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module ActionController
module Resources
class Resource #:nodoc:
attr_reader :collection_methods, :member_methods, :new_methods
attr_reader :path_prefix, :name_prefix
attr_reader :plural, :singular
attr_reader :options
def initialize(entities, options)
@plural = entities
@singular = options[:singular] || plural.to_s.singularize
@options = options
arrange_actions
add_default_actions
set_prefixes
end
def controller
@controller ||= (options[:controller] || plural).to_s
end
def path
@path ||= "#{path_prefix}/#{plural}"
end
def new_path
@new_path ||= "#{path}/new"
end
def member_path
@member_path ||= "#{path}/:id"
end
def nesting_path_prefix
@nesting_path_prefix ||= "#{path}/:#{singular}_id"
end
protected
def arrange_actions
@collection_methods = arrange_actions_by_methods(options.delete(:collection))
@member_methods = arrange_actions_by_methods(options.delete(:member))
@new_methods = arrange_actions_by_methods(options.delete(:new))
end
def add_default_actions
add_default_action(member_methods, :get, :edit)
add_default_action(new_methods, :get, :new)
end
def set_prefixes
@path_prefix = options.delete(:path_prefix)
@name_prefix = options.delete(:name_prefix)
end
def arrange_actions_by_methods(actions)
(actions || {}).inject({}) do |flipped_hash, (key, value)|
(flipped_hash[value] ||= []) << key
flipped_hash
end
end
def add_default_action(collection, method, action)
(collection[method] ||= []).unshift(action)
end
end
class SingletonResource < Resource #:nodoc:
def initialize(entity, options)
@singular = entity
@plural = options[:plural] || singular.to_s.pluralize
@options = options
arrange_actions
add_default_actions
set_prefixes
end
def controller
@controller ||= (options[:controller] || singular).to_s
end
def path
@path ||= "#{path_prefix}/#{singular}"
end
def new_path
nil
end
alias_method :member_path, :path
alias_method :nesting_path_prefix, :path
end
# Creates named routes for implementing verb-oriented controllers. This is
# useful for implementing REST API's, where a single resource has different
# behavior based on the HTTP verb (method) used to access it.
#
# Example:
#
# map.resources :messages
#
# class MessagesController < ActionController::Base
# # GET messages_url
# def index
# # return all messages
# end
#
# # GET new_message_url
# def new
# # return an HTML form for describing a new message
# end
#
# # POST messages_url
# def create
# # create a new message
# end
#
# # GET message_url(:id => 1)
# def show
# # find and return a specific message
# end
#
# # GET edit_message_url(:id => 1)
# def edit
# # return an HTML form for editing a specific message
# end
#
# # PUT message_url(:id => 1)
# def update
# # find and update a specific message
# end
#
# # DELETE message_url(:id => 1)
# def destroy
# # delete a specific message
# end
# end
#
# The #resources method sets HTTP method restrictions on the routes it generates. For example, making an
# HTTP POST on <tt>new_message_url</tt> will raise a RoutingError exception. The default route in
# <tt>config/routes.rb</tt> overrides this and allows invalid HTTP methods for resource routes.
#
# Along with the routes themselves, #resources generates named routes for use in
# controllers and views. <tt>map.resources :messages</tt> produces the following named routes and helpers:
#
# Named Route Helpers
# messages messages_url, hash_for_messages_url,
# messages_path, hash_for_messages_path
# message message_url(id), hash_for_message_url(id),
# message_path(id), hash_for_message_path(id)
# new_message new_message_url, hash_for_new_message_url,
# new_message_path, hash_for_new_message_path
# edit_message edit_message_url(id), hash_for_edit_message_url(id),
# edit_message_path(id), hash_for_edit_message_path(id)
#
# You can use these helpers instead of #url_for or methods that take #url_for parameters:
#
# redirect_to :controller => 'messages', :action => 'index'
# # becomes
# redirect_to messages_url
#
# <%= link_to "edit this message", :controller => 'messages', :action => 'edit', :id => @message.id %>
# # becomes
# <%= link_to "edit this message", edit_message_url(@message) # calls @message.id automatically
#
# Since web browsers don't support the PUT and DELETE verbs, you will need to add a parameter '_method' to your
# form tags. The form helpers make this a little easier. For an update form with a <tt>@message</tt> object:
#
# <%= form_tag message_path(@message), :method => :put %>
#
# or
#
# <% form_for :message, @message, message_path(@message), :html => {:method => :put} do |f| %>
#
# The #resources method accepts various options, too, to customize the resulting
# routes:
# * <tt>:controller</tt> -- specify the controller name for the routes.
# * <tt>:singular</tt> -- specify the singular name used in the member routes.
# * <tt>:path_prefix</tt> -- set a prefix to the routes with required route variables.
# Weblog comments usually belong to a post, so you might use resources like:
#
# map.resources :articles
# map.resources :comments, :path_prefix => '/articles/:article_id'
#
# You can nest resources calls to set this automatically:
#
# map.resources :articles do |article|
# article.resources :comments
# end
#
# * <tt>:name_prefix</tt> -- define a prefix for all generated routes, usually ending in an underscore.
# Use this if you have named routes that may clash.
#
# map.resources :tags, :path_prefix => '/books/:book_id', :name_prefix => 'book_'
# map.resources :tags, :path_prefix => '/toys/:toy_id', :name_prefix => 'toy_'
#
# * <tt>:collection</tt> -- add named routes for other actions that operate on the collection.
# Takes a hash of <tt>#{action} => #{method}</tt>, where method is <tt>:get</tt>/<tt>:post</tt>/<tt>:put</tt>/<tt>:delete</tt>
# or <tt>:any</tt> if the method does not matter. These routes map to a URL like /messages;rss, with a route of rss_messages_url.
# * <tt>:member</tt> -- same as :collection, but for actions that operate on a specific member.
# * <tt>:new</tt> -- same as :collection, but for actions that operate on the new resource action.
#
# If <tt>map.resources</tt> is called with multiple resources, they all get the same options applied.
#
# Examples:
#
# map.resources :messages, :path_prefix => "/thread/:thread_id"
# # --> GET /thread/7/messages/1
#
# map.resources :messages, :collection => { :rss => :get }
# # --> GET /messages;rss (maps to the #rss action)
# # also adds a named route called "rss_messages"
#
# map.resources :messages, :member => { :mark => :post }
# # --> POST /messages/1;mark (maps to the #mark action)
# # also adds a named route called "mark_message"
#
# map.resources :messages, :new => { :preview => :post }
# # --> POST /messages/new;preview (maps to the #preview action)
# # also adds a named route called "preview_new_message"
#
# map.resources :messages, :new => { :new => :any, :preview => :post }
# # --> POST /messages/new;preview (maps to the #preview action)
# # also adds a named route called "preview_new_message"
# # --> /messages/new can be invoked via any request method
#
# map.resources :messages, :controller => "categories",
# :path_prefix => "/category/:category_id",
# :name_prefix => "category_"
# # --> GET /categories/7/messages/1
# # has named route "category_message"
def resources(*entities, &block)
options = entities.last.is_a?(Hash) ? entities.pop : { }
entities.each { |entity| map_resource entity, options.dup, &block }
end
# Creates named routes for implementing verb-oriented controllers for a singleton resource.
# A singleton resource is global to the current user visiting the application, such as a user's
# /account profile.
#
# See map.resources for general conventions. These are the main differences:
# - a singular name is given to map.resource. The default controller name is taken from the singular name.
# - To specify a custom plural name, use the :plural option. There is no :singular option
# - No default index, new, or create routes are created for the singleton resource controller.
# - When nesting singleton resources, only the singular name is used as the path prefix (example: 'account/messages/1')
#
# Example:
#
# map.resource :account
#
# class AccountController < ActionController::Base
# # GET account_url
# def show
# # find and return a specific message
# end
#
# # GET edit_account_url
# def edit
# # return an HTML form for editing a specific message
# end
#
# # PUT account_url
# def update
# # find and update a specific message
# end
#
# # DELETE account_url
# def destroy
# # delete a specific message
# end
# end
#
# Along with the routes themselves, #resource generates named routes for use in
# controllers and views. <tt>map.resource :account</tt> produces the following named routes and helpers:
#
# Named Route Helpers
# account account_url, hash_for_account_url,
# account_path, hash_for_account_path
# edit_account edit_account_url, hash_for_edit_account_url,
# edit_account_path, hash_for_edit_account_path
def resource(*entities, &block)
options = entities.last.is_a?(Hash) ? entities.pop : { }
entities.each { |entity| map_singleton_resource entity, options.dup, &block }
end
private
def map_resource(entities, options = {}, &block)
resource = Resource.new(entities, options)
with_options :controller => resource.controller do |map|
map_collection_actions(map, resource)
map_new_actions(map, resource)
map_member_actions(map, resource)
if block_given?
with_options(:path_prefix => resource.nesting_path_prefix, &block)
end
end
end
def map_singleton_resource(entities, options = {}, &block)
resource = SingletonResource.new(entities, options)
with_options :controller => resource.controller do |map|
map_member_actions(map, resource)
if block_given?
with_options(:path_prefix => resource.singular, &block)
end
end
end
def map_collection_actions(map, resource)
resource.collection_methods.each do |method, actions|
route_options = requirements_for(method)
actions.each do |action|
map.named_route(
"#{resource.name_prefix}#{action}_#{resource.plural}",
"#{resource.path};#{action}",
route_options.merge(:action => action.to_s)
)
map.named_route(
"formatted_#{resource.name_prefix}#{action}_#{resource.plural}",
"#{resource.path}.:format;#{action}",
route_options.merge(:action => action.to_s)
)
end
end
map.named_route("#{resource.name_prefix}#{resource.plural}", resource.path, :action => "index", :conditions => { :method => :get })
map.named_route("formatted_#{resource.name_prefix}#{resource.plural}", "#{resource.path}.:format", :action => "index", :conditions => { :method => :get })
map.connect(resource.path, :action => "create", :conditions => { :method => :post })
map.connect("#{resource.path}.:format", :action => "create", :conditions => { :method => :post })
end
def map_new_actions(map, resource)
resource.new_methods.each do |method, actions|
route_options = requirements_for(method)
actions.each do |action|
if action == :new
map.named_route("#{resource.name_prefix}new_#{resource.singular}", resource.new_path, route_options.merge(:action => "new"))
map.named_route("formatted_#{resource.name_prefix}new_#{resource.singular}", "#{resource.new_path}.:format", route_options.merge(:action => "new"))
else
map.named_route("#{resource.name_prefix}#{action}_new_#{resource.singular}", "#{resource.new_path};#{action}", route_options.merge(:action => action.to_s))
map.named_route("formatted_#{resource.name_prefix}#{action}_new_#{resource.singular}", "#{resource.new_path}.:format;#{action}", route_options.merge(:action => action.to_s))
end
end
end
end
def map_member_actions(map, resource)
resource.member_methods.each do |method, actions|
route_options = requirements_for(method)
actions.each do |action|
map.named_route("#{resource.name_prefix}#{action}_#{resource.singular}", "#{resource.member_path};#{action}", route_options.merge(:action => action.to_s))
map.named_route("formatted_#{resource.name_prefix}#{action}_#{resource.singular}", "#{resource.member_path}.:format;#{action}", route_options.merge(:action => action.to_s))
end
end
map.named_route("#{resource.name_prefix}#{resource.singular}", resource.member_path, :action => "show", :conditions => { :method => :get })
map.named_route("formatted_#{resource.name_prefix}#{resource.singular}", "#{resource.member_path}.:format", :action => "show", :conditions => { :method => :get })
map.connect(resource.member_path, :action => "update", :conditions => { :method => :put })
map.connect("#{resource.member_path}.:format", :action => "update", :conditions => { :method => :put })
map.connect(resource.member_path, :action => "destroy", :conditions => { :method => :delete })
map.connect("#{resource.member_path}.:format", :action => "destroy", :conditions => { :method => :delete })
end
def requirements_for(method)
method == :any ? {} : { :conditions => { :method => method } }
end
end
end
ActionController::Routing::RouteSet::Mapper.send :include, ActionController::Resources
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