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#--
# Copyright (c) 2005-2006 Philip Ross
#
# Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
# of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
# in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
# to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
# copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
# furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
#
# The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all
# copies or substantial portions of the Software.
#
# THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
# IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
# FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
# AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
# LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
# OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
# THE SOFTWARE.
#++
require 'date'
# require 'tzinfo/country'
require 'tzinfo/time_or_datetime'
require 'tzinfo/timezone_period'
module TZInfo
# Indicate a specified time in a local timezone has more than one
# possible time in UTC. This happens when switching from daylight savings time
# to normal time where the clocks are rolled back. Thrown by period_for_local
# and local_to_utc when using an ambiguous time and not specifying any
# means to resolve the ambiguity.
class AmbiguousTime < StandardError
end
# Thrown to indicate that no TimezonePeriod matching a given time could be found.
class PeriodNotFound < StandardError
end
# Thrown by Timezone#get if the identifier given is not valid.
class InvalidTimezoneIdentifier < StandardError
end
# Thrown if an attempt is made to use a timezone created with Timezone.new(nil).
class UnknownTimezone < StandardError
end
# Timezone is the base class of all timezones. It provides a factory method
# get to access timezones by identifier. Once a specific Timezone has been
# retrieved, DateTimes, Times and timestamps can be converted between the UTC
# and the local time for the zone. For example:
#
# tz = TZInfo::Timezone.get('America/New_York')
# puts tz.utc_to_local(DateTime.new(2005,8,29,15,35,0)).to_s
# puts tz.local_to_utc(Time.utc(2005,8,29,11,35,0)).to_s
# puts tz.utc_to_local(1125315300).to_s
#
# Each time conversion method returns an object of the same type it was
# passed.
#
# The timezone information all comes from the tz database
# (see http://www.twinsun.com/tz/tz-link.htm)
class Timezone
include Comparable
# Cache of loaded zones by identifier to avoid using require if a zone
# has already been loaded.
@@loaded_zones = {}
# Whether the timezones index has been loaded yet.
@@index_loaded = false
# Returns a timezone by its identifier (e.g. "Europe/London",
# "America/Chicago" or "UTC").
#
# Raises InvalidTimezoneIdentifier if the timezone couldn't be found.
def self.get(identifier)
instance = @@loaded_zones[identifier]
unless instance
raise InvalidTimezoneIdentifier, 'Invalid identifier' if identifier !~ /^[A-z0-9\+\-_]+(\/[A-z0-9\+\-_]+)*$/
identifier = identifier.gsub(/-/, '__m__').gsub(/\+/, '__p__')
begin
# Use a temporary variable to avoid an rdoc warning
file = "tzinfo/definitions/#{identifier}"
require file
m = Definitions
identifier.split(/\//).each {|part|
m = m.const_get(part)
}
info = m.get
# Could make Timezone subclasses register an interest in an info
# type. Since there are currently only two however, there isn't
# much point.
if info.kind_of?(DataTimezoneInfo)
instance = DataTimezone.new(info)
elsif info.kind_of?(LinkedTimezoneInfo)
instance = LinkedTimezone.new(info)
else
raise InvalidTimezoneIdentifier, "No handler for info type #{info.class}"
end
@@loaded_zones[instance.identifier] = instance
rescue LoadError, NameError => e
raise InvalidTimezoneIdentifier, e.message
end
end
instance
end
# Returns a proxy for the Timezone with the given identifier. The proxy
# will cause the real timezone to be loaded when an attempt is made to
# find a period or convert a time. get_proxy will not validate the
# identifier. If an invalid identifier is specified, no exception will be
# raised until the proxy is used.
def self.get_proxy(identifier)
TimezoneProxy.new(identifier)
end
# If identifier is nil calls super(), otherwise calls get. An identifier
# should always be passed in when called externally.
def self.new(identifier = nil)
if identifier
get(identifier)
else
super()
end
end
# Returns an array containing all the available Timezones.
#
# Returns TimezoneProxy objects to avoid the overhead of loading Timezone
# definitions until a conversion is actually required.
def self.all
get_proxies(all_identifiers)
end
# Returns an array containing the identifiers of all the available
# Timezones.
def self.all_identifiers
load_index
Indexes::Timezones.timezones
end
# Returns an array containing all the available Timezones that are based
# on data (are not links to other Timezones).
#
# Returns TimezoneProxy objects to avoid the overhead of loading Timezone
# definitions until a conversion is actually required.
def self.all_data_zones
get_proxies(all_data_zone_identifiers)
end
# Returns an array containing the identifiers of all the available
# Timezones that are based on data (are not links to other Timezones)..
def self.all_data_zone_identifiers
load_index
Indexes::Timezones.data_timezones
end
# Returns an array containing all the available Timezones that are links
# to other Timezones.
#
# Returns TimezoneProxy objects to avoid the overhead of loading Timezone
# definitions until a conversion is actually required.
def self.all_linked_zones
get_proxies(all_linked_zone_identifiers)
end
# Returns an array containing the identifiers of all the available
# Timezones that are links to other Timezones.
def self.all_linked_zone_identifiers
load_index
Indexes::Timezones.linked_timezones
end
# Returns all the Timezones defined for all Countries. This is not the
# complete set of Timezones as some are not country specific (e.g.
# 'Etc/GMT').
#
# Returns TimezoneProxy objects to avoid the overhead of loading Timezone
# definitions until a conversion is actually required.
def self.all_country_zones
Country.all_codes.inject([]) {|zones,country|
zones += Country.get(country).zones
}
end
# Returns all the zone identifiers defined for all Countries. This is not the
# complete set of zone identifiers as some are not country specific (e.g.
# 'Etc/GMT'). You can obtain a Timezone instance for a given identifier
# with the get method.
def self.all_country_zone_identifiers
Country.all_codes.inject([]) {|zones,country|
zones += Country.get(country).zone_identifiers
}
end
# Returns all US Timezone instances. A shortcut for
# TZInfo::Country.get('US').zones.
#
# Returns TimezoneProxy objects to avoid the overhead of loading Timezone
# definitions until a conversion is actually required.
def self.us_zones
Country.get('US').zones
end
# Returns all US zone identifiers. A shortcut for
# TZInfo::Country.get('US').zone_identifiers.
def self.us_zone_identifiers
Country.get('US').zone_identifiers
end
# The identifier of the timezone, e.g. "Europe/Paris".
def identifier
raise UnknownTimezone, 'TZInfo::Timezone constructed directly'
end
# An alias for identifier.
def name
# Don't use alias, as identifier gets overridden.
identifier
end
# Returns a friendlier version of the identifier.
def to_s
friendly_identifier
end
# Returns internal object state as a programmer-readable string.
def inspect
"#<#{self.class}: #{identifier}>"
end
# Returns a friendlier version of the identifier. Set skip_first_part to
# omit the first part of the identifier (typically a region name) where
# there is more than one part.
#
# For example:
#
# Timezone.get('Europe/Paris').friendly_identifier(false) #=> "Europe - Paris"
# Timezone.get('Europe/Paris').friendly_identifier(true) #=> "Paris"
# Timezone.get('America/Indiana/Knox').friendly_identifier(false) #=> "America - Knox, Indiana"
# Timezone.get('America/Indiana/Knox').friendly_identifier(true) #=> "Knox, Indiana"
def friendly_identifier(skip_first_part = false)
parts = identifier.split('/')
if parts.empty?
# shouldn't happen
identifier
elsif parts.length == 1
parts[0]
else
if skip_first_part
result = ''
else
result = parts[0] + ' - '
end
parts[1, parts.length - 1].reverse_each {|part|
part.gsub!(/_/, ' ')
if part.index(/[a-z]/)
# Missing a space if a lower case followed by an upper case and the
# name isn't McXxxx.
part.gsub!(/([^M][a-z])([A-Z])/, '\1 \2')
part.gsub!(/([M][a-bd-z])([A-Z])/, '\1 \2')
# Missing an apostrophe if two consecutive upper case characters.
part.gsub!(/([A-Z])([A-Z])/, '\1\'\2')
end
result << part
result << ', '
}
result.slice!(result.length - 2, 2)
result
end
end
# Returns the TimezonePeriod for the given UTC time. utc can either be
# a DateTime, Time or integer timestamp (Time.to_i). Any timezone
# information in utc is ignored (it is treated as a UTC time).
def period_for_utc(utc)
raise UnknownTimezone, 'TZInfo::Timezone constructed directly'
end
# Returns the set of TimezonePeriod instances that are valid for the given
# local time as an array. If you just want a single period, use
# period_for_local instead and specify how ambiguities should be resolved.
# Returns an empty array if no periods are found for the given time.
def periods_for_local(local)
raise UnknownTimezone, 'TZInfo::Timezone constructed directly'
end
# Returns the TimezonePeriod for the given local time. local can either be
# a DateTime, Time or integer timestamp (Time.to_i). Any timezone
# information in local is ignored (it is treated as a time in the current
# timezone).
#
# Warning: There are local times that have no equivalent UTC times (e.g.
# in the transition from standard time to daylight savings time). There are
# also local times that have more than one UTC equivalent (e.g. in the
# transition from daylight savings time to standard time).
#
# In the first case (no equivalent UTC time), a PeriodNotFound exception
# will be raised.
#
# In the second case (more than one equivalent UTC time), an AmbiguousTime
# exception will be raised unless the optional dst parameter or block
# handles the ambiguity.
#
# If the ambiguity is due to a transition from daylight savings time to
# standard time, the dst parameter can be used to select whether the
# daylight savings time or local time is used. For example,
#
# Timezone.get('America/New_York').period_for_local(DateTime.new(2004,10,31,1,30,0))
#
# would raise an AmbiguousTime exception.
#
# Specifying dst=true would the daylight savings period from April to
# October 2004. Specifying dst=false would return the standard period
# from October 2004 to April 2005.
#
# If the dst parameter does not resolve the ambiguity, and a block is
# specified, it is called. The block must take a single parameter - an
# array of the periods that need to be resolved. The block can select and
# return a single period or return nil or an empty array
# to cause an AmbiguousTime exception to be raised.
def period_for_local(local, dst = nil)
results = periods_for_local(local)
if results.empty?
raise PeriodNotFound
elsif results.size < 2
results.first
else
# ambiguous result try to resolve
if !dst.nil?
matches = results.find_all {|period| period.dst? == dst}
results = matches if !matches.empty?
end
if results.size < 2
results.first
else
# still ambiguous, try the block
if block_given?
results = yield results
end
if results.is_a?(TimezonePeriod)
results
elsif results && results.size == 1
results.first
else
raise AmbiguousTime, "#{local} is an ambiguous local time."
end
end
end
end
# Converts a time in UTC to the local timezone. utc can either be
# a DateTime, Time or timestamp (Time.to_i). The returned time has the same
# type as utc. Any timezone information in utc is ignored (it is treated as
# a UTC time).
def utc_to_local(utc)
TimeOrDateTime.wrap(utc) {|utc|
period_for_utc(utc).to_local(utc)
}
end
# Converts a time in the local timezone to UTC. local can either be
# a DateTime, Time or timestamp (Time.to_i). The returned time has the same
# type as local. Any timezone information in local is ignored (it is treated
# as a local time).
#
# Warning: There are local times that have no equivalent UTC times (e.g.
# in the transition from standard time to daylight savings time). There are
# also local times that have more than one UTC equivalent (e.g. in the
# transition from daylight savings time to standard time).
#
# In the first case (no equivalent UTC time), a PeriodNotFound exception
# will be raised.
#
# In the second case (more than one equivalent UTC time), an AmbiguousTime
# exception will be raised unless the optional dst parameter or block
# handles the ambiguity.
#
# If the ambiguity is due to a transition from daylight savings time to
# standard time, the dst parameter can be used to select whether the
# daylight savings time or local time is used. For example,
#
# Timezone.get('America/New_York').local_to_utc(DateTime.new(2004,10,31,1,30,0))
#
# would raise an AmbiguousTime exception.
#
# Specifying dst=true would return 2004-10-31 5:30:00. Specifying dst=false
# would return 2004-10-31 6:30:00.
#
# If the dst parameter does not resolve the ambiguity, and a block is
# specified, it is called. The block must take a single parameter - an
# array of the periods that need to be resolved. The block can return a
# single period to use to convert the time or return nil or an empty array
# to cause an AmbiguousTime exception to be raised.
def local_to_utc(local, dst = nil)
TimeOrDateTime.wrap(local) {|local|
if block_given?
period = period_for_local(local, dst) {|periods| yield periods }
else
period = period_for_local(local, dst)
end
period.to_utc(local)
}
end
# Returns the current time in the timezone as a Time.
def now
utc_to_local(Time.now.utc)
end
# Returns the TimezonePeriod for the current time.
def current_period
period_for_utc(Time.now.utc)
end
# Returns the current Time and TimezonePeriod as an array. The first element
# is the time, the second element is the period.
def current_period_and_time
utc = Time.now.utc
period = period_for_utc(utc)
[period.to_local(utc), period]
end
alias :current_time_and_period :current_period_and_time
# Converts a time in UTC to local time and returns it as a string
# according to the given format. The formatting is identical to
# Time.strftime and DateTime.strftime, except %Z is replaced with the
# timezone abbreviation for the specified time (for example, EST or EDT).
def strftime(format, utc = Time.now.utc)
period = period_for_utc(utc)
local = period.to_local(utc)
local = Time.at(local).utc unless local.kind_of?(Time) || local.kind_of?(DateTime)
abbreviation = period.abbreviation.to_s.gsub(/%/, '%%')
format = format.gsub(/(.?)%Z/) do
if $1 == '%'
# return %%Z so the real strftime treats it as a literal %Z too
'%%Z'
else
"#$1#{abbreviation}"
end
end
local.strftime(format)
end
# Compares two Timezones based on their identifier. Returns -1 if tz is less
# than self, 0 if tz is equal to self and +1 if tz is greater than self.
def <=>(tz)
identifier <=> tz.identifier
end
# Returns true if and only if the identifier of tz is equal to the
# identifier of this Timezone.
def eql?(tz)
self == tz
end
# Returns a hash of this Timezone.
def hash
identifier.hash
end
# Dumps this Timezone for marshalling.
def _dump(limit)
identifier
end
# Loads a marshalled Timezone.
def self._load(data)
Timezone.get(data)
end
private
# Loads in the index of timezones if it hasn't already been loaded.
def self.load_index
unless @@index_loaded
require 'tzinfo/indexes/timezones'
@@index_loaded = true
end
end
# Returns an array of proxies corresponding to the given array of
# identifiers.
def self.get_proxies(identifiers)
identifiers.collect {|identifier| get_proxy(identifier)}
end
end
end
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