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# frozen_string_literal: true
require "yaml"
require "active_support/core_ext/hash/keys"
require "active_support/core_ext/object/blank"
require "active_support/key_generator"
require "active_support/message_verifier"
require "active_support/encrypted_configuration"
require "active_support/deprecation"
require "rails/engine"
require "rails/secrets"
module Rails
# An Engine with the responsibility of coordinating the whole boot process.
#
# == Initialization
#
# Rails::Application is responsible for executing all railties and engines
# initializers. It also executes some bootstrap initializers (check
# Rails::Application::Bootstrap) and finishing initializers, after all the others
# are executed (check Rails::Application::Finisher).
#
# == Configuration
#
# Besides providing the same configuration as Rails::Engine and Rails::Railtie,
# the application object has several specific configurations, for example
# "cache_classes", "consider_all_requests_local", "filter_parameters",
# "logger" and so forth.
#
# Check Rails::Application::Configuration to see them all.
#
# == Routes
#
# The application object is also responsible for holding the routes and reloading routes
# whenever the files change in development.
#
# == Middlewares
#
# The Application is also responsible for building the middleware stack.
#
# == Booting process
#
# The application is also responsible for setting up and executing the booting
# process. From the moment you require "config/application.rb" in your app,
# the booting process goes like this:
#
# 1) require "config/boot.rb" to setup load paths
# 2) require railties and engines
# 3) Define Rails.application as "class MyApp::Application < Rails::Application"
# 4) Run config.before_configuration callbacks
# 5) Load config/environments/ENV.rb
# 6) Run config.before_initialize callbacks
# 7) Run Railtie#initializer defined by railties, engines and application.
# One by one, each engine sets up its load paths, routes and runs its config/initializers/* files.
# 8) Custom Railtie#initializers added by railties, engines and applications are executed
# 9) Build the middleware stack and run to_prepare callbacks
# 10) Run config.before_eager_load and eager_load! if eager_load is true
# 11) Run config.after_initialize callbacks
#
# == Multiple Applications
#
# If you decide to define multiple applications, then the first application
# that is initialized will be set to +Rails.application+, unless you override
# it with a different application.
#
# To create a new application, you can instantiate a new instance of a class
# that has already been created:
#
# class Application < Rails::Application
# end
#
# first_application = Application.new
# second_application = Application.new(config: first_application.config)
#
# In the above example, the configuration from the first application was used
# to initialize the second application. You can also use the +initialize_copy+
# on one of the applications to create a copy of the application which shares
# the configuration.
#
# If you decide to define Rake tasks, runners, or initializers in an
# application other than +Rails.application+, then you must run them manually.
class Application < Engine
autoload :Bootstrap, "rails/application/bootstrap"
autoload :Configuration, "rails/application/configuration"
autoload :DefaultMiddlewareStack, "rails/application/default_middleware_stack"
autoload :Finisher, "rails/application/finisher"
autoload :Railties, "rails/engine/railties"
autoload :RoutesReloader, "rails/application/routes_reloader"
class << self
def inherited(base)
super
Rails.app_class = base
add_lib_to_load_path!(find_root(base.called_from))
ActiveSupport.run_load_hooks(:before_configuration, base)
end
def instance
super.run_load_hooks!
end
def create(initial_variable_values = {}, &block)
new(initial_variable_values, &block).run_load_hooks!
end
def find_root(from)
find_root_with_flag "config.ru", from, Dir.pwd
end
# Makes the +new+ method public.
#
# Note that Rails::Application inherits from Rails::Engine, which
# inherits from Rails::Railtie and the +new+ method on Rails::Railtie is
# private
public :new
end
attr_accessor :assets, :sandbox
alias_method :sandbox?, :sandbox
attr_reader :reloaders, :reloader, :executor
delegate :default_url_options, :default_url_options=, to: :routes
INITIAL_VARIABLES = [:config, :railties, :routes_reloader, :reloaders,
:routes, :helpers, :app_env_config, :secrets] # :nodoc:
def initialize(initial_variable_values = {}, &block)
super()
@initialized = false
@reloaders = []
@routes_reloader = nil
@app_env_config = nil
@ordered_railties = nil
@railties = nil
@message_verifiers = {}
@ran_load_hooks = false
@executor = Class.new(ActiveSupport::Executor)
@reloader = Class.new(ActiveSupport::Reloader)
@reloader.executor = @executor
# are these actually used?
@initial_variable_values = initial_variable_values
@block = block
end
# Returns true if the application is initialized.
def initialized?
@initialized
end
def run_load_hooks! # :nodoc:
return self if @ran_load_hooks
@ran_load_hooks = true
@initial_variable_values.each do |variable_name, value|
if INITIAL_VARIABLES.include?(variable_name)
instance_variable_set("@#{variable_name}", value)
end
end
instance_eval(&@block) if @block
self
end
# Reload application routes regardless if they changed or not.
def reload_routes!
routes_reloader.reload!
end
# Returns the application's KeyGenerator
def key_generator
# number of iterations selected based on consultation with the google security
# team. Details at https://github.com/rails/rails/pull/6952#issuecomment-7661220
@caching_key_generator ||=
if secret_key_base
ActiveSupport::CachingKeyGenerator.new(
ActiveSupport::KeyGenerator.new(secret_key_base, iterations: 1000)
)
else
ActiveSupport::LegacyKeyGenerator.new(secrets.secret_token)
end
end
# Returns a message verifier object.
#
# This verifier can be used to generate and verify signed messages in the application.
#
# It is recommended not to use the same verifier for different things, so you can get different
# verifiers passing the +verifier_name+ argument.
#
# ==== Parameters
#
# * +verifier_name+ - the name of the message verifier.
#
# ==== Examples
#
# message = Rails.application.message_verifier('sensitive_data').generate('my sensible data')
# Rails.application.message_verifier('sensitive_data').verify(message)
# # => 'my sensible data'
#
# See the +ActiveSupport::MessageVerifier+ documentation for more information.
def message_verifier(verifier_name)
@message_verifiers[verifier_name] ||= begin
secret = key_generator.generate_key(verifier_name.to_s)
ActiveSupport::MessageVerifier.new(secret)
end
end
# Convenience for loading config/foo.yml for the current Rails env.
#
# Example:
#
# # config/exception_notification.yml:
# production:
# url: http://127.0.0.1:8080
# namespace: my_app_production
# development:
# url: http://localhost:3001
# namespace: my_app_development
#
# # config/environments/production.rb
# Rails.application.configure do
# config.middleware.use ExceptionNotifier, config_for(:exception_notification)
# end
def config_for(name, env: Rails.env)
if name.is_a?(Pathname)
yaml = name
else
yaml = Pathname.new("#{paths["config"].existent.first}/#{name}.yml")
end
if yaml.exist?
require "erb"
(YAML.load(ERB.new(yaml.read).result) || {})[env] || {}
else
raise "Could not load configuration. No such file - #{yaml}"
end
rescue Psych::SyntaxError => e
raise "YAML syntax error occurred while parsing #{yaml}. " \
"Please note that YAML must be consistently indented using spaces. Tabs are not allowed. " \
"Error: #{e.message}"
end
# Stores some of the Rails initial environment parameters which
# will be used by middlewares and engines to configure themselves.
def env_config
@app_env_config ||= begin
super.merge(
"action_dispatch.parameter_filter" => config.filter_parameters,
"action_dispatch.redirect_filter" => config.filter_redirect,
"action_dispatch.secret_token" => secrets.secret_token,
"action_dispatch.secret_key_base" => secret_key_base,
"action_dispatch.show_exceptions" => config.action_dispatch.show_exceptions,
"action_dispatch.show_detailed_exceptions" => config.consider_all_requests_local,
"action_dispatch.logger" => Rails.logger,
"action_dispatch.backtrace_cleaner" => Rails.backtrace_cleaner,
"action_dispatch.key_generator" => key_generator,
"action_dispatch.http_auth_salt" => config.action_dispatch.http_auth_salt,
"action_dispatch.signed_cookie_salt" => config.action_dispatch.signed_cookie_salt,
"action_dispatch.encrypted_cookie_salt" => config.action_dispatch.encrypted_cookie_salt,
"action_dispatch.encrypted_signed_cookie_salt" => config.action_dispatch.encrypted_signed_cookie_salt,
"action_dispatch.authenticated_encrypted_cookie_salt" => config.action_dispatch.authenticated_encrypted_cookie_salt,
"action_dispatch.use_authenticated_cookie_encryption" => config.action_dispatch.use_authenticated_cookie_encryption,
"action_dispatch.encrypted_cookie_cipher" => config.action_dispatch.encrypted_cookie_cipher,
"action_dispatch.signed_cookie_digest" => config.action_dispatch.signed_cookie_digest,
"action_dispatch.cookies_serializer" => config.action_dispatch.cookies_serializer,
"action_dispatch.cookies_digest" => config.action_dispatch.cookies_digest,
"action_dispatch.cookies_rotations" => config.action_dispatch.cookies_rotations,
"action_dispatch.use_cookies_with_metadata" => config.action_dispatch.use_cookies_with_metadata,
"action_dispatch.content_security_policy" => config.content_security_policy,
"action_dispatch.content_security_policy_report_only" => config.content_security_policy_report_only,
"action_dispatch.content_security_policy_nonce_generator" => config.content_security_policy_nonce_generator
)
end
end
# If you try to define a set of Rake tasks on the instance, these will get
# passed up to the Rake tasks defined on the application's class.
def rake_tasks(&block)
self.class.rake_tasks(&block)
end
# Sends the initializers to the +initializer+ method defined in the
# Rails::Initializable module. Each Rails::Application class has its own
# set of initializers, as defined by the Initializable module.
def initializer(name, opts = {}, &block)
self.class.initializer(name, opts, &block)
end
# Sends any runner called in the instance of a new application up
# to the +runner+ method defined in Rails::Railtie.
def runner(&blk)
self.class.runner(&blk)
end
# Sends any console called in the instance of a new application up
# to the +console+ method defined in Rails::Railtie.
def console(&blk)
self.class.console(&blk)
end
# Sends any generators called in the instance of a new application up
# to the +generators+ method defined in Rails::Railtie.
def generators(&blk)
self.class.generators(&blk)
end
# Sends the +isolate_namespace+ method up to the class method.
def isolate_namespace(mod)
self.class.isolate_namespace(mod)
end
## Rails internal API
# This method is called just after an application inherits from Rails::Application,
# allowing the developer to load classes in lib and use them during application
# configuration.
#
# class MyApplication < Rails::Application
# require "my_backend" # in lib/my_backend
# config.i18n.backend = MyBackend
# end
#
# Notice this method takes into consideration the default root path. So if you
# are changing config.root inside your application definition or having a custom
# Rails application, you will need to add lib to $LOAD_PATH on your own in case
# you need to load files in lib/ during the application configuration as well.
def self.add_lib_to_load_path!(root) #:nodoc:
path = File.join root, "lib"
if File.exist?(path) && !$LOAD_PATH.include?(path)
$LOAD_PATH.unshift(path)
end
end
def require_environment! #:nodoc:
environment = paths["config/environment"].existent.first
require environment if environment
end
def routes_reloader #:nodoc:
@routes_reloader ||= RoutesReloader.new
end
# Returns an array of file paths appended with a hash of
# directories-extensions suitable for ActiveSupport::FileUpdateChecker
# API.
def watchable_args #:nodoc:
files, dirs = config.watchable_files.dup, config.watchable_dirs.dup
ActiveSupport::Dependencies.autoload_paths.each do |path|
dirs[path.to_s] = [:rb]
end
[files, dirs]
end
# Initialize the application passing the given group. By default, the
# group is :default
def initialize!(group = :default) #:nodoc:
raise "Application has been already initialized." if @initialized
run_initializers(group, self)
@initialized = true
self
end
def initializers #:nodoc:
Bootstrap.initializers_for(self) +
railties_initializers(super) +
Finisher.initializers_for(self)
end
def config #:nodoc:
@config ||= Application::Configuration.new(self.class.find_root(self.class.called_from))
end
attr_writer :config
# Returns secrets added to config/secrets.yml.
#
# Example:
#
# development:
# secret_key_base: 836fa3665997a860728bcb9e9a1e704d427cfc920e79d847d79c8a9a907b9e965defa4154b2b86bdec6930adbe33f21364523a6f6ce363865724549fdfc08553
# test:
# secret_key_base: 5a37811464e7d378488b0f073e2193b093682e4e21f5d6f3ae0a4e1781e61a351fdc878a843424e81c73fb484a40d23f92c8dafac4870e74ede6e5e174423010
# production:
# secret_key_base: <%= ENV["SECRET_KEY_BASE"] %>
# namespace: my_app_production
#
# +Rails.application.secrets.namespace+ returns +my_app_production+ in the
# production environment.
def secrets
@secrets ||= begin
secrets = ActiveSupport::OrderedOptions.new
files = config.paths["config/secrets"].existent
files = files.reject { |path| path.end_with?(".enc") } unless config.read_encrypted_secrets
secrets.merge! Rails::Secrets.parse(files, env: Rails.env)
# Fallback to config.secret_key_base if secrets.secret_key_base isn't set
secrets.secret_key_base ||= config.secret_key_base
# Fallback to config.secret_token if secrets.secret_token isn't set
secrets.secret_token ||= config.secret_token
if secrets.secret_token.present?
ActiveSupport::Deprecation.warn(
"`secrets.secret_token` is deprecated in favor of `secret_key_base` and will be removed in Rails 6.0."
)
end
secrets
end
end
attr_writer :secrets
# The secret_key_base is used as the input secret to the application's key generator, which in turn
# is used to create all MessageVerifiers/MessageEncryptors, including the ones that sign and encrypt cookies.
#
# In test and development, this is simply derived as a MD5 hash of the application's name.
#
# In all other environments, we look for it first in ENV["SECRET_KEY_BASE"],
# then credentials.secret_key_base, and finally secrets.secret_key_base. For most applications,
# the correct place to store it is in the encrypted credentials file.
def secret_key_base
if Rails.env.test? || Rails.env.development?
secrets.secret_key_base || Digest::MD5.hexdigest(self.class.name)
else
validate_secret_key_base(
ENV["SECRET_KEY_BASE"] || credentials.secret_key_base || secrets.secret_key_base
)
end
end
# Decrypts the credentials hash as kept in +config/credentials.yml.enc+. This file is encrypted with
# the Rails master key, which is either taken from <tt>ENV["RAILS_MASTER_KEY"]</tt> or from loading
# +config/master.key+.
def credentials
@credentials ||= encrypted("config/credentials.yml.enc")
end
# Shorthand to decrypt any encrypted configurations or files.
#
# For any file added with <tt>rails encrypted:edit</tt> call +read+ to decrypt
# the file with the master key.
# The master key is either stored in +config/master.key+ or <tt>ENV["RAILS_MASTER_KEY"]</tt>.
#
# Rails.application.encrypted("config/mystery_man.txt.enc").read
# # => "We've met before, haven't we?"
#
# It's also possible to interpret encrypted YAML files with +config+.
#
# Rails.application.encrypted("config/credentials.yml.enc").config
# # => { next_guys_line: "I don't think so. Where was it you think we met?" }
#
# Any top-level configs are also accessible directly on the return value:
#
# Rails.application.encrypted("config/credentials.yml.enc").next_guys_line
# # => "I don't think so. Where was it you think we met?"
#
# The files or configs can also be encrypted with a custom key. To decrypt with
# a key in the +ENV+, use:
#
# Rails.application.encrypted("config/special_tokens.yml.enc", env_key: "SPECIAL_TOKENS")
#
# Or to decrypt with a file, that should be version control ignored, relative to +Rails.root+:
#
# Rails.application.encrypted("config/special_tokens.yml.enc", key_path: "config/special_tokens.key")
def encrypted(path, key_path: "config/master.key", env_key: "RAILS_MASTER_KEY")
ActiveSupport::EncryptedConfiguration.new(
config_path: Rails.root.join(path),
key_path: Rails.root.join(key_path),
env_key: env_key,
raise_if_missing_key: config.require_master_key
)
end
def to_app #:nodoc:
self
end
def helpers_paths #:nodoc:
config.helpers_paths
end
console do
require "pp"
end
console do
unless ::Kernel.private_method_defined?(:y)
require "psych/y"
end
end
# Return an array of railties respecting the order they're loaded
# and the order specified by the +railties_order+ config.
#
# While running initializers we need engines in reverse order here when
# copying migrations from railties ; we need them in the order given by
# +railties_order+.
def migration_railties # :nodoc:
ordered_railties.flatten - [self]
end
protected
alias :build_middleware_stack :app
def run_tasks_blocks(app) #:nodoc:
railties.each { |r| r.run_tasks_blocks(app) }
super
require "rails/tasks"
task :environment do
ActiveSupport.on_load(:before_initialize) { config.eager_load = false }
require_environment!
end
end
def run_generators_blocks(app) #:nodoc:
railties.each { |r| r.run_generators_blocks(app) }
super
end
def run_runner_blocks(app) #:nodoc:
railties.each { |r| r.run_runner_blocks(app) }
super
end
def run_console_blocks(app) #:nodoc:
railties.each { |r| r.run_console_blocks(app) }
super
end
# Returns the ordered railties for this application considering railties_order.
def ordered_railties #:nodoc:
@ordered_railties ||= begin
order = config.railties_order.map do |railtie|
if railtie == :main_app
self
elsif railtie.respond_to?(:instance)
railtie.instance
else
railtie
end
end
all = (railties - order)
all.push(self) unless (all + order).include?(self)
order.push(:all) unless order.include?(:all)
index = order.index(:all)
order[index] = all
order
end
end
def railties_initializers(current) #:nodoc:
initializers = []
ordered_railties.reverse.flatten.each do |r|
if r == self
initializers += current
else
initializers += r.initializers
end
end
initializers
end
def default_middleware_stack #:nodoc:
default_stack = DefaultMiddlewareStack.new(self, config, paths)
default_stack.build_stack
end
def validate_secret_key_base(secret_key_base)
if secret_key_base.is_a?(String) && secret_key_base.present?
secret_key_base
elsif secret_key_base
raise ArgumentError, "`secret_key_base` for #{Rails.env} environment must be a type of String`"
elsif secrets.secret_token.blank?
raise ArgumentError, "Missing `secret_key_base` for '#{Rails.env}' environment, set this string with `rails credentials:edit`"
end
end
private
def build_request(env)
req = super
env["ORIGINAL_FULLPATH"] = req.fullpath
env["ORIGINAL_SCRIPT_NAME"] = req.script_name
req
end
def build_middleware
config.app_middleware + super
end
end
end