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module ActiveSupport
# A typical module looks like this:
#
# module M
# def self.included(base)
# base.extend ClassMethods
# base.class_eval do
# scope :disabled, -> { where(disabled: true) }
# end
# end
#
# module ClassMethods
# ...
# end
# end
#
# By using <tt>ActiveSupport::Concern</tt> the above module could instead be
# written as:
#
# require 'active_support/concern'
#
# module M
# extend ActiveSupport::Concern
#
# included do
# scope :disabled, -> { where(disabled: true) }
# end
#
# class_methods do
# ...
# end
# end
#
# Moreover, it gracefully handles module dependencies. Given a +Foo+ module
# and a +Bar+ module which depends on the former, we would typically write the
# following:
#
# module Foo
# def self.included(base)
# base.class_eval do
# def self.method_injected_by_foo
# ...
# end
# end
# end
# end
#
# module Bar
# def self.included(base)
# base.method_injected_by_foo
# end
# end
#
# class Host
# include Foo # We need to include this dependency for Bar
# include Bar # Bar is the module that Host really needs
# end
#
# But why should +Host+ care about +Bar+'s dependencies, namely +Foo+? We
# could try to hide these from +Host+ directly including +Foo+ in +Bar+:
#
# module Bar
# include Foo
# def self.included(base)
# base.method_injected_by_foo
# end
# end
#
# class Host
# include Bar
# end
#
# Unfortunately this won't work, since when +Foo+ is included, its <tt>base</tt>
# is the +Bar+ module, not the +Host+ class. With <tt>ActiveSupport::Concern</tt>,
# module dependencies are properly resolved:
#
# require 'active_support/concern'
#
# module Foo
# extend ActiveSupport::Concern
# included do
# def self.method_injected_by_foo
# ...
# end
# end
# end
#
# module Bar
# extend ActiveSupport::Concern
# include Foo
#
# included do
# self.method_injected_by_foo
# end
# end
#
# class Host
# include Bar # It works, now Bar takes care of its dependencies
# end
module Concern
class MultipleIncludedBlocks < StandardError #:nodoc:
def initialize
super "Cannot define multiple 'included' blocks for a Concern"
end
end
def self.extended(base) #:nodoc:
base.instance_variable_set(:@_dependencies, [])
end
def append_features(base)
if base.instance_variable_defined?(:@_dependencies)
base.instance_variable_get(:@_dependencies) << self
return false
else
return false if base < self
@_dependencies.each { |dep| base.include(dep) }
super
base.extend const_get(:ClassMethods) if const_defined?(:ClassMethods)
base.class_eval(&@_included_block) if instance_variable_defined?(:@_included_block)
end
end
def included(base = nil, &block)
if base.nil?
raise MultipleIncludedBlocks if instance_variable_defined?(:@_included_block)
@_included_block = block
else
super
end
end
def class_methods(&class_methods_module_definition)
mod = const_defined?(:ClassMethods, false) ?
const_get(:ClassMethods) :
const_set(:ClassMethods, Module.new)
mod.module_eval(&class_methods_module_definition)
end
end
end
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