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# frozen_string_literal: true
module ActionDispatch
module Http
module Cache
module Request
HTTP_IF_MODIFIED_SINCE = "HTTP_IF_MODIFIED_SINCE"
HTTP_IF_NONE_MATCH = "HTTP_IF_NONE_MATCH"
def if_modified_since
if since = get_header(HTTP_IF_MODIFIED_SINCE)
Time.rfc2822(since) rescue nil
end
end
def if_none_match
get_header HTTP_IF_NONE_MATCH
end
def if_none_match_etags
if_none_match ? if_none_match.split(/\s*,\s*/) : []
end
def not_modified?(modified_at)
if_modified_since && modified_at && if_modified_since >= modified_at
end
def etag_matches?(etag)
if etag
validators = if_none_match_etags
validators.include?(etag) || validators.include?("*")
end
end
# Check response freshness (Last-Modified and ETag) against request
# If-Modified-Since and If-None-Match conditions. If both headers are
# supplied, both must match, or the request is not considered fresh.
def fresh?(response)
last_modified = if_modified_since
etag = if_none_match
return false unless last_modified || etag
success = true
success &&= not_modified?(response.last_modified) if last_modified
success &&= etag_matches?(response.etag) if etag
success
end
end
module Response
attr_reader :cache_control
def last_modified
if last = get_header(LAST_MODIFIED)
Time.httpdate(last)
end
end
def last_modified?
has_header? LAST_MODIFIED
end
def last_modified=(utc_time)
set_header LAST_MODIFIED, utc_time.httpdate
end
def date
if date_header = get_header(DATE)
Time.httpdate(date_header)
end
end
def date?
has_header? DATE
end
def date=(utc_time)
set_header DATE, utc_time.httpdate
end
# This method sets a weak ETag validator on the response so browsers
# and proxies may cache the response, keyed on the ETag. On subsequent
# requests, the If-None-Match header is set to the cached ETag. If it
# matches the current ETag, we can return a 304 Not Modified response
# with no body, letting the browser or proxy know that their cache is
# current. Big savings in request time and network bandwidth.
#
# Weak ETags are considered to be semantically equivalent but not
# byte-for-byte identical. This is perfect for browser caching of HTML
# pages where we don't care about exact equality, just what the user
# is viewing.
#
# Strong ETags are considered byte-for-byte identical. They allow a
# browser or proxy cache to support Range requests, useful for paging
# through a PDF file or scrubbing through a video. Some CDNs only
# support strong ETags and will ignore weak ETags entirely.
#
# Weak ETags are what we almost always need, so they're the default.
# Check out #strong_etag= to provide a strong ETag validator.
def etag=(weak_validators)
self.weak_etag = weak_validators
end
def weak_etag=(weak_validators)
set_header "ETag", generate_weak_etag(weak_validators)
end
def strong_etag=(strong_validators)
set_header "ETag", generate_strong_etag(strong_validators)
end
def etag?; etag; end
# True if an ETag is set and it's a weak validator (preceded with W/)
def weak_etag?
etag? && etag.starts_with?('W/"')
end
# True if an ETag is set and it isn't a weak validator (not preceded with W/)
def strong_etag?
etag? && !weak_etag?
end
private
DATE = "Date"
LAST_MODIFIED = "Last-Modified"
SPECIAL_KEYS = Set.new(%w[extras no-cache max-age public private must-revalidate])
def generate_weak_etag(validators)
"W/#{generate_strong_etag(validators)}"
end
def generate_strong_etag(validators)
%("#{ActiveSupport::Digest.hexdigest(ActiveSupport::Cache.expand_cache_key(validators))}")
end
def cache_control_segments
if cache_control = _cache_control
cache_control.delete(" ").split(",")
else
[]
end
end
def cache_control_headers
cache_control = {}
cache_control_segments.each do |segment|
directive, argument = segment.split("=", 2)
if SPECIAL_KEYS.include? directive
key = directive.tr("-", "_")
cache_control[key.to_sym] = argument || true
else
cache_control[:extras] ||= []
cache_control[:extras] << segment
end
end
cache_control
end
def prepare_cache_control!
@cache_control = cache_control_headers
end
DEFAULT_CACHE_CONTROL = "max-age=0, private, must-revalidate"
NO_CACHE = "no-cache"
PUBLIC = "public"
PRIVATE = "private"
MUST_REVALIDATE = "must-revalidate"
def handle_conditional_get!
# Normally default cache control setting is handled by ETag
# middleware. But, if an etag is already set, the middleware
# defaults to `no-cache` unless a default `Cache-Control` value is
# previously set. So, set a default one here.
if (etag? || last_modified?) && !self._cache_control
self._cache_control = DEFAULT_CACHE_CONTROL
end
end
def merge_and_normalize_cache_control!(cache_control)
control = {}
cc_headers = cache_control_headers
if extras = cc_headers.delete(:extras)
cache_control[:extras] ||= []
cache_control[:extras] += extras
cache_control[:extras].uniq!
end
control.merge! cc_headers
control.merge! cache_control
if control.empty?
# Let middleware handle default behavior
elsif control[:no_cache]
options = []
options << PUBLIC if control[:public]
options << NO_CACHE
options.concat(control[:extras]) if control[:extras]
self._cache_control = options.join(", ")
else
extras = control[:extras]
max_age = control[:max_age]
stale_while_revalidate = control[:stale_while_revalidate]
stale_if_error = control[:stale_if_error]
options = []
options << "max-age=#{max_age.to_i}" if max_age
options << (control[:public] ? PUBLIC : PRIVATE)
options << MUST_REVALIDATE if control[:must_revalidate]
options << "stale-while-revalidate=#{stale_while_revalidate.to_i}" if stale_while_revalidate
options << "stale-if-error=#{stale_if_error.to_i}" if stale_if_error
options.concat(extras) if extras
self._cache_control = options.join(", ")
end
end
end
end
end
end
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