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require 'test/unit'
require 'test/unit/assertions'
require 'rexml/document'
require File.dirname(__FILE__) + "/vendor/html-scanner/html/document"
module Test #:nodoc:
module Unit #:nodoc:
# In addition to these specific assertions, you also have easy access to various collections that the regular test/unit assertions
# can be used against. These collections are:
#
# * assigns: Instance variables assigned in the action that are available for the view.
# * session: Objects being saved in the session.
# * flash: The flash objects currently in the session.
# * cookies: Cookies being sent to the user on this request.
#
# These collections can be used just like any other hash:
#
# assert_not_nil assigns(:person) # makes sure that a @person instance variable was set
# assert_equal "Dave", cookies[:name] # makes sure that a cookie called :name was set as "Dave"
# assert flash.empty? # makes sure that there's nothing in the flash
#
# For historic reasons, the assigns hash uses string-based keys. So assigns[:person] won't work, but assigns["person"] will. To
# appease our yearning for symbols, though, an alternative accessor has been deviced using a method call instead of index referencing.
# So assigns(:person) will work just like assigns["person"], but again, assigns[:person] will not work.
#
# On top of the collections, you have the complete url that a given action redirected to available in redirect_to_url.
#
# For redirects within the same controller, you can even call follow_redirect and the redirect will be followed, triggering another
# action call which can then be asserted against.
#
# == Manipulating the request collections
#
# The collections described above link to the response, so you can test if what the actions were expected to do happened. But
# sometimes you also want to manipulate these collections in the incoming request. This is really only relevant for sessions
# and cookies, though. For sessions, you just do:
#
# @request.session[:key] = "value"
#
# For cookies, you need to manually create the cookie, like this:
#
# @request.cookies["key"] = CGI::Cookie.new("key", "value")
#
# == Testing named routes
#
# If you're using named routes, they can be easily tested using the original named routes methods straight in the test case.
# Example:
#
# assert_redirected_to page_url(:title => 'foo')
module Assertions
# Asserts that the response is one of the following types:
#
# * <tt>:success</tt>: Status code was 200
# * <tt>:redirect</tt>: Status code was in the 300-399 range
# * <tt>:missing</tt>: Status code was 404
# * <tt>:error</tt>: Status code was in the 500-599 range
#
# You can also pass an explicit status code number as the type, like assert_response(501)
def assert_response(type, message = nil)
clean_backtrace do
if [ :success, :missing, :redirect, :error ].include?(type) && @response.send("#{type}?")
assert_block("") { true } # to count the assertion
elsif type.is_a?(Fixnum) && @response.response_code == type
assert_block("") { true } # to count the assertion
else
assert_block(build_message(message, "Expected response to be a <?>, but was <?>", type, @response.response_code)) { false }
end
end
end
# Assert that the redirection options passed in match those of the redirect called in the latest action. This match can be partial,
# such that assert_redirected_to(:controller => "weblog") will also match the redirection of
# redirect_to(:controller => "weblog", :action => "show") and so on.
def assert_redirected_to(options = {}, message=nil)
clean_backtrace do
assert_response(:redirect, message)
if options.is_a?(String)
msg = build_message(message, "expected a redirect to <?>, found one to <?>", options, @response.redirect_url)
url_regexp = %r{^(\w+://.*?(/|$|\?))(.*)$}
eurl, epath, url, path = [options, @response.redirect_url].collect do |url|
u, p = (url_regexp =~ url) ? [$1, $3] : [nil, url]
[u, (p[0..0] == '/') ? p : '/' + p]
end.flatten
assert_equal(eurl, url, msg) if eurl && url
assert_equal(epath, path, msg) if epath && path
else
@response_diff = options.diff(@response.redirected_to) if @response.redirected_to
msg = build_message(message, "response is not a redirection to all of the options supplied (redirection is <?>), difference: <?>",
@response.redirected_to || @response.redirect_url, @response_diff)
assert_block(msg) do
if options.is_a?(Symbol)
@response.redirected_to == options
else
options.keys.all? do |k|
if k == :controller then options[k] == ActionController::Routing.controller_relative_to(@response.redirected_to[k], @controller.class.controller_path)
else options[k] == (@response.redirected_to[k].respond_to?(:to_param) ? @response.redirected_to[k].to_param : @response.redirected_to[k] unless @response.redirected_to[k].nil?)
end
end
end
end
end
end
end
# Asserts that the request was rendered with the appropriate template file.
def assert_template(expected = nil, message=nil)
clean_backtrace do
rendered = expected ? @response.rendered_file(!expected.include?('/')) : @response.rendered_file
msg = build_message(message, "expecting <?> but rendering with <?>", expected, rendered)
assert_block(msg) do
if expected.nil?
!@response.rendered_with_file?
else
expected == rendered
end
end
end
end
# Asserts that the routing of the given path was handled correctly and that the parsed options match.
def assert_recognizes(expected_options, path, extras={}, message=nil)
clean_backtrace do
path = "/#{path}" unless path[0..0] == '/'
# Load routes.rb if it hasn't been loaded.
ActionController::Routing::Routes.reload if ActionController::Routing::Routes.empty?
# Assume given controller
request = ActionController::TestRequest.new({}, {}, nil)
request.path = path
ActionController::Routing::Routes.recognize!(request)
expected_options = expected_options.clone
extras.each_key { |key| expected_options.delete key } unless extras.nil?
expected_options.stringify_keys!
msg = build_message(message, "The recognized options <?> did not match <?>",
request.path_parameters, expected_options)
assert_block(msg) { request.path_parameters == expected_options }
end
end
# Asserts that the provided options can be used to generate the provided path.
def assert_generates(expected_path, options, defaults={}, extras = {}, message=nil)
clean_backtrace do
expected_path = "/#{expected_path}" unless expected_path[0] == ?/
# Load routes.rb if it hasn't been loaded.
ActionController::Routing::Routes.reload if ActionController::Routing::Routes.empty?
generated_path, extra_keys = ActionController::Routing::Routes.generate(options, extras)
found_extras = options.reject {|k, v| ! extra_keys.include? k}
msg = build_message(message, "found extras <?>, not <?>", found_extras, extras)
assert_block(msg) { found_extras == extras }
msg = build_message(message, "The generated path <?> did not match <?>", generated_path,
expected_path)
assert_block(msg) { expected_path == generated_path }
end
end
# Asserts that path and options match both ways; in other words, the URL generated from
# options is the same as path, and also that the options recognized from path are the same as options
def assert_routing(path, options, defaults={}, extras={}, message=nil)
assert_recognizes(options, path, extras, message)
controller, default_controller = options[:controller], defaults[:controller]
if controller && controller.include?(?/) && default_controller && default_controller.include?(?/)
options[:controller] = "/#{controller}"
end
assert_generates(path, options, defaults, extras, message)
end
# Asserts that there is a tag/node/element in the body of the response
# that meets all of the given conditions. The +conditions+ parameter must
# be a hash of any of the following keys (all are optional):
#
# * <tt>:tag</tt>: the node type must match the corresponding value
# * <tt>:attributes</tt>: a hash. The node's attributes must match the
# corresponding values in the hash.
# * <tt>:parent</tt>: a hash. The node's parent must match the
# corresponding hash.
# * <tt>:child</tt>: a hash. At least one of the node's immediate children
# must meet the criteria described by the hash.
# * <tt>:ancestor</tt>: a hash. At least one of the node's ancestors must
# meet the criteria described by the hash.
# * <tt>:descendant</tt>: a hash. At least one of the node's descendants
# must meet the criteria described by the hash.
# * <tt>:sibling</tt>: a hash. At least one of the node's siblings must
# meet the criteria described by the hash.
# * <tt>:after</tt>: a hash. The node must be after any sibling meeting
# the criteria described by the hash, and at least one sibling must match.
# * <tt>:before</tt>: a hash. The node must be before any sibling meeting
# the criteria described by the hash, and at least one sibling must match.
# * <tt>:children</tt>: a hash, for counting children of a node. Accepts
# the keys:
# * <tt>:count</tt>: either a number or a range which must equal (or
# include) the number of children that match.
# * <tt>:less_than</tt>: the number of matching children must be less
# than this number.
# * <tt>:greater_than</tt>: the number of matching children must be
# greater than this number.
# * <tt>:only</tt>: another hash consisting of the keys to use
# to match on the children, and only matching children will be
# counted.
# * <tt>:content</tt>: the textual content of the node must match the
# given value. This will not match HTML tags in the body of a
# tag--only text.
#
# Conditions are matched using the following algorithm:
#
# * if the condition is a string, it must be a substring of the value.
# * if the condition is a regexp, it must match the value.
# * if the condition is a number, the value must match number.to_s.
# * if the condition is +true+, the value must not be +nil+.
# * if the condition is +false+ or +nil+, the value must be +nil+.
#
# Usage:
#
# # assert that there is a "span" tag
# assert_tag :tag => "span"
#
# # assert that there is a "span" tag with id="x"
# assert_tag :tag => "span", :attributes => { :id => "x" }
#
# # assert that there is a "span" tag using the short-hand
# assert_tag :span
#
# # assert that there is a "span" tag with id="x" using the short-hand
# assert_tag :span, :attributes => { :id => "x" }
#
# # assert that there is a "span" inside of a "div"
# assert_tag :tag => "span", :parent => { :tag => "div" }
#
# # assert that there is a "span" somewhere inside a table
# assert_tag :tag => "span", :ancestor => { :tag => "table" }
#
# # assert that there is a "span" with at least one "em" child
# assert_tag :tag => "span", :child => { :tag => "em" }
#
# # assert that there is a "span" containing a (possibly nested)
# # "strong" tag.
# assert_tag :tag => "span", :descendant => { :tag => "strong" }
#
# # assert that there is a "span" containing between 2 and 4 "em" tags
# # as immediate children
# assert_tag :tag => "span",
# :children => { :count => 2..4, :only => { :tag => "em" } }
#
# # get funky: assert that there is a "div", with an "ul" ancestor
# # and an "li" parent (with "class" = "enum"), and containing a
# # "span" descendant that contains text matching /hello world/
# assert_tag :tag => "div",
# :ancestor => { :tag => "ul" },
# :parent => { :tag => "li",
# :attributes => { :class => "enum" } },
# :descendant => { :tag => "span",
# :child => /hello world/ }
#
# <strong>Please note</strong: #assert_tag and #assert_no_tag only work
# with well-formed XHTML. They recognize a few tags as implicitly self-closing
# (like br and hr and such) but will not work correctly with tags
# that allow optional closing tags (p, li, td). <em>You must explicitly
# close all of your tags to use these assertions.</em>
def assert_tag(*opts)
clean_backtrace do
opts = opts.size > 1 ? opts.last.merge({ :tag => opts.first.to_s }) : opts.first
tag = find_tag(opts)
assert tag, "expected tag, but no tag found matching #{opts.inspect} in:\n#{@response.body.inspect}"
end
end
# Identical to #assert_tag, but asserts that a matching tag does _not_
# exist. (See #assert_tag for a full discussion of the syntax.)
def assert_no_tag(*opts)
clean_backtrace do
opts = opts.size > 1 ? opts.last.merge({ :tag => opts.first.to_s }) : opts.first
tag = find_tag(opts)
assert !tag, "expected no tag, but found tag matching #{opts.inspect} in:\n#{@response.body.inspect}"
end
end
# test 2 html strings to be equivalent, i.e. identical up to reordering of attributes
def assert_dom_equal(expected, actual, message="")
clean_backtrace do
expected_dom = HTML::Document.new(expected).root
actual_dom = HTML::Document.new(actual).root
full_message = build_message(message, "<?> expected to be == to\n<?>.", expected_dom.to_s, actual_dom.to_s)
assert_block(full_message) { expected_dom == actual_dom }
end
end
# negated form of +assert_dom_equivalent+
def assert_dom_not_equal(expected, actual, message="")
clean_backtrace do
expected_dom = HTML::Document.new(expected).root
actual_dom = HTML::Document.new(actual).root
full_message = build_message(message, "<?> expected to be != to\n<?>.", expected_dom.to_s, actual_dom.to_s)
assert_block(full_message) { expected_dom != actual_dom }
end
end
# ensures that the passed record is valid by active record standards. returns the error messages if not
def assert_valid(record)
clean_backtrace do
assert record.valid?, record.errors.full_messages.join("\n")
end
end
def clean_backtrace(&block)
yield
rescue AssertionFailedError => e
path = File.expand_path(__FILE__)
raise AssertionFailedError, e.message, e.backtrace.reject { |line| File.expand_path(line) =~ /#{path}/ }
end
end
end
end
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