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616ebb8 @josevalim Remove unused code paths and require mail only when it's needed.
josevalim authored Dec 28, 2009
1 require 'mail'
a288082 @mikel Adding :transfer_encoding -> :content_transfer_encoding as part of Tm…
mikel authored Dec 30, 2009
2 require 'action_mailer/tmail_compat'
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José Valim and Mikel Lindsaar authored Jan 23, 2010
3 require 'action_mailer/collector'
41af6d9 @jeremy Use Array.wrap not Array()
jeremy authored Mar 17, 2010
4 require 'active_support/core_ext/array/wrap'
76f024a @fxn adds missing requires for Object#blank? and Object#present?
fxn authored Mar 28, 2010
5 require 'active_support/core_ext/object/blank'
a63caa4 Get tests to run (with failures) without old base around
Yehuda Katz + Carl Lerche authored Jun 15, 2009
6
c4590d5 @dhh Fixed docs
dhh authored Mar 28, 2006
7 module ActionMailer #:nodoc:
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lifo authored May 25, 2008
8 # Action Mailer allows you to send email from your application using a mailer model and views.
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dhh authored Nov 24, 2004
9 #
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10 # = Mailer Models
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11 #
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12 # To use Action Mailer, you need to create a mailer model.
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josh authored May 14, 2008
13 #
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romdi authored Feb 6, 2010
14 # $ rails generate mailer Notifier
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15 #
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16 # The generated model inherits from ActionMailer::Base. Emails are defined by creating methods
17 # within the model which are then used to set variables to be used in the mail template, to
18 # change options on the mail, or to add attachments.
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19 #
20 # Examples:
21 #
22 # class Notifier < ActionMailer::Base
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23 # default :from => 'no-reply@example.com',
24 # :return_path => 'system@example.com'
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25 #
26 # def welcome(recipient)
27 # @account = recipient
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28 # mail(:to => recipient.email_address_with_name,
29 # :bcc => ["bcc@example.com", "Order Watcher <watcher@example.com>"])
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30 # end
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31 # end
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32 #
33 # Within the mailer method, you have access to the following methods:
34 #
35 # * <tt>attachments[]=</tt> - Allows you to add attachments to your email in an intuitive
36 # manner; <tt>attachments['filename.png'] = File.read('path/to/filename.png')</tt>
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37 #
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38 # * <tt>headers[]=</tt> - Allows you to specify any header field in your email such
39 # as <tt>headers['X-No-Spam'] = 'True'</tt>. Note, while most fields (like <tt>To:</tt>
40 # <tt>From:</tt> can only appear once in an email header, other fields like <tt>X-Anything</tt>
41 # can appear multiple times. If you want to change a field that can appear multiple times,
42 # you need to set it to nil first so that Mail knows you are replacing it, not adding
43 # another field of the same name.)
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44 #
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mikel authored Jan 27, 2010
45 # * <tt>headers(hash)</tt> - Allows you to specify multiple headers in your email such
46 # as <tt>headers({'X-No-Spam' => 'True', 'In-Reply-To' => '1234@message.id'})</tt>
47 #
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48 # * <tt>mail</tt> - Allows you to specify your email to send.
49 #
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50 # The hash passed to the mail method allows you to specify any header that a Mail::Message
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51 # will accept (any valid Email header including optional fields).
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52 #
53 # The mail method, if not passed a block, will inspect your views and send all the views with
bb2c7b4 @mikel Updating Action Mailer documentation
mikel authored Jan 29, 2010
54 # the same name as the method, so the above action would send the +welcome.text.plain.erb+ view
55 # file as well as the +welcome.text.html.erb+ view file in a +multipart/alternative+ email.
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56 #
57 # If you want to explicitly render only certain templates, pass a block:
58 #
59 # mail(:to => user.emai) do |format|
60 # format.text
61 # format.html
62 # end
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63 #
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64 # The block syntax is useful if also need to specify information specific to a part:
65 #
66 # mail(:to => user.emai) do |format|
67 # format.text(:content_transfer_encoding => "base64")
68 # format.html
69 # end
70 #
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71 # Or even to render a special view:
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72 #
73 # mail(:to => user.emai) do |format|
74 # format.text
75 # format.html { render "some_other_template" }
76 # end
77 #
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78 # = Mailer views
79 #
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80 # Like Action Controller, each mailer class has a corresponding view directory in which each
81 # method of the class looks for a template with its name.
82 #
83 # To define a template to be used with a mailing, create an <tt>.erb</tt> file with the same
84 # name as the method in your mailer model. For example, in the mailer defined above, the template at
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85 # <tt>app/views/notifier/signup_notification.text.plain.erb</tt> would be used to generate the email.
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86 #
87 # Variables defined in the model are accessible as instance variables in the view.
88 #
89 # Emails by default are sent in plain text, so a sample view for our model example might look like this:
90 #
91 # Hi <%= @account.name %>,
92 # Thanks for joining our service! Please check back often.
93 #
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94 # You can even use Action Pack helpers in these views. For example:
95 #
96 # You got a new note!
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97 # <%= truncate(@note.body, 25) %>
98 #
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99 # If you need to access the subject, from or the recipients in the view, you can do that through message object:
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100 #
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101 # You got a new note from <%= message.from %>!
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102 # <%= truncate(@note.body, 25) %>
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103 #
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104 #
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105 # = Generating URLs
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106 #
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107 # URLs can be generated in mailer views using <tt>url_for</tt> or named routes. Unlike controllers from
108 # Action Pack, the mailer instance doesn't have any context about the incoming request, so you'll need
109 # to provide all of the details needed to generate a URL.
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110 #
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111 # When using <tt>url_for</tt> you'll need to provide the <tt>:host</tt>, <tt>:controller</tt>, and <tt>:action</tt>:
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112 #
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113 # <%= url_for(:host => "example.com", :controller => "welcome", :action => "greeting") %>
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114 #
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115 # When using named routes you only need to supply the <tt>:host</tt>:
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116 #
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117 # <%= users_url(:host => "example.com") %>
118 #
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119 # You will want to avoid using the <tt>name_of_route_path</tt> form of named routes because it doesn't
120 # make sense to generate relative URLs in email messages.
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121 #
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122 # It is also possible to set a default host that will be used in all mailers by setting the <tt>:host</tt>
123 # option in the <tt>ActionMailer::Base.default_url_options</tt> hash as follows:
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124 #
125 # ActionMailer::Base.default_url_options[:host] = "example.com"
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126 #
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127 # This can also be set as a configuration option in <tt>config/environment.rb</tt>:
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128 #
129 # config.action_mailer.default_url_options = { :host => "example.com" }
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130 #
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131 # If you do decide to set a default <tt>:host</tt> for your mailers you will want to use the
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132 # <tt>:only_path => false</tt> option when using <tt>url_for</tt>. This will ensure that absolute URLs are
133 # generated because the <tt>url_for</tt> view helper will, by default, generate relative URLs when a
134 # <tt>:host</tt> option isn't explicitly provided.
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135 #
136 # = Sending mail
137 #
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138 # Once a mailer action and template are defined, you can deliver your message or create it and save it
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139 # for delivery later:
140 #
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141 # Notifier.welcome(david).deliver # sends the email
142 # mail = Notifier.welcome(david) # => a Mail::Message object
143 # mail.deliver # sends the email
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144 #
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145 # You never instantiate your mailer class. Rather, you just call the method you defined on the class itself.
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146 #
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147 # = Multipart Emails
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148 #
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149 # Multipart messages can also be used implicitly because Action Mailer will automatically
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150 # detect and use multipart templates, where each template is named after the name of the action, followed
151 # by the content type. Each such detected template will be added as separate part to the message.
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152 #
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153 # For example, if the following templates existed:
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154 # * signup_notification.text.plain.erb
155 # * signup_notification.text.html.erb
156 # * signup_notification.text.xml.builder
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157 # * signup_notification.text.yaml.erb
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158 #
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159 # Each would be rendered and added as a separate part to the message, with the corresponding content
160 # type. The content type for the entire message is automatically set to <tt>multipart/alternative</tt>,
161 # which indicates that the email contains multiple different representations of the same email
162 # body. The same instance variables defined in the action are passed to all email templates.
359caef @jamis A very thorough refactoring, resulting in new mail property setters a…
jamis authored May 29, 2005
163 #
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164 # Implicit template rendering is not performed if any attachments or parts have been added to the email.
165 # This means that you'll have to manually add each part to the email and set the content type of the email
166 # to <tt>multipart/alternative</tt>.
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167 #
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168 # = Attachments
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169 #
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170 # You can see above how to make a multipart HTML / Text email, to send attachments is just
171 # as easy:
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172 #
173 # class ApplicationMailer < ActionMailer::Base
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174 # def welcome(recipient)
175 # attachments['free_book.pdf'] = { :data => File.read('path/to/file.pdf') }
176 # mail(:to => recipient, :subject => "New account information")
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177 # end
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178 # end
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179 #
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180 # Which will (if it had both a <tt>welcome.text.plain.erb</tt> and <tt>welcome.text.html.erb</tt>
181 # tempalte in the view directory), send a complete <tt>multipart/mixed</tt> email with two parts,
182 # the first part being a <tt>multipart/alternative</tt> with the text and HTML email parts inside,
183 # and the second being a <tt>application/pdf</tt> with a Base64 encoded copy of the file.pdf book
184 # with the filename +free_book.pdf+.
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185 #
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186 # = Observing and Intercepting Mails
187 #
188 # ActionMailer provides hooks into the Mail observer and interceptor methods. These allow you to
189 # register objects that are called during the mail delivery life cycle.
190 #
191 # An observer object must implement the <tt>:delivered_email(message)</tt> method which will be
192 # called once for every email sent after the email has been sent.
193 #
194 # An interceptor object must implement the <tt>:delivering_email(message)</tt> method which will be
195 # called before the email is sent, allowing you to make modifications to the email before it hits
196 # the delivery agents. Your object should make and needed modifications directly to the passed
197 # in Mail::Message instance.
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198 #
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199 # = Configuration options
200 #
201 # These options are specified on the class level, like <tt>ActionMailer::Base.template_root = "/my/templates"</tt>
202 #
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jeremy authored Jan 28, 2010
203 # * <tt>default</tt> - This is a class wide hash of <tt>:key => value</tt> pairs containing
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204 # default values for the specified header fields of the <tt>Mail::Message</tt>. You can
205 # specify a default for any valid header for <tt>Mail::Message</tt> and it will be used if
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206 # you do not override it. You pass in the header value as a symbol, all lower case with under
207 # scores instead of hyphens, so <tt>Content-Transfer-Encoding:</tt>
208 # becomes <tt>:content_transfer_encoding</tt>. The defaults set by Action Mailer are:
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209 # * <tt>:mime_version => "1.0"</tt>
dbcf01e @mikel Removing quoting.rb, upgrade to 2.1.3.6, changing all utf-8 reference…
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210 # * <tt>:charset => "UTF-8",</tt>
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211 # * <tt>:content_type => "text/plain",</tt>
212 # * <tt>:parts_order => [ "text/plain", "text/enriched", "text/html" ]</tt>
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213 #
214 # * <tt>logger</tt> - the logger is used for generating information on the mailing run if available.
215 # Can be set to nil for no logging. Compatible with both Ruby's own Logger and Log4r loggers.
216 #
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217 # * <tt>smtp_settings</tt> - Allows detailed configuration for <tt>:smtp</tt> delivery method:
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218 # * <tt>:address</tt> - Allows you to use a remote mail server. Just change it from its default
219 # "localhost" setting.
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220 # * <tt>:port</tt> - On the off chance that your mail server doesn't run on port 25, you can change it.
221 # * <tt>:domain</tt> - If you need to specify a HELO domain, you can do it here.
222 # * <tt>:user_name</tt> - If your mail server requires authentication, set the username in this setting.
223 # * <tt>:password</tt> - If your mail server requires authentication, set the password in this setting.
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224 # * <tt>:authentication</tt> - If your mail server requires authentication, you need to specify the
225 # authentication type here.
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226 # This is a symbol and one of <tt>:plain</tt>, <tt>:login</tt>, <tt>:cram_md5</tt>.
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227 # * <tt>:enable_starttls_auto</tt> - When set to true, detects if STARTTLS is enabled in your SMTP server
228 # and starts to use it.
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229 #
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230 # * <tt>sendmail_settings</tt> - Allows you to override options for the <tt>:sendmail</tt> delivery method.
231 # * <tt>:location</tt> - The location of the sendmail executable. Defaults to <tt>/usr/sbin/sendmail</tt>.
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232 # * <tt>:arguments</tt> - The command line arguments. Defaults to <tt>-i -t</tt> with <tt>-f sender@addres</tt>
233 # added automatically before the message is sent.
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234 #
fbe6c3c @edavis10 Adds a :file delivery_method to save email to a file on disk
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235 # * <tt>file_settings</tt> - Allows you to override options for the <tt>:file</tt> delivery method.
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236 # * <tt>:location</tt> - The directory into which emails will be written. Defaults to the application
237 # <tt>tmp/mails</tt>.
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238 #
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239 # * <tt>raise_delivery_errors</tt> - Whether or not errors should be raised if the email fails to be delivered.
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240 #
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241 # * <tt>delivery_method</tt> - Defines a delivery method. Possible values are <tt>:smtp</tt> (default),
242 # <tt>:sendmail</tt>, <tt>:test</tt>, and <tt>:file</tt>. Or you may provide a custom delivery method
243 # object eg. MyOwnDeliveryMethodClass.new. See the Mail gem documentation on the interface you need to
244 # implement for a custom delivery agent.
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245 #
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246 # * <tt>perform_deliveries</tt> - Determines whether emails are actually sent from Action Mailer when you
247 # call <tt>.deliver</tt> on an mail message or on an Action Mailer method. This is on by default but can
248 # be turned off to aid in functional testing.
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249 #
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250 # * <tt>deliveries</tt> - Keeps an array of all the emails sent out through the Action Mailer with
251 # <tt>delivery_method :test</tt>. Most useful for unit and functional testing.
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252 #
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253 # * <tt>default_charset</tt> - This is now deprecated, use the +default+ method above to
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254 # set the default +:charset+.
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255 #
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256 # * <tt>default_content_type</tt> - This is now deprecated, use the +default+ method above
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mikel authored Jan 26, 2010
257 # to set the default +:content_type+.
c2e7851 @josevalim Add ActionMailer::Base#enable_starttls_auto option for enabling/disab…
josevalim authored Jan 11, 2009
258 #
452bb1e @jeremy Rename 'defaults' class method to 'default' to reflect that it's a de…
jeremy authored Jan 28, 2010
259 # * <tt>default_mime_version</tt> - This is now deprecated, use the +default+ method above
21dcc20 @mikel Fixed up documentation to reflect code change and cleaned up tests of…
mikel authored Jan 26, 2010
260 # to set the default +:mime_version+.
c2e7851 @josevalim Add ActionMailer::Base#enable_starttls_auto option for enabling/disab…
josevalim authored Jan 11, 2009
261 #
452bb1e @jeremy Rename 'defaults' class method to 'default' to reflect that it's a de…
jeremy authored Jan 28, 2010
262 # * <tt>default_implicit_parts_order</tt> - This is now deprecated, use the +default+ method above
21dcc20 @mikel Fixed up documentation to reflect code change and cleaned up tests of…
mikel authored Jan 26, 2010
263 # to set the default +:parts_order+. Parts Order is used when a message is built implicitly
264 # (i.e. multiple parts are assembled from templates which specify the content type in their
265 # filenames) this variable controls how the parts are ordered.
4964d3b @josevalim Make ActionMailer::Base inherit from AbstractController::Base
josevalim authored Dec 22, 2009
266 class Base < AbstractController::Base
dbcf01e @mikel Removing quoting.rb, upgrade to 2.1.3.6, changing all utf-8 reference…
mikel authored Apr 8, 2010
267 include DeliveryMethods
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268 abstract!
269
c03c40b @josevalim Expose a _render_partial hook as thhe _render_template one and make u…
josevalim authored Dec 31, 2009
270 include AbstractController::Logger
83f4d86 @dhh Rename the RenderingController module to just plain Rendering
dhh authored Dec 20, 2009
271 include AbstractController::Rendering
a9751a7 @josevalim Refactor ActionMailer layout and remove legacy one.
josevalim authored Oct 17, 2009
272 include AbstractController::Layouts
684c2dc @josevalim Remove ActionMailer helpers and rely on AbstractController one.
josevalim authored Oct 18, 2009
273 include AbstractController::Helpers
48a3985 @josevalim Also include translation in ActionMailer.
josevalim authored Jan 26, 2010
274 include AbstractController::Translation
359caef @jamis A very thorough refactoring, resulting in new mail property setters a…
jamis authored May 29, 2005
275
ee70d1b @josevalim adv_attr_accessors in ActionMailer are not sent to the views, use the…
josevalim authored Dec 25, 2009
276 helper ActionMailer::MailHelper
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277
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José Valim and Mikel Lindsaar authored Jan 24, 2010
278 include ActionMailer::OldApi
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279 include ActionMailer::DeprecatedApi
cefc136 @mikel Adding options to register observers and interceptors through ActionM…
mikel authored Feb 22, 2010
280
281 delegate :register_observer, :to => Mail
282 delegate :register_interceptor, :to => Mail
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283
c927aa0 @dhh Updated documentation
dhh authored Dec 16, 2004
284 private_class_method :new #:nodoc:
db045db @dhh Initial
dhh authored Nov 24, 2004
285
e5ab4b0 @jeremy Convert to class_attribute
jeremy authored Jan 31, 2010
286 class_attribute :default_params
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287 self.default_params = {
288 :mime_version => "1.0",
dbcf01e @mikel Removing quoting.rb, upgrade to 2.1.3.6, changing all utf-8 reference…
mikel authored Apr 8, 2010
289 :charset => "UTF-8",
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290 :content_type => "text/plain",
291 :parts_order => [ "text/plain", "text/enriched", "text/html" ]
e5ab4b0 @jeremy Convert to class_attribute
jeremy authored Feb 1, 2010
292 }.freeze
e1c1318 Added delivers_from.
José Valim and Mikel Lindsaar authored Jan 25, 2010
293
eda1719 @jamis ActionMailer::Base.deliver(email) had been accidentally removed, but …
jamis authored Jul 31, 2005
294 class << self
0b05acd @mikel Implementing class level :defaults hash, instead of delivers_from et al
mikel authored Jan 26, 2010
295
bd5ed65 @technoweenie Update ActionMailer so it treats ActionView the same way that ActionC…
technoweenie authored Nov 26, 2007
296 def mailer_name
297 @mailer_name ||= name.underscore
298 end
0750304 @mikel Migrated over to Mail doing delivery.
mikel authored Jan 16, 2010
299 attr_writer :mailer_name
300 alias :controller_path :mailer_name
81c416b @josevalim More refactoring on ActionMailer::Base.
josevalim authored Oct 28, 2009
301
e5ab4b0 @jeremy Convert to class_attribute
jeremy authored Feb 1, 2010
302 def default(value = nil)
303 self.default_params = default_params.merge(value).freeze if value
304 default_params
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305 end
306
59f1df1 @jamis Update/extend ActionMailer documentation (rdoc)
jamis authored Oct 16, 2005
307 # Receives a raw email, parses it into an email object, decodes it,
308 # instantiates a new mailer, and passes the email object to the mailer
98dc582 @lifo Merge docrails.
lifo authored May 25, 2008
309 # object's +receive+ method. If you want your mailer to be able to
310 # process incoming messages, you'll need to implement a +receive+
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mikel authored Jan 29, 2010
311 # method that accepts the raw email string as a parameter:
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jamis authored Oct 16, 2005
312 #
313 # class MyMailer < ActionMailer::Base
314 # def receive(mail)
315 # ...
316 # end
317 # end
704daad @josevalim Ensure we just send Ruby Stdlib objects in ActionMailer notifications.
josevalim authored Jan 15, 2010
318 def receive(raw_mail)
319 ActiveSupport::Notifications.instrument("action_mailer.receive") do |payload|
320 mail = Mail.new(raw_mail)
321 set_payload_for_mail(payload, mail)
2a6bc12 @josevalim Add subscriber to ActionMailer.
josevalim authored Jan 13, 2010
322 new.receive(mail)
323 end
eda1719 @jamis ActionMailer::Base.deliver(email) had been accidentally removed, but …
jamis authored Jul 31, 2005
324 end
325
bb2c7b4 @mikel Updating Action Mailer documentation
mikel authored Jan 29, 2010
326 # Wraps an email delivery inside of Active Support Notifications instrumentation. This
327 # method is actually called by the <tt>Mail::Message</tt> object itself through a call back
328 # when you call <tt>:deliver</tt> on the Mail::Message, calling +deliver_mail+ directly
329 # and passing a Mail::Message will do nothing except tell the logger you sent the email.
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330 def deliver_mail(mail) #:nodoc:
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331 ActiveSupport::Notifications.instrument("action_mailer.deliver") do |payload|
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José Valim and Mikel Lindsaar authored Jan 24, 2010
332 self.set_payload_for_mail(payload, mail)
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José Valim and Mikel Lindsaar authored Jan 25, 2010
333 yield # Let Mail do the delivery actions
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334 end
335 end
336
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337 def respond_to?(method, *args) #:nodoc:
338 super || action_methods.include?(method.to_s)
339 end
340
341 protected
342
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josevalim authored Jan 15, 2010
343 def set_payload_for_mail(payload, mail) #:nodoc:
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344 payload[:mailer] = self.name
c905fce @josevalim Add message_id to AM payload and don't send bcc and cc if they were n…
josevalim authored Jan 15, 2010
345 payload[:message_id] = mail.message_id
346 payload[:subject] = mail.subject
347 payload[:to] = mail.to
348 payload[:from] = mail.from
349 payload[:bcc] = mail.bcc if mail.bcc.present?
350 payload[:cc] = mail.cc if mail.cc.present?
351 payload[:date] = mail.date
352 payload[:mail] = mail.encoded
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josevalim authored Jan 15, 2010
353 end
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354
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355 def method_missing(method, *args) #:nodoc:
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356 if action_methods.include?(method.to_s)
357 new(method, *args).message
358 else
359 super
360 end
361 end
eda1719 @jamis ActionMailer::Base.deliver(email) had been accidentally removed, but …
jamis authored Jul 31, 2005
362 end
363
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364 attr_internal :message
365
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366 # Instantiate a new mailer object. If +method_name+ is not +nil+, the mailer
367 # will be initialized according to the named method. If not, the mailer will
368 # remain uninitialized (useful when you only need to invoke the "receive"
369 # method, for instance).
370 def initialize(method_name=nil, *args)
371 super()
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372 @_message = Mail.new
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373 process(method_name, *args) if method_name
374 end
375
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josevalim authored Apr 12, 2010
376 def process(*args) #:nodoc:
377 lookup_context.skip_default_locale!
378 super
379 end
380
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381 # Allows you to pass random and unusual headers to the new +Mail::Message+ object
382 # which will add them to itself.
383 #
384 # headers['X-Special-Domain-Specific-Header'] = "SecretValue"
385 #
9520166 @mikel Fixed up being able to pass random headers in with headers, or mail. …
mikel authored Jan 26, 2010
386 # You can also pass a hash into headers of header field names and values, which
387 # will then be set on the Mail::Message object:
388 #
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José Valim and Mikel Lindsaar authored Jan 26, 2010
389 # headers 'X-Special-Domain-Specific-Header' => "SecretValue",
390 # 'In-Reply-To' => incoming.message_id
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mikel authored Jan 26, 2010
391 #
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392 # The resulting Mail::Message will have the following in it's header:
393 #
394 # X-Special-Domain-Specific-Header: SecretValue
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395 def headers(args=nil)
396 if args
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397 @_message.headers(args)
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398 else
399 @_message
400 end
401 end
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mikel authored Jan 20, 2010
402
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403 # Allows you to add attachments to an email, like so:
404 #
405 # mail.attachments['filename.jpg'] = File.read('/path/to/filename.jpg')
406 #
407 # If you do this, then Mail will take the file name and work out the mime type
408 # set the Content-Type, Content-Disposition, Content-Transfer-Encoding and
409 # base64 encode the contents of the attachment all for you.
410 #
411 # You can also specify overrides if you want by passing a hash instead of a string:
412 #
413 # mail.attachments['filename.jpg'] = {:mime_type => 'application/x-gzip',
414 # :content => File.read('/path/to/filename.jpg')}
415 #
416 # If you want to use a different encoding than Base64, you can pass an encoding in,
417 # but then it is up to you to pass in the content pre-encoded, and don't expect
418 # Mail to know how to decode this data:
419 #
420 # file_content = SpecialEncode(File.read('/path/to/filename.jpg'))
421 # mail.attachments['filename.jpg'] = {:mime_type => 'application/x-gzip',
422 # :encoding => 'SpecialEncoding',
423 # :content => file_content }
424 #
425 # You can also search for specific attachments:
426 #
427 # # By Filename
428 # mail.attachments['filename.jpg'] #=> Mail::Part object or nil
429 #
430 # # or by index
431 # mail.attachments[0] #=> Mail::Part (first attachment)
432 #
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433 def attachments
434 @_message.attachments
435 end
dcb9253 Add basic template rendering to new DSL.
José Valim and Mikel Lindsaar authored Jan 22, 2010
436
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José Valim and Mikel Lindsaar authored Jan 25, 2010
437 # The main method that creates the message and renders the email templates. There are
438 # two ways to call this method, with a block, or without a block.
439 #
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440 # Both methods accept a headers hash. This hash allows you to specify the most used headers
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441 # in an email message, these are:
442 #
443 # * <tt>:subject</tt> - The subject of the message, if this is omitted, ActionMailer will
444 # ask the Rails I18n class for a translated <tt>:subject</tt> in the scope of
445 # <tt>[:actionmailer, mailer_scope, action_name]</tt> or if this is missing, will translate the
446 # humanized version of the <tt>action_name</tt>
447 # * <tt>:to</tt> - Who the message is destined for, can be a string of addresses, or an array
448 # of addresses.
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mikel authored Jan 26, 2010
449 # * <tt>:from</tt> - Who the message is from
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450 # * <tt>:cc</tt> - Who you would like to Carbon-Copy on this email, can be a string of addresses,
451 # or an array of addresses.
452 # * <tt>:bcc</tt> - Who you would like to Blind-Carbon-Copy on this email, can be a string of
453 # addresses, or an array of addresses.
454 # * <tt>:reply_to</tt> - Who to set the Reply-To header of the email to.
455 # * <tt>:date</tt> - The date to say the email was sent on.
456 #
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jeremy authored Jan 28, 2010
457 # You can set default values for any of the above headers (except :date) by using the <tt>default</tt>
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mikel authored Jan 26, 2010
458 # class method:
459 #
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460 # class Notifier < ActionMailer::Base
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jeremy authored Jan 28, 2010
461 # self.default :from => 'no-reply@test.lindsaar.net',
462 # :bcc => 'email_logger@test.lindsaar.net',
463 # :reply_to => 'bounces@test.lindsaar.net'
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mikel authored Jan 26, 2010
464 # end
465 #
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466 # If you need other headers not listed above, use the <tt>headers['name'] = value</tt> method.
467 #
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468 # When a <tt>:return_path</tt> is specified as header, that value will be used as the 'envelope from'
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469 # address for the Mail message. Setting this is useful when you want delivery notifications
470 # sent to a different address than the one in <tt>:from</tt>. Mail will actually use the
471 # <tt>:return_path</tt> in preference to the <tt>:sender</tt> in preference to the <tt>:from</tt>
472 # field for the 'envelope from' value.
473 #
474 # If you do not pass a block to the +mail+ method, it will find all templates in the
be35a15 @josevalim Allow to choose the template path and template name used in implicit …
josevalim authored Feb 19, 2010
475 # view paths using by default the mailer name and the method name that it is being
476 # called from, it will then create parts for each of these templates intelligently,
477 # making educated guesses on correct content type and sequence, and return a fully
478 # prepared Mail::Message ready to call <tt>:deliver</tt> on to send.
479 #
480 # For example:
481 #
482 # class Notifier < ActionMailer::Base
483 # default :from => 'no-reply@test.lindsaar.net',
484 #
485 # def welcome
486 # mail(:to => 'mikel@test.lindsaar.net')
487 # end
488 # end
489 #
490 # Will look for all templates at "app/views/notifier" with name "welcome". However, those
491 # can be customized:
492 #
493 # mail(:template_path => 'notifications', :template_name => 'another')
494 #
495 # And now it will look for all templates at "app/views/notifications" with name "another".
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496 #
497 # If you do pass a block, you can render specific templates of your choice:
498 #
499 # mail(:to => 'mikel@test.lindsaar.net') do |format|
500 # format.text
501 # format.html
502 # end
503 #
504 # You can even render text directly without using a template:
505 #
506 # mail(:to => 'mikel@test.lindsaar.net') do |format|
507 # format.text { render :text => "Hello Mikel!" }
508 # format.html { render :text => "<h1>Hello Mikel!</h1>" }
509 # end
510 #
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511 # Which will render a <tt>multipart/alternative</tt> email with <tt>text/plain</tt> and
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512 # <tt>text/html</tt> parts.
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513 #
514 # The block syntax also allows you to customize the part headers if desired:
515 #
516 # mail(:to => 'mikel@test.lindsaar.net') do |format|
517 # format.text(:content_transfer_encoding => "base64")
518 # format.html
519 # end
520 #
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521 def mail(headers={}, &block)
522 # Guard flag to prevent both the old and the new API from firing
523 # Should be removed when old API is removed
524 @mail_was_called = true
525 m = @_message
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José Valim and Mikel Lindsaar authored Jan 24, 2010
526
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527 # At the beginning, do not consider class default for parts order neither content_type
528 content_type = headers[:content_type]
529 parts_order = headers[:parts_order]
1cd5592 First work on implicit multipart.
José Valim and Mikel Lindsaar authored Jan 22, 2010
530
08b07b6 @mikel Adding ability to pass proc's to the ActionMailer class default method
mikel authored May 2, 2010
531 # Call all the procs (if any)
532 default_values = self.class.default.merge(self.class.default) do |k,v|
ceaa100 @mikel Adding ability for the procs to be called within the instance, allows…
mikel authored May 2, 2010
533 v.respond_to?(:call) ? v.bind(self).call : v
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mikel authored May 2, 2010
534 end
535
b5f9a9f @josevalim Move set_fields! to the old API module.
josevalim authored Apr 12, 2010
536 # Handle defaults
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537 headers = headers.reverse_merge(default_values)
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José Valim and Mikel Lindsaar authored Jan 26, 2010
538 headers[:subject] ||= default_i18n_subject
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josevalim authored Apr 12, 2010
539
540 # Apply charset at the beginning so all fields are properly quoted
541 m.charset = charset = headers[:charset]
542
543 # Set configure delivery behavior
544 wrap_delivery_behavior!(headers.delete(:delivery_method))
545
546 # Assign all headers except parts_order, content_type and body
b4fd5e6 @josevalim template_name and template_path should not be added to mail headers.
josevalim authored Apr 13, 2010
547 assignable = headers.except(:parts_order, :content_type, :body, :template_name, :template_path)
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josevalim authored Apr 12, 2010
548 assignable.each { |k, v| m[k] = v }
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José Valim and Mikel Lindsaar authored Jan 22, 2010
549
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550 # Render the templates and blocks
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José Valim and Mikel Lindsaar authored Jan 26, 2010
551 responses, explicit_order = collect_responses_and_parts_order(headers, &block)
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josevalim authored Apr 12, 2010
552 create_parts_from_responses(m, responses)
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553
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josevalim authored Apr 12, 2010
554 # Setup content type, reapply charset and handle parts order
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555 m.content_type = set_content_type(m, content_type, headers[:content_type])
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556 m.charset = charset
557
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José Valim and Mikel Lindsaar authored Jan 24, 2010
558 if m.multipart?
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559 parts_order ||= explicit_order || headers[:parts_order]
560 m.body.set_sort_order(parts_order)
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561 m.body.sort_parts!
562 end
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563
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mikel authored Jan 20, 2010
564 m
565 end
566
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567 protected
568
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569 def set_content_type(m, user_content_type, class_default)
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570 params = m.content_type_parameters || {}
571 case
572 when user_content_type.present?
573 user_content_type
574 when m.has_attachments?
575 ["multipart", "mixed", params]
576 when m.multipart?
577 ["multipart", "alternative", params]
578 else
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mikel authored Jan 28, 2010
579 m.content_type || class_default
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580 end
581 end
582
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José Valim and Mikel Lindsaar authored Jan 26, 2010
583 def default_i18n_subject #:nodoc:
5c3ef8c Refactor subject with i18n.
José Valim and Mikel Lindsaar authored Jan 23, 2010
584 mailer_scope = self.class.mailer_name.gsub('/', '.')
9dd65c3 Make defaults accept a hash.
José Valim and Mikel Lindsaar authored Jan 26, 2010
585 I18n.t(:subject, :scope => [:actionmailer, mailer_scope, action_name], :default => action_name.humanize)
5c3ef8c Refactor subject with i18n.
José Valim and Mikel Lindsaar authored Jan 23, 2010
586 end
587
39a1b06 Deprecate old defaults API.
José Valim and Mikel Lindsaar authored Jan 26, 2010
588 def collect_responses_and_parts_order(headers) #:nodoc:
589 responses, parts_order = [], nil
7409b73 Some refactoring.
José Valim and Mikel Lindsaar authored Jan 24, 2010
590
591 if block_given?
a09e992 @josevalim Ensure details are frozen after @details_keys lookup. The implementat…
josevalim authored Mar 27, 2010
592 collector = ActionMailer::Collector.new(lookup_context) { render(action_name) }
7409b73 Some refactoring.
José Valim and Mikel Lindsaar authored Jan 24, 2010
593 yield(collector)
39a1b06 Deprecate old defaults API.
José Valim and Mikel Lindsaar authored Jan 26, 2010
594 parts_order = collector.responses.map { |r| r[:content_type] }
7409b73 Some refactoring.
José Valim and Mikel Lindsaar authored Jan 24, 2010
595 responses = collector.responses
596 elsif headers[:body]
597 responses << {
be35a15 @josevalim Allow to choose the template path and template name used in implicit …
josevalim authored Feb 19, 2010
598 :body => headers.delete(:body),
452bb1e @jeremy Rename 'defaults' class method to 'default' to reflect that it's a de…
jeremy authored Jan 28, 2010
599 :content_type => self.class.default[:content_type] || "text/plain"
7409b73 Some refactoring.
José Valim and Mikel Lindsaar authored Jan 24, 2010
600 }
601 else
be35a15 @josevalim Allow to choose the template path and template name used in implicit …
josevalim authored Feb 19, 2010
602 templates_path = headers.delete(:template_path) || self.class.mailer_name
603 templates_name = headers.delete(:template_name) || action_name
604
605 each_template(templates_path, templates_name) do |template|
f28d856 @josevalim Improve performance of the rendering stack by freezing formats as a s…
josevalim authored Mar 19, 2010
606 self.formats = template.formats
607
7409b73 Some refactoring.
José Valim and Mikel Lindsaar authored Jan 24, 2010
608 responses << {
2a12686 @josevalim Allow anything that responds to render to be given as :template and u…
josevalim authored Mar 12, 2010
609 :body => render(:template => template),
7409b73 Some refactoring.
José Valim and Mikel Lindsaar authored Jan 24, 2010
610 :content_type => template.mime_type.to_s
611 }
612 end
613 end
614
39a1b06 Deprecate old defaults API.
José Valim and Mikel Lindsaar authored Jan 26, 2010
615 [responses, parts_order]
7409b73 Some refactoring.
José Valim and Mikel Lindsaar authored Jan 24, 2010
616 end
617
be35a15 @josevalim Allow to choose the template path and template name used in implicit …
josevalim authored Feb 19, 2010
618 def each_template(paths, name, &block) #:nodoc:
41af6d9 @jeremy Use Array.wrap not Array()
jeremy authored Mar 18, 2010
619 Array.wrap(paths).each do |path|
36eb1a6 @josevalim Bring AM up to date with new rendering stack.
josevalim authored Mar 8, 2010
620 templates = lookup_context.find_all(name, path)
00d6271 @josevalim Clean up the API required from ActionView::Template.
josevalim authored Mar 9, 2010
621 templates = templates.uniq_by { |t| t.formats }
0ece244 Ensure implicit multipart templates with locale works as expected.
José Valim and Mikel Lindsaar authored Jan 24, 2010
622
36eb1a6 @josevalim Bring AM up to date with new rendering stack.
josevalim authored Mar 8, 2010
623 unless templates.empty?
624 templates.each(&block)
625 return
99f960a Handle some TODOs and deprecations.
José Valim and Mikel Lindsaar authored Jan 24, 2010
626 end
627 end
628 end
629
b5f9a9f @josevalim Move set_fields! to the old API module.
josevalim authored Apr 12, 2010
630 def create_parts_from_responses(m, responses) #:nodoc:
6ba9446 Make implicit and explicit templates pass through the same part creat…
José Valim and Mikel Lindsaar authored Jan 23, 2010
631 if responses.size == 1 && !m.has_attachments?
9dd65c3 Make defaults accept a hash.
José Valim and Mikel Lindsaar authored Jan 26, 2010
632 responses[0].each { |k,v| m[k] = v }
74a5889 Refactor content type setting, added tests to ensure boundary exists …
José Valim and Mikel Lindsaar authored Jan 26, 2010
633 elsif responses.size > 1 && m.has_attachments?
6ba9446 Make implicit and explicit templates pass through the same part creat…
José Valim and Mikel Lindsaar authored Jan 23, 2010
634 container = Mail::Part.new
74a5889 Refactor content type setting, added tests to ensure boundary exists …
José Valim and Mikel Lindsaar authored Jan 26, 2010
635 container.content_type = "multipart/alternative"
b5f9a9f @josevalim Move set_fields! to the old API module.
josevalim authored Apr 12, 2010
636 responses.each { |r| insert_part(container, r, m.charset) }
6ba9446 Make implicit and explicit templates pass through the same part creat…
José Valim and Mikel Lindsaar authored Jan 23, 2010
637 m.add_part(container)
638 else
b5f9a9f @josevalim Move set_fields! to the old API module.
josevalim authored Apr 12, 2010
639 responses.each { |r| insert_part(m, r, m.charset) }
6ba9446 Make implicit and explicit templates pass through the same part creat…
José Valim and Mikel Lindsaar authored Jan 23, 2010
640 end
359caef @jamis A very thorough refactoring, resulting in new mail property setters a…
jamis authored May 29, 2005
641 end
642
6ba9446 Make implicit and explicit templates pass through the same part creat…
José Valim and Mikel Lindsaar authored Jan 23, 2010
643 def insert_part(container, response, charset) #:nodoc:
644 response[:charset] ||= charset
645 part = Mail::Part.new(response)
646 container.add_part(part)
359caef @jamis A very thorough refactoring, resulting in new mail property setters a…
jamis authored May 29, 2005
647 end
3fad0cd @dhh Added support for charsets for both subject and body. The default cha…
dhh authored Feb 19, 2005
648
ef5dada @nex3 Only run load hooks once a file has been fully loaded.
nex3 authored Apr 27, 2010
649 ActiveSupport.run_load_hooks(:action_mailer, self)
db045db @dhh Initial
dhh authored Nov 24, 2004
650 end
651 end
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