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require 'cgi'
require 'action_view/helpers/form_helper'
require 'active_support/core_ext/class/attribute_accessors'
require 'active_support/core_ext/enumerable'
require 'active_support/core_ext/kernel/reporting'
module ActionView
class Base
@@field_error_proc ={ |html_tag, instance| "<div class=\"fieldWithErrors\">#{html_tag}</div>".html_safe }
cattr_accessor :field_error_proc
module Helpers
# The Active Record Helper makes it easier to create forms for records kept in instance variables. The most far-reaching is the +form+
# method that creates a complete form for all the basic content types of the record (not associations or aggregations, though). This
# is a great way of making the record quickly available for editing, but likely to prove lackluster for a complicated real-world form.
# In that case, it's better to use the +input+ method and the specialized +form+ methods in link:classes/ActionView/Helpers/FormHelper.html
module ActiveModelHelper
# Returns a default input tag for the type of object returned by the method. For example, if <tt>@post</tt>
# has an attribute +title+ mapped to a +VARCHAR+ column that holds "Hello World":
# input("post", "title")
# # => <input id="post_title" name="post[title]" size="30" type="text" value="Hello World" />
def input(record_name, method, options = {}), method, self).to_tag(options)
# Returns an entire form with all needed input tags for a specified Active Record object. For example, if <tt>@post</tt>
# has attributes named +title+ of type +VARCHAR+ and +body+ of type +TEXT+ then
# form("post")
# would yield a form like the following (modulus formatting):
# <form action='/posts/create' method='post'>
# <p>
# <label for="post_title">Title</label><br />
# <input id="post_title" name="post[title]" size="30" type="text" value="Hello World" />
# </p>
# <p>
# <label for="post_body">Body</label><br />
# <textarea cols="40" id="post_body" name="post[body]" rows="20"></textarea>
# </p>
# <input name="commit" type="submit" value="Create" />
# </form>
# It's possible to specialize the form builder by using a different action name and by supplying another
# block renderer. For example, if <tt>@entry</tt> has an attribute +message+ of type +VARCHAR+ then
# form("entry",
# :action => "sign",
# :input_block => { |record, column|
# "#{column.human_name}: #{input(record,}<br />"
# })
# would yield a form like the following (modulus formatting):
# <form action="/entries/sign" method="post">
# Message:
# <input id="entry_message" name="entry[message]" size="30" type="text" /><br />
# <input name="commit" type="submit" value="Sign" />
# </form>
# It's also possible to add additional content to the form by giving it a block, such as:
# form("entry", :action => "sign") do |form|
# form << content_tag("b", "Department")
# form << collection_select("department", "id", @departments, "id", "name")
# end
# The following options are available:
# * <tt>:action</tt> - The action used when submitting the form (default: +create+ if a new record, otherwise +update+).
# * <tt>:input_block</tt> - Specialize the output using a different block, see above.
# * <tt>:method</tt> - The method used when submitting the form (default: +post+).
# * <tt>:multipart</tt> - Whether to change the enctype of the form to "multipart/form-data", used when uploading a file (default: +false+).
# * <tt>:submit_value</tt> - The text of the submit button (default: "Create" if a new record, otherwise "Update").
def form(record_name, options = {})
record = instance_variable_get("@#{record_name}")
record = convert_to_model(record)
options = options.symbolize_keys
options[:action] ||= record.persisted? ? "update" : "create"
action = url_for(:action => options[:action], :id => record)
submit_value = options[:submit_value] || options[:action].gsub(/[^\w]/, '').capitalize
contents = form_tag({:action => action}, :method =>(options[:method] || 'post'), :enctype => options[:multipart] ? 'multipart/form-data': nil)
contents.safe_concat hidden_field(record_name, :id) if record.persisted?
contents.safe_concat all_input_tags(record, record_name, options)
yield contents if block_given?
contents.safe_concat submit_tag(submit_value)
# Returns a string containing the error message attached to the +method+ on the +object+ if one exists.
# This error message is wrapped in a <tt>DIV</tt> tag, which can be extended to include a <tt>:prepend_text</tt>
# and/or <tt>:append_text</tt> (to properly explain the error), and a <tt>:css_class</tt> to style it
# accordingly. +object+ should either be the name of an instance variable or the actual object. The method can be
# passed in either as a string or a symbol.
# As an example, let's say you have a model <tt>@post</tt> that has an error message on the +title+ attribute:
# <%= error_message_on "post", "title" %>
# # => <div class="formError">can't be empty</div>
# <%= error_message_on @post, :title %>
# # => <div class="formError">can't be empty</div>
# <%= error_message_on "post", "title",
# :prepend_text => "Title simply ",
# :append_text => " (or it won't work).",
# :css_class => "inputError" %>
def error_message_on(object, method, *args)
options = args.extract_options!
unless args.empty?
ActiveSupport::Deprecation.warn('error_message_on takes an option hash instead of separate ' +
'prepend_text, append_text, and css_class arguments', caller)
options[:prepend_text] = args[0] || ''
options[:append_text] = args[1] || ''
options[:css_class] = args[2] || 'formError'
options.reverse_merge!(:prepend_text => '', :append_text => '', :css_class => 'formError')
object = convert_to_model(object)
if (obj = (object.respond_to?(:errors) ? object : instance_variable_get("@#{object}"))) &&
(errors = obj.errors[method])
(options[:prepend_text].html_safe << errors.first).safe_concat(options[:append_text]),
:class => options[:css_class]
# Returns a string with a <tt>DIV</tt> containing all of the error messages for the objects located as instance variables by the names
# given. If more than one object is specified, the errors for the objects are displayed in the order that the object names are
# provided.
# This <tt>DIV</tt> can be tailored by the following options:
# * <tt>:header_tag</tt> - Used for the header of the error div (default: "h2").
# * <tt>:id</tt> - The id of the error div (default: "errorExplanation").
# * <tt>:class</tt> - The class of the error div (default: "errorExplanation").
# * <tt>:object</tt> - The object (or array of objects) for which to display errors,
# if you need to escape the instance variable convention.
# * <tt>:object_name</tt> - The object name to use in the header, or any text that you prefer.
# If <tt>:object_name</tt> is not set, the name of the first object will be used.
# * <tt>:header_message</tt> - The message in the header of the error div. Pass +nil+
# or an empty string to avoid the header message altogether. (Default: "X errors
# prohibited this object from being saved").
# * <tt>:message</tt> - The explanation message after the header message and before
# the error list. Pass +nil+ or an empty string to avoid the explanation message
# altogether. (Default: "There were problems with the following fields:").
# To specify the display for one object, you simply provide its name as a parameter.
# For example, for the <tt>@user</tt> model:
# error_messages_for 'user'
# You can also supply an object:
# error_messages_for @user
# This will use the last part of the model name in the presentation. For instance, if
# this is a MyKlass::User object, this will use "user" as the name in the String. This
# is taken from MyKlass::User.model_name.human, which can be overridden.
# To specify more than one object, you simply list them; optionally, you can add an extra <tt>:object_name</tt> parameter, which
# will be the name used in the header message:
# error_messages_for 'user_common', 'user', :object_name => 'user'
# You can also use a number of objects, which will have the same naming semantics
# as a single object.
# error_messages_for @user, @post
# If the objects cannot be located as instance variables, you can add an extra <tt>:object</tt> parameter which gives the actual
# object (or array of objects to use):
# error_messages_for 'user', :object => @question.user
# NOTE: This is a pre-packaged presentation of the errors with embedded strings and a certain HTML structure. If what
# you need is significantly different from the default presentation, it makes plenty of sense to access the <tt>object.errors</tt>
# instance yourself and set it up. View the source of this method to see how easy it is.
def error_messages_for(*params)
options = params.extract_options!.symbolize_keys
objects = Array.wrap(options.delete(:object) || params).map do |object|
object = instance_variable_get("@#{object}") unless object.respond_to?(:to_model)
object = convert_to_model(object)
if object.class.respond_to?(:model_name)
options[:object_name] ||= object.class.model_name.human.downcase
count = objects.inject(0) {|sum, object| sum + object.errors.count }
html = {}
[:id, :class].each do |key|
if options.include?(key)
value = options[key]
html[key] = value unless value.blank?
html[key] = 'errorExplanation'
options[:object_name] ||= params.first
I18n.with_options :locale => options[:locale], :scope => [:errors, :template] do |locale|
header_message = if options.include?(:header_message)
locale.t :header, :count => count, :model => options[:object_name].to_s.gsub('_', ' ')
message = options.include?(:message) ? options[:message] : locale.t(:body)
error_messages = objects.sum do |object| do |msg|
content_tag(:li, msg)
contents = ''
contents << content_tag(options[:header_tag] || :h2, header_message) unless header_message.blank?
contents << content_tag(:p, message) unless message.blank?
contents << content_tag(:ul, error_messages)
content_tag(:div, contents.html_safe, html)
def all_input_tags(record, record_name, options)
input_block = options[:input_block] || default_input_block
record.class.content_columns.collect{ |column|, column) }.join("\n")
def default_input_block { |record, column| %(<p><label for="#{record}_#{}">#{column.human_name}</label><br />#{input(record,}</p>) }
module ActiveRecordInstanceTag
def object
@active_model_object ||= begin
object = super
object.respond_to?(:to_model) ? object.to_model : object
def to_tag(options = {})
case column_type
when :string
field_type = @method_name.include?("password") ? "password" : "text"
to_input_field_tag(field_type, options)
when :text
when :integer, :float, :decimal
to_input_field_tag("text", options)
when :date
when :datetime, :timestamp
when :time
when :boolean
%w(tag content_tag to_date_select_tag to_datetime_select_tag to_time_select_tag).each do |meth|
module_eval "def #{meth}(*) error_wrapping(super) end"
def error_wrapping(html_tag)
if object.respond_to?(:errors) && object.errors.respond_to?(:full_messages) && object.errors[@method_name].any?, self)
def column_type
object.send(:column_for_attribute, @method_name).type
class InstanceTag
include ActiveRecordInstanceTag
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