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require 'memcache'
module ActiveSupport
module Cache
# A cache store implementation which stores data in Memcached:
# http://www.danga.com/memcached/
#
# This is currently the most popular cache store for production websites.
#
# Special features:
# - Clustering and load balancing. One can specify multiple memcached servers,
# and MemCacheStore will load balance between all available servers. If a
# server goes down, then MemCacheStore will ignore it until it goes back
# online.
# - Time-based expiry support. See #write and the +:expires_in+ option.
# - Per-request in memory cache for all communication with the MemCache server(s).
class MemCacheStore < Store
module Response # :nodoc:
STORED = "STORED\r\n"
NOT_STORED = "NOT_STORED\r\n"
EXISTS = "EXISTS\r\n"
NOT_FOUND = "NOT_FOUND\r\n"
DELETED = "DELETED\r\n"
end
attr_reader :addresses
# Creates a new MemCacheStore object, with the given memcached server
# addresses. Each address is either a host name, or a host-with-port string
# in the form of "host_name:port". For example:
#
# ActiveSupport::Cache::MemCacheStore.new("localhost", "server-downstairs.localnetwork:8229")
#
# If no addresses are specified, then MemCacheStore will connect to
# localhost port 11211 (the default memcached port).
def initialize(*addresses)
addresses = addresses.flatten
options = addresses.extract_options!
addresses = ["localhost"] if addresses.empty?
@addresses = addresses
@data = MemCache.new(addresses, options)
extend Strategy::LocalCache
end
def read(key, options = nil) # :nodoc:
super
@data.get(key, raw?(options))
rescue MemCache::MemCacheError => e
logger.error("MemCacheError (#{e}): #{e.message}")
nil
end
# Writes a value to the cache.
#
# Possible options:
# - +:unless_exist+ - set to true if you don't want to update the cache
# if the key is already set.
# - +:expires_in+ - the number of seconds that this value may stay in
# the cache. See ActiveSupport::Cache::Store#write for an example.
def write(key, value, options = nil)
super
method = options && options[:unless_exist] ? :add : :set
# memcache-client will break the connection if you send it an integer
# in raw mode, so we convert it to a string to be sure it continues working.
value = value.to_s if raw?(options)
response = @data.send(method, key, value, expires_in(options), raw?(options))
response == Response::STORED
rescue MemCache::MemCacheError => e
logger.error("MemCacheError (#{e}): #{e.message}")
false
end
def delete(key, options = nil) # :nodoc:
super
response = @data.delete(key, expires_in(options))
response == Response::DELETED
rescue MemCache::MemCacheError => e
logger.error("MemCacheError (#{e}): #{e.message}")
false
end
def exist?(key, options = nil) # :nodoc:
# Doesn't call super, cause exist? in memcache is in fact a read
# But who cares? Reading is very fast anyway
# Local cache is checked first, if it doesn't know then memcache itself is read from
!read(key, options).nil?
end
def increment(key, amount = 1) # :nodoc:
log("incrementing", key, amount)
response = @data.incr(key, amount)
response == Response::NOT_FOUND ? nil : response
rescue MemCache::MemCacheError
nil
end
def decrement(key, amount = 1) # :nodoc:
log("decrement", key, amount)
response = @data.decr(key, amount)
response == Response::NOT_FOUND ? nil : response
rescue MemCache::MemCacheError
nil
end
def delete_matched(matcher, options = nil) # :nodoc:
# don't do any local caching at present, just pass
# through and let the error happen
super
raise "Not supported by Memcache"
end
def clear
@data.flush_all
end
def stats
@data.stats
end
private
def expires_in(options)
(options && options[:expires_in]) || 0
end
def raw?(options)
options && options[:raw]
end
end
end
end
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