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module ActiveModel
module SecurePassword
extend ActiveSupport::Concern
# BCrypt hash function can handle maximum 72 characters, and if we pass
# password of length more than 72 characters it ignores extra characters.
# Hence need to put a restriction on password length.
MAX_PASSWORD_LENGTH_ALLOWED = 72
class << self
attr_accessor :min_cost # :nodoc:
end
self.min_cost = false
module ClassMethods
# Adds methods to set and authenticate against a BCrypt password.
# This mechanism requires you to have a +password_digest+ attribute.
#
# The following validations are added automatically:
# * Password must be present on creation
# * Password length should be less than or equal to 72 characters
# * Confirmation of password (using a +password_confirmation+ attribute)
#
# If password confirmation validation is not needed, simply leave out the
# value for +password_confirmation+ (i.e. don't provide a form field for
# it). When this attribute has a +nil+ value, the validation will not be
# triggered.
#
# For further customizability, it is possible to suppress the default
# validations by passing <tt>validations: false</tt> as an argument.
#
# Add bcrypt (~> 3.1.7) to Gemfile to use #has_secure_password:
#
# gem 'bcrypt', '~> 3.1.7'
#
# Example using Active Record (which automatically includes ActiveModel::SecurePassword):
#
# # Schema: User(name:string, password_digest:string)
# class User < ActiveRecord::Base
# has_secure_password
# end
#
# user = User.new(name: 'david', password: '', password_confirmation: 'nomatch')
# user.save # => false, password required
# user.password = 'mUc3m00RsqyRe'
# user.save # => false, confirmation doesn't match
# user.password_confirmation = 'mUc3m00RsqyRe'
# user.save # => true
# user.authenticate('notright') # => false
# user.authenticate('mUc3m00RsqyRe') # => user
# User.find_by(name: 'david').try(:authenticate, 'notright') # => false
# User.find_by(name: 'david').try(:authenticate, 'mUc3m00RsqyRe') # => user
def has_secure_password(options = {})
# Load bcrypt gem only when has_secure_password is used.
# This is to avoid ActiveModel (and by extension the entire framework)
# being dependent on a binary library.
begin
require 'bcrypt'
rescue LoadError
$stderr.puts "You don't have bcrypt installed in your application. Please add it to your Gemfile and run bundle install"
raise
end
include InstanceMethodsOnActivation
if options.fetch(:validations, true)
include ActiveModel::Validations
# This ensures the model has a password by checking whether the password_digest
# is present, so that this works with both new and existing records. However,
# when there is an error, the message is added to the password attribute instead
# so that the error message will make sense to the end-user.
validate do |record|
record.errors.add(:password, :blank) unless record.password_digest.present?
end
validates_length_of :password, maximum: ActiveModel::SecurePassword::MAX_PASSWORD_LENGTH_ALLOWED
validates_confirmation_of :password, allow_blank: true
end
end
end
module InstanceMethodsOnActivation
# Returns +self+ if the password is correct, otherwise +false+.
#
# class User < ActiveRecord::Base
# has_secure_password validations: false
# end
#
# user = User.new(name: 'david', password: 'mUc3m00RsqyRe')
# user.save
# user.authenticate('notright') # => false
# user.authenticate('mUc3m00RsqyRe') # => user
def authenticate(unencrypted_password)
BCrypt::Password.new(password_digest).is_password?(unencrypted_password) && self
end
attr_reader :password
# Encrypts the password into the +password_digest+ attribute, only if the
# new password is not empty.
#
# class User < ActiveRecord::Base
# has_secure_password validations: false
# end
#
# user = User.new
# user.password = nil
# user.password_digest # => nil
# user.password = 'mUc3m00RsqyRe'
# user.password_digest # => "$2a$10$4LEA7r4YmNHtvlAvHhsYAeZmk/xeUVtMTYqwIvYY76EW5GUqDiP4."
def password=(unencrypted_password)
if unencrypted_password.nil?
self.password_digest = nil
elsif !unencrypted_password.empty?
@password = unencrypted_password
cost = ActiveModel::SecurePassword.min_cost ? BCrypt::Engine::MIN_COST : BCrypt::Engine.cost
self.password_digest = BCrypt::Password.create(unencrypted_password, cost: cost)
end
end
def password_confirmation=(unencrypted_password)
@password_confirmation = unencrypted_password
end
end
end
end
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