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require 'action_controller/metal/exceptions'
module ActionController #:nodoc:
# Methods for sending arbitrary data and for streaming files to the browser,
# instead of rendering.
module DataStreaming
extend ActiveSupport::Concern
include ActionController::Rendering
DEFAULT_SEND_FILE_TYPE = 'application/octet-stream'.freeze #:nodoc:
DEFAULT_SEND_FILE_DISPOSITION = 'attachment'.freeze #:nodoc:
protected
# Sends the file. This uses a server-appropriate method (such as X-Sendfile)
# via the Rack::Sendfile middleware. The header to use is set via
# +config.action_dispatch.x_sendfile_header+.
# Your server can also configure this for you by setting the X-Sendfile-Type header.
#
# Be careful to sanitize the path parameter if it is coming from a web
# page. <tt>send_file(params[:path])</tt> allows a malicious user to
# download any file on your server.
#
# Options:
# * <tt>:filename</tt> - suggests a filename for the browser to use.
# Defaults to <tt>File.basename(path)</tt>.
# * <tt>:type</tt> - specifies an HTTP content type.
# You can specify either a string or a symbol for a registered type register with
# <tt>Mime::Type.register</tt>, for example :json
# If omitted, type will be guessed from the file extension specified in <tt>:filename</tt>.
# If no content type is registered for the extension, default type 'application/octet-stream' will be used.
# * <tt>:disposition</tt> - specifies whether the file will be shown inline or downloaded.
# Valid values are 'inline' and 'attachment' (default).
# * <tt>:status</tt> - specifies the status code to send with the response. Defaults to 200.
# * <tt>:url_based_filename</tt> - set to +true+ if you want the browser guess the filename from
# the URL, which is necessary for i18n filenames on certain browsers
# (setting <tt>:filename</tt> overrides this option).
#
# The default Content-Type and Content-Disposition headers are
# set to download arbitrary binary files in as many browsers as
# possible. IE versions 4, 5, 5.5, and 6 are all known to have
# a variety of quirks (especially when downloading over SSL).
#
# Simple download:
#
# send_file '/path/to.zip'
#
# Show a JPEG in the browser:
#
# send_file '/path/to.jpeg', type: 'image/jpeg', disposition: 'inline'
#
# Show a 404 page in the browser:
#
# send_file '/path/to/404.html', type: 'text/html; charset=utf-8', status: 404
#
# Read about the other Content-* HTTP headers if you'd like to
# provide the user with more information (such as Content-Description) in
# http://www.w3.org/Protocols/rfc2616/rfc2616-sec14.html#sec14.11.
#
# Also be aware that the document may be cached by proxies and browsers.
# The Pragma and Cache-Control headers declare how the file may be cached
# by intermediaries. They default to require clients to validate with
# the server before releasing cached responses. See
# http://www.mnot.net/cache_docs/ for an overview of web caching and
# http://www.w3.org/Protocols/rfc2616/rfc2616-sec14.html#sec14.9
# for the Cache-Control header spec.
def send_file(path, options = {}) #:doc:
raise MissingFile, "Cannot read file #{path}" unless File.file?(path) and File.readable?(path)
options[:filename] ||= File.basename(path) unless options[:url_based_filename]
send_file_headers! options
self.status = options[:status] || 200
self.content_type = options[:content_type] if options.key?(:content_type)
self.response_body = FileBody.new(path)
end
# Avoid having to pass an open file handle as the response body.
# Rack::Sendfile will usually intercept the response and uses
# the path directly, so there is no reason to open the file.
class FileBody #:nodoc:
attr_reader :to_path
def initialize(path)
@to_path = path
end
# Stream the file's contents if Rack::Sendfile isn't present.
def each
File.open(to_path, 'rb') do |file|
while chunk = file.read(16384)
yield chunk
end
end
end
end
# Sends the given binary data to the browser. This method is similar to
# <tt>render plain: data</tt>, but also allows you to specify whether
# the browser should display the response as a file attachment (i.e. in a
# download dialog) or as inline data. You may also set the content type,
# the apparent file name, and other things.
#
# Options:
# * <tt>:filename</tt> - suggests a filename for the browser to use.
# * <tt>:type</tt> - specifies an HTTP content type. Defaults to 'application/octet-stream'. You can specify
# either a string or a symbol for a registered type register with <tt>Mime::Type.register</tt>, for example :json
# If omitted, type will be guessed from the file extension specified in <tt>:filename</tt>.
# If no content type is registered for the extension, default type 'application/octet-stream' will be used.
# * <tt>:disposition</tt> - specifies whether the file will be shown inline or downloaded.
# Valid values are 'inline' and 'attachment' (default).
# * <tt>:status</tt> - specifies the status code to send with the response. Defaults to 200.
#
# Generic data download:
#
# send_data buffer
#
# Download a dynamically-generated tarball:
#
# send_data generate_tgz('dir'), filename: 'dir.tgz'
#
# Display an image Active Record in the browser:
#
# send_data image.data, type: image.content_type, disposition: 'inline'
#
# See +send_file+ for more information on HTTP Content-* headers and caching.
def send_data(data, options = {}) #:doc:
send_file_headers! options
render options.slice(:status, :content_type).merge(:text => data)
end
private
def send_file_headers!(options)
type_provided = options.has_key?(:type)
content_type = options.fetch(:type, DEFAULT_SEND_FILE_TYPE)
raise ArgumentError, ":type option required" if content_type.nil?
if content_type.is_a?(Symbol)
extension = Mime[content_type]
raise ArgumentError, "Unknown MIME type #{options[:type]}" unless extension
self.content_type = extension
else
if !type_provided && options[:filename]
# If type wasn't provided, try guessing from file extension.
content_type = Mime::Type.lookup_by_extension(File.extname(options[:filename]).downcase.delete('.')) || content_type
end
self.content_type = content_type
end
disposition = options.fetch(:disposition, DEFAULT_SEND_FILE_DISPOSITION)
unless disposition.nil?
disposition = disposition.to_s
disposition += %(; filename="#{options[:filename]}") if options[:filename]
headers['Content-Disposition'] = disposition
end
headers['Content-Transfer-Encoding'] = 'binary'
response.sending_file = true
# Fix a problem with IE 6.0 on opening downloaded files:
# If Cache-Control: no-cache is set (which Rails does by default),
# IE removes the file it just downloaded from its cache immediately
# after it displays the "open/save" dialog, which means that if you
# hit "open" the file isn't there anymore when the application that
# is called for handling the download is run, so let's workaround that
response.cache_control[:public] ||= false
end
end
end
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