Skip to content

HTTPS clone URL

Subversion checkout URL

You can clone with HTTPS or Subversion.

Download ZIP
tree: cb62f06dcf
Fetching contributors…

Cannot retrieve contributors at this time

412 lines (365 sloc) 15.879 kb
# Author: Ken Kunz <kennethkunz@gmail.com>
require 'active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_adapter'
module FireRuby # :nodoc: all
class Database
def self.new_from_params(database, host, port, service, charset)
host_string = [host, service, port].compact.first(2).join("/") if host
db_string = [host_string, database].join(":")
db = new(db_string)
db.character_set = charset
db
end
end
end
module ActiveRecord
class << Base
def firebird_connection(config) # :nodoc:
require_library_or_gem 'fireruby'
unless defined? FireRuby::SQLType
raise AdapterNotFound,
'The Firebird adapter requires FireRuby version 0.4.0 or greater; you appear ' <<
'to be running an older version -- please update FireRuby (gem install fireruby).'
end
config.symbolize_keys!
unless config.has_key?(:database)
raise ArgumentError, "No database specified. Missing argument: database."
end
db_params = config.values_at(:database, :host, :port, :service, :charset)
connection_params = config.values_at(:username, :password)
db = FireRuby::Database.new_from_params(*db_params)
connection = db.connect(*connection_params)
ConnectionAdapters::FirebirdAdapter.new(connection, logger, connection_params)
end
end
module ConnectionAdapters
class FirebirdColumn < Column # :nodoc:
VARCHAR_MAX_LENGTH = 32_765
BLOB_MAX_LENGTH = 32_767
def initialize(name, domain, type, sub_type, length, precision, scale, default_source, null_flag)
@firebird_type = FireRuby::SQLType.to_base_type(type, sub_type).to_s
super(name.downcase, nil, @firebird_type, !null_flag)
@default = parse_default(default_source) if default_source
@limit = @firebird_type == 'BLOB' ? BLOB_MAX_LENGTH : length
@domain, @sub_type, @precision, @scale = domain, sub_type, precision, scale
end
def type
if @domain =~ /BOOLEAN/
:boolean
elsif @type == :binary and @sub_type == 1
:text
else
@type
end
end
# Submits a _CAST_ query to the database, casting the default value to the specified SQL type.
# This enables Firebird to provide an actual value when context variables are used as column
# defaults (such as CURRENT_TIMESTAMP).
def default
if @default
sql = "SELECT CAST(#{@default} AS #{column_def}) FROM RDB$DATABASE"
connection = ActiveRecord::Base.active_connections.values.detect { |conn| conn && conn.adapter_name == 'Firebird' }
if connection
type_cast connection.execute(sql).to_a.first['CAST']
else
raise ConnectionNotEstablished, "No Firebird connections established."
end
end
end
def self.value_to_boolean(value)
%W(#{FirebirdAdapter.boolean_domain[:true]} true t 1).include? value.to_s.downcase
end
private
def parse_default(default_source)
default_source =~ /^\s*DEFAULT\s+(.*)\s*$/i
return $1 unless $1.upcase == "NULL"
end
def column_def
case @firebird_type
when 'BLOB' then "VARCHAR(#{VARCHAR_MAX_LENGTH})"
when 'CHAR', 'VARCHAR' then "#{@firebird_type}(#{@limit})"
when 'NUMERIC', 'DECIMAL' then "#{@firebird_type}(#{@precision},#{@scale.abs})"
when 'DOUBLE' then "DOUBLE PRECISION"
else @firebird_type
end
end
def simplified_type(field_type)
if field_type == 'TIMESTAMP'
:datetime
else
super
end
end
end
# The Firebird adapter relies on the FireRuby[http://rubyforge.org/projects/fireruby/]
# extension, version 0.4.0 or later (available as a gem or from
# RubyForge[http://rubyforge.org/projects/fireruby/]). FireRuby works with
# Firebird 1.5.x on Linux, OS X and Win32 platforms.
#
# == Usage Notes
#
# === Sequence (Generator) Names
# The Firebird adapter supports the same approach adopted for the Oracle
# adapter. See ActiveRecord::Base#set_sequence_name for more details.
#
# Note that in general there is no need to create a <tt>BEFORE INSERT</tt>
# trigger corresponding to a Firebird sequence generator when using
# ActiveRecord. In other words, you don't have to try to make Firebird
# simulate an <tt>AUTO_INCREMENT</tt> or +IDENTITY+ column. When saving a
# new record, ActiveRecord pre-fetches the next sequence value for the table
# and explicitly includes it in the +INSERT+ statement. (Pre-fetching the
# next primary key value is the only reliable method for the Firebird
# adapter to report back the +id+ after a successful insert.)
#
# === BOOLEAN Domain
# Firebird 1.5 does not provide a native +BOOLEAN+ type. But you can easily
# define a +BOOLEAN+ _domain_ for this purpose, e.g.:
#
# CREATE DOMAIN D_BOOLEAN AS SMALLINT CHECK (VALUE IN (0, 1));
#
# When the Firebird adapter encounters a column that is based on a domain
# that includes "BOOLEAN" in the domain name, it will attempt to treat
# the column as a +BOOLEAN+.
#
# By default, the Firebird adapter will assume that the BOOLEAN domain is
# defined as above. This can be modified if needed. For example, if you
# have a legacy schema with the following +BOOLEAN+ domain defined:
#
# CREATE DOMAIN BOOLEAN AS CHAR(1) CHECK (VALUE IN ('T', 'F'));
#
# ...you can add the following line to your <tt>environment.rb</tt> file:
#
# ActiveRecord::ConnectionAdapters::FirebirdAdapter.boolean_domain = { :true => 'T', :false => 'F' }
#
# === BLOB Elements
# The Firebird adapter currently provides only limited support for +BLOB+
# columns. You cannot currently retrieve or insert a +BLOB+ as an IO stream.
# When selecting a +BLOB+, the entire element is converted into a String.
# When inserting or updating a +BLOB+, the entire value is included in-line
# in the SQL statement, limiting you to values <= 32KB in size.
#
# === Column Name Case Semantics
# Firebird and ActiveRecord have somewhat conflicting case semantics for
# column names.
#
# [*Firebird*]
# The standard practice is to use unquoted column names, which can be
# thought of as case-insensitive. (In fact, Firebird converts them to
# uppercase.) Quoted column names (not typically used) are case-sensitive.
# [*ActiveRecord*]
# Attribute accessors corresponding to column names are case-sensitive.
# The defaults for primary key and inheritance columns are lowercase, and
# in general, people use lowercase attribute names.
#
# In order to map between the differing semantics in a way that conforms
# to common usage for both Firebird and ActiveRecord, uppercase column names
# in Firebird are converted to lowercase attribute names in ActiveRecord,
# and vice-versa. Mixed-case column names retain their case in both
# directions. Lowercase (quoted) Firebird column names are not supported.
# This is similar to the solutions adopted by other adapters.
#
# In general, the best approach is to use unqouted (case-insensitive) column
# names in your Firebird DDL (or if you must quote, use uppercase column
# names). These will correspond to lowercase attributes in ActiveRecord.
#
# For example, a Firebird table based on the following DDL:
#
# CREATE TABLE products (
# id BIGINT NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY,
# "TYPE" VARCHAR(50),
# name VARCHAR(255) );
#
# ...will correspond to an ActiveRecord model class called +Product+ with
# the following attributes: +id+, +type+, +name+.
#
# ==== Quoting <tt>"TYPE"</tt> and other Firebird reserved words:
# In ActiveRecord, the default inheritance column name is +type+. The word
# _type_ is a Firebird reserved word, so it must be quoted in any Firebird
# SQL statements. Because of the case mapping described above, you should
# always reference this column using quoted-uppercase syntax
# (<tt>"TYPE"</tt>) within Firebird DDL or other SQL statements (as in the
# example above). This holds true for any other Firebird reserved words used
# as column names as well.
#
# === Migrations
# The Firebird adapter does not currently support Migrations. I hope to
# add this feature in the near future.
#
# == Connection Options
# The following options are supported by the Firebird adapter. None of the
# options have default values.
#
# <tt>:database</tt>::
# <i>Required option.</i> Specifies one of: (i) a Firebird database alias;
# (ii) the full path of a database file; _or_ (iii) a full Firebird
# connection string. <i>Do not specify <tt>:host</tt>, <tt>:service</tt>
# or <tt>:port</tt> as separate options when using a full connection
# string.</i>
# <tt>:host</tt>::
# Set to <tt>"remote.host.name"</tt> for remote database connections.
# May be omitted for local connections if a full database path is
# specified for <tt>:database</tt>. Some platforms require a value of
# <tt>"localhost"</tt> for local connections when using a Firebird
# database _alias_.
# <tt>:service</tt>::
# Specifies a service name for the connection. Only used if <tt>:host</tt>
# is provided. Required when connecting to a non-standard service.
# <tt>:port</tt>::
# Specifies the connection port. Only used if <tt>:host</tt> is provided
# and <tt>:service</tt> is not. Required when connecting to a non-standard
# port and <tt>:service</tt> is not defined.
# <tt>:username</tt>::
# Specifies the database user. May be omitted or set to +nil+ (together
# with <tt>:password</tt>) to use the underlying operating system user
# credentials on supported platforms.
# <tt>:password</tt>::
# Specifies the database password. Must be provided if <tt>:username</tt>
# is explicitly specified; should be omitted if OS user credentials are
# are being used.
# <tt>:charset</tt>::
# Specifies the character set to be used by the connection. Refer to
# Firebird documentation for valid options.
class FirebirdAdapter < AbstractAdapter
@@boolean_domain = { :true => 1, :false => 0 }
cattr_accessor :boolean_domain
def initialize(connection, logger, connection_params=nil)
super(connection, logger)
@connection_params = connection_params
end
def adapter_name # :nodoc:
'Firebird'
end
# Returns true for Firebird adapter (since Firebird requires primary key
# values to be pre-fetched before insert). See also #next_sequence_value.
def prefetch_primary_key?(table_name = nil)
true
end
def default_sequence_name(table_name, primary_key) # :nodoc:
"#{table_name}_seq"
end
# QUOTING ==================================================
def quote(value, column = nil) # :nodoc:
if [Time, DateTime].include?(value.class)
"CAST('#{value.strftime("%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S")}' AS TIMESTAMP)"
else
super
end
end
def quote_string(string) # :nodoc:
string.gsub(/'/, "''")
end
def quote_column_name(column_name) # :nodoc:
%Q("#{ar_to_fb_case(column_name)}")
end
def quoted_true # :nodoc:
quote(boolean_domain[:true])
end
def quoted_false # :nodoc:
quote(boolean_domain[:false])
end
# CONNECTION MANAGEMENT ====================================
def active?
not @connection.closed?
end
def disconnect!
@connection.close rescue nil
end
def reconnect!
disconnect!
@connection = @connection.database.connect(*@connection_params)
end
# DATABASE STATEMENTS ======================================
def select_all(sql, name = nil) # :nodoc:
select(sql, name)
end
def select_one(sql, name = nil) # :nodoc:
result = select(sql, name)
result.nil? ? nil : result.first
end
def execute(sql, name = nil, &block) # :nodoc:
log(sql, name) do
if @transaction
@connection.execute(sql, @transaction, &block)
else
@connection.execute_immediate(sql, &block)
end
end
end
def insert(sql, name = nil, pk = nil, id_value = nil, sequence_name = nil) # :nodoc:
execute(sql, name)
id_value
end
alias_method :update, :execute
alias_method :delete, :execute
def begin_db_transaction() # :nodoc:
@transaction = @connection.start_transaction
end
def commit_db_transaction() # :nodoc:
@transaction.commit
ensure
@transaction = nil
end
def rollback_db_transaction() # :nodoc:
@transaction.rollback
ensure
@transaction = nil
end
def add_limit_offset!(sql, options) # :nodoc:
if options[:limit]
limit_string = "FIRST #{options[:limit]}"
limit_string << " SKIP #{options[:offset]}" if options[:offset]
sql.sub!(/\A(\s*SELECT\s)/i, '\&' + limit_string + ' ')
end
end
# Returns the next sequence value from a sequence generator. Not generally
# called directly; used by ActiveRecord to get the next primary key value
# when inserting a new database record (see #prefetch_primary_key?).
def next_sequence_value(sequence_name)
FireRuby::Generator.new(sequence_name, @connection).next(1)
end
# SCHEMA STATEMENTS ========================================
def columns(table_name, name = nil) # :nodoc:
sql = <<-END_SQL
SELECT r.rdb$field_name, r.rdb$field_source, f.rdb$field_type, f.rdb$field_sub_type,
f.rdb$field_length, f.rdb$field_precision, f.rdb$field_scale,
COALESCE(r.rdb$default_source, f.rdb$default_source) rdb$default_source,
COALESCE(r.rdb$null_flag, f.rdb$null_flag) rdb$null_flag
FROM rdb$relation_fields r
JOIN rdb$fields f ON r.rdb$field_source = f.rdb$field_name
WHERE r.rdb$relation_name = '#{table_name.to_s.upcase}'
ORDER BY r.rdb$field_position
END_SQL
execute(sql, name).collect do |field|
field_values = field.values.collect do |value|
case value
when String then value.rstrip
when FireRuby::Blob then value.to_s
else value
end
end
FirebirdColumn.new(*field_values)
end
end
private
def select(sql, name = nil)
execute(sql, name).collect do |row|
hashed_row = {}
row.each do |column, value|
value = value.to_s if FireRuby::Blob === value
hashed_row[fb_to_ar_case(column)] = value
end
hashed_row
end
end
# Maps uppercase Firebird column names to lowercase for ActiveRecord;
# mixed-case columns retain their original case.
def fb_to_ar_case(column_name)
column_name =~ /[[:lower:]]/ ? column_name : column_name.downcase
end
# Maps lowercase ActiveRecord column names to uppercase for Fierbird;
# mixed-case columns retain their original case.
def ar_to_fb_case(column_name)
column_name =~ /[[:upper:]]/ ? column_name : column_name.upcase
end
end
end
end
Jump to Line
Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.