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require 'active_support/core_ext/enumerable'
require 'active_support/core_ext/string/filters'
require 'mutex_m'
require 'thread_safe'
module ActiveRecord
# = Active Record Attribute Methods
module AttributeMethods
extend ActiveSupport::Concern
include ActiveModel::AttributeMethods
included do
initialize_generated_modules
include Read
include Write
include BeforeTypeCast
include Query
include PrimaryKey
include TimeZoneConversion
include Dirty
include Serialization
delegate :column_for_attribute, to: :class
end
AttrNames = Module.new {
def self.set_name_cache(name, value)
const_name = "ATTR_#{name}"
unless const_defined? const_name
const_set const_name, value.dup.freeze
end
end
}
BLACKLISTED_CLASS_METHODS = %w(private public protected allocate new name parent superclass)
class AttributeMethodCache
def initialize
@module = Module.new
@method_cache = ThreadSafe::Cache.new
end
def [](name)
@method_cache.compute_if_absent(name) do
safe_name = name.unpack('h*').first
temp_method = "__temp__#{safe_name}"
ActiveRecord::AttributeMethods::AttrNames.set_name_cache safe_name, name
@module.module_eval method_body(temp_method, safe_name), __FILE__, __LINE__
@module.instance_method temp_method
end
end
private
# Override this method in the subclasses for method body.
def method_body(method_name, const_name)
raise NotImplementedError, "Subclasses must implement a method_body(method_name, const_name) method."
end
end
class GeneratedAttributeMethods < Module; end # :nodoc:
module ClassMethods
def inherited(child_class) #:nodoc:
child_class.initialize_generated_modules
super
end
def initialize_generated_modules # :nodoc:
@generated_attribute_methods = GeneratedAttributeMethods.new { extend Mutex_m }
@attribute_methods_generated = false
include @generated_attribute_methods
super
end
# Generates all the attribute related methods for columns in the database
# accessors, mutators and query methods.
def define_attribute_methods # :nodoc:
return false if @attribute_methods_generated
# Use a mutex; we don't want two threads simultaneously trying to define
# attribute methods.
generated_attribute_methods.synchronize do
return false if @attribute_methods_generated
superclass.define_attribute_methods unless self == base_class
super(column_names)
@attribute_methods_generated = true
end
true
end
def undefine_attribute_methods # :nodoc:
generated_attribute_methods.synchronize do
super if defined?(@attribute_methods_generated) && @attribute_methods_generated
@attribute_methods_generated = false
end
end
# Raises a <tt>ActiveRecord::DangerousAttributeError</tt> exception when an
# \Active \Record method is defined in the model, otherwise +false+.
#
# class Person < ApplicationRecord
# def save
# 'already defined by Active Record'
# end
# end
#
# Person.instance_method_already_implemented?(:save)
# # => ActiveRecord::DangerousAttributeError: save is defined by ActiveRecord
#
# Person.instance_method_already_implemented?(:name)
# # => false
def instance_method_already_implemented?(method_name)
if dangerous_attribute_method?(method_name)
raise DangerousAttributeError, "#{method_name} is defined by Active Record. Check to make sure that you don't have an attribute or method with the same name."
end
if superclass == ActiveRecord::Base.application_record || superclass == Base
super
else
# If ThisClass < ... < SomeSuperClass < ... < Base and SomeSuperClass
# defines its own attribute method, then we don't want to overwrite that.
defined = method_defined_within?(method_name, superclass, Base) &&
! superclass.instance_method(method_name).owner.is_a?(GeneratedAttributeMethods)
defined || super
end
end
# A method name is 'dangerous' if it is already (re)defined by Active Record, but
# not by any ancestors. (So 'puts' is not dangerous but 'save' is.)
def dangerous_attribute_method?(name) # :nodoc:
method_defined_within?(name, Base)
end
def method_defined_within?(name, klass, superklass = klass.superclass) # :nodoc:
if klass.method_defined?(name) || klass.private_method_defined?(name)
if superklass.method_defined?(name) || superklass.private_method_defined?(name)
klass.instance_method(name).owner != superklass.instance_method(name).owner
else
true
end
else
false
end
end
# A class method is 'dangerous' if it is already (re)defined by Active Record, but
# not by any ancestors. (So 'puts' is not dangerous but 'new' is.)
def dangerous_class_method?(method_name)
BLACKLISTED_CLASS_METHODS.include?(method_name.to_s) || class_method_defined_within?(method_name, Base)
end
def class_method_defined_within?(name, klass, superklass = klass.superclass) # :nodoc:
if klass.respond_to?(name, true)
if superklass.respond_to?(name, true)
klass.method(name).owner != superklass.method(name).owner
else
true
end
else
false
end
end
# Returns +true+ if +attribute+ is an attribute method and table exists,
# +false+ otherwise.
#
# class Person < ApplicationRecord
# end
#
# Person.attribute_method?('name') # => true
# Person.attribute_method?(:age=) # => true
# Person.attribute_method?(:nothing) # => false
def attribute_method?(attribute)
super || (table_exists? && column_names.include?(attribute.to_s.sub(/=$/, '')))
end
# Returns an array of column names as strings if it's not an abstract class and
# table exists. Otherwise it returns an empty array.
#
# class Person < ApplicationRecord
# end
#
# Person.attribute_names
# # => ["id", "created_at", "updated_at", "name", "age"]
def attribute_names
@attribute_names ||= if !abstract_class? && table_exists?
column_names
else
[]
end
end
# Returns the column object for the named attribute.
# Returns a +ActiveRecord::ConnectionAdapters::NullColumn+ if the
# named attribute does not exist.
#
# class Person < ActiveRecord::Base
# end
#
# person = Person.new
# person.column_for_attribute(:name) # the result depends on the ConnectionAdapter
# # => #<ActiveRecord::ConnectionAdapters::Column:0x007ff4ab083980 @name="name", @sql_type="varchar(255)", @null=true, ...>
#
# person.column_for_attribute(:nothing)
# # => #<ActiveRecord::ConnectionAdapters::NullColumn:0xXXX @name=nil, @sql_type=nil, @cast_type=#<Type::Value>, ...>
def column_for_attribute(name)
name = name.to_s
columns_hash.fetch(name) do
ConnectionAdapters::NullColumn.new(name)
end
end
end
# A Person object with a name attribute can ask <tt>person.respond_to?(:name)</tt>,
# <tt>person.respond_to?(:name=)</tt>, and <tt>person.respond_to?(:name?)</tt>
# which will all return +true+. It also defines the attribute methods if they have
# not been generated.
#
# class Person < ApplicationRecord
# end
#
# person = Person.new
# person.respond_to(:name) # => true
# person.respond_to(:name=) # => true
# person.respond_to(:name?) # => true
# person.respond_to('age') # => true
# person.respond_to('age=') # => true
# person.respond_to('age?') # => true
# person.respond_to(:nothing) # => false
def respond_to?(name, include_private = false)
return false unless super
name = name.to_s
# If the result is true then check for the select case.
# For queries selecting a subset of columns, return false for unselected columns.
# We check defined?(@attributes) not to issue warnings if called on objects that
# have been allocated but not yet initialized.
if defined?(@attributes) && self.class.column_names.include?(name)
return has_attribute?(name)
end
return true
end
# Returns +true+ if the given attribute is in the attributes hash, otherwise +false+.
#
# class Person < ApplicationRecord
# end
#
# person = Person.new
# person.has_attribute?(:name) # => true
# person.has_attribute?('age') # => true
# person.has_attribute?(:nothing) # => false
def has_attribute?(attr_name)
@attributes.key?(attr_name.to_s)
end
# Returns an array of names for the attributes available on this object.
#
# class Person < ApplicationRecord
# end
#
# person = Person.new
# person.attribute_names
# # => ["id", "created_at", "updated_at", "name", "age"]
def attribute_names
@attributes.keys
end
# Returns a hash of all the attributes with their names as keys and the values of the attributes as values.
#
# class Person < ApplicationRecord
# end
#
# person = Person.create(name: 'Francesco', age: 22)
# person.attributes
# # => {"id"=>3, "created_at"=>Sun, 21 Oct 2012 04:53:04, "updated_at"=>Sun, 21 Oct 2012 04:53:04, "name"=>"Francesco", "age"=>22}
def attributes
@attributes.to_hash
end
# Returns an <tt>#inspect</tt>-like string for the value of the
# attribute +attr_name+. String attributes are truncated up to 50
# characters, Date and Time attributes are returned in the
# <tt>:db</tt> format, Array attributes are truncated up to 10 values.
# Other attributes return the value of <tt>#inspect</tt> without
# modification.
#
# person = Person.create!(name: 'David Heinemeier Hansson ' * 3)
#
# person.attribute_for_inspect(:name)
# # => "\"David Heinemeier Hansson David Heinemeier Hansson ...\""
#
# person.attribute_for_inspect(:created_at)
# # => "\"2012-10-22 00:15:07\""
#
# person.attribute_for_inspect(:tag_ids)
# # => "[1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, ...]"
def attribute_for_inspect(attr_name)
value = read_attribute(attr_name)
if value.is_a?(String) && value.length > 50
"#{value[0, 50]}...".inspect
elsif value.is_a?(Date) || value.is_a?(Time)
%("#{value.to_s(:db)}")
elsif value.is_a?(Array) && value.size > 10
inspected = value.first(10).inspect
%(#{inspected[0...-1]}, ...])
else
value.inspect
end
end
# Returns +true+ if the specified +attribute+ has been set by the user or by a
# database load and is neither +nil+ nor <tt>empty?</tt> (the latter only applies
# to objects that respond to <tt>empty?</tt>, most notably Strings). Otherwise, +false+.
# Note that it always returns +true+ with boolean attributes.
#
# class Task < ApplicationRecord
# end
#
# task = Task.new(title: '', is_done: false)
# task.attribute_present?(:title) # => false
# task.attribute_present?(:is_done) # => true
# task.title = 'Buy milk'
# task.is_done = true
# task.attribute_present?(:title) # => true
# task.attribute_present?(:is_done) # => true
def attribute_present?(attribute)
value = _read_attribute(attribute)
!value.nil? && !(value.respond_to?(:empty?) && value.empty?)
end
# Returns the value of the attribute identified by <tt>attr_name</tt> after it has been typecast (for example,
# "2004-12-12" in a date column is cast to a date object, like Date.new(2004, 12, 12)). It raises
# <tt>ActiveModel::MissingAttributeError</tt> if the identified attribute is missing.
#
# Note: +:id+ is always present.
#
# Alias for the <tt>read_attribute</tt> method.
#
# class Person < ApplicationRecord
# belongs_to :organization
# end
#
# person = Person.new(name: 'Francesco', age: '22')
# person[:name] # => "Francesco"
# person[:age] # => 22
#
# person = Person.select('id').first
# person[:name] # => ActiveModel::MissingAttributeError: missing attribute: name
# person[:organization_id] # => ActiveModel::MissingAttributeError: missing attribute: organization_id
def [](attr_name)
read_attribute(attr_name) { |n| missing_attribute(n, caller) }
end
# Updates the attribute identified by <tt>attr_name</tt> with the specified +value+.
# (Alias for the protected <tt>write_attribute</tt> method).
#
# class Person < ApplicationRecord
# end
#
# person = Person.new
# person[:age] = '22'
# person[:age] # => 22
# person[:age] # => Fixnum
def []=(attr_name, value)
write_attribute(attr_name, value)
end
protected
def clone_attribute_value(reader_method, attribute_name) # :nodoc:
value = send(reader_method, attribute_name)
value.duplicable? ? value.clone : value
rescue TypeError, NoMethodError
value
end
def arel_attributes_with_values_for_create(attribute_names) # :nodoc:
arel_attributes_with_values(attributes_for_create(attribute_names))
end
def arel_attributes_with_values_for_update(attribute_names) # :nodoc:
arel_attributes_with_values(attributes_for_update(attribute_names))
end
def attribute_method?(attr_name) # :nodoc:
# We check defined? because Syck calls respond_to? before actually calling initialize.
defined?(@attributes) && @attributes.key?(attr_name)
end
private
# Returns a Hash of the Arel::Attributes and attribute values that have been
# typecasted for use in an Arel insert/update method.
def arel_attributes_with_values(attribute_names)
attrs = {}
arel_table = self.class.arel_table
attribute_names.each do |name|
attrs[arel_table[name]] = typecasted_attribute_value(name)
end
attrs
end
# Filters the primary keys and readonly attributes from the attribute names.
def attributes_for_update(attribute_names)
attribute_names.reject do |name|
readonly_attribute?(name)
end
end
# Filters out the primary keys, from the attribute names, when the primary
# key is to be generated (e.g. the id attribute has no value).
def attributes_for_create(attribute_names)
attribute_names.reject do |name|
pk_attribute?(name) && id.nil?
end
end
def readonly_attribute?(name)
self.class.readonly_attributes.include?(name)
end
def pk_attribute?(name)
name == self.class.primary_key
end
def typecasted_attribute_value(name)
_read_attribute(name)
end
end
end
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