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require 'dispatcher'
require 'stringio'
require 'uri'
require 'action_controller/test_process'
module ActionController
module Integration #:nodoc:
# An integration Session instance represents a set of requests and responses
# performed sequentially by some virtual user. Becase you can instantiate
# multiple sessions and run them side-by-side, you can also mimic (to some
# limited extent) multiple simultaneous users interacting with your system.
#
# Typically, you will instantiate a new session using IntegrationTest#open_session,
# rather than instantiating Integration::Session directly.
class Session
include Test::Unit::Assertions
include ActionController::Assertions
include ActionController::TestProcess
# The integer HTTP status code of the last request.
attr_reader :status
# The status message that accompanied the status code of the last request.
attr_reader :status_message
# The URI of the last request.
attr_reader :path
# The hostname used in the last request.
attr_accessor :host
# The remote_addr used in the last request.
attr_accessor :remote_addr
# The Accept header to send.
attr_accessor :accept
# A map of the cookies returned by the last response, and which will be
# sent with the next request.
attr_reader :cookies
# A map of the headers returned by the last response.
attr_reader :headers
# A reference to the controller instance used by the last request.
attr_reader :controller
# A reference to the request instance used by the last request.
attr_reader :request
# A reference to the response instance used by the last request.
attr_reader :response
# Create an initialize a new Session instance.
def initialize
reset!
end
# Resets the instance. This can be used to reset the state information
# in an existing session instance, so it can be used from a clean-slate
# condition.
#
# session.reset!
def reset!
@status = @path = @headers = nil
@result = @status_message = nil
@https = false
@cookies = {}
@controller = @request = @response = nil
self.host = "www.example.com"
self.remote_addr = "127.0.0.1"
self.accept = "text/xml,application/xml,application/xhtml+xml,text/html;q=0.9,text/plain;q=0.8,image/png,*/*;q=0.5"
unless @named_routes_configured
# install the named routes in this session instance.
klass = class<<self; self; end
Routing::Routes.named_routes.install(klass)
# the helpers are made protected by default--we make them public for
# easier access during testing and troubleshooting.
klass.send(:public, *Routing::Routes.named_routes.helpers)
@named_routes_configured = true
end
end
# Specify whether or not the session should mimic a secure HTTPS request.
#
# session.https!
# session.https!(false)
def https!(flag=true)
@https = flag
end
# Return +true+ if the session is mimicing a secure HTTPS request.
#
# if session.https?
# ...
# end
def https?
@https
end
# Set the host name to use in the next request.
#
# session.host! "www.example.com"
def host!(name)
@host = name
end
# Follow a single redirect response. If the last response was not a
# redirect, an exception will be raised. Otherwise, the redirect is
# performed on the location header.
def follow_redirect!
raise "not a redirect! #{@status} #{@status_message}" unless redirect?
get(interpret_uri(headers['location'].first))
status
end
# Performs a GET request, following any subsequent redirect. Note that
# the redirects are followed until the response is not a redirect--this
# means you may run into an infinite loop if your redirect loops back to
# itself.
def get_via_redirect(path, args={})
get path, args
follow_redirect! while redirect?
status
end
# Performs a POST request, following any subsequent redirect. This is
# vulnerable to infinite loops, the same as #get_via_redirect.
def post_via_redirect(path, args={})
post path, args
follow_redirect! while redirect?
status
end
# Returns +true+ if the last response was a redirect.
def redirect?
status/100 == 3
end
# Performs a GET request with the given parameters. The parameters may
# be +nil+, a Hash, or a string that is appropriately encoded
# (application/x-www-form-urlencoded or multipart/form-data). The headers
# should be a hash. The keys will automatically be upcased, with the
# prefix 'HTTP_' added if needed.
#
# You can also perform POST, PUT, DELETE, and HEAD requests with #post,
# #put, #delete, and #head.
def get(path, parameters=nil, headers=nil)
process :get, path, parameters, headers
end
# Performs a POST request with the given parameters. See get() for more details.
def post(path, parameters=nil, headers=nil)
process :post, path, parameters, headers
end
# Performs a PUT request with the given parameters. See get() for more details.
def put(path, parameters=nil, headers=nil)
process :put, path, parameters, headers
end
# Performs a DELETE request with the given parameters. See get() for more details.
def delete(path, parameters=nil, headers=nil)
process :delete, path, parameters, headers
end
# Performs a HEAD request with the given parameters. See get() for more details.
def head(path, parameters=nil, headers=nil)
process :head, path, parameters, headers
end
# Performs an XMLHttpRequest request with the given parameters, mirroring
# a request from the Prototype library.
#
# The request_method is :get, :post, :put, :delete or :head; the
# parameters are +nil+, a hash, or a url-encoded or multipart string;
# the headers are a hash. Keys are automatically upcased and prefixed
# with 'HTTP_' if not already.
#
# This method used to omit the request_method parameter, assuming it
# was :post. This was deprecated in Rails 1.2.4. Always pass the request
# method as the first argument.
def xml_http_request(request_method, path, parameters = nil, headers = nil)
unless request_method.is_a?(Symbol)
ActiveSupport::Deprecation.warn 'xml_http_request now takes the request_method (:get, :post, etc.) as the first argument. It used to assume :post, so add the :post argument to your existing method calls to silence this warning.'
request_method, path, parameters, headers = :post, request_method, path, parameters
end
headers ||= {}
headers['X-Requested-With'] = 'XMLHttpRequest'
headers['Accept'] = 'text/javascript, text/html, application/xml, text/xml, */*'
process(request_method, path, parameters, headers)
end
alias xhr :xml_http_request
# Returns the URL for the given options, according to the rules specified
# in the application's routes.
def url_for(options)
controller ? controller.url_for(options) : generic_url_rewriter.rewrite(options)
end
private
class MockCGI < CGI #:nodoc:
attr_accessor :stdinput, :stdoutput, :env_table
def initialize(env, input=nil)
self.env_table = env
self.stdinput = StringIO.new(input || "")
self.stdoutput = StringIO.new
super()
end
end
# Tailors the session based on the given URI, setting the HTTPS value
# and the hostname.
def interpret_uri(path)
location = URI.parse(path)
https! URI::HTTPS === location if location.scheme
host! location.host if location.host
location.query ? "#{location.path}?#{location.query}" : location.path
end
# Performs the actual request.
def process(method, path, parameters=nil, headers=nil)
data = requestify(parameters)
path = interpret_uri(path) if path =~ %r{://}
path = "/#{path}" unless path[0] == ?/
@path = path
env = {}
if method == :get
env["QUERY_STRING"] = data
data = nil
end
env.update(
"REQUEST_METHOD" => method.to_s.upcase,
"REQUEST_URI" => path,
"HTTP_HOST" => host,
"REMOTE_ADDR" => remote_addr,
"SERVER_PORT" => (https? ? "443" : "80"),
"CONTENT_TYPE" => "application/x-www-form-urlencoded",
"CONTENT_LENGTH" => data ? data.length.to_s : nil,
"HTTP_COOKIE" => encode_cookies,
"HTTPS" => https? ? "on" : "off",
"HTTP_ACCEPT" => accept
)
(headers || {}).each do |key, value|
key = key.to_s.upcase.gsub(/-/, "_")
key = "HTTP_#{key}" unless env.has_key?(key) || key =~ /^HTTP_/
env[key] = value
end
unless ActionController::Base.respond_to?(:clear_last_instantiation!)
ActionController::Base.send(:include, ControllerCapture)
end
ActionController::Base.clear_last_instantiation!
cgi = MockCGI.new(env, data)
Dispatcher.dispatch(cgi, ActionController::CgiRequest::DEFAULT_SESSION_OPTIONS, cgi.stdoutput)
@result = cgi.stdoutput.string
@controller = ActionController::Base.last_instantiation
@request = @controller.request
@response = @controller.response
# Decorate the response with the standard behavior of the TestResponse
# so that things like assert_response can be used in integration
# tests.
@response.extend(TestResponseBehavior)
@html_document = nil
parse_result
return status
end
# Parses the result of the response and extracts the various values,
# like cookies, status, headers, etc.
def parse_result
headers, result_body = @result.split(/\r\n\r\n/, 2)
@headers = Hash.new { |h,k| h[k] = [] }
headers.each_line do |line|
key, value = line.strip.split(/:\s*/, 2)
@headers[key.downcase] << value
end
(@headers['set-cookie'] || [] ).each do |string|
name, value = string.match(/^(.*?)=(.*?);/)[1,2]
@cookies[name] = value
end
@status, @status_message = @headers["status"].first.split(/ /)
@status = @status.to_i
end
# Encode the cookies hash in a format suitable for passing to a
# request.
def encode_cookies
cookies.inject("") do |string, (name, value)|
string << "#{name}=#{value}; "
end
end
# Get a temporarly URL writer object
def generic_url_rewriter
cgi = MockCGI.new('REQUEST_METHOD' => "GET",
'QUERY_STRING' => "",
"REQUEST_URI" => "/",
"HTTP_HOST" => host,
"SERVER_PORT" => https? ? "443" : "80",
"HTTPS" => https? ? "on" : "off")
ActionController::UrlRewriter.new(ActionController::CgiRequest.new(cgi), {})
end
def name_with_prefix(prefix, name)
prefix ? "#{prefix}[#{name}]" : name.to_s
end
# Convert the given parameters to a request string. The parameters may
# be a string, +nil+, or a Hash.
def requestify(parameters, prefix=nil)
if Hash === parameters
return nil if parameters.empty?
parameters.map { |k,v| requestify(v, name_with_prefix(prefix, k)) }.join("&")
elsif Array === parameters
parameters.map { |v| requestify(v, name_with_prefix(prefix, "")) }.join("&")
elsif prefix.nil?
parameters
else
"#{CGI.escape(prefix)}=#{CGI.escape(parameters.to_s)}"
end
end
end
# A module used to extend ActionController::Base, so that integration tests
# can capture the controller used to satisfy a request.
module ControllerCapture #:nodoc:
def self.included(base)
base.extend(ClassMethods)
base.class_eval do
class << self
alias_method_chain :new, :capture
end
end
end
module ClassMethods #:nodoc:
mattr_accessor :last_instantiation
def clear_last_instantiation!
self.last_instantiation = nil
end
def new_with_capture(*args)
controller = new_without_capture(*args)
self.last_instantiation ||= controller
controller
end
end
end
end
# An IntegrationTest is one that spans multiple controllers and actions,
# tying them all together to ensure they work together as expected. It tests
# more completely than either unit or functional tests do, exercising the
# entire stack, from the dispatcher to the database.
#
# At its simplest, you simply extend IntegrationTest and write your tests
# using the get/post methods:
#
# require "#{File.dirname(__FILE__)}/test_helper"
#
# class ExampleTest < ActionController::IntegrationTest
# fixtures :people
#
# def test_login
# # get the login page
# get "/login"
# assert_equal 200, status
#
# # post the login and follow through to the home page
# post "/login", :username => people(:jamis).username,
# :password => people(:jamis).password
# follow_redirect!
# assert_equal 200, status
# assert_equal "/home", path
# end
# end
#
# However, you can also have multiple session instances open per test, and
# even extend those instances with assertions and methods to create a very
# powerful testing DSL that is specific for your application. You can even
# reference any named routes you happen to have defined!
#
# require "#{File.dirname(__FILE__)}/test_helper"
#
# class AdvancedTest < ActionController::IntegrationTest
# fixtures :people, :rooms
#
# def test_login_and_speak
# jamis, david = login(:jamis), login(:david)
# room = rooms(:office)
#
# jamis.enter(room)
# jamis.speak(room, "anybody home?")
#
# david.enter(room)
# david.speak(room, "hello!")
# end
#
# private
#
# module CustomAssertions
# def enter(room)
# # reference a named route, for maximum internal consistency!
# get(room_url(:id => room.id))
# assert(...)
# ...
# end
#
# def speak(room, message)
# xml_http_request "/say/#{room.id}", :message => message
# assert(...)
# ...
# end
# end
#
# def login(who)
# open_session do |sess|
# sess.extend(CustomAssertions)
# who = people(who)
# sess.post "/login", :username => who.username,
# :password => who.password
# assert(...)
# end
# end
# end
class IntegrationTest < Test::Unit::TestCase
# Work around a bug in test/unit caused by the default test being named
# as a symbol (:default_test), which causes regex test filters
# (like "ruby test.rb -n /foo/") to fail because =~ doesn't work on
# symbols.
def initialize(name) #:nodoc:
super(name.to_s)
end
# Work around test/unit's requirement that every subclass of TestCase have
# at least one test method. Note that this implementation extends to all
# subclasses, as well, so subclasses of IntegrationTest may also exist
# without any test methods.
def run(*args) #:nodoc:
return if @method_name == "default_test"
super
end
# Because of how use_instantiated_fixtures and use_transactional_fixtures
# are defined, we need to treat them as special cases. Otherwise, users
# would potentially have to set their values for both Test::Unit::TestCase
# ActionController::IntegrationTest, since by the time the value is set on
# TestCase, IntegrationTest has already been defined and cannot inherit
# changes to those variables. So, we make those two attributes copy-on-write.
class << self
def use_transactional_fixtures=(flag) #:nodoc:
@_use_transactional_fixtures = true
@use_transactional_fixtures = flag
end
def use_instantiated_fixtures=(flag) #:nodoc:
@_use_instantiated_fixtures = true
@use_instantiated_fixtures = flag
end
def use_transactional_fixtures #:nodoc:
@_use_transactional_fixtures ?
@use_transactional_fixtures :
superclass.use_transactional_fixtures
end
def use_instantiated_fixtures #:nodoc:
@_use_instantiated_fixtures ?
@use_instantiated_fixtures :
superclass.use_instantiated_fixtures
end
end
# Reset the current session. This is useful for testing multiple sessions
# in a single test case.
def reset!
@integration_session = open_session
end
%w(get post put head delete cookies assigns xml_http_request).each do |method|
define_method(method) do |*args|
reset! unless @integration_session
# reset the html_document variable, but only for new get/post calls
@html_document = nil unless %w(cookies assigns).include?(method)
returning @integration_session.send(method, *args) do
copy_session_variables!
end
end
end
# Open a new session instance. If a block is given, the new session is
# yielded to the block before being returned.
#
# session = open_session do |sess|
# sess.extend(CustomAssertions)
# end
#
# By default, a single session is automatically created for you, but you
# can use this method to open multiple sessions that ought to be tested
# simultaneously.
def open_session
session = Integration::Session.new
# delegate the fixture accessors back to the test instance
extras = Module.new { attr_accessor :delegate, :test_result }
self.class.fixture_table_names.each do |table_name|
name = table_name.tr(".", "_")
next unless respond_to?(name)
extras.send(:define_method, name) { |*args| delegate.send(name, *args) }
end
# delegate add_assertion to the test case
extras.send(:define_method, :add_assertion) { test_result.add_assertion }
session.extend(extras)
session.delegate = self
session.test_result = @_result
yield session if block_given?
session
end
# Copy the instance variables from the current session instance into the
# test instance.
def copy_session_variables! #:nodoc:
return unless @integration_session
%w(controller response request).each do |var|
instance_variable_set("@#{var}", @integration_session.send(var))
end
end
# Delegate unhandled messages to the current session instance.
def method_missing(sym, *args, &block)
reset! unless @integration_session
returning @integration_session.send(sym, *args, &block) do
copy_session_variables!
end
end
end
end
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