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require 'action_view/helpers/tag_helper'

module ActionView
  module Helpers #:nodoc:
    # The TextHelper module provides a set of methods for filtering, formatting
    # and transforming strings, which can reduce the amount of inline Ruby code in
    # your views. These helper methods extend ActionView making them callable
    # within your template files.
    module TextHelper
      # The preferred method of outputting text in your views is to use the
      # <%= "text" %> eRuby syntax. The regular _puts_ and _print_ methods
      # do not operate as expected in an eRuby code block. If you absolutely must
      # output text within a non-output code block (i.e., <% %>), you can use the concat method.
      #
      # ==== Examples
      # <%
      # concat "hello"
      # # is the equivalent of <%= "hello" %>
      #
      # if (logged_in == true):
      # concat "Logged in!"
      # else
      # concat link_to('login', :action => login)
      # end
      # # will either display "Logged in!" or a login link
      # %>
      def concat(string, unused_binding = nil)
        if unused_binding
          ActiveSupport::Deprecation.warn("The binding argument of #concat is no longer needed. Please remove it from your views and helpers.", caller)
        end

        output_buffer << string
      end

      # Truncates a given +text+ after a given <tt>:length</tt> if +text+ is longer than <tt>:length</tt>
      # (defaults to 30). The last characters will be replaced with the <tt>:omission</tt> (defaults to "...")
      # for a total length not exceeding <tt>:length</tt>.
      #
      # ==== Examples
      #
      # truncate("Once upon a time in a world far far away")
      # # => Once upon a time in a world...
      #
      # truncate("Once upon a time in a world far far away", :length => 14)
      # # => Once upon a...
      #
      # truncate("And they found that many people were sleeping better.", :length => 25, "(clipped)")
      # # => And they found t(clipped)
      #
      # truncate("And they found that many people were sleeping better.", :omission => "... (continued)", :length => 25)
      # # => And they f... (continued)
      #
      # You can still use <tt>truncate</tt> with the old API that accepts the
      # +length+ as its optional second and the +ellipsis+ as its
      # optional third parameter:
      # truncate("Once upon a time in a world far far away", 14)
      # # => Once upon a...
      #
      # truncate("And they found that many people were sleeping better.", 25, "... (continued)")
      # # => And they f... (continued)
      def truncate(text, *args)
        options = args.extract_options!
        unless args.empty?
          ActiveSupport::Deprecation.warn('truncate takes an option hash instead of separate ' +
            'length and omission arguments', caller)

          options[:length] = args[0] || 30
          options[:omission] = args[1] || "..."
        end
        options.reverse_merge!(:length => 30, :omission => "...")

        if text
          l = options[:length] - options[:omission].mb_chars.length
          chars = text.mb_chars
          (chars.length > options[:length] ? chars[0...l] + options[:omission] : text).to_s
        end
      end

      # Highlights one or more +phrases+ everywhere in +text+ by inserting it into
      # a <tt>:highlighter</tt> string. The highlighter can be specialized by passing <tt>:highlighter</tt>
      # as a single-quoted string with \1 where the phrase is to be inserted (defaults to
      # '<strong class="highlight">\1</strong>')
      #
      # ==== Examples
      # highlight('You searched for: rails', 'rails')
      # # => You searched for: <strong class="highlight">rails</strong>
      #
      # highlight('You searched for: ruby, rails, dhh', 'actionpack')
      # # => You searched for: ruby, rails, dhh
      #
      # highlight('You searched for: rails', ['for', 'rails'], :highlighter => '<em>\1</em>')
      # # => You searched <em>for</em>: <em>rails</em>
      #
      # highlight('You searched for: rails', 'rails', :highlighter => '<a href="search?q=\1">\1</a>')
      # # => You searched for: <a href="search?q=rails">rails</a>
      #
      # You can still use <tt>highlight</tt> with the old API that accepts the
      # +highlighter+ as its optional third parameter:
      # highlight('You searched for: rails', 'rails', '<a href="search?q=\1">\1</a>') # => You searched for: <a href="search?q=rails">rails</a>
      def highlight(text, phrases, *args)
        options = args.extract_options!
        unless args.empty?
          options[:highlighter] = args[0] || '<strong class="highlight">\1</strong>'
        end
        options.reverse_merge!(:highlighter => '<strong class="highlight">\1</strong>')

        if text.blank? || phrases.blank?
          text
        else
          match = Array(phrases).map { |p| Regexp.escape(p) }.join('|')
          text.gsub(/(#{match})(?!(?:[^<]*?)(?:["'])[^<>]*>)/i, options[:highlighter])
        end
      end

      # Extracts an excerpt from +text+ that matches the first instance of +phrase+.
      # The <tt>:radius</tt> option expands the excerpt on each side of the first occurrence of +phrase+ by the number of characters
      # defined in <tt>:radius</tt> (which defaults to 100). If the excerpt radius overflows the beginning or end of the +text+,
      # then the <tt>:omission</tt> option (which defaults to "...") will be prepended/appended accordingly. The resulting string
      # will be stripped in any case. If the +phrase+ isn't found, nil is returned.
      #
      # ==== Examples
      # excerpt('This is an example', 'an', :radius => 5)
      # # => ...s is an exam...
      #
      # excerpt('This is an example', 'is', :radius => 5)
      # # => This is a...
      #
      # excerpt('This is an example', 'is')
      # # => This is an example
      #
      # excerpt('This next thing is an example', 'ex', :radius => 2)
      # # => ...next...
      #
      # excerpt('This is also an example', 'an', :radius => 8, :omission => '<chop> ')
      # # => <chop> is also an example
      #
      # You can still use <tt>excerpt</tt> with the old API that accepts the
      # +radius+ as its optional third and the +ellipsis+ as its
      # optional forth parameter:
      # excerpt('This is an example', 'an', 5) # => ...s is an exam...
      # excerpt('This is also an example', 'an', 8, '<chop> ') # => <chop> is also an example
      def excerpt(text, phrase, *args)
        options = args.extract_options!
        unless args.empty?
          options[:radius] = args[0] || 100
          options[:omission] = args[1] || "..."
        end
        options.reverse_merge!(:radius => 100, :omission => "...")

        if text && phrase
          phrase = Regexp.escape(phrase)

          if found_pos = text.mb_chars =~ /(#{phrase})/i
            start_pos = [ found_pos - options[:radius], 0 ].max
            end_pos = [ [ found_pos + phrase.mb_chars.length + options[:radius] - 1, 0].max, text.mb_chars.length ].min

            prefix = start_pos > 0 ? options[:omission] : ""
            postfix = end_pos < text.mb_chars.length - 1 ? options[:omission] : ""

            prefix + text.mb_chars[start_pos..end_pos].strip + postfix
          else
            nil
          end
        end
      end

      # Attempts to pluralize the +singular+ word unless +count+ is 1. If
      # +plural+ is supplied, it will use that when count is > 1, otherwise
      # it will use the Inflector to determine the plural form
      #
      # ==== Examples
      # pluralize(1, 'person')
      # # => 1 person
      #
      # pluralize(2, 'person')
      # # => 2 people
      #
      # pluralize(3, 'person', 'users')
      # # => 3 users
      #
      # pluralize(0, 'person')
      # # => 0 people
      def pluralize(count, singular, plural = nil)
        "#{count || 0} " + ((count == 1 || count == '1') ? singular : (plural || singular.pluralize))
      end

      # Wraps the +text+ into lines no longer than +line_width+ width. This method
      # breaks on the first whitespace character that does not exceed +line_width+
      # (which is 80 by default).
      #
      # ==== Examples
      #
      # word_wrap('Once upon a time')
      # # => Once upon a time
      #
      # word_wrap('Once upon a time, in a kingdom called Far Far Away, a king fell ill, and finding a successor to the throne turned out to be more trouble than anyone could have imagined...')
      # # => Once upon a time, in a kingdom called Far Far Away, a king fell ill, and finding\n a successor to the throne turned out to be more trouble than anyone could have\n imagined...
      #
      # word_wrap('Once upon a time', :line_width => 8)
      # # => Once upon\na time
      #
      # word_wrap('Once upon a time', :line_width => 1)
      # # => Once\nupon\na\ntime
      #
      # You can still use <tt>word_wrap</tt> with the old API that accepts the
      # +line_width+ as its optional second parameter:
      # word_wrap('Once upon a time', 8) # => Once upon\na time
      def word_wrap(text, *args)
        options = args.extract_options!
        unless args.blank?
          options[:line_width] = args[0] || 80
        end
        options.reverse_merge!(:line_width => 80)

        text.split("\n").collect do |line|
          line.length > options[:line_width] ? line.gsub(/(.{1,#{options[:line_width]}})(\s+|$)/, "\\1\n").strip : line
        end * "\n"
      end

      # Returns the text with all the Textile[http://www.textism.com/tools/textile] codes turned into HTML tags.
      #
      # You can learn more about Textile's syntax at its website[http://www.textism.com/tools/textile].
      # <i>This method is only available if RedCloth[http://whytheluckystiff.net/ruby/redcloth/]
      # is available</i>.
      #
      # ==== Examples
      # textilize("*This is Textile!* Rejoice!")
      # # => "<p><strong>This is Textile!</strong> Rejoice!</p>"
      #
      # textilize("I _love_ ROR(Ruby on Rails)!")
      # # => "<p>I <em>love</em> <acronym title="Ruby on Rails">ROR</acronym>!</p>"
      #
      # textilize("h2. Textile makes markup -easy- simple!")
      # # => "<h2>Textile makes markup <del>easy</del> simple!</h2>"
      #
      # textilize("Visit the Rails website "here":http://www.rubyonrails.org/.)
      # # => "<p>Visit the Rails website <a href="http://www.rubyonrails.org/">here</a>.</p>"
      #
      # textilize("This is worded <strong>strongly</strong>")
      # # => "<p>This is worded <strong>strongly</strong></p>"
      #
      # textilize("This is worded <strong>strongly</strong>", :filter_html)
      # # => "<p>This is worded &lt;strong&gt;strongly&lt;/strong&gt;</p>"
      #
      def textilize(text, *options)
        options ||= [:hard_breaks]

        if text.blank?
          ""
        else
          textilized = RedCloth.new(text, options)
          textilized.to_html
        end
      end

      # Returns the text with all the Textile codes turned into HTML tags,
      # but without the bounding <p> tag that RedCloth adds.
      #
      # You can learn more about Textile's syntax at its website[http://www.textism.com/tools/textile].
      # <i>This method is requires RedCloth[http://whytheluckystiff.net/ruby/redcloth/]
      # to be available</i>.
      #
      # ==== Examples
      # textilize_without_paragraph("*This is Textile!* Rejoice!")
      # # => "<strong>This is Textile!</strong> Rejoice!"
      #
      # textilize_without_paragraph("I _love_ ROR(Ruby on Rails)!")
      # # => "I <em>love</em> <acronym title="Ruby on Rails">ROR</acronym>!"
      #
      # textilize_without_paragraph("h2. Textile makes markup -easy- simple!")
      # # => "<h2>Textile makes markup <del>easy</del> simple!</h2>"
      #
      # textilize_without_paragraph("Visit the Rails website "here":http://www.rubyonrails.org/.)
      # # => "Visit the Rails website <a href="http://www.rubyonrails.org/">here</a>."
      def textilize_without_paragraph(text)
        textiled = textilize(text)
        if textiled[0..2] == "<p>" then textiled = textiled[3..-1] end
        if textiled[-4..-1] == "</p>" then textiled = textiled[0..-5] end
        return textiled
      end

      # Returns the text with all the Markdown codes turned into HTML tags.
      # <i>This method requires BlueCloth[http://www.deveiate.org/projects/BlueCloth] or another
      # Markdown library to be installed.</i>.
      #
      # ==== Examples
      # markdown("We are using __Markdown__ now!")
      # # => "<p>We are using <strong>Markdown</strong> now!</p>"
      #
      # markdown("We like to _write_ `code`, not just _read_ it!")
      # # => "<p>We like to <em>write</em> <code>code</code>, not just <em>read</em> it!</p>"
      #
      # markdown("The [Markdown website](http://daringfireball.net/projects/markdown/) has more information.")
      # # => "<p>The <a href="http://daringfireball.net/projects/markdown/">Markdown website</a>
      # # has more information.</p>"
      #
      # markdown('![The ROR logo](http://rubyonrails.com/images/rails.png "Ruby on Rails")')
      # # => '<p><img src="http://rubyonrails.com/images/rails.png" alt="The ROR logo" title="Ruby on Rails" /></p>'
      def markdown(text)
        text.blank? ? "" : Markdown.new(text).to_html
      end

      # Returns +text+ transformed into HTML using simple formatting rules.
      # Two or more consecutive newlines(<tt>\n\n</tt>) are considered as a
      # paragraph and wrapped in <tt><p></tt> tags. One newline (<tt>\n</tt>) is
      # considered as a linebreak and a <tt><br /></tt> tag is appended. This
      # method does not remove the newlines from the +text+.
      #
      # You can pass any HTML attributes into <tt>html_options</tt>. These
      # will be added to all created paragraphs.
      # ==== Examples
      # my_text = "Here is some basic text...\n...with a line break."
      #
      # simple_format(my_text)
      # # => "<p>Here is some basic text...\n<br />...with a line break.</p>"
      #
      # more_text = "We want to put a paragraph...\n\n...right there."
      #
      # simple_format(more_text)
      # # => "<p>We want to put a paragraph...</p>\n\n<p>...right there.</p>"
      #
      # simple_format("Look ma! A class!", :class => 'description')
      # # => "<p class='description'>Look ma! A class!</p>"
      def simple_format(text, html_options={})
        start_tag = tag('p', html_options, true)
        text = text.to_s.dup
        text.gsub!(/\r\n?/, "\n") # \r\n and \r -> \n
        text.gsub!(/\n\n+/, "</p>\n\n#{start_tag}") # 2+ newline -> paragraph
        text.gsub!(/([^\n]\n)(?=[^\n])/, '\1<br />') # 1 newline -> br
        text.insert 0, start_tag
        text << "</p>"
      end

      # Turns all URLs and e-mail addresses into clickable links. The <tt>:link</tt> option
      # will limit what should be linked. You can add HTML attributes to the links using
      # <tt>:href_options</tt>. Possible values for <tt>:link</tt> are <tt>:all</tt> (default),
      # <tt>:email_addresses</tt>, and <tt>:urls</tt>. If a block is given, each URL and
      # e-mail address is yielded and the result is used as the link text.
      #
      # ==== Examples
      # auto_link("Go to http://www.rubyonrails.org and say hello to david@loudthinking.com")
      # # => "Go to <a href=\"http://www.rubyonrails.org\">http://www.rubyonrails.org</a> and
      # # say hello to <a href=\"mailto:david@loudthinking.com\">david@loudthinking.com</a>"
      #
      # auto_link("Visit http://www.loudthinking.com/ or e-mail david@loudthinking.com", :link => :urls)
      # # => "Visit <a href=\"http://www.loudthinking.com/\">http://www.loudthinking.com/</a>
      # # or e-mail david@loudthinking.com"
      #
      # auto_link("Visit http://www.loudthinking.com/ or e-mail david@loudthinking.com", :link => :email_addresses)
      # # => "Visit http://www.loudthinking.com/ or e-mail <a href=\"mailto:david@loudthinking.com\">david@loudthinking.com</a>"
      #
      # post_body = "Welcome to my new blog at http://www.myblog.com/. Please e-mail me at me@email.com."
      # auto_link(post_body, :href_options => { :target => '_blank' }) do |text|
      # truncate(text, 15)
      # end
      # # => "Welcome to my new blog at <a href=\"http://www.myblog.com/\" target=\"_blank\">http://www.m...</a>.
      # Please e-mail me at <a href=\"mailto:me@email.com\">me@email.com</a>."
      #
      #
      # You can still use <tt>auto_link</tt> with the old API that accepts the
      # +link+ as its optional second parameter and the +html_options+ hash
      # as its optional third parameter:
      # post_body = "Welcome to my new blog at http://www.myblog.com/. Please e-mail me at me@email.com."
      # auto_link(post_body, :urls) # => Once upon\na time
      # # => "Welcome to my new blog at <a href=\"http://www.myblog.com/\">http://www.myblog.com</a>.
      # Please e-mail me at me@email.com."
      #
      # auto_link(post_body, :all, :target => "_blank") # => Once upon\na time
      # # => "Welcome to my new blog at <a href=\"http://www.myblog.com/\" target=\"_blank\">http://www.myblog.com</a>.
      # Please e-mail me at <a href=\"mailto:me@email.com\">me@email.com</a>."
      def auto_link(text, *args, &block)#link = :all, href_options = {}, &block)
        return '' if text.blank?

        options = args.size == 2 ? {} : args.extract_options! # this is necessary because the old auto_link API has a Hash as its last parameter
        unless args.empty?
          options[:link] = args[0] || :all
          options[:html] = args[1] || {}
        end
        options.reverse_merge!(:link => :all, :html => {})

        case options[:link].to_sym
          when :all then auto_link_email_addresses(auto_link_urls(text, options[:html], &block), options[:html], &block)
          when :email_addresses then auto_link_email_addresses(text, options[:html], &block)
          when :urls then auto_link_urls(text, options[:html], &block)
        end
      end

      # Creates a Cycle object whose _to_s_ method cycles through elements of an
      # array every time it is called. This can be used for example, to alternate
      # classes for table rows. You can use named cycles to allow nesting in loops.
      # Passing a Hash as the last parameter with a <tt>:name</tt> key will create a
      # named cycle. The default name for a cycle without a +:name+ key is
      # <tt>"default"</tt>. You can manually reset a cycle by calling reset_cycle
      # and passing the name of the cycle. The current cycle string can be obtained
      # anytime using the current_cycle method.
      #
      # ==== Examples
      # # Alternate CSS classes for even and odd numbers...
      # @items = [1,2,3,4]
      # <table>
      # <% @items.each do |item| %>
      # <tr class="<%= cycle("even", "odd") -%>">
      # <td>item</td>
      # </tr>
      # <% end %>
      # </table>
      #
      #
      # # Cycle CSS classes for rows, and text colors for values within each row
      # @items = x = [{:first => 'Robert', :middle => 'Daniel', :last => 'James'},
      # {:first => 'Emily', :middle => 'Shannon', :maiden => 'Pike', :last => 'Hicks'},
      # {:first => 'June', :middle => 'Dae', :last => 'Jones'}]
      # <% @items.each do |item| %>
      # <tr class="<%= cycle("even", "odd", :name => "row_class") -%>">
      # <td>
      # <% item.values.each do |value| %>
      # <%# Create a named cycle "colors" %>
      # <span style="color:<%= cycle("red", "green", "blue", :name => "colors") -%>">
      # <%= value %>
      # </span>
      # <% end %>
      # <% reset_cycle("colors") %>
      # </td>
      # </tr>
      # <% end %>
      def cycle(first_value, *values)
        if (values.last.instance_of? Hash)
          params = values.pop
          name = params[:name]
        else
          name = "default"
        end
        values.unshift(first_value)

        cycle = get_cycle(name)
        if (cycle.nil? || cycle.values != values)
          cycle = set_cycle(name, Cycle.new(*values))
        end
        return cycle.to_s
      end

      # Returns the current cycle string after a cycle has been started. Useful
      # for complex table highlighing or any other design need which requires
      # the current cycle string in more than one place.
      #
      # ==== Example
      # # Alternate background colors
      # @items = [1,2,3,4]
      # <% @items.each do |item| %>
      # <div style="background-color:<%= cycle("red","white","blue") %>">
      # <span style="background-color:<%= current_cycle %>"><%= item %></span>
      # </div>
      # <% end %>
      def current_cycle(name = "default")
        cycle = get_cycle(name)
        cycle.current_value unless cycle.nil?
      end

      # Resets a cycle so that it starts from the first element the next time
      # it is called. Pass in +name+ to reset a named cycle.
      #
      # ==== Example
      # # Alternate CSS classes for even and odd numbers...
      # @items = [[1,2,3,4], [5,6,3], [3,4,5,6,7,4]]
      # <table>
      # <% @items.each do |item| %>
      # <tr class="<%= cycle("even", "odd") -%>">
      # <% item.each do |value| %>
      # <span style="color:<%= cycle("#333", "#666", "#999", :name => "colors") -%>">
      # <%= value %>
      # </span>
      # <% end %>
      #
      # <% reset_cycle("colors") %>
      # </tr>
      # <% end %>
      # </table>
      def reset_cycle(name = "default")
        cycle = get_cycle(name)
        cycle.reset unless cycle.nil?
      end

      class Cycle #:nodoc:
        attr_reader :values

        def initialize(first_value, *values)
          @values = values.unshift(first_value)
          reset
        end

        def reset
          @index = 0
        end

        def current_value
          @values[previous_index].to_s
        end

        def to_s
          value = @values[@index].to_s
          @index = next_index
          return value
        end

        private

        def next_index
          step_index(1)
        end

        def previous_index
          step_index(-1)
        end

        def step_index(n)
          (@index + n) % @values.size
        end
      end

      private
        # The cycle helpers need to store the cycles in a place that is
        # guaranteed to be reset every time a page is rendered, so it
        # uses an instance variable of ActionView::Base.
        def get_cycle(name)
          @_cycles = Hash.new unless defined?(@_cycles)
          return @_cycles[name]
        end

        def set_cycle(name, cycle_object)
          @_cycles = Hash.new unless defined?(@_cycles)
          @_cycles[name] = cycle_object
        end

        AUTO_LINK_RE = %r{
( https?:// | www\. )
[^\s<]+
}x unless const_defined?(:AUTO_LINK_RE)

        BRACKETS = { ']' => '[', ')' => '(', '}' => '{' }

        # Turns all urls into clickable links. If a block is given, each url
        # is yielded and the result is used as the link text.
        def auto_link_urls(text, html_options = {})
          link_attributes = html_options.stringify_keys
          text.gsub(AUTO_LINK_RE) do
            href = $&
            punctuation = ''
            left, right = $`, $'
            # detect already linked URLs and URLs in the middle of a tag
            if left =~ /<[^>]+$/ && right =~ /^[^>]*>/
              # do not change string; URL is alreay linked
              href
            else
              # don't include trailing punctuation character as part of the URL
              if href.sub!(/[^\w\/-]$/, '') and punctuation = $& and opening = BRACKETS[punctuation]
                if href.scan(opening).size > href.scan(punctuation).size
                  href << punctuation
                  punctuation = ''
                end
              end

              link_text = block_given?? yield(href) : href
              href = 'http://' + href unless href.index('http') == 0

              content_tag(:a, h(link_text), link_attributes.merge('href' => href)) + punctuation
            end
          end
        end

        # Turns all email addresses into clickable links. If a block is given,
        # each email is yielded and the result is used as the link text.
        def auto_link_email_addresses(text, html_options = {})
          body = text.dup
          text.gsub(/([\w\.!#\$%\-+.]+@[A-Za-z0-9\-]+(\.[A-Za-z0-9\-]+)+)/) do
            text = $1

            if body.match(/<a\b[^>]*>(.*)(#{Regexp.escape(text)})(.*)<\/a>/)
              text
            else
              display_text = (block_given?) ? yield(text) : text
              mail_to text, display_text, html_options
            end
          end
        end
    end
  end
end
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