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module ActiveRecord
module AttributeMethods
module Serialization
extend ActiveSupport::Concern
included do
# Returns a hash of all the attributes that have been specified for
# serialization as keys and their class restriction as values.
class_attribute :serialized_attributes, instance_accessor: false
self.serialized_attributes = {}
end
module ClassMethods
##
# :method: serialized_attributes
#
# Returns a hash of all the attributes that have been specified for
# serialization as keys and their class restriction as values.
# If you have an attribute that needs to be saved to the database as an
# object, and retrieved as the same object, then specify the name of that
# attribute using this method and it will be handled automatically. The
# serialization is done through YAML. If +class_name+ is specified, the
# serialized object must be of that class on retrieval or
# <tt>SerializationTypeMismatch</tt> will be raised.
#
# ==== Parameters
#
# * +attr_name+ - The field name that should be serialized.
# * +class_name+ - Optional, class name that the object type should be equal to.
#
# ==== Example
#
# # Serialize a preferences attribute.
# class User < ActiveRecord::Base
# serialize :preferences
# end
def serialize(attr_name, class_name = Object)
include Behavior
coder = if [:load, :dump].all? { |x| class_name.respond_to?(x) }
class_name
else
Coders::YAMLColumn.new(class_name)
end
# merge new serialized attribute and create new hash to ensure that each class in inheritance hierarchy
# has its own hash of own serialized attributes
self.serialized_attributes = serialized_attributes.merge(attr_name.to_s => coder)
end
end
# *DEPRECATED*: Use ActiveRecord::AttributeMethods::Serialization::ClassMethods#serialized_attributes class level method instead.
def serialized_attributes
message = "Instance level serialized_attributes method is deprecated, please use class level method."
ActiveSupport::Deprecation.warn message
defined?(@serialized_attributes) ? @serialized_attributes : self.class.serialized_attributes
end
class Type # :nodoc:
def initialize(column)
@column = column
end
def type_cast(value)
value.unserialized_value
end
def type
@column.type
end
end
class Attribute < Struct.new(:coder, :value, :state) # :nodoc:
def unserialized_value
state == :serialized ? unserialize : value
end
def serialized_value
state == :unserialized ? serialize : value
end
def unserialize
self.state = :unserialized
self.value = coder.load(value)
end
def serialize
self.state = :serialized
self.value = coder.dump(value)
end
end
# This is only added to the model when serialize is called, which
# ensures we do not make things slower when serialization is not used.
module Behavior # :nodoc:
extend ActiveSupport::Concern
module ClassMethods # :nodoc:
def initialize_attributes(attributes, options = {})
serialized = (options.delete(:serialized) { true }) ? :serialized : :unserialized
super(attributes, options)
serialized_attributes.each do |key, coder|
if attributes.key?(key)
attributes[key] = Attribute.new(coder, attributes[key], serialized)
end
end
attributes
end
end
def type_cast_attribute_for_write(column, value)
if column && coder = self.class.serialized_attributes[column.name]
Attribute.new(coder, value, :unserialized)
else
super
end
end
def _field_changed?(attr, old, value)
if self.class.serialized_attributes.include?(attr)
old != value
else
super
end
end
def read_attribute_before_type_cast(attr_name)
if self.class.serialized_attributes.include?(attr_name)
super.unserialized_value
else
super
end
end
def attributes_before_type_cast
super.dup.tap do |attributes|
self.class.serialized_attributes.each_key do |key|
if attributes.key?(key)
attributes[key] = attributes[key].unserialized_value
end
end
end
end
def typecasted_attribute_value(name)
if self.class.serialized_attributes.include?(name)
@attributes[name].serialized_value
else
super
end
end
end
end
end
end
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