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require 'action_dispatch/http/response'
require 'delegate'
require 'active_support/json'
module ActionController
# Mix this module in to your controller, and all actions in that controller
# will be able to stream data to the client as it's written.
#
# class MyController < ActionController::Base
# include ActionController::Live
#
# def stream
# response.headers['Content-Type'] = 'text/event-stream'
# 100.times {
# response.stream.write "hello world\n"
# sleep 1
# }
# ensure
# response.stream.close
# end
# end
#
# There are a few caveats with this use. You *cannot* write headers after the
# response has been committed (Response#committed? will return truthy).
# Calling +write+ or +close+ on the response stream will cause the response
# object to be committed. Make sure all headers are set before calling write
# or close on your stream.
#
# You *must* call close on your stream when you're finished, otherwise the
# socket may be left open forever.
#
# The final caveat is that your actions are executed in a separate thread than
# the main thread. Make sure your actions are thread safe, and this shouldn't
# be a problem (don't share state across threads, etc).
module Live
# This class provides the ability to write an SSE (Server Sent Event)
# to an IO stream. The class is initialized with a stream and can be used
# to either write a JSON string or an object which can be converted to JSON.
#
# Writing an object will convert it into standard SSE format with whatever
# options you have configured. You may choose to set the following options:
#
# 1) Event. If specified, an event with this name will be dispatched on
# the browser.
# 2) Retry. The reconnection time in milliseconds used when attempting
# to send the event.
# 3) Id. If the connection dies while sending an SSE to the browser, then
# the server will receive a +Last-Event-ID+ header with value equal to +id+.
#
# After setting an option in the constructor of the SSE object, all future
# SSEs sent across the stream will use those options unless overridden.
#
# Example Usage:
#
# class MyController < ActionController::Base
# include ActionController::Live
#
# def index
# response.headers['Content-Type'] = 'text/event-stream'
# sse = SSE.new(response.stream, retry: 300, event: "event-name")
# sse.write({ name: 'John'})
# sse.write({ name: 'John'}, id: 10)
# sse.write({ name: 'John'}, id: 10, event: "other-event")
# sse.write({ name: 'John'}, id: 10, event: "other-event", retry: 500)
# ensure
# sse.close
# end
# end
#
# Note: SSEs are not currently supported by IE. However, they are supported
# by Chrome, Firefox, Opera, and Safari.
class SSE
WHITELISTED_OPTIONS = %w( retry event id )
def initialize(stream, options = {})
@stream = stream
@options = options
end
def close
@stream.close
end
def write(object, options = {})
case object
when String
perform_write(object, options)
else
perform_write(ActiveSupport::JSON.encode(object), options)
end
end
private
def perform_write(json, options)
current_options = @options.merge(options).stringify_keys
WHITELISTED_OPTIONS.each do |option_name|
if (option_value = current_options[option_name])
@stream.write "#{option_name}: #{option_value}\n"
end
end
@stream.write "data: #{json}\n\n"
end
end
class Buffer < ActionDispatch::Response::Buffer #:nodoc:
def initialize(response)
@error_callback = nil
super(response, SizedQueue.new(10))
end
def write(string)
unless @response.committed?
@response.headers["Cache-Control"] = "no-cache"
@response.headers.delete "Content-Length"
end
super
end
def each
while str = @buf.pop
yield str
end
end
def close
super
@buf.push nil
end
def on_error(&block)
@error_callback = block
end
def call_on_error
@error_callback.call
end
end
class Response < ActionDispatch::Response #:nodoc: all
class Header < DelegateClass(Hash)
def initialize(response, header)
@response = response
super(header)
end
def []=(k,v)
if @response.committed?
raise ActionDispatch::IllegalStateError, 'header already sent'
end
super
end
def merge(other)
self.class.new @response, __getobj__.merge(other)
end
def to_hash
__getobj__.dup
end
end
def commit!
headers.freeze
super
end
private
def build_buffer(response, body)
buf = Live::Buffer.new response
body.each { |part| buf.write part }
buf
end
def merge_default_headers(original, default)
Header.new self, super
end
def handle_conditional_get!
super unless committed?
end
end
def process(name)
t1 = Thread.current
locals = t1.keys.map { |key| [key, t1[key]] }
# This processes the action in a child thread. It lets us return the
# response code and headers back up the rack stack, and still process
# the body in parallel with sending data to the client
Thread.new {
t2 = Thread.current
t2.abort_on_exception = true
# Since we're processing the view in a different thread, copy the
# thread locals from the main thread to the child thread. :'(
locals.each { |k,v| t2[k] = v }
begin
super(name)
rescue => e
@_response.status = 500 unless @_response.committed?
@_response.status = 400 if e.class == ActionController::BadRequest
begin
@_response.stream.write(ActionView::Base.streaming_completion_on_exception) if request.format == :html
@_response.stream.call_on_error
rescue => exception
log_error(exception)
ensure
log_error(e)
@_response.stream.close
end
ensure
@_response.commit!
end
}
@_response.await_commit
end
def log_error(exception)
logger = ActionController::Base.logger
return unless logger
message = "\n#{exception.class} (#{exception.message}):\n"
message << exception.annoted_source_code.to_s if exception.respond_to?(:annoted_source_code)
message << " " << exception.backtrace.join("\n ")
logger.fatal("#{message}\n\n")
end
def response_body=(body)
super
response.close if response
end
def set_response!(request)
if request.env["HTTP_VERSION"] == "HTTP/1.0"
super
else
@_response = Live::Response.new
@_response.request = request
end
end
end
end
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