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# frozen_string_literal: true
require "digest/sha2"
module ActiveSupport
module SecurityUtils
# Constant time string comparison, for fixed length strings.
# The values compared should be of fixed length, such as strings
# that have already been processed by HMAC. Raises in case of length mismatch.
def fixed_length_secure_compare(a, b)
raise ArgumentError, "string length mismatch." unless a.bytesize == b.bytesize
l = a.unpack "C#{a.bytesize}"
res = 0
b.each_byte { |byte| res |= byte ^ l.shift }
res == 0
module_function :fixed_length_secure_compare
# Constant time string comparison, for variable length strings.
# The values are first processed by SHA256, so that we don't leak length info
# via timing attacks.
def secure_compare(a, b)
fixed_length_secure_compare(::Digest::SHA256.hexdigest(a), ::Digest::SHA256.hexdigest(b)) && a == b
module_function :secure_compare