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module ActionView
  # = Action View Cache Helper
  module Helpers
    module CacheHelper
      # This helper exposes a method for caching fragments of a view
      # rather than an entire action or page. This technique is useful
      # caching pieces like menus, lists of newstopics, static HTML
      # fragments, and so on. This method takes a block that contains
      # the content you wish to cache.
      #
      # The best way to use this is by doing key-based cache expiration
      # on top of a cache store like Memcached that'll automatically
      # kick out old entries. For more on key-based expiration, see:
      # http://37signals.com/svn/posts/3113-how-key-based-cache-expiration-works
      #
      # When using this method, you list the cache dependency as the name of the cache, like so:
      #
      # <% cache project do %>
      # <b>All the topics on this project</b>
      # <%= render project.topics %>
      # <% end %>
      #
      # This approach will assume that when a new topic is added, you'll touch
      # the project. The cache key generated from this call will be something like:
      #
      # views/projects/123-20120806214154/7a1156131a6928cb0026877f8b749ac9
      # ^class ^id ^updated_at ^template tree digest
      #
      # The cache is thus automatically bumped whenever the project updated_at is touched.
      #
      # If your template cache depends on multiple sources (try to avoid this to keep things simple),
      # you can name all these dependencies as part of an array:
      #
      # <% cache [ project, current_user ] do %>
      # <b>All the topics on this project</b>
      # <%= render project.topics %>
      # <% end %>
      #
      # This will include both records as part of the cache key and updating either of them will
      # expire the cache.
      #
      # ==== Template digest
      #
      # The template digest that's added to the cache key is computed by taking an md5 of the
      # contents of the entire template file. This ensures that your caches will automatically
      # expire when you change the template file.
      #
      # Note that the md5 is taken of the entire template file, not just what's within the
      # cache do/end call. So it's possible that changing something outside of that call will
      # still expire the cache.
      #
      # Additionally, the digestor will automatically look through your template file for
      # explicit and implicit dependencies, and include those as part of the digest.
      #
      # ==== Implicit dependencies
      #
      # Most template dependencies can be derived from calls to render in the template itself.
      # Here are some examples of render calls that Cache Digests knows how to decode:
      #
      # render partial: "comments/comment", collection: commentable.comments
      # render "comments/comments"
      # render 'comments/comments'
      # render('comments/comments')
      #
      # render "header" => render("comments/header")
      #
      # render(@topic) => render("topics/topic")
      # render(topics) => render("topics/topic")
      # render(message.topics) => render("topics/topic")
      #
      # It's not possible to derive all render calls like that, though. Here are a few examples of things that can't be derived:
      #
      # render group_of_attachments
      # render @project.documents.where(published: true).order('created_at')
      #
      # You will have to rewrite those to the explicit form:
      #
      # render partial: 'attachments/attachment', collection: group_of_attachments
      # render partial: 'documents/document', collection: @project.documents.where(published: true).order('created_at')
      #
      # === Explicit dependencies
      #
      # Some times you'll have template dependencies that can't be derived at all. This is typically
      # the case when you have template rendering that happens in helpers. Here's an example:
      #
      # <%= render_sortable_todolists @project.todolists %>
      #
      # You'll need to use a special comment format to call those out:
      #
      # <%# Template Dependency: todolists/todolist %>
      # <%= render_sortable_todolists @project.todolists %>
      #
      # The pattern used to match these is /# Template Dependency: ([^ ]+)/, so it's important that you type it out just so.
      # You can only declare one template dependency per line.
      #
      # === External dependencies
      #
      # If you use a helper method, for example, inside of a cached block and you then update that helper,
      # you'll have to bump the cache as well. It doesn't really matter how you do it, but the md5 of the template file
      # must change. One recommendation is to simply be explicit in a comment, like:
      #
      # <%# Helper Dependency Updated: May 6, 2012 at 6pm %>
      # <%= some_helper_method(person) %>
      #
      # Now all you'll have to do is change that timestamp when the helper method changes.
      def cache(name = {}, options = nil, &block)
        if controller.perform_caching
          safe_concat(fragment_for(fragment_name_with_digest(name), options, &block))
        else
          yield
        end

        nil
      end

      def fragment_name_with_digest(name) #:nodoc:
        if @virtual_path
          [
            *Array(name.is_a?(Hash) ? controller.url_for(name).split("://").last : name),
            Digestor.digest(@virtual_path, formats.last.to_sym, lookup_context)
          ]
        else
          name
        end
      end

    private
      # TODO: Create an object that has caching read/write on it
      def fragment_for(name = {}, options = nil, &block) #:nodoc:
        if fragment = controller.read_fragment(name, options)
          fragment
        else
          # VIEW TODO: Make #capture usable outside of ERB
          # This dance is needed because Builder can't use capture
          pos = output_buffer.length
          yield
          output_safe = output_buffer.html_safe?
          fragment = output_buffer.slice!(pos..-1)
          if output_safe
            self.output_buffer = output_buffer.class.new(output_buffer)
          end
          controller.write_fragment(name, fragment, options)
        end
      end
    end
  end
end
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