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require 'digest/md5'
module ActionController # :nodoc:
# Represents an HTTP response generated by a controller action. One can use
# an ActionController::Response object to retrieve the current state
# of the response, or customize the response. An Response object can
# either represent a "real" HTTP response (i.e. one that is meant to be sent
# back to the web browser) or a test response (i.e. one that is generated
# from integration tests). See CgiResponse and TestResponse, respectively.
#
# Response is mostly a Ruby on Rails framework implement detail, and
# should never be used directly in controllers. Controllers should use the
# methods defined in ActionController::Base instead. For example, if you want
# to set the HTTP response's content MIME type, then use
# ActionControllerBase#headers instead of Response#headers.
#
# Nevertheless, integration tests may want to inspect controller responses in
# more detail, and that's when Response can be useful for application
# developers. Integration test methods such as
# ActionController::Integration::Session#get and
# ActionController::Integration::Session#post return objects of type
# TestResponse (which are of course also of type Response).
#
# For example, the following demo integration "test" prints the body of the
# controller response to the console:
#
# class DemoControllerTest < ActionController::IntegrationTest
# def test_print_root_path_to_console
# get('/')
# puts @response.body
# end
# end
class Response < Rack::Response
DEFAULT_HEADERS = { "Cache-Control" => "no-cache" }
attr_accessor :request
attr_accessor :session, :assigns, :template, :layout
attr_accessor :redirected_to, :redirected_to_method_params
delegate :default_charset, :to => 'ActionController::Base'
def initialize
@status = 200
@header = Rack::Utils::HeaderHash.new(DEFAULT_HEADERS)
@writer = lambda { |x| @body << x }
@block = nil
@body = "",
@session = []
@assigns = []
end
def location; headers['Location'] end
def location=(url) headers['Location'] = url end
# Sets the HTTP response's content MIME type. For example, in the controller
# you could write this:
#
# response.content_type = "text/plain"
#
# If a character set has been defined for this response (see charset=) then
# the character set information will also be included in the content type
# information.
def content_type=(mime_type)
new_content_type =
if mime_type =~ /charset/ || (c = charset).nil?
mime_type.to_s
else
"#{mime_type}; charset=#{c}"
end
self.headers["Content-Type"] = URI.escape(new_content_type, "\r\n")
end
# Returns the response's content MIME type, or nil if content type has been set.
def content_type
content_type = String(headers["Content-Type"] || headers["type"]).split(";")[0]
content_type.blank? ? nil : content_type
end
# Set the charset of the Content-Type header. Set to nil to remove it.
# If no content type is set, it defaults to HTML.
def charset=(charset)
headers["Content-Type"] =
if charset
"#{content_type || Mime::HTML}; charset=#{charset}"
else
content_type || Mime::HTML.to_s
end
end
def charset
charset = String(headers["Content-Type"] || headers["type"]).split(";")[1]
charset.blank? ? nil : charset.strip.split("=")[1]
end
def last_modified
if last = headers['Last-Modified']
Time.httpdate(last)
end
end
def last_modified?
headers.include?('Last-Modified')
end
def last_modified=(utc_time)
headers['Last-Modified'] = utc_time.httpdate
end
def etag
headers['ETag']
end
def etag?
headers.include?('ETag')
end
def etag=(etag)
headers['ETag'] = %("#{Digest::MD5.hexdigest(ActiveSupport::Cache.expand_cache_key(etag))}")
end
def redirect(url, status)
self.status = status
self.location = url.gsub(/[\r\n]/, '')
self.body = "<html><body>You are being <a href=\"#{CGI.escapeHTML(url)}\">redirected</a>.</body></html>"
end
def sending_file?
headers["Content-Transfer-Encoding"] == "binary"
end
def assign_default_content_type_and_charset!
self.content_type ||= Mime::HTML
self.charset ||= default_charset unless sending_file?
end
def prepare!
assign_default_content_type_and_charset!
handle_conditional_get!
set_content_length!
convert_content_type!
convert_language!
convert_cookies!
end
def each(&callback)
if @body.respond_to?(:call)
@writer = lambda { |x| callback.call(x) }
@body.call(self, self)
elsif @body.respond_to?(:to_str)
yield @body
else
@body.each(&callback)
end
@writer = callback
@block.call(self) if @block
end
def write(str)
@writer.call str.to_s
str
end
def flush #:nodoc:
ActiveSupport::Deprecation.warn(
'Calling output.flush is no longer needed for streaming output ' +
'because ActionController::Response automatically handles it', caller)
end
def set_cookie(key, value)
if value.has_key?(:http_only)
ActiveSupport::Deprecation.warn(
"The :http_only option in ActionController::Response#set_cookie " +
"has been renamed. Please use :httponly instead.", caller)
value[:httponly] ||= value.delete(:http_only)
end
super(key, value)
end
private
def handle_conditional_get!
if etag? || last_modified?
set_conditional_cache_control!
elsif nonempty_ok_response?
self.etag = body
if request && request.etag_matches?(etag)
self.status = '304 Not Modified'
self.body = ''
end
set_conditional_cache_control!
end
end
def nonempty_ok_response?
ok = !status || status.to_s[0..2] == '200'
ok && body.is_a?(String) && !body.blank?
end
def set_conditional_cache_control!
if headers['Cache-Control'] == DEFAULT_HEADERS['Cache-Control']
headers['Cache-Control'] = 'private, max-age=0, must-revalidate'
end
end
def convert_content_type!
headers['Content-Type'] ||= "text/html"
headers['Content-Type'] += "; charset=" + headers.delete('charset') if headers['charset']
end
# Don't set the Content-Length for block-based bodies as that would mean
# reading it all into memory. Not nice for, say, a 2GB streaming file.
def set_content_length!
if status && status.to_s[0..2] == '204'
headers.delete('Content-Length')
elsif length = headers['Content-Length']
headers['Content-Length'] = length.to_s
elsif !body.respond_to?(:call) && (!status || status.to_s[0..2] != '304')
headers["Content-Length"] = (body.respond_to?(:bytesize) ? body.bytesize : body.size).to_s
end
end
def convert_language!
headers["Content-Language"] = headers.delete("language") if headers["language"]
end
def convert_cookies!
cookies = Array(headers['Set-Cookie']).compact
headers['Set-Cookie'] = cookies unless cookies.empty?
end
end
end
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