr_accessor :content_type
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323
59f1df1 @jamis Update/extend ActionMailer documentation (rdoc)
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324 # Specify the from address for the message.
325 adv_attr_accessor :from
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326
cf6299d Add ActionMailer#reply_to. [#245 state:resolved]
Adam authored
327 # Specify the address (if different than the "from" address) to direct
328 # replies to this message.
329 adv_attr_accessor :reply_to
330
59f1df1 @jamis Update/extend ActionMailer documentation (rdoc)
jamis authored
331 # Specify additional headers to be added to the message.
332 adv_attr_accessor :headers
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333
59f1df1 @jamis Update/extend ActionMailer documentation (rdoc)
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334 # Specify the order in which parts should be sorted, based on content-type.
335 # This defaults to the value for the +default_implicit_parts_order+.
336 adv_attr_accessor :implicit_parts_order
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337
59f1df1 @jamis Update/extend ActionMailer documentation (rdoc)
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338 # Defaults to "1.0", but may be explicitly given if needed.
339 adv_attr_accessor :mime_version
3b0e1d9 @josh Prefer string core_ext inflector methods over directly accessing Infl…
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340
59f1df1 @jamis Update/extend ActionMailer documentation (rdoc)
jamis authored
341 # The recipient addresses for the message, either as a string (for a single
342 # address) or an array (for multiple addresses).
343 adv_attr_accessor :recipients
3b0e1d9 @josh Prefer string core_ext inflector methods over directly accessing Infl…
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344
59f1df1 @jamis Update/extend ActionMailer documentation (rdoc)
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345 # The date on which the message was sent. If not set (the default), the
346 # header will be set by the delivery agent.
347 adv_attr_accessor :sent_on
3b0e1d9 @josh Prefer string core_ext inflector methods over directly accessing Infl…
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348
59f1df1 @jamis Update/extend ActionMailer documentation (rdoc)
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349 # Specify the subject of the message.
350 adv_attr_accessor :subject
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351
59f1df1 @jamis Update/extend ActionMailer documentation (rdoc)
jamis authored
352 # Specify the template name to use for current message. This is the "base"
353 # template name, without the extension or directory, and may be used to
354 # have multiple mailer methods share the same template.
355 adv_attr_accessor :template
165097e @dhh Added access to custom headers, like cc, bcc, and reply-to #268 [Andr…
dhh authored
356
bd5ed65 @technoweenie Update ActionMailer so it treats ActionView the same way that ActionC…
technoweenie authored
357 # Override the mailer name, which defaults to an inflected version of the
358 # mailer's class name. If you want to use a template in a non-standard
359 # location, you can use this to specify that location.
360 def mailer_name(value = nil)
361 if value
362 self.mailer_name = value
363 else
364 self.class.mailer_name
365 end
366 end
3b0e1d9 @josh Prefer string core_ext inflector methods over directly accessing Infl…
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367
bd5ed65 @technoweenie Update ActionMailer so it treats ActionView the same way that ActionC…
technoweenie authored
368 def mailer_name=(value)
369 self.class.mailer_name = value
370 end
371
59f1df1 @jamis Update/extend ActionMailer documentation (rdoc)
jamis authored
372 # The mail object instance referenced by this mailer.
373 attr_reader :mail
6228220 @dhh Revert "Revert "Add layout functionality to mailers.""
dhh authored
374 attr_reader :template_name, :default_template_name, :action_name
359caef @jamis A very thorough refactoring, resulting in new mail property setters a…
jamis authored
375
eda1719 @jamis ActionMailer::Base.deliver(email) had been accidentally removed, but …
jamis authored
376 class << self
bd5ed65 @technoweenie Update ActionMailer so it treats ActionView the same way that ActionC…
technoweenie authored
377 attr_writer :mailer_name
378
379 def mailer_name
380 @mailer_name ||= name.underscore
381 end
382
383 # for ActionView compatibility
384 alias_method :controller_name, :mailer_name
385 alias_method :controller_path, :mailer_name
386
3cf773b @floehopper ActionMailer should respond_to? to methods handled by method_missing …
floehopper authored
387 def respond_to?(method_symbol, include_private = false) #:nodoc:
388 matches_dynamic_method?(method_symbol) || super
389 end
390
391 def method_missing(method_symbol, *parameters) #:nodoc:
a62e9e9 @mocoso Fix for ActionMailer::Base.method_missing so that it raises NoMethodE…
mocoso authored
392 if match = matches_dynamic_method?(method_symbol)
393 case match[1]
394 when 'create' then new(match[2], *parameters).mail
395 when 'deliver' then new(match[2], *parameters).deliver!
396 when 'new' then nil
c65075f @mocoso Fixed method_missing for ActionMailer so it no longer matches methods…
mocoso authored
397 else super
a62e9e9 @mocoso Fix for ActionMailer::Base.method_missing so that it raises NoMethodE…
mocoso authored
398 end
399 else
400 super
eda1719 @jamis ActionMailer::Base.deliver(email) had been accidentally removed, but …
jamis authored
401 end
402 end
403
59f1df1 @jamis Update/extend ActionMailer documentation (rdoc)
jamis authored
404 # Receives a raw email, parses it into an email object, decodes it,
405 # instantiates a new mailer, and passes the email object to the mailer
98dc582 @lifo Merge docrails.
lifo authored
406 # object's +receive+ method. If you want your mailer to be able to
407 # process incoming messages, you'll need to implement a +receive+
59f1df1 @jamis Update/extend ActionMailer documentation (rdoc)
jamis authored
408 # method that accepts the email object as a parameter:
409 #
410 # class MyMailer < ActionMailer::Base
411 # def receive(mail)
412 # ...
413 # end
414 # end
415 def receive(raw_email)
eda1719 @jamis ActionMailer::Base.deliver(email) had been accidentally removed, but …
jamis authored
416 logger.info "Received mail:\n #{raw_email}" unless logger.nil?
417 mail = TMail::Mail.parse(raw_email)
418 mail.base64_decode
419 new.receive(mail)
420 end
421
422 # Deliver the given mail object directly. This can be used to deliver
423 # a preconstructed mail object, like:
424 #
425 # email = MyMailer.create_some_mail(parameters)
426 # email.set_some_obscure_header "frobnicate"
427 # MyMailer.deliver(email)
428 def deliver(mail)
429 new.deliver!(mail)
430 end
271404e @jeremy Register alternative template engines using ActionMailer::Base.regist…
jeremy authored
431
cb21db1 @josh Treat ActionMailer template_root as a view path set internally to avo…
josh authored
432 def template_root
433 self.view_paths && self.view_paths.first
434 end
435
61c90a4 @NZKoz Reapply the TemplateFinder first applied in [8669] then reverted in […
NZKoz authored
436 def template_root=(root)
cb21db1 @josh Treat ActionMailer template_root as a view path set internally to avo…
josh authored
437 self.view_paths = ActionView::Base.process_view_paths(root)
61c90a4 @NZKoz Reapply the TemplateFinder first applied in [8669] then reverted in […
NZKoz authored
438 end
3cf773b @floehopper ActionMailer should respond_to? to methods handled by method_missing …
floehopper authored
439
440 private
441 def matches_dynamic_method?(method_name) #:nodoc:
442 method_name = method_name.to_s
c65075f @mocoso Fixed method_missing for ActionMailer so it no longer matches methods…
mocoso authored
443 /^(create|deliver)_([_a-z]\w*)/.match(method_name) || /^(new)$/.match(method_name)
3cf773b @floehopper ActionMailer should respond_to? to methods handled by method_missing …
floehopper authored
444 end
eda1719 @jamis ActionMailer::Base.deliver(email) had been accidentally removed, but …
jamis authored
445 end
446
359caef @jamis A very thorough refactoring, resulting in new mail property setters a…
jamis authored
447 # Instantiate a new mailer object. If +method_name+ is not +nil+, the mailer
448 # will be initialized according to the named method. If not, the mailer will
449 # remain uninitialized (useful when you only need to invoke the "receive"
450 # method, for instance).
2789b5d @dhh Tuned documentation for release (AM)
dhh authored
451 def initialize(method_name=nil, *parameters) #:nodoc:
3b0e1d9 @josh Prefer string core_ext inflector methods over directly accessing Infl…
josh authored
452 create!(method_name, *parameters) if method_name
359caef @jamis A very thorough refactoring, resulting in new mail property setters a…
jamis authored
453 end
454
455 # Initialize the mailer via the given +method_name+. The body will be
456 # rendered and a new TMail::Mail object created.
2789b5d @dhh Tuned documentation for release (AM)
dhh authored
457 def create!(method_name, *parameters) #:nodoc:
f474f33 @jamis Move mailer initialization to a separate (overridable) method, so tha…
jamis authored
458 initialize_defaults(method_name)
c3ff04b @jeremy Allow mailer actions named send by using __send__ internally. Closes …
jeremy authored
459 __send__(method_name, *parameters)
359caef @jamis A very thorough refactoring, resulting in new mail property setters a…
jamis authored
460
461 # If an explicit, textual body has not been set, we check assumptions.
462 unless String === @body
463 # First, we look to see if there are any likely templates that match,
464 # which include the content-type in their file name (i.e.,
21187c0 @dhh Apply the rest of Chads patch
dhh authored
465 # "the_template_file.text.html.erb", etc.). Only do this if parts
dca4d4e @jamis Multipart messages specify a MIME-Version header automatically #2003 …
jamis authored
466 # have not already been specified manually.
359caef @jamis A very thorough refactoring, resulting in new mail property setters a…
jamis authored
467 if @parts.empty?
b2504f8 @josh Tidy up ActionMailer rendering logic to take advantage of view path c…
josh authored
468 Dir.glob("#{template_path}/#{@template}.*").each do |path|
469 template = template_root["#{mailer_name}/#{File.basename(path)}"]
470
471 # Skip unless template has a multipart format
f3f7d16 @macksmind Fixed problem causes by leftover backup templates ending in tilde [st…
macksmind authored
472 next unless template && template.multipart?
b2504f8 @josh Tidy up ActionMailer rendering logic to take advantage of view path c…
josh authored
473
474 @parts << Part.new(
475 :content_type => template.content_type,
476 :disposition => "inline",
477 :charset => charset,
478 :body => render_message(template, @body)
479 )
359caef @jamis A very thorough refactoring, resulting in new mail property setters a…
jamis authored
480 end
5c98152 @jamis Better multipart support with implicit multipart/alternative and sort…
jamis authored
481 unless @parts.empty?
482 @content_type = "multipart/alternative"
483 @parts = sort_parts(@parts, @implicit_parts_order)
484 end
359caef @jamis A very thorough refactoring, resulting in new mail property setters a…
jamis authored
485 end
db045db @dhh Initial
dhh authored
486
359caef @jamis A very thorough refactoring, resulting in new mail property setters a…
jamis authored
487 # Then, if there were such templates, we check to see if we ought to
488 # also render a "normal" template (without the content type). If a
489 # normal template exists (or if there were no implicit parts) we render
490 # it.
04248c6 @josh Ensure templates are rendered if all the parts are already processed
josh authored
491 template_exists = @parts.empty?
492 template_exists ||= template_root["#{mailer_name}/#{@template}"]
493 @body = render_message(@template, @body) if template_exists
359caef @jamis A very thorough refactoring, resulting in new mail property setters a…
jamis authored
494
495 # Finally, if there are other message parts and a textual body exists,
496 # we shift it onto the front of the parts and set the body to nil (so
497 # that create_mail doesn't try to render it in addition to the parts).
498 if !@parts.empty? && String === @body
499 @parts.unshift Part.new(:charset => charset, :body => @body)
500 @body = nil
425aa50 @dhh Added receiver method for incoming email
dhh authored
501 end
db045db @dhh Initial
dhh authored
502 end
503
dca4d4e @jamis Multipart messages specify a MIME-Version header automatically #2003 …
jamis authored
504 # If this is a multipart e-mail add the mime_version if it is not
505 # already set.
506 @mime_version ||= "1.0" if !@parts.empty?
507
359caef @jamis A very thorough refactoring, resulting in new mail property setters a…
jamis authored
508 # build the mail object itself
509 @mail = create_mail
510 end
db045db @dhh Initial
dhh authored
511
eda1719 @jamis ActionMailer::Base.deliver(email) had been accidentally removed, but …
jamis authored
512 # Delivers a TMail::Mail object. By default, it delivers the cached mail
98dc582 @lifo Merge docrails.
lifo authored
513 # object (from the <tt>create!</tt> method). If no cached mail object exists, and
eda1719 @jamis ActionMailer::Base.deliver(email) had been accidentally removed, but …
jamis authored
514 # no alternate has been given as the parameter, this will fail.
59f1df1 @jamis Update/extend ActionMailer documentation (rdoc)
jamis authored
515 def deliver!(mail = @mail)
eda1719 @jamis ActionMailer::Base.deliver(email) had been accidentally removed, but …
jamis authored
516 raise "no mail object available for delivery!" unless mail
fbd3eb7 @jeremy Less verbose mail logging: just recipients for :info log level; the w…
jeremy authored
517 unless logger.nil?
be36455 @jeremy Ruby 1.9 compat: use Array() instead of #to_a.
jeremy authored
518 logger.info "Sent mail to #{Array(recipients).join(', ')}"
fbd3eb7 @jeremy Less verbose mail logging: just recipients for :info log level; the w…
jeremy authored
519 logger.debug "\n#{mail.encoded}"
520 end
256e800 @dhh Fixed quoting for all address headers, not just to #955 [Jamis Buck] …
dhh authored
521
359caef @jamis A very thorough refactoring, resulting in new mail property setters a…
jamis authored
522 begin
c3ff04b @jeremy Allow mailer actions named send by using __send__ internally. Closes …
jeremy authored
523 __send__("perform_delivery_#{delivery_method}", mail) if perform_deliveries
12ff554 @jeremy Tighten rescue clauses. Closes #5985.
jeremy authored
524 rescue Exception => e # Net::SMTP errors or sendmail pipe errors
359caef @jamis A very thorough refactoring, resulting in new mail property setters a…
jamis authored
525 raise e if raise_delivery_errors
526 end
3fad0cd @dhh Added support for charsets for both subject and body. The default cha…
dhh authored
527
eda1719 @jamis ActionMailer::Base.deliver(email) had been accidentally removed, but …
jamis authored
528 return mail
359caef @jamis A very thorough refactoring, resulting in new mail property setters a…
jamis authored
529 end
3fad0cd @dhh Added support for charsets for both subject and body. The default cha…
dhh authored
530
359caef @jamis A very thorough refactoring, resulting in new mail property setters a…
jamis authored
531 private
f474f33 @jamis Move mailer initialization to a separate (overridable) method, so tha…
jamis authored
532 # Set up the default values for the various instance variables of this
533 # mailer. Subclasses may override this method to provide different
534 # defaults.
535 def initialize_defaults(method_name)
95e8740 @dhh Allow Mailers to have custom initialize methods that set default inst…
dhh authored
536 @charset ||= @@default_charset.dup
537 @content_type ||= @@default_content_type.dup
538 @implicit_parts_order ||= @@default_implicit_parts_order.dup
539 @template ||= method_name
6228220 @dhh Revert "Revert "Add layout functionality to mailers.""
dhh authored
540 @default_template_name = @action_name = @template
3b0e1d9 @josh Prefer string core_ext inflector methods over directly accessing Infl…
josh authored
541 @mailer_name ||= self.class.name.underscore
95e8740 @dhh Allow Mailers to have custom initialize methods that set default inst…
dhh authored
542 @parts ||= []
543 @headers ||= {}
544 @body ||= {}
dca4d4e @jamis Multipart messages specify a MIME-Version header automatically #2003 …
jamis authored
545 @mime_version = @@default_mime_version.dup if @@default_mime_version
f474f33 @jamis Move mailer initialization to a separate (overridable) method, so tha…
jamis authored
546 end
547
359caef @jamis A very thorough refactoring, resulting in new mail property setters a…
jamis authored
548 def render_message(method_name, body)
1d4554d ActionMailer should respect content type when choosing layouts
Colin Curtin authored
549 if method_name.respond_to?(:content_type)
550 @current_template_content_type = method_name.content_type
551 end
7461227 @josh Ruby 1.9: Call join on template_root instead of to_s
josh authored
552 render :file => method_name, :body => body
1d4554d ActionMailer should respect content type when choosing layouts
Colin Curtin authored
553 ensure
554 @current_template_content_type = nil
359caef @jamis A very thorough refactoring, resulting in new mail property setters a…
jamis authored
555 end
ae1e852 @jamis Add a unified render method to ActionMailer (delegates to ActionView:…
jamis authored
556
557 def render(opts)
558 body = opts.delete(:body)
b2504f8 @josh Tidy up ActionMailer rendering logic to take advantage of view path c…
josh authored
559 if opts[:file] && (opts[:file] !~ /\// && !opts[:file].respond_to?(:render))
bd5ed65 @technoweenie Update ActionMailer so it treats ActionView the same way that ActionC…
technoweenie authored
560 opts[:file] = "#{mailer_name}/#{opts[:file]}"
561 end
6228220 @dhh Revert "Revert "Add layout functionality to mailers.""
dhh authored
562
563 begin
564 old_template, @template = @template, initialize_template_class(body)
565 layout = respond_to?(:pick_layout, true) ? pick_layout(opts) : false
566 @template.render(opts.merge(:layout => layout))
567 ensure
568 @template = old_template
569 end
570 end
571
572 def default_template_format
1d4554d ActionMailer should respect content type when choosing layouts
Colin Curtin authored
573 if @current_template_content_type
574 Mime::Type.lookup(@current_template_content_type).to_sym
575 else
576 :html
577 end
6228220 @dhh Revert "Revert "Add layout functionality to mailers.""
dhh authored
578 end
579
580 def candidate_for_layout?(options)
858a420 @josh Ensure the template format is always passed to the template finder. N…
josh authored
581 !self.view_paths.find_template(default_template_name, default_template_format).exempt_from_layout?
582 rescue ActionView::MissingTemplate
583 return true
ae1e852 @jamis Add a unified render method to ActionMailer (delegates to ActionView:…
jamis authored
584 end
585
cb21db1 @josh Treat ActionMailer template_root as a view path set internally to avo…
josh authored
586 def template_root
587 self.class.template_root
588 end
589
590 def template_root=(root)
591 self.class.template_root = root
592 end
593
359caef @jamis A very thorough refactoring, resulting in new mail property setters a…
jamis authored
594 def template_path
e23156e @josh Only create a path for ActionMailer template root instead of a path s…
josh authored
595 "#{template_root}/#{mailer_name}"
db045db @dhh Initial
dhh authored
596 end
597
5ec990a @jamis Helper support for ActionMailer
jamis authored
598 def initialize_template_class(assigns)
441e4e2 @svenfuchs load plugin view_paths to action_mailer view_paths and make action_ma…
svenfuchs authored
599 template = ActionView::Base.new(self.class.view_paths, assigns, self)
1d4554d ActionMailer should respect content type when choosing layouts
Colin Curtin authored
600 template.template_format = default_template_format
601 template
5ec990a @jamis Helper support for ActionMailer
jamis authored
602 end
603
5c98152 @jamis Better multipart support with implicit multipart/alternative and sort…
jamis authored
604 def sort_parts(parts, order = [])
605 order = order.collect { |s| s.downcase }
606
607 parts = parts.sort do |a, b|
608 a_ct = a.content_type.downcase
609 b_ct = b.content_type.downcase
610
611 a_in = order.include? a_ct
612 b_in = order.include? b_ct
613
614 s = case
615 when a_in && b_in
616 order.index(a_ct) <=> order.index(b_ct)
617 when a_in
618 -1
619 when b_in
620 1
621 else
622 a_ct <=> b_ct
623 end
624
625 # reverse the ordering because parts that come last are displayed
626 # first in mail clients
627 (s * -1)
628 end
629
630 parts
631 end
632
359caef @jamis A very thorough refactoring, resulting in new mail property setters a…
jamis authored
633 def create_mail
634 m = TMail::Mail.new
74a612c @dhh Added that delivery errors are caught in a way so the mail is still r…
dhh authored
635
cf6299d Add ActionMailer#reply_to. [#245 state:resolved]
Adam authored
636 m.subject, = quote_any_if_necessary(charset, subject)
637 m.to, m.from = quote_any_address_if_necessary(charset, recipients, from)
638 m.bcc = quote_address_if_necessary(bcc, charset) unless bcc.nil?
639 m.cc = quote_address_if_necessary(cc, charset) unless cc.nil?
640 m.reply_to = quote_address_if_necessary(reply_to, charset) unless reply_to.nil?
dca4d4e @jamis Multipart messages specify a MIME-Version header automatically #2003 …
jamis authored
641 m.mime_version = mime_version unless mime_version.nil?
cf6299d Add ActionMailer#reply_to. [#245 state:resolved]
Adam authored
642 m.date = sent_on.to_time rescue sent_on if sent_on
643
359caef @jamis A very thorough refactoring, resulting in new mail property setters a…
jamis authored
644 headers.each { |k, v| m[k] = v }
db045db @dhh Initial
dhh authored
645
db0e8ff @jamis Parse content-type apart before using it so that sub-parts of the hea…
jamis authored
646 real_content_type, ctype_attrs = parse_content_type
647
359caef @jamis A very thorough refactoring, resulting in new mail property setters a…
jamis authored
648 if @parts.empty?
db0e8ff @jamis Parse content-type apart before using it so that sub-parts of the hea…
jamis authored
649 m.set_content_type(real_content_type, nil, ctype_attrs)
e201fc7 @josh use autoload instead of explicit requires for ActionMailer
josh authored
650 m.body = normalize_new_lines(body)
359caef @jamis A very thorough refactoring, resulting in new mail property setters a…
jamis authored
651 else
652 if String === body
653 part = TMail::Mail.new
e201fc7 @josh use autoload instead of explicit requires for ActionMailer
josh authored
654 part.body = normalize_new_lines(body)
db0e8ff @jamis Parse content-type apart before using it so that sub-parts of the hea…
jamis authored
655 part.set_content_type(real_content_type, nil, ctype_attrs)
359caef @jamis A very thorough refactoring, resulting in new mail property setters a…
jamis authored
656 part.set_content_disposition "inline"
657 m.parts << part
658 end
3fad0cd @dhh Added support for charsets for both subject and body. The default cha…
dhh authored
659
359caef @jamis A very thorough refactoring, resulting in new mail property setters a…
jamis authored
660 @parts.each do |p|
661 part = (TMail::Mail === p ? p : p.to_mail(self))
662 m.parts << part
663 end
3b0e1d9 @josh Prefer string core_ext inflector methods over directly accessing Infl…
josh authored
664
49efa02 @jamis Nil charset caused subject line to be improperly quoted in implicitly…
jamis authored
665 if real_content_type =~ /multipart/
666 ctype_attrs.delete "charset"
667 m.set_content_type(real_content_type, nil, ctype_attrs)
668 end
359caef @jamis A very thorough refactoring, resulting in new mail property setters a…
jamis authored
669 end
256e800 @dhh Fixed quoting for all address headers, not just to #955 [Jamis Buck] …
dhh authored
670
359caef @jamis A very thorough refactoring, resulting in new mail property setters a…
jamis authored
671 @mail = m
256e800 @dhh Fixed quoting for all address headers, not just to #955 [Jamis Buck] …
dhh authored
672 end
673
359caef @jamis A very thorough refactoring, resulting in new mail property setters a…
jamis authored
674 def perform_delivery_smtp(mail)
508c26c @jamis BCC headers are removed when sending via SMTP
jamis authored
675 destinations = mail.destinations
676 mail.ready_to_send
250dfb1 @al2o3cr Fixed that ActionMailer should send correctly formatted Return-Path i…
al2o3cr authored
677 sender = (mail['return-path'] && mail['return-path'].spec) || mail.from
508c26c @jamis BCC headers are removed when sending via SMTP
jamis authored
678
732c724 @granth Turn on STARTTLS if it is available in Net::SMTP (added in Ruby 1.8.7…
granth authored
679 smtp = Net::SMTP.new(smtp_settings[:address], smtp_settings[:port])
c2e7851 @josevalim Add ActionMailer::Base#enable_starttls_auto option for enabling/disab…
josevalim authored
680 smtp.enable_starttls_auto if smtp_settings[:enable_starttls_auto] && smtp.respond_to?(:enable_starttls_auto)
732c724 @granth Turn on STARTTLS if it is available in Net::SMTP (added in Ruby 1.8.7…
granth authored
681 smtp.start(smtp_settings[:domain], smtp_settings[:user_name], smtp_settings[:password],
682 smtp_settings[:authentication]) do |smtp|
5c0d38f @dhh Fixed that a return-path header would be ignored (closes #7572) [joost]
dhh authored
683 smtp.sendmail(mail.encoded, sender, destinations)
359caef @jamis A very thorough refactoring, resulting in new mail property setters a…
jamis authored
684 end
256e800 @dhh Fixed quoting for all address headers, not just to #955 [Jamis Buck] …
dhh authored
685 end
686
359caef @jamis A very thorough refactoring, resulting in new mail property setters a…
jamis authored
687 def perform_delivery_sendmail(mail)
77730f7 @NZKoz Avoid modifying the sendmail_settings hash when using the return path…
NZKoz authored
688 sendmail_args = sendmail_settings[:arguments]
689 sendmail_args += " -f \"#{mail['return-path']}\"" if mail['return-path']
690 IO.popen("#{sendmail_settings[:location]} #{sendmail_args}","w+") do |sm|
bb62568 @dhh Fix problem with sendmail delivery where headers should be delimited …
dhh authored
691 sm.print(mail.encoded.gsub(/\r/, ''))
359caef @jamis A very thorough refactoring, resulting in new mail property setters a…
jamis authored
692 sm.flush
256e800 @dhh Fixed quoting for all address headers, not just to #955 [Jamis Buck] …
dhh authored
693 end
694 end
695
359caef @jamis A very thorough refactoring, resulting in new mail property setters a…
jamis authored
696 def perform_delivery_test(mail)
697 deliveries << mail
698 end
db045db @dhh Initial
dhh authored
699 end
e201fc7 @josh use autoload instead of explicit requires for ActionMailer
josh authored
700
701 Base.class_eval do
702 include Helpers
703 helper MailHelper
704 end
db045db @dhh Initial
dhh authored
705 end
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