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Tag: v2.3.5
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require 'fileutils'
require 'uri'
module ActionController #:nodoc:
module Caching
# Page caching is an approach to caching where the entire action output of is stored as a HTML file that the web server
# can serve without going through Action Pack. This is the fastest way to cache your content as opposed to going dynamically
# through the process of generating the content. Unfortunately, this incredible speed-up is only available to stateless pages
# where all visitors are treated the same. Content management systems -- including weblogs and wikis -- have many pages that are
# a great fit for this approach, but account-based systems where people log in and manipulate their own data are often less
# likely candidates.
#
# Specifying which actions to cache is done through the <tt>caches_page</tt> class method:
#
# class WeblogController < ActionController::Base
# caches_page :show, :new
# end
#
# This will generate cache files such as <tt>weblog/show/5.html</tt> and <tt>weblog/new.html</tt>,
# which match the URLs used to trigger the dynamic generation. This is how the web server is able
# pick up a cache file when it exists and otherwise let the request pass on to Action Pack to generate it.
#
# Expiration of the cache is handled by deleting the cached file, which results in a lazy regeneration approach where the cache
# is not restored before another hit is made against it. The API for doing so mimics the options from +url_for+ and friends:
#
# class WeblogController < ActionController::Base
# def update
# List.update(params[:list][:id], params[:list])
# expire_page :action => "show", :id => params[:list][:id]
# redirect_to :action => "show", :id => params[:list][:id]
# end
# end
#
# Additionally, you can expire caches using Sweepers that act on changes in the model to determine when a cache is supposed to be
# expired.
module Pages
def self.included(base) #:nodoc:
base.extend(ClassMethods)
base.class_eval do
@@page_cache_directory = defined?(Rails.public_path) ? Rails.public_path : ""
##
# :singleton-method:
# The cache directory should be the document root for the web server and is set using <tt>Base.page_cache_directory = "/document/root"</tt>.
# For Rails, this directory has already been set to Rails.public_path (which is usually set to <tt>RAILS_ROOT + "/public"</tt>). Changing
# this setting can be useful to avoid naming conflicts with files in <tt>public/</tt>, but doing so will likely require configuring your
# web server to look in the new location for cached files.
cattr_accessor :page_cache_directory
@@page_cache_extension = '.html'
##
# :singleton-method:
# Most Rails requests do not have an extension, such as <tt>/weblog/new</tt>. In these cases, the page caching mechanism will add one in
# order to make it easy for the cached files to be picked up properly by the web server. By default, this cache extension is <tt>.html</tt>.
# If you want something else, like <tt>.php</tt> or <tt>.shtml</tt>, just set Base.page_cache_extension. In cases where a request already has an
# extension, such as <tt>.xml</tt> or <tt>.rss</tt>, page caching will not add an extension. This allows it to work well with RESTful apps.
cattr_accessor :page_cache_extension
end
end
module ClassMethods
# Expires the page that was cached with the +path+ as a key. Example:
# expire_page "/lists/show"
def expire_page(path)
return unless perform_caching
benchmark "Expired page: #{page_cache_file(path)}" do
File.delete(page_cache_path(path)) if File.exist?(page_cache_path(path))
end
end
# Manually cache the +content+ in the key determined by +path+. Example:
# cache_page "I'm the cached content", "/lists/show"
def cache_page(content, path)
return unless perform_caching
benchmark "Cached page: #{page_cache_file(path)}" do
FileUtils.makedirs(File.dirname(page_cache_path(path)))
File.open(page_cache_path(path), "wb+") { |f| f.write(content) }
end
end
# Caches the +actions+ using the page-caching approach that'll store the cache in a path within the page_cache_directory that
# matches the triggering url.
#
# Usage:
#
# # cache the index action
# caches_page :index
#
# # cache the index action except for JSON requests
# caches_page :index, :if => Proc.new { |c| !c.request.format.json? }
def caches_page(*actions)
return unless perform_caching
options = actions.extract_options!
after_filter({:only => actions}.merge(options)) { |c| c.cache_page }
end
private
def page_cache_file(path)
name = (path.empty? || path == "/") ? "/index" : URI.unescape(path.chomp('/'))
name << page_cache_extension unless (name.split('/').last || name).include? '.'
return name
end
def page_cache_path(path)
page_cache_directory + page_cache_file(path)
end
end
# Expires the page that was cached with the +options+ as a key. Example:
# expire_page :controller => "lists", :action => "show"
def expire_page(options = {})
return unless perform_caching
if options.is_a?(Hash)
if options[:action].is_a?(Array)
options[:action].dup.each do |action|
self.class.expire_page(url_for(options.merge(:only_path => true, :skip_relative_url_root => true, :action => action)))
end
else
self.class.expire_page(url_for(options.merge(:only_path => true, :skip_relative_url_root => true)))
end
else
self.class.expire_page(options)
end
end
# Manually cache the +content+ in the key determined by +options+. If no content is provided, the contents of response.body is used
# If no options are provided, the requested url is used. Example:
# cache_page "I'm the cached content", :controller => "lists", :action => "show"
def cache_page(content = nil, options = nil)
return unless perform_caching && caching_allowed
path = case options
when Hash
url_for(options.merge(:only_path => true, :skip_relative_url_root => true, :format => params[:format]))
when String
options
else
request.path
end
self.class.cache_page(content || response.body, path)
end
private
def caching_allowed
request.get? && response.status.to_i == 200
end
end
end
end
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