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# frozen_string_literal: true
require "erb"
require "yaml"
require "zlib"
require "set"
require "active_support/dependencies"
require "active_support/core_ext/digest/uuid"
require "active_record/fixture_set/file"
require "active_record/fixture_set/render_context"
require "active_record/fixture_set/table_rows"
require "active_record/test_fixtures"
require "active_record/errors"
module ActiveRecord
class FixtureClassNotFound < ActiveRecord::ActiveRecordError #:nodoc:
end
# \Fixtures are a way of organizing data that you want to test against; in short, sample data.
#
# They are stored in YAML files, one file per model, which are placed in the directory
# appointed by <tt>ActiveSupport::TestCase.fixture_path=(path)</tt> (this is automatically
# configured for Rails, so you can just put your files in <tt><your-rails-app>/test/fixtures/</tt>).
# The fixture file ends with the +.yml+ file extension, for example:
# <tt><your-rails-app>/test/fixtures/web_sites.yml</tt>).
#
# The format of a fixture file looks like this:
#
# rubyonrails:
# id: 1
# name: Ruby on Rails
# url: http://www.rubyonrails.org
#
# google:
# id: 2
# name: Google
# url: http://www.google.com
#
# This fixture file includes two fixtures. Each YAML fixture (ie. record) is given a name and
# is followed by an indented list of key/value pairs in the "key: value" format. Records are
# separated by a blank line for your viewing pleasure.
#
# Note: Fixtures are unordered. If you want ordered fixtures, use the omap YAML type.
# See http://yaml.org/type/omap.html
# for the specification. You will need ordered fixtures when you have foreign key constraints
# on keys in the same table. This is commonly needed for tree structures. Example:
#
# --- !omap
# - parent:
# id: 1
# parent_id: NULL
# title: Parent
# - child:
# id: 2
# parent_id: 1
# title: Child
#
# = Using Fixtures in Test Cases
#
# Since fixtures are a testing construct, we use them in our unit and functional tests. There
# are two ways to use the fixtures, but first let's take a look at a sample unit test:
#
# require 'test_helper'
#
# class WebSiteTest < ActiveSupport::TestCase
# test "web_site_count" do
# assert_equal 2, WebSite.count
# end
# end
#
# By default, +test_helper.rb+ will load all of your fixtures into your test
# database, so this test will succeed.
#
# The testing environment will automatically load all the fixtures into the database before each
# test. To ensure consistent data, the environment deletes the fixtures before running the load.
#
# In addition to being available in the database, the fixture's data may also be accessed by
# using a special dynamic method, which has the same name as the model.
#
# Passing in a fixture name to this dynamic method returns the fixture matching this name:
#
# test "find one" do
# assert_equal "Ruby on Rails", web_sites(:rubyonrails).name
# end
#
# Passing in multiple fixture names returns all fixtures matching these names:
#
# test "find all by name" do
# assert_equal 2, web_sites(:rubyonrails, :google).length
# end
#
# Passing in no arguments returns all fixtures:
#
# test "find all" do
# assert_equal 2, web_sites.length
# end
#
# Passing in any fixture name that does not exist will raise <tt>StandardError</tt>:
#
# test "find by name that does not exist" do
# assert_raise(StandardError) { web_sites(:reddit) }
# end
#
# Alternatively, you may enable auto-instantiation of the fixture data. For instance, take the
# following tests:
#
# test "find_alt_method_1" do
# assert_equal "Ruby on Rails", @web_sites['rubyonrails']['name']
# end
#
# test "find_alt_method_2" do
# assert_equal "Ruby on Rails", @rubyonrails.name
# end
#
# In order to use these methods to access fixtured data within your test cases, you must specify one of the
# following in your ActiveSupport::TestCase-derived class:
#
# - to fully enable instantiated fixtures (enable alternate methods #1 and #2 above)
# self.use_instantiated_fixtures = true
#
# - create only the hash for the fixtures, do not 'find' each instance (enable alternate method #1 only)
# self.use_instantiated_fixtures = :no_instances
#
# Using either of these alternate methods incurs a performance hit, as the fixtured data must be fully
# traversed in the database to create the fixture hash and/or instance variables. This is expensive for
# large sets of fixtured data.
#
# = Dynamic fixtures with ERB
#
# Sometimes you don't care about the content of the fixtures as much as you care about the volume.
# In these cases, you can mix ERB in with your YAML fixtures to create a bunch of fixtures for load
# testing, like:
#
# <% 1.upto(1000) do |i| %>
# fix_<%= i %>:
# id: <%= i %>
# name: guy_<%= i %>
# <% end %>
#
# This will create 1000 very simple fixtures.
#
# Using ERB, you can also inject dynamic values into your fixtures with inserts like
# <tt><%= Date.today.strftime("%Y-%m-%d") %></tt>.
# This is however a feature to be used with some caution. The point of fixtures are that they're
# stable units of predictable sample data. If you feel that you need to inject dynamic values, then
# perhaps you should reexamine whether your application is properly testable. Hence, dynamic values
# in fixtures are to be considered a code smell.
#
# Helper methods defined in a fixture will not be available in other fixtures, to prevent against
# unwanted inter-test dependencies. Methods used by multiple fixtures should be defined in a module
# that is included in ActiveRecord::FixtureSet.context_class.
#
# - define a helper method in <tt>test_helper.rb</tt>
# module FixtureFileHelpers
# def file_sha(path)
# Digest::SHA2.hexdigest(File.read(Rails.root.join('test/fixtures', path)))
# end
# end
# ActiveRecord::FixtureSet.context_class.include FixtureFileHelpers
#
# - use the helper method in a fixture
# photo:
# name: kitten.png
# sha: <%= file_sha 'files/kitten.png' %>
#
# = Transactional Tests
#
# Test cases can use begin+rollback to isolate their changes to the database instead of having to
# delete+insert for every test case.
#
# class FooTest < ActiveSupport::TestCase
# self.use_transactional_tests = true
#
# test "godzilla" do
# assert_not_empty Foo.all
# Foo.destroy_all
# assert_empty Foo.all
# end
#
# test "godzilla aftermath" do
# assert_not_empty Foo.all
# end
# end
#
# If you preload your test database with all fixture data (probably by running `rails db:fixtures:load`)
# and use transactional tests, then you may omit all fixtures declarations in your test cases since
# all the data's already there and every case rolls back its changes.
#
# In order to use instantiated fixtures with preloaded data, set +self.pre_loaded_fixtures+ to
# true. This will provide access to fixture data for every table that has been loaded through
# fixtures (depending on the value of +use_instantiated_fixtures+).
#
# When *not* to use transactional tests:
#
# 1. You're testing whether a transaction works correctly. Nested transactions don't commit until
# all parent transactions commit, particularly, the fixtures transaction which is begun in setup
# and rolled back in teardown. Thus, you won't be able to verify
# the results of your transaction until Active Record supports nested transactions or savepoints (in progress).
# 2. Your database does not support transactions. Every Active Record database supports transactions except MySQL MyISAM.
# Use InnoDB, MaxDB, or NDB instead.
#
# = Advanced Fixtures
#
# Fixtures that don't specify an ID get some extra features:
#
# * Stable, autogenerated IDs
# * Label references for associations (belongs_to, has_one, has_many)
# * HABTM associations as inline lists
#
# There are some more advanced features available even if the id is specified:
#
# * Autofilled timestamp columns
# * Fixture label interpolation
# * Support for YAML defaults
#
# == Stable, Autogenerated IDs
#
# Here, have a monkey fixture:
#
# george:
# id: 1
# name: George the Monkey
#
# reginald:
# id: 2
# name: Reginald the Pirate
#
# Each of these fixtures has two unique identifiers: one for the database
# and one for the humans. Why don't we generate the primary key instead?
# Hashing each fixture's label yields a consistent ID:
#
# george: # generated id: 503576764
# name: George the Monkey
#
# reginald: # generated id: 324201669
# name: Reginald the Pirate
#
# Active Record looks at the fixture's model class, discovers the correct
# primary key, and generates it right before inserting the fixture
# into the database.
#
# The generated ID for a given label is constant, so we can discover
# any fixture's ID without loading anything, as long as we know the label.
#
# == Label references for associations (belongs_to, has_one, has_many)
#
# Specifying foreign keys in fixtures can be very fragile, not to
# mention difficult to read. Since Active Record can figure out the ID of
# any fixture from its label, you can specify FK's by label instead of ID.
#
# === belongs_to
#
# Let's break out some more monkeys and pirates.
#
# ### in pirates.yml
#
# reginald:
# id: 1
# name: Reginald the Pirate
# monkey_id: 1
#
# ### in monkeys.yml
#
# george:
# id: 1
# name: George the Monkey
# pirate_id: 1
#
# Add a few more monkeys and pirates and break this into multiple files,
# and it gets pretty hard to keep track of what's going on. Let's
# use labels instead of IDs:
#
# ### in pirates.yml
#
# reginald:
# name: Reginald the Pirate
# monkey: george
#
# ### in monkeys.yml
#
# george:
# name: George the Monkey
# pirate: reginald
#
# Pow! All is made clear. Active Record reflects on the fixture's model class,
# finds all the +belongs_to+ associations, and allows you to specify
# a target *label* for the *association* (monkey: george) rather than
# a target *id* for the *FK* (<tt>monkey_id: 1</tt>).
#
# ==== Polymorphic belongs_to
#
# Supporting polymorphic relationships is a little bit more complicated, since
# Active Record needs to know what type your association is pointing at. Something
# like this should look familiar:
#
# ### in fruit.rb
#
# belongs_to :eater, polymorphic: true
#
# ### in fruits.yml
#
# apple:
# id: 1
# name: apple
# eater_id: 1
# eater_type: Monkey
#
# Can we do better? You bet!
#
# apple:
# eater: george (Monkey)
#
# Just provide the polymorphic target type and Active Record will take care of the rest.
#
# === has_and_belongs_to_many
#
# Time to give our monkey some fruit.
#
# ### in monkeys.yml
#
# george:
# id: 1
# name: George the Monkey
#
# ### in fruits.yml
#
# apple:
# id: 1
# name: apple
#
# orange:
# id: 2
# name: orange
#
# grape:
# id: 3
# name: grape
#
# ### in fruits_monkeys.yml
#
# apple_george:
# fruit_id: 1
# monkey_id: 1
#
# orange_george:
# fruit_id: 2
# monkey_id: 1
#
# grape_george:
# fruit_id: 3
# monkey_id: 1
#
# Let's make the HABTM fixture go away.
#
# ### in monkeys.yml
#
# george:
# id: 1
# name: George the Monkey
# fruits: apple, orange, grape
#
# ### in fruits.yml
#
# apple:
# name: apple
#
# orange:
# name: orange
#
# grape:
# name: grape
#
# Zap! No more fruits_monkeys.yml file. We've specified the list of fruits
# on George's fixture, but we could've just as easily specified a list
# of monkeys on each fruit. As with +belongs_to+, Active Record reflects on
# the fixture's model class and discovers the +has_and_belongs_to_many+
# associations.
#
# == Autofilled Timestamp Columns
#
# If your table/model specifies any of Active Record's
# standard timestamp columns (+created_at+, +created_on+, +updated_at+, +updated_on+),
# they will automatically be set to <tt>Time.now</tt>.
#
# If you've set specific values, they'll be left alone.
#
# == Fixture label interpolation
#
# The label of the current fixture is always available as a column value:
#
# geeksomnia:
# name: Geeksomnia's Account
# subdomain: $LABEL
# email: $LABEL@email.com
#
# Also, sometimes (like when porting older join table fixtures) you'll need
# to be able to get a hold of the identifier for a given label. ERB
# to the rescue:
#
# george_reginald:
# monkey_id: <%= ActiveRecord::FixtureSet.identify(:reginald) %>
# pirate_id: <%= ActiveRecord::FixtureSet.identify(:george) %>
#
# == Support for YAML defaults
#
# You can set and reuse defaults in your fixtures YAML file.
# This is the same technique used in the +database.yml+ file to specify
# defaults:
#
# DEFAULTS: &DEFAULTS
# created_on: <%= 3.weeks.ago.to_s(:db) %>
#
# first:
# name: Smurf
# <<: *DEFAULTS
#
# second:
# name: Fraggle
# <<: *DEFAULTS
#
# Any fixture labeled "DEFAULTS" is safely ignored.
#
# == Configure the fixture model class
#
# It's possible to set the fixture's model class directly in the YAML file.
# This is helpful when fixtures are loaded outside tests and
# +set_fixture_class+ is not available (e.g.
# when running <tt>rails db:fixtures:load</tt>).
#
# _fixture:
# model_class: User
# david:
# name: David
#
# Any fixtures labeled "_fixture" are safely ignored.
class FixtureSet
#--
# An instance of FixtureSet is normally stored in a single YAML file and
# possibly in a folder with the same name.
#++
MAX_ID = 2**30 - 1
@@all_cached_fixtures = Hash.new { |h, k| h[k] = {} }
cattr_accessor :all_loaded_fixtures, default: {}
class ClassCache
def initialize(class_names, config)
@class_names = class_names.stringify_keys
@config = config
# Remove string values that aren't constants or subclasses of AR
@class_names.delete_if do |klass_name, klass|
!insert_class(@class_names, klass_name, klass)
end
end
def [](fs_name)
@class_names.fetch(fs_name) do
klass = default_fixture_model(fs_name, @config).safe_constantize
insert_class(@class_names, fs_name, klass)
end
end
private
def insert_class(class_names, name, klass)
# We only want to deal with AR objects.
if klass && klass < ActiveRecord::Base
class_names[name] = klass
else
class_names[name] = nil
end
end
def default_fixture_model(fs_name, config)
ActiveRecord::FixtureSet.default_fixture_model_name(fs_name, config)
end
end
class << self
def default_fixture_model_name(fixture_set_name, config = ActiveRecord::Base) # :nodoc:
config.pluralize_table_names ?
fixture_set_name.singularize.camelize :
fixture_set_name.camelize
end
def default_fixture_table_name(fixture_set_name, config = ActiveRecord::Base) # :nodoc:
"#{ config.table_name_prefix }"\
"#{ fixture_set_name.tr('/', '_') }"\
"#{ config.table_name_suffix }".to_sym
end
def reset_cache
@@all_cached_fixtures.clear
end
def cache_for_connection(connection)
@@all_cached_fixtures[connection]
end
def fixture_is_cached?(connection, table_name)
cache_for_connection(connection)[table_name]
end
def cached_fixtures(connection, keys_to_fetch = nil)
if keys_to_fetch
cache_for_connection(connection).values_at(*keys_to_fetch)
else
cache_for_connection(connection).values
end
end
def cache_fixtures(connection, fixtures_map)
cache_for_connection(connection).update(fixtures_map)
end
def instantiate_fixtures(object, fixture_set, load_instances = true)
return unless load_instances
fixture_set.each do |fixture_name, fixture|
begin
object.instance_variable_set "@#{fixture_name}", fixture.find
rescue FixtureClassNotFound
nil
end
end
end
def instantiate_all_loaded_fixtures(object, load_instances = true)
all_loaded_fixtures.each_value do |fixture_set|
instantiate_fixtures(object, fixture_set, load_instances)
end
end
def create_fixtures(fixtures_directory, fixture_set_names, class_names = {}, config = ActiveRecord::Base)
fixture_set_names = Array(fixture_set_names).map(&:to_s)
class_names = ClassCache.new class_names, config
# FIXME: Apparently JK uses this.
connection = block_given? ? yield : ActiveRecord::Base.connection
fixture_files_to_read = fixture_set_names.reject do |fs_name|
fixture_is_cached?(connection, fs_name)
end
if fixture_files_to_read.any?
fixtures_map = read_and_insert(
fixtures_directory,
fixture_files_to_read,
class_names,
connection,
)
cache_fixtures(connection, fixtures_map)
end
cached_fixtures(connection, fixture_set_names)
end
# Returns a consistent, platform-independent identifier for +label+.
# Integer identifiers are values less than 2^30. UUIDs are RFC 4122 version 5 SHA-1 hashes.
def identify(label, column_type = :integer)
if column_type == :uuid
Digest::UUID.uuid_v5(Digest::UUID::OID_NAMESPACE, label.to_s)
else
Zlib.crc32(label.to_s) % MAX_ID
end
end
# Superclass for the evaluation contexts used by ERB fixtures.
def context_class
@context_class ||= Class.new
end
private
def read_and_insert(fixtures_directory, fixture_files, class_names, connection) # :nodoc:
fixtures_map = {}
fixture_sets = fixture_files.map do |fixture_set_name|
klass = class_names[fixture_set_name]
fixtures_map[fixture_set_name] = new( # ActiveRecord::FixtureSet.new
nil,
fixture_set_name,
klass,
::File.join(fixtures_directory, fixture_set_name)
)
end
update_all_loaded_fixtures(fixtures_map)
insert(fixture_sets, connection)
fixtures_map
end
def insert(fixture_sets, connection) # :nodoc:
fixture_sets_by_connection = fixture_sets.group_by do |fixture_set|
fixture_set.model_class&.connection || connection
end
fixture_sets_by_connection.each do |conn, set|
table_rows_for_connection = Hash.new { |h, k| h[k] = [] }
set.each do |fixture_set|
fixture_set.table_rows.each do |table, rows|
table_rows_for_connection[table].unshift(*rows)
end
end
conn.insert_fixtures_set(table_rows_for_connection, table_rows_for_connection.keys)
# Cap primary key sequences to max(pk).
if conn.respond_to?(:reset_pk_sequence!)
set.each { |fs| conn.reset_pk_sequence!(fs.table_name) }
end
end
end
def update_all_loaded_fixtures(fixtures_map) # :nodoc:
all_loaded_fixtures.update(fixtures_map)
end
end
attr_reader :table_name, :name, :fixtures, :model_class, :config
def initialize(_, name, class_name, path, config = ActiveRecord::Base)
@name = name
@path = path
@config = config
self.model_class = class_name
@fixtures = read_fixture_files(path)
@table_name = model_class&.table_name || self.class.default_fixture_table_name(name, config)
end
def [](x)
fixtures[x]
end
def []=(k, v)
fixtures[k] = v
end
def each(&block)
fixtures.each(&block)
end
def size
fixtures.size
end
# Returns a hash of rows to be inserted. The key is the table, the value is
# a list of rows to insert to that table.
def table_rows
# allow a standard key to be used for doing defaults in YAML
fixtures.delete("DEFAULTS")
TableRows.new(
table_name,
model_class: model_class,
fixtures: fixtures,
config: config,
).to_hash
end
private
def model_class=(class_name)
if class_name.is_a?(Class) # TODO: Should be an AR::Base type class, or any?
@model_class = class_name
else
@model_class = class_name.safe_constantize if class_name
end
end
# Loads the fixtures from the YAML file at +path+.
# If the file sets the +model_class+ and current instance value is not set,
# it uses the file value.
def read_fixture_files(path)
yaml_files = Dir["#{path}/{**,*}/*.yml"].select { |f|
::File.file?(f)
} + [yaml_file_path(path)]
yaml_files.each_with_object({}) do |file, fixtures|
FixtureSet::File.open(file) do |fh|
self.model_class ||= fh.model_class if fh.model_class
fh.each do |fixture_name, row|
fixtures[fixture_name] = ActiveRecord::Fixture.new(row, model_class)
end
end
end
end
def yaml_file_path(path)
"#{path}.yml"
end
end
class Fixture #:nodoc:
include Enumerable
class FixtureError < StandardError #:nodoc:
end
class FormatError < FixtureError #:nodoc:
end
attr_reader :model_class, :fixture
def initialize(fixture, model_class)
@fixture = fixture
@model_class = model_class
end
def class_name
model_class.name if model_class
end
def each
fixture.each { |item| yield item }
end
def [](key)
fixture[key]
end
alias :to_hash :fixture
def find
raise FixtureClassNotFound, "No class attached to find." unless model_class
model_class.unscoped do
model_class.find(fixture[model_class.primary_key])
end
end
end
end