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require 'active_support/core_ext/object/blank'
require 'action_view/helpers/tag_helper'
module ActionView
module Helpers #:nodoc:
# The TextHelper module provides a set of methods for filtering, formatting
# and transforming strings, which can reduce the amount of inline Ruby code in
# your views. These helper methods extend ActionView making them callable
# within your template files.
module TextHelper
# The preferred method of outputting text in your views is to use the
# <%= "text" %> eRuby syntax. The regular _puts_ and _print_ methods
# do not operate as expected in an eRuby code block. If you absolutely must
# output text within a non-output code block (i.e., <% %>), you can use the concat method.
#
# ==== Examples
# <%
# concat "hello"
# # is the equivalent of <%= "hello" %>
#
# if logged_in
# concat "Logged in!"
# else
# concat link_to('login', :action => login)
# end
# # will either display "Logged in!" or a login link
# %>
def concat(string)
output_buffer << string
end
def safe_concat(string)
output_buffer.respond_to?(:safe_concat) ? output_buffer.safe_concat(string) : concat(string)
end
# Truncates a given +text+ after a given <tt>:length</tt> if +text+ is longer than <tt>:length</tt>
# (defaults to 30). The last characters will be replaced with the <tt>:omission</tt> (defaults to "...")
# for a total length not exceeding <tt>:length</tt>.
#
# Pass a <tt>:separator</tt> to truncate +text+ at a natural break.
#
# ==== Examples
#
# truncate("Once upon a time in a world far far away")
# # => Once upon a time in a world...
#
# truncate("Once upon a time in a world far far away", :separator => ' ')
# # => Once upon a time in a world...
#
# truncate("Once upon a time in a world far far away", :length => 14)
# # => Once upon a...
#
# truncate("And they found that many people were sleeping better.", :length => 25, "(clipped)")
# # => And they found t(clipped)
#
# truncate("And they found that many people were sleeping better.", :omission => "... (continued)", :length => 25)
# # => And they f... (continued)
#
# You can still use <tt>truncate</tt> with the old API that accepts the
# +length+ as its optional second and the +ellipsis+ as its
# optional third parameter:
# truncate("Once upon a time in a world far far away", 14)
# # => Once upon a...
#
# truncate("And they found that many people were sleeping better.", 25, "... (continued)")
# # => And they f... (continued)
def truncate(text, *args)
options = args.extract_options!
unless args.empty?
ActiveSupport::Deprecation.warn('truncate takes an option hash instead of separate ' +
'length and omission arguments', caller)
options[:length] = args[0] || 30
options[:omission] = args[1] || "..."
end
options.reverse_merge!(:length => 30, :omission => "...")
if text
l = options[:length] - options[:omission].mb_chars.length
chars = text.mb_chars
stop = options[:separator] ? (chars.rindex(options[:separator].mb_chars, l) || l) : l
(chars.length > options[:length] ? chars[0...stop] + options[:omission] : text).to_s
end
end
# Highlights one or more +phrases+ everywhere in +text+ by inserting it into
# a <tt>:highlighter</tt> string. The highlighter can be specialized by passing <tt>:highlighter</tt>
# as a single-quoted string with \1 where the phrase is to be inserted (defaults to
# '<strong class="highlight">\1</strong>')
#
# ==== Examples
# highlight('You searched for: rails', 'rails')
# # => You searched for: <strong class="highlight">rails</strong>
#
# highlight('You searched for: ruby, rails, dhh', 'actionpack')
# # => You searched for: ruby, rails, dhh
#
# highlight('You searched for: rails', ['for', 'rails'], :highlighter => '<em>\1</em>')
# # => You searched <em>for</em>: <em>rails</em>
#
# highlight('You searched for: rails', 'rails', :highlighter => '<a href="search?q=\1">\1</a>')
# # => You searched for: <a href="search?q=rails">rails</a>
#
# You can still use <tt>highlight</tt> with the old API that accepts the
# +highlighter+ as its optional third parameter:
# highlight('You searched for: rails', 'rails', '<a href="search?q=\1">\1</a>') # => You searched for: <a href="search?q=rails">rails</a>
def highlight(text, phrases, *args)
options = args.extract_options!
unless args.empty?
options[:highlighter] = args[0] || '<strong class="highlight">\1</strong>'
end
options.reverse_merge!(:highlighter => '<strong class="highlight">\1</strong>')
if text.blank? || phrases.blank?
text
else
match = Array(phrases).map { |p| Regexp.escape(p) }.join('|')
text.gsub(/(#{match})(?!(?:[^<]*?)(?:["'])[^<>]*>)/i, options[:highlighter])
end
end
# Extracts an excerpt from +text+ that matches the first instance of +phrase+.
# The <tt>:radius</tt> option expands the excerpt on each side of the first occurrence of +phrase+ by the number of characters
# defined in <tt>:radius</tt> (which defaults to 100). If the excerpt radius overflows the beginning or end of the +text+,
# then the <tt>:omission</tt> option (which defaults to "...") will be prepended/appended accordingly. The resulting string
# will be stripped in any case. If the +phrase+ isn't found, nil is returned.
#
# ==== Examples
# excerpt('This is an example', 'an', :radius => 5)
# # => ...s is an exam...
#
# excerpt('This is an example', 'is', :radius => 5)
# # => This is a...
#
# excerpt('This is an example', 'is')
# # => This is an example
#
# excerpt('This next thing is an example', 'ex', :radius => 2)
# # => ...next...
#
# excerpt('This is also an example', 'an', :radius => 8, :omission => '<chop> ')
# # => <chop> is also an example
#
# You can still use <tt>excerpt</tt> with the old API that accepts the
# +radius+ as its optional third and the +ellipsis+ as its
# optional forth parameter:
# excerpt('This is an example', 'an', 5) # => ...s is an exam...
# excerpt('This is also an example', 'an', 8, '<chop> ') # => <chop> is also an example
def excerpt(text, phrase, *args)
options = args.extract_options!
unless args.empty?
options[:radius] = args[0] || 100
options[:omission] = args[1] || "..."
end
options.reverse_merge!(:radius => 100, :omission => "...")
if text && phrase
phrase = Regexp.escape(phrase)
if found_pos = text.mb_chars =~ /(#{phrase})/i
start_pos = [ found_pos - options[:radius], 0 ].max
end_pos = [ [ found_pos + phrase.mb_chars.length + options[:radius] - 1, 0].max, text.mb_chars.length ].min
prefix = start_pos > 0 ? options[:omission] : ""
postfix = end_pos < text.mb_chars.length - 1 ? options[:omission] : ""
prefix + text.mb_chars[start_pos..end_pos].strip + postfix
else
nil
end
end
end
# Attempts to pluralize the +singular+ word unless +count+ is 1. If
# +plural+ is supplied, it will use that when count is > 1, otherwise
# it will use the Inflector to determine the plural form
#
# ==== Examples
# pluralize(1, 'person')
# # => 1 person
#
# pluralize(2, 'person')
# # => 2 people
#
# pluralize(3, 'person', 'users')
# # => 3 users
#
# pluralize(0, 'person')
# # => 0 people
def pluralize(count, singular, plural = nil)
"#{count || 0} " + ((count == 1 || count =~ /^1(\.0+)?$/) ? singular : (plural || singular.pluralize))
end
# Wraps the +text+ into lines no longer than +line_width+ width. This method
# breaks on the first whitespace character that does not exceed +line_width+
# (which is 80 by default).
#
# ==== Examples
#
# word_wrap('Once upon a time')
# # => Once upon a time
#
# word_wrap('Once upon a time, in a kingdom called Far Far Away, a king fell ill, and finding a successor to the throne turned out to be more trouble than anyone could have imagined...')
# # => Once upon a time, in a kingdom called Far Far Away, a king fell ill, and finding\n a successor to the throne turned out to be more trouble than anyone could have\n imagined...
#
# word_wrap('Once upon a time', :line_width => 8)
# # => Once upon\na time
#
# word_wrap('Once upon a time', :line_width => 1)
# # => Once\nupon\na\ntime
#
# You can still use <tt>word_wrap</tt> with the old API that accepts the
# +line_width+ as its optional second parameter:
# word_wrap('Once upon a time', 8) # => Once upon\na time
def word_wrap(text, *args)
options = args.extract_options!
unless args.blank?
options[:line_width] = args[0] || 80
end
options.reverse_merge!(:line_width => 80)
text.split("\n").collect do |line|
line.length > options[:line_width] ? line.gsub(/(.{1,#{options[:line_width]}})(\s+|$)/, "\\1\n").strip : line
end * "\n"
end
# Returns the text with all the Textile[http://www.textism.com/tools/textile] codes turned into HTML tags.
#
# You can learn more about Textile's syntax at its website[http://www.textism.com/tools/textile].
# <i>This method is only available if RedCloth[http://redcloth.org/] is available</i>.
#
# ==== Examples
# textilize("*This is Textile!* Rejoice!")
# # => "<p><strong>This is Textile!</strong> Rejoice!</p>"
#
# textilize("I _love_ ROR(Ruby on Rails)!")
# # => "<p>I <em>love</em> <acronym title="Ruby on Rails">ROR</acronym>!</p>"
#
# textilize("h2. Textile makes markup -easy- simple!")
# # => "<h2>Textile makes markup <del>easy</del> simple!</h2>"
#
# textilize("Visit the Rails website "here":http://www.rubyonrails.org/.)
# # => "<p>Visit the Rails website <a href="http://www.rubyonrails.org/">here</a>.</p>"
#
# textilize("This is worded <strong>strongly</strong>")
# # => "<p>This is worded <strong>strongly</strong></p>"
#
# textilize("This is worded <strong>strongly</strong>", :filter_html)
# # => "<p>This is worded &lt;strong&gt;strongly&lt;/strong&gt;</p>"
#
def textilize(text, *options)
options ||= [:hard_breaks]
if text.blank?
""
else
textilized = RedCloth.new(text, options)
textilized.to_html
end
end
# Returns the text with all the Textile codes turned into HTML tags,
# but without the bounding <p> tag that RedCloth adds.
#
# You can learn more about Textile's syntax at its website[http://www.textism.com/tools/textile].
# <i>This method is only available if RedCloth[http://redcloth.org/] is available</i>.
#
# ==== Examples
# textilize_without_paragraph("*This is Textile!* Rejoice!")
# # => "<strong>This is Textile!</strong> Rejoice!"
#
# textilize_without_paragraph("I _love_ ROR(Ruby on Rails)!")
# # => "I <em>love</em> <acronym title="Ruby on Rails">ROR</acronym>!"
#
# textilize_without_paragraph("h2. Textile makes markup -easy- simple!")
# # => "<h2>Textile makes markup <del>easy</del> simple!</h2>"
#
# textilize_without_paragraph("Visit the Rails website "here":http://www.rubyonrails.org/.)
# # => "Visit the Rails website <a href="http://www.rubyonrails.org/">here</a>."
def textilize_without_paragraph(text)
textiled = textilize(text)
if textiled[0..2] == "<p>" then textiled = textiled[3..-1] end
if textiled[-4..-1] == "</p>" then textiled = textiled[0..-5] end
return textiled
end
# Returns the text with all the Markdown codes turned into HTML tags.
# <i>This method requires BlueCloth[http://www.deveiate.org/projects/BlueCloth]
# to be available</i>.
#
# ==== Examples
# markdown("We are using __Markdown__ now!")
# # => "<p>We are using <strong>Markdown</strong> now!</p>"
#
# markdown("We like to _write_ `code`, not just _read_ it!")
# # => "<p>We like to <em>write</em> <code>code</code>, not just <em>read</em> it!</p>"
#
# markdown("The [Markdown website](http://daringfireball.net/projects/markdown/) has more information.")
# # => "<p>The <a href="http://daringfireball.net/projects/markdown/">Markdown website</a>
# # has more information.</p>"
#
# markdown('![The ROR logo](http://rubyonrails.com/images/rails.png "Ruby on Rails")')
# # => '<p><img src="http://rubyonrails.com/images/rails.png" alt="The ROR logo" title="Ruby on Rails" /></p>'
def markdown(text)
text.blank? ? "" : BlueCloth.new(text).to_html
end
# Returns +text+ transformed into HTML using simple formatting rules.
# Two or more consecutive newlines(<tt>\n\n</tt>) are considered as a
# paragraph and wrapped in <tt><p></tt> tags. One newline (<tt>\n</tt>) is
# considered as a linebreak and a <tt><br /></tt> tag is appended. This
# method does not remove the newlines from the +text+.
#
# You can pass any HTML attributes into <tt>html_options</tt>. These
# will be added to all created paragraphs.
# ==== Examples
# my_text = "Here is some basic text...\n...with a line break."
#
# simple_format(my_text)
# # => "<p>Here is some basic text...\n<br />...with a line break.</p>"
#
# more_text = "We want to put a paragraph...\n\n...right there."
#
# simple_format(more_text)
# # => "<p>We want to put a paragraph...</p>\n\n<p>...right there.</p>"
#
# simple_format("Look ma! A class!", :class => 'description')
# # => "<p class='description'>Look ma! A class!</p>"
def simple_format(text, html_options={})
start_tag = tag('p', html_options, true)
text = h(text)
text.gsub!(/\r\n?/, "\n") # \r\n and \r -> \n
text.gsub!(/\n\n+/, "</p>\n\n#{start_tag}") # 2+ newline -> paragraph
text.gsub!(/([^\n]\n)(?=[^\n])/, '\1<br />') # 1 newline -> br
text.insert 0, start_tag
text.safe_concat("</p>")
end
# Turns all URLs and e-mail addresses into clickable links. The <tt>:link</tt> option
# will limit what should be linked. You can add HTML attributes to the links using
# <tt>:html</tt>. Possible values for <tt>:link</tt> are <tt>:all</tt> (default),
# <tt>:email_addresses</tt>, and <tt>:urls</tt>. If a block is given, each URL and
# e-mail address is yielded and the result is used as the link text.
#
# ==== Examples
# auto_link("Go to http://www.rubyonrails.org and say hello to david@loudthinking.com")
# # => "Go to <a href=\"http://www.rubyonrails.org\">http://www.rubyonrails.org</a> and
# # say hello to <a href=\"mailto:david@loudthinking.com\">david@loudthinking.com</a>"
#
# auto_link("Visit http://www.loudthinking.com/ or e-mail david@loudthinking.com", :link => :urls)
# # => "Visit <a href=\"http://www.loudthinking.com/\">http://www.loudthinking.com/</a>
# # or e-mail david@loudthinking.com"
#
# auto_link("Visit http://www.loudthinking.com/ or e-mail david@loudthinking.com", :link => :email_addresses)
# # => "Visit http://www.loudthinking.com/ or e-mail <a href=\"mailto:david@loudthinking.com\">david@loudthinking.com</a>"
#
# post_body = "Welcome to my new blog at http://www.myblog.com/. Please e-mail me at me@email.com."
# auto_link(post_body, :html => { :target => '_blank' }) do |text|
# truncate(text, 15)
# end
# # => "Welcome to my new blog at <a href=\"http://www.myblog.com/\" target=\"_blank\">http://www.m...</a>.
# Please e-mail me at <a href=\"mailto:me@email.com\">me@email.com</a>."
#
#
# You can still use <tt>auto_link</tt> with the old API that accepts the
# +link+ as its optional second parameter and the +html_options+ hash
# as its optional third parameter:
# post_body = "Welcome to my new blog at http://www.myblog.com/. Please e-mail me at me@email.com."
# auto_link(post_body, :urls) # => Once upon\na time
# # => "Welcome to my new blog at <a href=\"http://www.myblog.com/\">http://www.myblog.com</a>.
# Please e-mail me at me@email.com."
#
# auto_link(post_body, :all, :target => "_blank") # => Once upon\na time
# # => "Welcome to my new blog at <a href=\"http://www.myblog.com/\" target=\"_blank\">http://www.myblog.com</a>.
# Please e-mail me at <a href=\"mailto:me@email.com\">me@email.com</a>."
def auto_link(text, *args, &block)#link = :all, html = {}, &block)
return '' if text.blank?
options = args.size == 2 ? {} : args.extract_options! # this is necessary because the old auto_link API has a Hash as its last parameter
unless args.empty?
options[:link] = args[0] || :all
options[:html] = args[1] || {}
end
options.reverse_merge!(:link => :all, :html => {})
case options[:link].to_sym
when :all then auto_link_email_addresses(auto_link_urls(text, options[:html], &block), options[:html], &block)
when :email_addresses then auto_link_email_addresses(text, options[:html], &block)
when :urls then auto_link_urls(text, options[:html], &block)
end
end
# Creates a Cycle object whose _to_s_ method cycles through elements of an
# array every time it is called. This can be used for example, to alternate
# classes for table rows. You can use named cycles to allow nesting in loops.
# Passing a Hash as the last parameter with a <tt>:name</tt> key will create a
# named cycle. The default name for a cycle without a +:name+ key is
# <tt>"default"</tt>. You can manually reset a cycle by calling reset_cycle
# and passing the name of the cycle. The current cycle string can be obtained
# anytime using the current_cycle method.
#
# ==== Examples
# # Alternate CSS classes for even and odd numbers...
# @items = [1,2,3,4]
# <table>
# <% @items.each do |item| %>
# <tr class="<%= cycle("even", "odd") -%>">
# <td>item</td>
# </tr>
# <% end %>
# </table>
#
#
# # Cycle CSS classes for rows, and text colors for values within each row
# @items = x = [{:first => 'Robert', :middle => 'Daniel', :last => 'James'},
# {:first => 'Emily', :middle => 'Shannon', :maiden => 'Pike', :last => 'Hicks'},
# {:first => 'June', :middle => 'Dae', :last => 'Jones'}]
# <% @items.each do |item| %>
# <tr class="<%= cycle("odd", "even", :name => "row_class") -%>">
# <td>
# <% item.values.each do |value| %>
# <%# Create a named cycle "colors" %>
# <span style="color:<%= cycle("red", "green", "blue", :name => "colors") -%>">
# <%= value %>
# </span>
# <% end %>
# <% reset_cycle("colors") %>
# </td>
# </tr>
# <% end %>
def cycle(first_value, *values)
if (values.last.instance_of? Hash)
params = values.pop
name = params[:name]
else
name = "default"
end
values.unshift(first_value)
cycle = get_cycle(name)
if (cycle.nil? || cycle.values != values)
cycle = set_cycle(name, Cycle.new(*values))
end
return cycle.to_s
end
# Returns the current cycle string after a cycle has been started. Useful
# for complex table highlighting or any other design need which requires
# the current cycle string in more than one place.
#
# ==== Example
# # Alternate background colors
# @items = [1,2,3,4]
# <% @items.each do |item| %>
# <div style="background-color:<%= cycle("red","white","blue") %>">
# <span style="background-color:<%= current_cycle %>"><%= item %></span>
# </div>
# <% end %>
def current_cycle(name = "default")
cycle = get_cycle(name)
cycle.current_value unless cycle.nil?
end
# Resets a cycle so that it starts from the first element the next time
# it is called. Pass in +name+ to reset a named cycle.
#
# ==== Example
# # Alternate CSS classes for even and odd numbers...
# @items = [[1,2,3,4], [5,6,3], [3,4,5,6,7,4]]
# <table>
# <% @items.each do |item| %>
# <tr class="<%= cycle("even", "odd") -%>">
# <% item.each do |value| %>
# <span style="color:<%= cycle("#333", "#666", "#999", :name => "colors") -%>">
# <%= value %>
# </span>
# <% end %>
#
# <% reset_cycle("colors") %>
# </tr>
# <% end %>
# </table>
def reset_cycle(name = "default")
cycle = get_cycle(name)
cycle.reset unless cycle.nil?
end
class Cycle #:nodoc:
attr_reader :values
def initialize(first_value, *values)
@values = values.unshift(first_value)
reset
end
def reset
@index = 0
end
def current_value
@values[previous_index].to_s
end
def to_s
value = @values[@index].to_s
@index = next_index
return value
end
private
def next_index
step_index(1)
end
def previous_index
step_index(-1)
end
def step_index(n)
(@index + n) % @values.size
end
end
private
# The cycle helpers need to store the cycles in a place that is
# guaranteed to be reset every time a page is rendered, so it
# uses an instance variable of ActionView::Base.
def get_cycle(name)
@_cycles = Hash.new unless defined?(@_cycles)
return @_cycles[name]
end
def set_cycle(name, cycle_object)
@_cycles = Hash.new unless defined?(@_cycles)
@_cycles[name] = cycle_object
end
AUTO_LINK_RE = %r{
(?: ([\w+.:-]+:)// | www\. )
[^\s<]+
}x
# regexps for determining context, used high-volume
AUTO_LINK_CRE = [/<[^>]+$/, /^[^>]*>/, /<a\b.*?>/i, /<\/a>/i]
AUTO_EMAIL_RE = /[\w.!#\$%+-]+@[\w-]+(?:\.[\w-]+)+/
BRACKETS = { ']' => '[', ')' => '(', '}' => '{' }
# Turns all urls into clickable links. If a block is given, each url
# is yielded and the result is used as the link text.
def auto_link_urls(text, html_options = {})
link_attributes = html_options.stringify_keys
text.gsub(AUTO_LINK_RE) do
scheme, href = $1, $&
punctuation = []
if auto_linked?($`, $')
# do not change string; URL is already linked
href
else
# don't include trailing punctuation character as part of the URL
while href.sub!(/[^\w\/-]$/, '')
punctuation.push $&
if opening = BRACKETS[punctuation.last] and href.scan(opening).size > href.scan(punctuation.last).size
href << punctuation.pop
break
end
end
link_text = block_given?? yield(href) : href
href = 'http://' + href unless scheme
content_tag(:a, link_text, link_attributes.merge('href' => href)) + punctuation.reverse.join('')
end
end
end
# Turns all email addresses into clickable links. If a block is given,
# each email is yielded and the result is used as the link text.
def auto_link_email_addresses(text, html_options = {})
text.gsub(AUTO_EMAIL_RE) do
text = $&
if auto_linked?($`, $')
text
else
display_text = (block_given?) ? yield(text) : text
mail_to text, display_text, html_options
end
end
end
# Detects already linked context or position in the middle of a tag
def auto_linked?(left, right)
(left =~ AUTO_LINK_CRE[0] and right =~ AUTO_LINK_CRE[1]) or
(left.rindex(AUTO_LINK_CRE[2]) and $' !~ AUTO_LINK_CRE[3])
end
end
end
end
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