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module ActiveRecord
module Acts #:nodoc:
module Tree #:nodoc:
def self.append_features(base)
super
base.extend(ClassMethods)
end
# Specify this act if you want to model a tree structure by providing a parent association and an children
# association. This act assumes that requires that you have a foreign key column, which by default is called parent_id.
#
# class Category < ActiveRecord::Base
# acts_as_tree :order => "name"
# end
#
# Example :
# root
# \_ child1
# \_ subchild1
# \_ subchild2
#
# root = Category.create("name" => "root")
# child1 = root.children.create("name" => "child1")
# subchild1 = child1.children.create("name" => "subchild1")
#
# root.parent # => nil
# child1.parent # => root
# root.children # => [child1]
# root.children.first.children.first # => subchild1
#
# In addition to the parent and children associations, the following instance methods are added to the class
# after specifying the act:
# * siblings: Return all the children of the parent excluding the current node ([ subchild2 ] when called from subchild1)
# * ancestors: Returns all the ancestors of the current node ([child1, root] when called from subchild2)
# * root: Returns the root of the current node (root when called from subchild2)
module ClassMethods
# Configuration options are:
#
# * <tt>foreign_key</tt> - specifies the column name to use for track of the tree (default: parent_id)
# * <tt>order</tt> - makes it possible to sort the children according to this SQL snippet.
# * <tt>counter_cache</tt> - keeps a count in a children_count column if set to true (default: false).
def acts_as_tree(options = {})
configuration = { :foreign_key => "parent_id", :order => nil, :counter_cache => nil }
configuration.update(options) if options.is_a?(Hash)
belongs_to :parent, :class_name => name, :foreign_key => configuration[:foreign_key], :counter_cache => configuration[:counter_cache]
has_many :children, :class_name => name, :foreign_key => configuration[:foreign_key], :order => configuration[:order], :dependent => true
module_eval <<-END
def self.roots
self.find(:all, :conditions => "#{configuration[:foreign_key]} IS NULL", :order => "#{configuration[:order]}")
end
def self.root
self.find(:first, :conditions => "#{configuration[:foreign_key]} IS NULL", :order => "#{configuration[:order]}")
end
END
# Returns list of ancestors, starting from parent until root.
#
# subchild1.ancestors # => [child1, root]
define_method(:ancestors) do
node, nodes = self, []
nodes << node = node.parent until not node.has_parent?
nodes
end
define_method(:root) do
node = self
node = node.parent until not node.has_parent?
node
end
define_method(:siblings) do
( has_parent? ? parent.children : self.class.roots ) - [self]
end
end
end
end
end
end
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